On Tuesday, March 3, the ‘Super Tuesday’ is celebrated in the United States, a key date in the US presidential primaries. Up to 15 different jurisdictions will put into play a third of the delegates necessary for the nomination of the candidates. While on the Republican side Trump seems to be unrivaled, the Democrats address a day in which, with Sanders and Biden in the lead, everything remains to be determined.
What are the primary elections?
In the United States, before the presidential election there is a preliminary step in which the candidates will be chosen. Each party, Republican and Democratic, performs a process of primaries or caucuses that are held throughout the first half of the year in the different states of the country. It is a nomination system that promotes competitiveness among applicants. From these primaries there is a candidate for each of the parties that becomes the candidate for the presidency of the elections to be held in November. The first of these days was held in Iowa on February 3 and serves as a reference for the rest of the process.
What is a delegate and what is its function?
In the process of primaries or caucuses that are carried out in each state, the delegates are appointed, who are the ones who then go to the National Convention of their party to cast their votes, generally bound by the previous results.
How do the primaries develop?
The nomination of the presidential candidate is made in each state of the country and can be done through two systems previously chosen by the National Committees of each party: caucuses or primary elections.
What is super Tuesday?
On a key date in the US electoral process, as it is the day when more states hold primary elections. In the 2020 elections, super Tuesday is held today in 15 different jurisdictions. In the case of the Democratic Party, 1,357 delegates will be put into play. In the case of the Republican party, in which the current president Donald Trump finds no rival, 782 will be elected.
What is the party convention?
Once the primaries are held, the parties celebrate their national convention, an assembly that is held every four years and in which the delegates vote and announce who is the candidate for the presidency.
The Secretary of State for Pensions ensures that the text submitted to 49-3 “takes up almost all the requests of the majority and also of the opposition’s amendments“.
For Laurent Pietraszewski, the use of 49-3 announced on Saturday February 29 by Édouard Philippe does not represent a passage in force to circumvent parliamentary obstruction. Quite the contrary. In an interview with echoesreleased on Sunday, Secretary of State says government would do “A 49-3 rally”. “Our text takes up almost all the requests of the majority and also of the opposition’s amendments”, He said. Not sure that this helps the opposition to dispense the pill when all of its groups denounce an “unacceptable” remedy.
Communist amendment accepted
To demonstrate good faith, Laurent Pietraszewski explains that the government has notably retained the amendments of the Communist deputies. “They made specific requests on important subjects, such as the retirement of the sewer workers which justified guarantees”, says he. A communist amendment stating that sewer workers recruited before January 1, 2022 will be able to retire at 52 has been retained. None of the tens of thousands of amendments by La France Insoumise, however, caught the attention of the executive. Jean-Luc Mélenchon’s troops are sent back to their strategy of“Parliamentary obstruction”. “LFI wanted to capture the debate to prevent us from moving forward, to the chagrin of other oppositions”, deplores the Secretary of State.
See also – 49-3: Jean-Luc Mélenchon calls for “popular mobilizations throughout the country”
The announcement of the use of 49-3 on Saturday caught all the deputies short, including those of the majority. Some LREMs were annoyed to have been warned at the last moment by the press. “I don’t feel like thatdefended Laurent Pietraszewski. I discussed Saturday afternoon with many deputies of the majority, LREM, MoDem, Agir, and all agreed that there was no other way out, that it could only end like this.
They wanted it, they got it. Within the executive, there was little excitement on Sunday for the outraged reactions of the opposition to the use of article 49-3 by the Prime Minister to push through the pension reform. On the right as on the left, no one had spared no words in denouncing the surprise announcement by Edouard Philippe on Saturday night in the hemicycle. “Government coup“For the Communist Fabien Roussel,”totalitarian impulses“By Emmanuel Macron for the leader of the Insubmissive Jean-Luc Mélenchon,”worst solutions“, For environmentalist Yannick Jadot,”utter cynicismFor the patron of deputies LR Damien Abad…
So many comments that leave Matignon marble. “It looks like an Italian soccer player who simulates a foul in the area to get a penalty“Said a close relative of Edouard Philippe. We are not going to fall into the big trap like a house that La France rebellious holds out to us. The National Assembly is not a ZAD“. But outside, it looks like it.
