The construction of the international route Europe – Western China is planned to be completed ahead of schedule by four years, the acceleration of work will not lead to the cost of the project. This is stated in the message of the apparatus of Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin, received by RBC.
“Recently, we circled the entire route of this road. The greatest difficulties, contrary to expectations, will be associated with the relocation of engineering networks. So far, the project provides for about 870 intersections with network lines, ”said Khusnullin.
Khusnullin announced plans to accelerate the construction of the Moscow-Kazan highway
Initially, the route from the Russian side was supposed to pass through the territories of the republics of Tatarstan, Bashkiria and the Orenburg region. In July 2016, the government commission changed plans and laid the route through the Samara-Togliatti agglomeration.
In the fall of 2019, the government singled out individual stages of the construction of the Moscow-Nizhny Novgorod-Kazan highway. The final deadline for the entire section of the route was called 2027.
The brightest evening of the country’s graduates ended, which the guys were looking forward to this year. So, as always, the Scarlet Sails Festival 2020 became a beautiful chord of the All-Russian holiday. This year it was both traditional and completely unusual at the same time. We tell you what the Scarlet Sails 2020 surprised.
The main innovation of this year is the change of locationPhoto: Oleg GOLD
Well, firstly, the main innovation is the change of location. For several years in a row, a snow-white brig passes through the water area Not you along the Peter and Paul Fortress, the Hermitage and right under the Palace Bridge. This year, another, no less picturesque place was chosen, with very recognizable sights. Petersburg – stadium “Gazprom-Arena “, Lakhta-center and cable-stayed bridge ZSD.
Access to all locations was closed due to the difficult epidemic situation both in the city and throughout the country.Photo: Artem KILKIN
The second innovation: live Petersburgers and visitors could not see all this beauty. And all because this year there are special requirements: because of the pandemic, access to the park is closed, it was also impossible to see from the water, since part of the Neva and the Gulf of Finland were blocked. GIMS boats and various services went around the water area and made sure that no one violated the ban. Law enforcement officers were also on duty on land: if they met people in a territory where there should not be anyone, they politely asked to leave the place and go home.
Everyone was politely asked to leave the coast.Photo: Artem KILKIN
And at home, by the way, everyone would have considered it in the best possible way: there was a live broadcast of a concert and a pyrotechnic show on the Internet and on TV. By the way, on the screen you can see what on the shore would definitely not be accessible to the eye. And all because along the Neva and the Gulf of Finland there were several scenes at once and on each of them there was an action.
The main stage was next to the Gazprom Arena stadium, it was also very unusual – as if soaring in the air, and with it the stars acting on it. Leading the holiday were Ivan Urgant and Daria Александрова.
Leading the holiday were Ivan Urgant and Daria AlexandrovaPhoto: Oleg GOLD
Timur Rodriguez, Vera performed their hits Brezhnev, RASA group, Dima Bilan and Surganova. And there were surprises in the form of a show of pirates and drummers, yes, it is worth noting separately what costumes the artists had – just space ones. Be sure to watch Bilan’s performance if you missed. And also a salute, well, the passage itself of a sailboat!
The cable-stayed bridge of the WHSD was both a platform for light and a launch site for fireworksPhoto: Oleg GOLD
By the way, the pyrotechnic show lasted almost half an hour, hundreds of volleys were launched into the sky, the first cable-stayed bridge of the WHSD was used. It was both a platform for light, and for launching a salute.
But the highlight, of course, was the passage of a snow-white brig with Scarlet Sails along the Gulf of FinlandPhoto: Oleg GOLD
And at the end of the extravaganza, the romantic Assol soared above the water to meet her dream. By the way, this year the holiday was dedicated to the author of the fairy tale about Scarlet Sails Alexander Green – marks 140 years since his birthday.
If you missed the broadcast live, there is an opportunity to watch the best moments of the show.
Graduation Scarlet Sails in St. Petersburg ended with a grandiose salute.Alena CHICHIGINA
(ANSA) – GENOA, JUNE 20 – “For the first time, we walk, where
there was the Morandi collapsed. What a thrill it is. We remember the people
that they are dead. This bridge will be for ever for them”. The
he said the president of the Region of Liguria, Giovanni Toti, who
for the first time he walked on the new bridge of Genoa
together with the mayor and commissioner Marco Bucci. “Despite the
bad weather and the Covid in less than a year has been built.
Demonstration that when there are people who take the
responsibility for the things you can do”. “I would say that it is a time
historic – said the president Toti -. While in the two
years you have not managed to secure the galleries of the
Liguria, and even today, there are two hours of queue on our
highways, both to Savona is to Spice, here in the same
time has made this extraordinary work”.
(ANSA) – GENOA, APRIL 28 – The eighteen stacks of the new bridge
for Genoa they were illuminated with the tricolor on the eve
the laying of the last part of the deck planned for
tomorrow morning in the presence of the Prime Minister Giuseppe
Conte and the Minister of Infrastructure Paola De Micheli. The
tricolor symbolically brings together the Val Polcevera cut in
two from the collapse of the Morandi bridge and ‘mend’ the tear suffered by
Genova. “Italy has awakened, welcome to the Genoa bridge,” he writes
the governor Giovanni Toti.
Luis García Montero is concerned these days about the health of workers at the Instituto Cervantes centers, which are spread across 45 countries. Some venues, such as the one in New Delhi, have housed Spaniards who had stayed behind and lacked a plane ticket to return in a pandemic. Read and reread and are never satiated. García Montero detests kitsch and tries to be understood. He does not want what happened to Rubén Darío when he wrote: “What pubescent canéphora offer you acanthus”, to which Lorca exclaimed: “Damn, the only thing I have understood is the ‘what'”.
