5G mobile telephony © n.c.
The report on 5G technology has been published in recent days by ARPA Puglia. The regional councilor Borraccino reports that “according to current knowledge, transmission technology does not change, be it 2G, 3G, 4G, 5G, Radio and TV, and would not have different impacts on the health of the exposed population” .
“Italy – explains the commissioner in a note – is preparing for what is called the” revolution of 5G “, the new generation technology for mobile communication. The” fifth generation “, which follows the previous 2G, 3G and 4G, is the connection technology that we will use with our smartphones but also and above all with the many wireless devices, such as appliances, cars, traffic lights, street lamps, clocks, security systems, medical equipment that will communicate with each other (IoT , Internet of things) thanks to these innovative processes One of the main characteristics of this network is, in fact, precisely that of allowing many more connections at the same time, with a higher speed and much faster response times.
Among the municipalities to say “stop” to the testing and installation of 5G antennas also the municipality of Santeramo in Colle.
The stop to 5G in Santeramo – as stated in the Mayor’s order of 17 April – derives from the so-called “general precautionary principle” (sanctioned by Community law) in order to face “the threat of serious and irreversible damage for citizens , and to take every measure and caution aimed at significantly reducing electromagnetic pollution and the emissions produced and health risks “.
The “Conscious Citizens Committee” of Santeramo had appealed to the same principles (that of the “general precautionary principle” as well as that of awaiting updated European data on the subject), which a few days before the issue of the union ordinance had registered a request for 5G “moratorium” in Santeramo for the attention of the mayor Baldassarre.
With the advent of 5G, new scenarios could open up in many sectors: from the possibility of driving a vehicle remotely to innovative applications in medicine. In fact, this technology will allow superior performance especially in terms of latency, i.e. response times to the command given to the connected object, which will be much faster and more personalized. For example, if we think about connected cars, it is the time that elapses between when a sensor transmits the command to stop to the car and the moment when the car actually stops. This response time will drop to 1-10 milliseconds, about 10 times less than the current 50-100 milliseconds of 4G and this represents one of the aspects considered most important for the new digital services that are expected to be developed.
The fact that much of the work, in 5G networks, is done by the system of antennas and not by the hardware of the smartphone, could also result in significant energy savings, with a longer battery life of the devices. The real changes for people, however, will not only be related to the speed and performance of their devices, they will be linked above all to potential new possible services that can increase the quality of life.
The 5G network makes use of highly technological elements that allow high performance with different spatial and temporal variability of emissions compared to 4G, but in substance of the same size. The technology sees the use of directional electromagnetic wave beams that directly reach the connected devices unlike 4G technology that generates a large cone of electromagnetic field.
The possibility of long-term health risks related to exposures to radio frequency electromagnetic fields at levels lower than those recommended by international protection standards has been, and continues to be, the subject of numerous scientific studies, both directly observational on humans (epidemiological studies), both experimental on animals in vivo and on cells in vitro.
As stated in a disclosure document of the ISS (Higher Institute of Health), the set of available studies has been examined by several national and international expert commissions, over the years, in order to assess whether exposure to the fields electromagnetic products cause damage to human health. In particular, among others, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) also assessed the radio frequency electromagnetic fields emitted by the various devices and concluded that the studies examined do not support the hypothesis of carcinogenicity of electromagnetic fields.
In conclusion, based on current knowledge, the available data, analyzed by the National Center for Radiation Protection and Computational Physics of the Istituto Superiore di Sanità, do not suggest particular problems for the health of the population related to the introduction of 5G.
However, it is important that the introduction of this technology is accompanied by careful monitoring of exposure levels (as indeed is already the case for current mobile phone technologies) and that research into possible long-term effects continues.
In this regard, Arpa confirms that this new technology already has protocols for installations that are based on instrumental checks and preventive checks on the measurement of electric fields. The authorization process for systems that use 5G is the same as for the installation of any new existing system and must comply with the parameters set by 4G.
Arpa Puglia on the basis of national legislation (Legislative Decree 259/03 smi), regional one (L.R.n.5/03 smi and R.R.n.16 / 06) and L.G. recently issued by the National System for the Prevention of the Environment (SNPA) during preliminary assessments of the specific and innovative technical characteristics of 5G, it issues a preventive opinion which ascertains the electromagnetic field levels due to both the emissions of the new plant and those of all other plants already present in that area.
Italian legislation, among the most restrictive in Europe, sets attention limits / values for electromagnetic field levels in the frequency range between 100kHz – 300GHz, also here, regardless of the network technology used, and the three frequency bands used by the 5G (700 MHz, 3.7 GHz and 26 GHz) fall within the aforementioned range.
According to current knowledge, therefore, the transmission technology does not change, be it 2G, 3G, 4G, 5G, Radio and TV, and would not have different impacts on the health of the exposed population “.