Support from Manuel Valls
Just a few dozen minutes after the Prime Minister’s announcement, a spontaneous gathering of protesters was organized via social media outside the building to protest against the use of section 49-3. Later in the night, the campaign permanence of Edouard Philippe, head of the list for the municipal elections in Le Havre, was tagged and stoned. In the aftermath, the Prime Minister received a friendly message of support from Manuel Valls, the last Prime Minister to have used 49-3 to pass the Macron laws in 2015 and El Khomri in 2016.
Within the executive, the decision to resort to article 49-3 was taken since last week. On Tuesday, Edouard Philippe told the National Assembly that he was not prohibited from using it. But it was Saturday morning during a Council of Ministers convened on the coronavirus that it was formally recorded.
Emmanuel Macron was then very firm with regard to his ministers so that nothing leaked before Edouard Philippe went up to the gallery of the National Assembly. The head of state wants to preserve the element of surprise. “This is the principle of 49-3“Slips an adviser. Finally, the use of this criticized article was announced at 5.30 p.m. by the Prime Minister in the Chamber. Neither Jean-Luc Mélenchon nor Marine Le Pen were present. “This saved us from a scandal“We breathe within the executive.
But the effect of surprise does not prevent the opposition from tabling two motions of censorship as of Saturday evening, the first by LR, the second by the PS, the PCF and La France insoumise. On the right as on the left, we still have reflexes. They should be discussed next Tuesday but have no chance of succeeding since LREM alone has a very large majority in the National Assembly and can count on the support of the Modem.
We have to put the church back in the middle of the village. Constitution Authorizes Obstruction, Also Authorizes Government To End Obstruction
An advisor to Edouard Philippe
In the wake of the announcement of the use of 49-3, and once past the stupor, the majority is ordered to unite behind the executive. It is an understatement to say that the announcement of the use of 49-3, “learned from the press“, Annoyed more than one among the LREM deputies. “We can all deplore the fact that a crucial debate for the future of the French was prevented by the systematic obstruction of the LFI and GDR groups, wrote the boss of the deputies LREM Gilles Le Gendre to his troops as of Saturday evening. In this circumstance, the use of 49-3 is not intended to coerce the majority, it simply allows our institutions to function normally“.
It’s an unlock 49-3 that the President wants to activate. “Emmanuel Macron identified three types of 49-3. The one who is used to govern quickly right after an election. This is the case of Michel Rocard. The one that is used to constrain a narrow majority. This is the case of Manuel Valls. And finally the one who is used against the opposition in a deadlock situation. This is the case of Edouard Balladur, Alain Juppé, Jean-Pierre Raffarin and now Edouard Philippe“Said a relative of the head of state. No mood then.
Even if Emmanuel Macron had little taste in his time the use of 49-3 by Prime Minister Manuel Valls to pass his law on growth and activity. “We have to put the church back in the middle of the village. Constitution Authorizes Obstruction, Also Authorizes Government To End Obstruction“Sweeps an advisor to Edouard Philippe.
The line of the executive is clear: by using article 49-3, the Prime Minister wanted to put an end to “to this episode of non-debate“. Since the start of the examination of the pension reform in the National Assembly, La France insoumise and the Communists have multiplied the amendments, sometimes absurd. “I do not have the feeling that what we are witnessing is what the French – whether favorable to the bill or not – expect from their representatives nor that our democracy can afford the luxury of such a spectacle“, Annoyed Edouard Philippe Saturday evening at 8 pm TF1.
The opposition’s filibuster strategy had made it impossible to reach Emmanuel Macron’s goal of having the text adopted at first reading before the municipal elections in March and finally in the summer. The timetable is tight since the President of the Republic wants the reform to come into effect in 2021, which presupposes that certain measures are put in place in the budget which will be examined in the fall.
The sequence of pension reform is not over yet. On the street side, the unions are already considering new mobilizations in the face of recourse to 49-3 deemed “deeply outrageous“By the CGT and”unacceptableBy FO. On the Senate side where the right is the majority, the executive is preparing for another parliamentary battle. “They will not make such a gross obstruction but they will be intractable on the bottom“Worries an adviser. Édouard Philippe recognized it, this 49-3, “it’s not an end, it’s a step“.
The ball of contenders is launched, among the Christian Democrats, while the CDU leadership announced an extraordinary summit on April 25, to nominate both its leader and its candidate for the succession of Chancellor Angela Merkel.