18.00 hours. I really enjoy finding a place to read next to a whiskey in the middle of the afternoon. For food I am very traditional. Once Rafael Alberti invited us to dinner at one of the best Chinese restaurants in his neighborhood. When the waiter came and asked me, I said, “Give me the least Chinese I have.” Rafael put his hands to his head, but what I like are the omelets, the steaks and the broken eggs. Of course, I have a sweet tooth, I confess it. In confinement I must be very careful because when I neglect I think of an ounce of chocolate or a cookie in the pantry.
20.00 hours. We go out to applaud health workers every day. Participating in this type of collective activities is important. I go out one window and Almudena (Grandes), my wife, through another and I say to him: “What, are we making dumplings tonight?” We play pranks like that. I would like one of the lessons we learned about the coronavirus to assess the importance of public health.
21.00 hours. Sometimes I need not to watch the family WhatsApp because, although I get along well with my family, they put a lot of barbarity. It turns out that I’m the weirdest in the family. It is not that they are on the right, it is that sometimes they are on the extreme right. My father was a military man, a colonel who directed the Loyola barracks in San Sebastián. We are six brothers. One of them is from the PP and I would define him as conservative, but then there are three that are much more reactionary than he is. I prefer not to get into discussions because I follow that dynamic that my father got from being able to get together and celebrate Christmas together.
6.00 hours. I wake up very early and spend up to eight reading in bed. I get up, make myself an orange juice, some toast with tomato, oil and salt or a little butter, and turn on the TV to see the first news. With coffee with milk I take a pill against hypertension and another for the prostate, which I have bigger than convenient. Last year I had a biopsy. It is not carcinogenic at all.
13.00 hours. I often remember a verse by Jaime Gil de Biedma: “Whoever flees from the world, life rarely forgives him.” I prefer to remember the pleasant moments. I have been very happy in Granada and Madrid, I have a very special relationship with the bay of Cádiz. In Rota we have a little house where we have spent memorable moments. Buenos Aires and Bogotá are fascinating. And I have fond memories of New York. In the mid-eighties I traveled to the city and it seemed like a work of art from the 20th century. One of the greatest aesthetic experiences one can have is watching Manhattan sunset from the Brooklyn Bridge.
21.30 hours. If I don’t go out with friends, I don’t like hearty dinners. I have a glass of milk and some cookies. If I stay up late, a whiskey. My teacher Francisco Ayala, a man from Granada with a very bad taste, had the habit of having an apple and a glass of whiskey for dinner. “When I feel bad,” he said, “I dispense with the apple.” I, if I have to leave something, I forget the cookies.
I’m the weirdo in the family. It is not that they are of the right, it is that sometimes they are of the extreme right » LUIS GARCÍA MONTERO
11.00 hours. I prepare the year of Galdós. We want the writer to be translated into other languages. At the moment we have already signed an agreement with the French publisher Gallimard. In autumn we will hold a congress with the Ministry of Culture. I like how Galdós ridicules corny poets and those he gives them for romantic melodrama. Beneath a cheesy person there is always a bad person or a scammer.
19.00 hours. As Galeano said, soccer is the most important of the unimportant things. Despite there being no competitions, I lack the withdrawal syndrome. All in all, I see the replacement of some of those games that they call historical, like the Spain-Malta of 1983. I am surprised by the difference between sports commentators of before and those of today. What is currently taking place is controversy and tension, which prevails in the show.
10.00 a.m. Soon the Day of the Book will be celebrated and to celebrate it we are going to make a campaign from a verse of the last Cervantes Prize, Joan Margarit: «Freedom is a bookstore». Different personalities of culture will record a video in their defense.
17.00 hours. I listen to ‘Goodbye to life’ from the opera ‘Tosca’, by Puccini, which always manages to move me. Something that also achieves a song that has become fashionable, so much that perhaps it can tire. I’m talking about ‘Resistiré’, by the Dynamic Duo, which was sung a lot in the parish of San Carlos Borromeo, in the Madrid neighborhood of Entrevías in Madrid, led by a priest friend of mine, Javier Baeza. He has done a great job serving outcasts.
3.30 p.m. I like to lie down to read after eating. I rest the book on my chest, my eyes close and I sleep 10 or 15 minutes.
22.30 hours. We put on a television series, almost always a police one, which I usually never do. Now I feel like watching tender love dramas and romantic comedies. I am tempted to see ‘Smiles and Tears’ again.
From 2001 to 2019, the New England Patriots have won the AFC East 17 times. The other two years ended in a tie in first place.
In that time frame, they went to 12 AFC championship games and nine Super bowls. Six have won.
Bill Belichick and Tom Brady have been together for the entire race and – thanks to the past two decades – are now recognized as the best coach and quarterback in NFL history respectively.
Trying to share credit for a race never seen before the NFL domination and perhaps the most incredible trait in the history of professional sport – to some extent – is missing the point.
Did the ancient Egyptians stand in front of the pyramids and discuss whether the architect or builders deserved more credit? Did Mrs Wright analyze which of her children – Wilbur or Orville – was primarily responsible for the invention, construction and flight of the first plane?
There is something to be said just to close and appreciate the realization, isn’t there? Yup.
And we will get there.
But right now, with the engines going down Route 1 to pack Tom Brady’s remaining stuff and take him out of Foxboro forever, the question hangs on everything. Which man was most responsible for creating the story we’ve seen written in the past two decades: Belichick or Brady?
