The political crisis in which Sudan is plunged since the overthrow of its president, Omar Hassan al-Bashir, a month ago adds a new and hopeful chapter. Leaders of civil protests and the military have agreed on a three-year transition period to transfer power to a civilian government until elections are held. The parties must now negotiate the composition of the sovereign council that will replace the military man who took command after the deposition of the veteran leader after 30 years in power.
After almost 12 hours of negotiations, the two parties announced an agreement on Wednesday on the transition period, an important step towards a civilian government. While the Transitional Military Council (TMC) was betting for a period of less than two years, the opposition platform Alianza por la Libertad y el Cambio (ALC), wanted it to last four years to allow more time. To get organized. The spokeswoman for the protest movement, Taha Osman, said they had agreed on the power structure for the transition that would include the formation of a sovereign council, a cabinet and a legislative council. For his part, Lieutenant General Yasser al-Atta, member of the military council, announced on Wednesday that in less than 24 hours the "final agreement" will be signed and confirmed that the Parliament, which will consist of 300 members, will be integrated into its two third parties by members of the citizen movement that forced the fall of Al Bashir, while the rest will be taken by parties that are not part of the alliance. On the agenda of the new administration will be to sign peace agreements with rebels in the war zones such as Darfur, Blue Nile and South Kordofan, who have been fighting against the central government for years.
However, there are still many fringes to be resolved, such as deciding who will lead the sovereign council; the protest movement demands that civilians have the majority (eight of the 11 members), while the generals that would count on the support of Saudi Arabia, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates ask that it be formed mainly by the military (in concrete by seven soldiers and four civilians).
For his part, Al-Bahir, who was transferred to a maximum security prison, was accused Monday of incitement and participation in the killing of protesters during the protests that began in December. They also accuse him of money laundering and terrorist financing.
Violence taints negotiations
Violence has overshadowed the transition in Sudan. The negotiations were marred by the killing of at least five protesters and a member of the security forces in clashes outside the military headquarters in the capital, Khartoum. Both the opposition alliance and the US embassy pointed to the military as guilty of the violent acts, as an attempt to "disturb the progress" in the negotiations. Despite the initial confusion over the identity of the armed men, both sides blamed the security factions loyal to al-Bashir. The deaths on Monday were the first after several weeks of peaceful protests; If the violent acts are repeated they could jeopardize the transition. (tagsToTranslate) sudan (t) transition