Results may vary. In fact, I know they will. But here’s how I see it.
If it hadn’t been for Belichick, there would never have been the mini-dynasty that they became in the decade 2000-2009.
If it weren’t for Brady, the Patriots would never have become the Super Dynasty that they became from 2010 to 2019 when they blew up the 60s Packers, 70s Steelers, 80s Niners and 90s Cowboys to become the only franchise that has dominated two decades.
Bill gets the first decade
The moment Mo Lewis cut an artery in Drew Bledsoe’s chest in September 2001, he is touched as the history of the NFL has changed. It wasn’t. It will only speed up a trial that began when Robert Kraft decided to hire Belichick to succeed Pete Carroll in January 2000.
Belichick took a look at the team’s register and management and started fumigating and renewing. In the end – despite the heavy contract that the Patriots gave Bledsoe in January 2001 to help strengthen public confidence and private investment in building CMGI Field (possibly Gillette Stadium) – Belichick was wary of being tied to a quarterback that the coach was able to routinely undress whenever he trained against him.
Especially a quarterback who had to be paid as the top of the market, as Bledsoe and his agent David Dunn made clear.
Brady was not enlisted in the sixth round of the 2000 draft as Bledsoe’s successor, but in September it became clear to Belichick that he had something. And it became obvious during the 2001 offseason and the training camp that – although not better than Bledsoe in all – the child who made $ 298,000 was more mobile, more precise, more ready in his pocket and destined to be more suited to handling a Bledsoe game.
Mo Lewis accelerated the process and – with a painful stroke – made the transition relatively painless. But the credit goes to Belichick for seeing what he had, promoting it and having the decision to pull the trigger.
The fact that the Patriots went 14-5 under Brady after starting 5-13 under Bledsoe is persuasive evidence that Brady was the missing piece. But Belichick created the register, built the culture and hired the right people – from managers to coaches – to put the team in a position to succeed. It deserves more credit.
Brady may have helped them get where they did, but the Patriots were undoubtedly headed in the right direction and the fruits of Belichick’s designs were collected in 2003 and 2004.
Those Super Bowl wins – the first at the end of a season that started with the shooting down of lawyer Milloy in favor of Rodney Harrison; the second thanks largely to a dice throw on Corey Dillon – they were the victories for “culture”.
Disinterest imposed. All done for the greatest good of the team. Everything ego in your pocket. The most impressive aspect of the patriots was therefore their stamina and mental endurance. Brady was an important part. But so were Tedy Bruschi and Harrison, Matt Light, Richard Seymour, Mike Vrabel and so on.
Fifty-three very intelligent and capable players row together in the hold of the big ship while Belichick was over the bridge to trace a route. It was from 2001 to 2004.
The dips in 2005 and 2006 began the process that would have led Brady to become, largely on Belichick’s design, the engine.
The 2005 Patriots were hit by injuries – not a hindsight surprise when you consider the nine extra games played in the previous four seasons and the difficulty of staying on top. They started to see some friction to grow old – Troy Brown was 34 then – and the ongoing game was marked as well as their defense on the run. They went 10-6 and lost in the division round.
The following season, a protracted squabble over the contract led to the Deion Branch being swapped with Seattle shortly before the season began. Reche Caldwell led the team in receptions followed by Ben Watson, Troy Brown and Kevin Faulk. However, they were unable to advance to the Super Bowl, but lost on the road to the Colts.
That season, Brady got a toy he had never had in Randy Moss and a Troy Brown replica model named Wes Welker. The entire set of record sets went 16-0 and lost in the Super Bowl.
Which brings us to 2008. This is the season that many are aiming for when they say that it is Belichick’s genius that is most responsible for twenty-year success. The Patriots went 11-5 with Matt Cassel starting in quarterback. Hadn’t he been a beginner from high school, yet the patriots still went 11-5?
Cassel was exceptional, better than anyone could hope for. But it’s still a sharp drop from 16-0 to 11-5.
In 2009, the central defense core was expelled or withdrawn: Vrabel, Bruschi, Seymour and Harrison. Belichick complained to Brady on the sidelines during a defeat for the Saints that season that “I just can’t get these kids to play the way I want them. So frustrating.”
The season ended with an ignominious home defeat against the crows in the AFC division playoff round.
Brady gets the second decade
The patriots renewed in the off-season and, in my opinion, Brady was at the forefront of finding their places where they had no business at that stage of their reconstruction. In 2010, the Patriots went 14-2, they were seed no. 1 and Brady was the unanimous MVP.
The offense, moving away from the narrow final position, enlisted two – Rob Gronkowski and Aaron Hernandez – and their production would become historic in 2011 when the Patriots arrived at the Super Bowl and lost again to the Giants. Brady launched for 5,235 career yards with 39 touchdowns and 12 picks.
In the 2012 season, he launched 637 times, a career high and one of three times in four seasons that attempted more than 600 passes. With a defense that too often seemed to resist better teams, it was Brady and the offense to score and score and score a little more. They were the first, third, first and third in points marked from 2010 to 2013. Defensively in that period they were eighth, 15th, ninth and tenth.
Even in 2013, when Hernandez was jailed for murder, Gronkowski was grounded due to back surgery and then with an ACL, Brady still ran by hitting the ball with Julian Edelman, Danny Amendola and – to a lesser extent – Kenbrell Thompkins, Aaron Dobson and Shane Vereen.
They won the Super Bowl in 2014, winning a shootout against the Ravens in the Divisional Round, 35-31, and then overcoming a 24-14 deficit against the Seahawks in the fourth quarter when Brady moved to a completely different level in the fourth quarter.
The previous April, Belichick had enlisted Brady’s aspiring successor, Jimmy Garoppolo, in the second round. Brady, perhaps remembering the shrug that Drew Bledsoe had encountered Brady’s arrival 14 years earlier, would not have fallen asleep on the move with the team that ran Garoppolo.
Brady went on to launch 69 touchdowns and 16 predictions in 2014 and 15. He lost four suspension games in 2016 – Garoppolo overcame six quarters of Brady’s relief before hurting himself and giving way to Jacoby Brissett – but he still threw 28 touchdowns and two interceptions before ending that season with a 43- record. by-62, 466 yards in the Super Bowl when the Patriots canceled out a deficit of 28-3. Brady did it at 39.
At 40 in the AFCCG, without Edelman, without an injured Gronkowski, Brady and Amendola joined together to push the Patriots beyond the Jaguars and in the Super Bowl against Philly where he would have launched for 505 yards.
So let’s tell here. From 2010 to 2017, the Patriots have reached seven consecutive AFC Championship Games and the year they didn’t, Brady was the unanimous MVP. He wrote the filming of the playoffs against Ravens and Seahawks in 2014, the Falcons in 2016, the Jaguars in 2017 and led the team to two Super Bowl wins.
In 2018, Edelman was exiting an ACL and was therefore suspended for the first four games. Gronk was injured for a large chunk of the year. Phillip Dorsett and Chris Hogan were the main gimmicks for a while until the team faced Josh Gordon. It’s still? The team went 11-5, Brady put them on his back in the fourth quarter and overtime in Kansas City in the AFCCG and then the Patriots defense checked against the Rams and delivered a Super Bowl to Brady – apart from the shot at Gronk which led to the game’s winning touchdown – he just had to play OK to win the team.
The final verdict
So, see what my answer to this debate is now. Bill gets a bigger share of the first three Lombards. Tom gets a higher share than the second three.
So many people over the years have speculated that Belichick wants to prove that he can win a championship without Brady. I don’t know if it’s true.
I think if Brady was gone, Belichick would appreciate the opportunity, but I never thought he would have wanted to get rid of what he thinks is a quarterback capable of giving him a title that the others couldn’t.
Maybe that’s why we’re here. Belichick doesn’t see Brady as special as he once was. Great? Sure. Are there other guys who can do things they can’t do now? Belichick seems to think so. Brady has apparently survived its usefulness here.
Bill will do what he has done to so many other players. Go ahead. But this is the life cycle of the NFL.
From what I’ve been told and what I’ve collected, Brady agrees. He hoped to be special and to be able to write a different ending here, but to realize he couldn’t shock him. For a legend, it is rather well established.
Playing for Bill Belichick will help keep a player that way. And maybe even for that, Belichick deserves a lot of credit. He allowed Tom Brady to become Tom Brady because he was eternally and exasperatedly Bill Belichick.
Ahead of Sunday’s Carabao Cup final, he continues Sky SportsKevin De Bruyne reveals how Manchester City is getting closer to the game.
Pep Guardiola’s team have won the competition in the past two seasons and are aiming for a third consecutive title when they face Aston Villa at Wembley this weekend.
It is one of four competitions that City could still win – including the Premier League – and De Bruyne says that the team will do everything they can to win in all of them, starting with the Carabao Cup final.
She said Sky Sports’ Laura Woods: “This club takes every competition seriously. No matter what competition we play, we play to win it and we have shown that whoever plays in this competition, new players and perhaps players who play a little less, are there to win the game. The guys have stepped up and done the job brilliantly. They are likely to have a really good team of 25 players.
“It’s the first trophy you can win and it’s a trophy. I know people say it’s the smallest competition but at least if you don’t win anything else, you’ve won something. There are many players who play a lot of games in their career and they didn’t win a competition, not even the Carabao Cup.
“You have to respect every competition because we play in big games and sometimes against teams from the lower leagues but also in this case, we demonstrate the dedication to do what we have to do as professionals and we show that we will do everything to win this cup.
“The start will be very tight. I don’t think they will open much and play the game we want to play, but I think they played with five players behind and three midfielders last time and we started the game and it played really well.
“I think after 25 minutes, it was 3-0 [Man City beat Aston Villa 6-1 in the Premier League earlier this season] so you know they have to open the game and therefore it becomes easier to play it. They will hope to hold it tight, maybe to have a goal here and there, but I don’t think it will be an open game at the beginning. “
‘It looks like the first season under Pep’
By City’s high standards, it was a disappointing season nationally – particularly in the Premier League – and De Bruyne thought about what the problems might be.
He said: “We are doing well, but we have lost too many points. It seems a bit like the first season with Pep in which we played football, but we made too many mistakes.
“There are games in which you think you have full control and then in the last five or 10 minutes, we practically gave it up and in this period when Liverpool don’t lose points, every point you drop is too much. Even if we did better, I think the way Liverpool will perform this year and win almost everything, they deserve to win and be champions again.
“I don’t think Liverpool is frustrated because you just have to applaud what they’re doing. It’s also the same as what we’ve had in the past two years – if you have a lot of points and you win a lot of games, there is not much that the opposition I can do and I know they will only control what they do themselves.
“The only frustration we’ve had is making too many mistakes and it has nothing to do with them [Liverpool], it is more than we know if we have not made these mistakes [the league] would be closer. We also accept it because you know how hard you have to work to be so good and there is a lot of respect on both sides. If they win it this way, that’s how it should be.
“I always want to win everything. We know that the championship is over, but I would say to win everything else. I know it’s hard work, but that’s what we want to do and that’s what the goals are. At the beginning of the season, we don’t say “We want to win the championship and all the rest, we’ll see”, we want to win all four. We still have the possibility of making three, so if that were the case, then it will be quite surprising “.
Future winner of the Ballon d’Or?
De Bruyne is regularly advertised as one of the best players in the Premier League and has been challenged by Pep Guardiola to become one of the best five players in the world.
Do you think you are there?
“Probably not too far away,” thinks De Bruyne. “But who am I to decide? I just try to be the best I can be. I have played well in recent years and also last season, I have had many injuries, but the times I have been to I have done well, also in Germany , I had good years and I felt happy, but who decides it [the best footballers], I don’t know, but I think I’m close enough.
At Villa vs Man City
March 1, 2020, 3:30 pm
“It helps [being nominated for the Ballon d’Or]but first and foremost is the team’s performance. I know that if the team performs well and I perform with them, I will get recognition. In recent years, I’ve been vying for the top 30 in the world and it’s nice because you work very hard in your profession and being recognized as good at what you do is always nice to hear it.
“It gives me the motivation to stay there and be on top for as long as possible because [playing] football is for a short period of time and i just want to be the best version of what i can be. What it is, I don’t know, but every year is different and this year has gone really well for me.
“I think I’m more of a complete footballer than I was a few years ago. I’ve had good years in my career, but I think both sides of the ball mentally lead a team, now I’m better than I’ve been two or three years I think I am doing very well and I feel comfortable and happy with the way I perform. “
Taking the captain’s armband
De Bruyne has taken on the role of captain a few times this season with Vincent Kompany leaving in the summer and in the absence of David Silva and Fernandinho.
The Belgian international had enjoyed taking on more responsibilities and would have accepted the full-time role if offered.
He said, “I think I’m a little more like David [Silva]. I don’t know how Vinny [Kompany] it was seven or eight years ago when he took the armband and there are many things you have to do sometimes as a captain. You also grow in that role, but I’ve always been the player who tried to set an example on the field. I’m not someone who always talks, but if something needs to be said, I’ll say it for the benefit of the team or when I think it’s the right time.
“It’s something I grew up in because two or three years ago, Pep took me to his office and told me I had to take on more responsibility and took me to the five captains of the team. I arrived five to three now and he team vote, I trust them and try to give a good example.
“It makes you recognize different things about football. It is not only on the field, it is also the things on the side – mentally and physically – that you learn and can only help you in further things in life.
“If I had the opportunity [to be the full-time Man City captain]I wouldn’t say no but I think everything goes at the right time. With Fernandinho and David present, even Aguero, if it were possible, I will understand why they have been here for so long and have given the example to many players and even myself to follow them.
“Being around them in a different way now out of football is important to grow and if I ever had the opportunity, I would say yes.”
Watch the Carabao Cup final live on Sky Sports
Aston Villa vs Manchester City is live on Sky Sports Football from 15:30 on Sunday; kick-off 16.30. You can watch the game clips in the live games blog on the site Sky Sports website and app.
The highlights will also be published in the Sky Sports digital platforms e Sky Sports Football YouTube channel shortly after the final whistle.
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At that time there was a hard stage for Spain, because Napoleon Bonaparte He had decided to enter our country to turn the braves into a bit more of his empire. However, it was soon shown that the initial plans of the “petit nuisance” – which sought to conquer the territory in a few months – were not much less plausible, because, with rakes first and rifles later, each region faced the Gauls with the intention to make them pay with blood every inch of land taken.
After the entry of the army of Napoleon in the Peninsula, a series of revolts followed throughout the territory. And, few were willing to have their Spain become the «Espagne»Of the« little Corsican ». In addition, and once Bonaparte took power from the country by naming his brother king José, the creation of small boards in charge of directing the resistance of the countrymen at the local level and, little by little, of mobilizing an army capable of slapping the followers of the imperial eagle began.
The little help
In those we walked when the British, seeing as always the shots from Albion, decided that anyone who faced Napoleon and his megalomania was worthy of admiration. Therefore, they forgot the previous tensions with Spain and sent a large number of soldiers to our aid. English or not, the truth is that this army managed to reach Lisbon and give a good surprise to the Gauls. From there, the victorious red jackets prepared to enter – under the command of General Moore- in Hispanic territory to expel the “monsieurs”. It seemed, in short, that things were beginning to improve.
However, this news did not like Napoleon too much, who, even his imperial baton of hearing to hear about defeats, decided to take up arms on the matter. «Napoleon entered Spain with a Grand armée of eight army corps sent by their chief marshals. He defeated and threw the uncoordinated Spanish armies, unable to give himself a single command, and entered Madrid. When he received the news that Moore’s British army was in Spain, he immediately went looking for him, ”says the Infantry General José María Sánchez de Toca y Catalá in his work «Uneven Battles» (edited by Edaf).
How did Moore act when he learned that the Emperor himself was heading towards Castilla with the intention of confronting him? Apparently, he just made the duffel bag and run away with his men in the direction of Galicia, where a British fleet was waiting to take him to a safe place. It was no use that the Mallorcan Don Pedro Caro and Sureda, the general who then sent one of the largest Spanish contingents, asked him to stay and fight with his men against the Frenchman in Astorga (León), because the terror for Bonaparte won the game and the general of the Perfidious Albion He preferred to put boots on dusty. The Hispanic, knowing that if he fought alone with his contingent would be crushed, he had no choice but to follow him.
«Meanwhile, already in Astorga, Napoleon reviewed his army and launched the second army corps of the English after Marshal Soult and after him to the sixth of Marshal Ney to relieve him in Galicia. Then he left Astorga on his way to Paris, arriving a few days in Valladolid, where he devoted himself feverishly to planning military operations on the Peninsula, ”adds the Spanish military in“ Unequal Battles ”. Determined to take over the west of the Peninsula, and taking advantage of the flight of the English and the Hispanic withdrawal, Bonaparte gave orders to both officers to advance to the gates of Galicia and wait for your orders there. The war for the Galician lands had begun.
«The occupation of Galicia did not enter into Napoleon’s immediate plans. Territory considered poor and submitted to the clergy, it did not deserve to waste the army in a campaign about a country delivered beforehand. It would be enough to attract the high clergy (and this was the strategy of French marshals as ignorant as the Emperor of the reality of this people) to ensure their domination. It was the persecution of the English army under Moore’s command that determined the movement of French troops and the occupation of Galicia, ”he says, in this case, Xosé Ramón Barreiro Fernández in his dossier «The War of Independence in Galicia».
For Spanish misfortune, in January 1809 Soult made his appearance in Galicia under the command of 45,000 men divided into four divisions of infantry and three of cavalry. Days later, Ney arrived, with another 17,000. On the contrary, in the north there were only about 9,000 soldiers belonging to the army of Expensive Y Sureda. In turn, many of them were unarmed, many others sick, and the rest poorly equipped. Faced with this precarious situation, the Mallorcan officer made a tough decision: his contingent would not fight frontally against the Gauls until he was ready.
Thus, the defense of the region was carried out by farmer’s games that, although they did not let the Gauls breathe for a second, they could do little before an army of the caliber of the French. Therefore, without the possibility of stopping – for the moment – the French, they quickly took a good part of the region. «This explains that the domination of Galicia was a military walk for the French, who in 20 days occupied our entire territory: Lugo was occupied on January 9, 1809; Betanzos the 11, a French army corps occupied Santiago on 17; on 19 the stronghold of A Coruña; on 26 the second Ferrol fortress is delivered; the day 20 had been busy Ourense; the 26 Pontevedra and on 31 the squares of Vigo and Tui fall, ”Barreiro completes.
The French fight
In March of that same year – when a good part of the Galician territory already sang the Marseillaise to the sound of the French shots – the Spaniards were already up to the hat of both Gallo here and Gallo there, so the small attack games that had happened until then became widespread. In turn, a renewed Expensive and Sureda initiated a campaign to urge the people to arm themselves against the invader and favor the creation of government agencies. In this way, the reconquest of Galicia began.
For its part, the Spanish central command that still resisted also put its grain of sand sending several officers to motivate the call to arms. «Disregarding the Central Board that the liberation movement by the people had begun in Galicia, dispatched the February 14th from 1809 to D. Manuel García del Barrio, to D. Pablo Morillo, both army officers and D. Manuel Acuña and Malvar, canon of Santiago (the three residents in Seville) to revive the public spirit of the Galicians and organize troops for the liberation of Galicia, ”adds the expert on“ The War of Independence in Galicia ”.
Thus, a new patriotic spirit invaded the Galicians who, many times without even counting on firearms, were made with anything stabbing or that could be thrown and threw themselves into the reconquest of their land. Depleted by the march of Soult to the conquest of Portugal, the remaining French were isolated and were overcome by games of improvised soldiers who showed no mercy to the Gallic invader. With more courage than sanity, the people – helped by some military units formed in those months – took from Lugo until Vigo going by Santiago.
As expected, the Spanish mobilization filled the patience of Ney, who, loudly, made the decision to attack and recover Santiago. From there, he requested help from his comrade Soult to fall on the scattered Spanish troops, who were directing their steps towards Pontevedra. The Frenchman sought, specifically, a definitive battle that guaranteed Napoleonic rule over the area. However, he knew that if he fell defeated, he would lose Galicia (and it was almost impossible to receive reinforcements from the plateau). Therefore, he asked for the collaboration of his partner who, tired of fighting in Portugal, refused. Ney was alone, but his soldiers were tanned in hundreds of battles, so he would fight.
The bridges of discord
While the French marshal was preparing his soldiers to march towards the contest, the Spanish officers, warned that the Frenchman was looking for him, held a meeting in early July in which they decided on the place where they would plant the powerful imperial army. After hours of parliament, they concluded that they would establish their defense a few minutes from Pontevedra, near a mighty river of 44 kilometers of extension called Executioner.
Specifically, this place seemed ideal because, during the contest, there would be a river between them and the French that could only be crossed by two bridges: Sampayo (which had been flown in part to prevent the enemy’s passage) and that of Caldelas (in perfect condition and 12 kilometers from the first). Except for some impracticable fords at that time of the year, it was impossible to cross to the other side without controlling the two steps or without having transport ships. It was perfect, because from the opposite shore of the Executioner, they would bombard Ney’s men knowing they couldn’t get over the water.
After crossing the Executioner helped by several barges, the Spaniards counted their troops. “The Miño division had 6 to 7,000 men with firearms and another 3,000 without them (mostly militiamen), plus 120 horses and nine field cannons,” says Sánchez de Toca. In turn, this makeshift army had the support of 200 neighbors from a nearby town – many of which did not carry firearms – two impressive naval cannons, and half a dozen gunboats that, from the river itself, would harass Ney’s men.
On June 7, 1809 the Spaniards, commanding Martin of the Race and the colonel Pablo Morillo, occupied their positions willing to take charge of their country and region. «The entire Spanish division was established along the southern bank of the river, between Sampayo Y Caldelas, but the center of gravity of the defense was constituted by two large naval iron cannons located on a hill, canyons that lined the bridge (Sampayo) over (several houses). They were protected and served by three gunners and a handful of sailors, all under the orders of a merchant marine pilot, ”explains the military in his text.
In turn, the rest of the Spanish cannons, which were joined by several captured to the Gauls, were distributed along the line. All headed towards the opposite shore and ready to shatter any gabacho willing to cross the river. On the other hand, the 200 neighbors were sent to the Caldelas bridge, where they would take care to avoid, with the help of the gunboats, that the French crossed the water and enveloped the main contingent.
Marshal Ney, on the other hand, made his appearance in front of the Spanish troops on the same day 7. Under his command, the official pompous had no less than 8,000 infants perfectly equipped with rifles and tanned rifles in Europe, 1,200 Elite riders and a good amount of cannons with which to bomb Carrera and Morillo. That day everything was played on a card and he did it without the help of his comrade Soult, to whom it is quite certain that he dedicated some other curse.
Start the battle
Between nine and ten thirty in the morning, two French officers were ordered to approach Sampayo Bridge with half a hundred soldiers to study their possible repair. A very bad idea by Ney, because they were riddled with cannon and lead discharges by the Spaniards located on the other side. Broken fire, the French Marshal tried his luck and advanced his cannons with the intention of ending the enemy artillery. In this way, he intended to maneuver with his army without worrying about losing his mind (literally) because of the Hispanic bombing.
«Immediately an artillery duel began between both shores that caused numerous casualties. The battery sailors loaded the large guns of 24 with bullet, leverage and shrapnel sack, according to the old sailor saying “Gunpowder little and shrapnel up to the mouth”, With which each shot produced a great lethal cone. The recoil removed the guns from their location and, once loaded again, the servants had to take them again to show the tube between the baskets, ”the soldier completes in“ Unequal Battles ”.
The retronar of the canyons continued for much of the morning. On the French side, Ney waited calmly, for he was confident that his experienced “monsieurs” would defeat those uprooted who, until a couple of days ago, spent their afternoons raising animals or plowing the field. Nor did nerves beat Hispanics on the other side of the shore. In fact, there was only one moment when Andiron He grimaced in disgust: when a cannonball went by brushing his head and threw his hat several meters back.
After a thick fog stopped the exchange of metal balls at about noon, Ney raised his saber above his head and, filling the air, gave a loud shout: «Live l’Empereur!». In unison, several units pounced on the right flank of the river, trying to cross it in its narrowest part. However, they did not have the good aim of those peasants, who, with hundreds of rifles at the ready, filled the Executioner with the blue houses covered in blood of the French. It was only then that the French Marshal cast a look of disgust, his enemy’s defense was more fierce than it seemed. Knowing that he had to rethink his attack, and with the arrival of the night, he ordered his troops to withdraw to his camp for the moment.
One more assault
When, on day 8, dawn broke out, Ney had already prepared his new plan. In this case I would try to cross the river through the Caldelas bridge. «Ney moved 1,500 men to the Caldelas bridge to wrap the Spanish positions of the Sampayo bridge and also sent troops and artillery to an adjacent pine forest, called Acuña in order to neutralize the gunships that (…) beat the bridge. (In addition), he learned that there were fords and sent numerous forces of infantry and cavalry to the Spanish left wing, ”explains Sánchez de Toca.
The Spanish officers, seeing the movements of the French marshal, proceeded quickly. First, Morillo went with a rifle unit to the Caldelas bridge, only defended by 200 inhabitants of nearby villages. Luckily, he had time to arrive as the makeshift soldiers had installed many traps in the passage. Once in front of the pontoon, soldiers and peasants who had firearms formed a row and loaded their rifles. Then, they threw a lethal rain of lead on the French cavalry that tried to reach them saber and spear in hand. When the smoke from the shots dissipated, the scene was daunting: hundreds of riders had died and the rest retired desperately.
On the other hand, Carrera allowed the gunboats to handle the French troops trying to cross the Executioner using the narrow steps located on both sides of the bridges. The boats riddled mercilessly with the men who tried to cross the river and even shot at the trees located on the shore with the intention of falling on the gabachos. The French, on the other hand, were forced to turn on themselves and return where they had come from. The victory was getting closer to the Galicians.
With the passing of the hours, and knowing that he felt the defeat with his fingers, the French marshal ordered a final and desperate attack. In this case, those responsible for trying to cause damage to the Spaniards were their cannons. Nevertheless, the Hispanics directed their rifles at the enemy artillery, instead of at the Gauls soldiers, and, discharge after discharge, they managed to kill the battery servers. Ney’s last cartridge had dissipated.
From that moment, the attack was losing strength until, desperately, the gabacho touched to withdrawal. «On the 9th the French had disappeared from the opposite bank and the countrymen approached cautiously; at 11, a Spanish cavalry patrol confirmed that the French had retired. According to a deserter they wore 190 cars with injured and the French casualties went from 600. The Spaniards suffered 110 between dead and wounded», Ends the military. Hours later, the Spanish spies saw Ney direct the remains of his army to Castile. Galicia had been released.
Judges and lawyers from all over Europe supported a demonstration in Warsaw by their Polish colleagues in defense of judicial independence that they consider threatened by the government. The “march of a thousand robes”, as the demonstration has been described, protests against the latest judicial reforms. And it redoubles the pressure so that the European Commission does not lower its guard. Non-governmental organizations and judicial associations fear that the Commission, chaired since December 1 by Ursula von der Leyen, will be more sympathetic to Warsaw than the previous Executive, chaired by Jean-Claude Juncker. And Von der Leyen’s first gestures of rapprochement with both Poland and Hungary have set off alarms.
Build bridges east to prevent the Brussels clash with Poland and Hungary from cracking the European Union. That has been the strategy of the President of Von der Leyen since the European Parliament approved her appointment on July 16. The German conservative has maintained benevolence with the Poland of Jarosław Kaczynski and Viktor Orbán’s Hungary after taking office on December 1. But six months of courting governments with authoritarian tendencies have so far yielded no results.
“The situation is very serious and that is why we are here,” José Igreja Matos, president of the European Association of Judges, told Reuters during the march in Warsaw. Authoritarian skids in Warsaw and Budapest, far from slowing down, have accelerated during the second half of the year.
And the apparent passivity and even tolerance of von der Leyen worries the political and social forces that are struggling in these two countries and in other members of the EU to maintain a system based on the rule of law, judicial independence and freedom of the press. The repeated and overwhelming electoral victories of Orbán’s Fidesz and Kaczynski’s PiS (Law and Justice) further complicate possible intervention by Brussels.
Poland’s latest moves to distance itself from EU jurisprudence and push away magistrates who dare to disagree with the government line have sounded alarm bells again, to the point that some analysts point to Kaczynski’s country moving toward a de facto departure from the community club.
In mid-December, dozens of Polish academics and representatives of non-governmental organizations pleaded in writing with the Von der Leyen Commission to ask the EU Court for the precautionary suspension of new judicial reforms, as it did in 2018, with resounding success, the Commission headed by Jean-Claude Juncker when Warsaw approved early retirement. But, for now, the response of the current Commission has been a letter from Vice President Vera Jourova (who has replaced Frans Timmermans in monitoring the rule of law) demanding last Thursday the Polish Parliament to stop the reform process. Less than 24 hours later, the reform was approved.
“The von der Leyen Commission appears to be more timid than the Juncker Commission in defending the rule of law in Hungary and Poland,” concludes Alberto Alemanno, professor at the Jean Monnet Chair in European Law at the École des Hautes Études Commerciales de Paris. “And it is difficult to forget that the bizarre and tight confirmation of Von der Leyen in the European Parliament [por solo nueve votos de margen] It was achieved thanks to the support of PIS and Fidesz, the two ruling parties in Poland and Hungary. Is it just a coincidence? “Asks the analyst.
Von der Leyen, in effect, was imposed as president of the Commission thanks to the frontal rejection of Warsaw and Budapest to the socialist candidate, Frans Timmermans, vice-president of the Commission and considered by both capitals as the whip of article 7 (which punishes countries that violate the fundamental values of the EU). The Orbán and Kaczynski MEPs were also key for the German to barely pass the investiture vote.
As soon as she was elected in July, Von der Leyen began her procession to uncomfortable governments. Warsaw was the third capital of the EU to visit as President-elect, behind only Berlin and Paris. And although the meeting with the Polish authorities was difficult, the German conservative chose to highlight the meeting points and tried to cajole that region of Europe with the large investments that the community budget can provide. A promise that was doubled months later with possible financing linked to the Green Pact to decarbonize the European economy.
The President also assigned powerful portfolios to the four commissioners from the so-called Visegrad group: Agriculture, to Poland; Enlargement, to Hungary; the Vice Presidency for Fundamental Values and Transparency, to the Czech Republic; and the Vice Presidency for Institutional Relations, to Slovakia.
The political family of Von der Leyen, the European People’s Party, has also maintained bridges with Viktor Orbán’s Hungarian government, despite the increasingly unsustainable coexistence. The PPE suspended the membership of Fidesz, Orbán’s party, before the European elections. But he avoided the expulsion to give the umpteenth opportunity to recover ties with Budapest. Neither the Commission’s appeasement strategy nor the PPE’s have produced any results so far.
“Democracy is dying in Poland and Hungary,” warned liberal MEP Sophie in ‘t Veld during a session of the European Parliament’s Committee on Freedoms on Monday. “And the disease is spreading,” he added, in the same week that Parliament has pushed for Malta’s Prime Minister, Joseph Muscat, to resign immediately due to the possible involvement of his environment in the case of the murder of journalist Daphne. Caruana Galizia.
The president of that Commission and rapporteur for the application of article 7 to Poland, the socialist Juan Fernando López Aguilar, pointed out in the same session the string of potential infractions and “political interference in the Constitutional Court” that progressively undermine the rule of law in the fifth largest country in the EU.
The new European Commissioner for Justice, the Belgian liberal Didier Reynders, assures that he will keep the files open against Poland and Hungary based on Article 7. But he advocates “equipping himself with new instruments”, as a general surveillance mechanism, over all States members, regarding respect for fundamental values. And for introducing the possibility of suspending the structural funds to countries that violate these values (Poland and Hungary have allocated 86,000 million and 25,000 million, respectively, in the current budgetary framework).
But community sources point to the risk that the general surveillance framework will eventually dilute the pressure on capitals with greater authoritarian tendencies. And diplomatic sources acknowledge that the suspension of the funds would require majorities in the Council that would never be reached, as has already happened in the application of article 7.
“Time passes and what has been established in Europe is a pattern of how to carry out an authoritarian restructuring in a liberal democracy,” said MEP Terry Reintke, from the group of the Greens, during the aforementioned debate in the Parliamentary Commission. “And it is always the same process. First they go for the media, then they invoke an external threat, usually from people with another religion, and then they talk all the time and finally they turn into internal threat to the disagreeing social groups of their vision (…) And it works for them, “added Reintke.