Two leading party leaders, initially suspected of campaigning against each other, will form an alliance. Tuesday 25 February, at a joint press conference, Jens Spahn, 39, stood behind the candidacy of Armin Laschet, 59, powerful president of Westphalia-North Rhine-Westphalia, region rounded up in 2017 to the Social Democrats of the SPD.
The Spahn-Laschet duo, or the bet of complementarity
A supporter of continuity with Angela Merkel’s centrist line, he is one of the few party officials who can boast of a recent electoral victory as the CDU backs down poll after poll. Sunday, February 23, in the Hamburg region, the Christian Democrats demoted to third position with 11.2% of the vote, one of the worst scores in the post-war period, far behind the SPD (37.5% ) and the Greens (25%).
→ READ. Germany, after scathing defeat, CDU prepares for post-Merkel
” There can only be one “, conceded Jens Spahn, whose profile on the right completes that of Armin Laschet, on good terms with the Greens and the Liberals, and therefore well placed to federate around him a coalition which leaves the CDU-CSU / SPD scheme . “I regret that not all the candidates were able to join this team idea”, said the latter.
Friedrich Merz, or the temptation of the hard right
The remark was made against Friedrich Merz, 64, a longtime enemy of Angela Merkel. He never forgave the “Social democratization” of his party, and leaves no ambiguity on the right turn he wants to start. His goal, “Halve the electoral weight of the AfD”. In a competing press conference on Tuesday February 25, he introduced himself as the man “Of rupture and renewal”, focusing his speech on “Lawless areas in Germany” and “illegal immigration”.
A third candidate came out of the woods on Tuesday 25 February: the centrist Norbert Röttgen, 54, former federal environment minister dismissed in 2012 from the government by the chancellor.
→ READ. In Germany, the CDU sinks into the political crisis
The choice of the future party president “Will be a clear signal for the candidacy for the Chancellery”, insisted Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, said “AKK”, Angela Merkel’s former runner-up at a press conference. The resigning CDU president had to leave the room, criticized for her lack of authority in post-electoral management in Thuringia, where an alliance with the AfD was envisaged, despite the party’s ban.
Choose your wedding rings well
The strategy to be adopted vis-à-vis the AfD, accused of having created a climate favorable to violence by the far right, will in any case be at the heart of the discussions after the racist terrorist attacks in Hanau (center). The CSU, “Brother party” of the CDU in Bavaria, will have a say. His boss, Markus Söder, has already ruled out any merger with the AfD. For him, this fringe of the electorate is not recoverable. He prefers to address environmental sensitivities. The CDU currently collects 27% of voting intentions at the federal level, far from the 33% obtained in the last federal elections. The AfD is credited with 14% of the vote, far behind the Greens, at 23%.
A third of the candidates for the general elections of next May 3 in Bolivia, including the former president of the country Evo Morales, was disqualified due to challenges or non-compliance with the requirements established in the electoral regulations.
The Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE) of Bolivia confirmed on Sunday the nominations enabled and disabled in the eight political forces that will attend the elections, as established in the calendar for this process.
Of the more than 2,100 registered applications 1,301 have been enabled, 776 disabled and there were 24 resignations, the agency said.
61.7 percent of the applicants were qualified, 1.1 percent resigned and 36.8 percent were out of the electoral race “due to non-compliance with the requirements established by law and acceptance of disqualification demands” he added.
According to that institution, the lists can still be modified if there are changes in applications for new resignations or disqualifications, since applications can be challenged until April 18. The final list will be known one day before the elections, the electoral tribunal added.
The electoral agency confirmed this week the disqualification of the nomination for senator of Evo Morales, but gave the green light to former Minister Luis Arce as candidate for the presidency of his party, the Movement to Socialism (MAS).
Morales, who requested refuge in Argentina after resigning and fleeing the country, and his party have announced that they will resort to criminal proceedings the disqualification of his candidacy as a senator, in addition to denouncing in international instances what they consider a persecution.
In addition to Arce, the candidacies of the interim president of Bolivia, Jeanine Áñez; of ex-president Carlos Mesa and Jorge Quiroga, of former civic leader Luis Fernando Camacho and of Presbyterian pastor Chi Hyun Chung, among others.
A special case is that of Nationalist Democratic Action (ADN), a party that had been seventeen years without appearing on the electoral stage, since its unsuccessful candidacy in 2002.
83 percent of the candidates registered by ADN for the May elections, including their candidates for the Presidency, Ismael Schabib, and the Vice Presidency, Remberto Siles, both retired military officers, were disqualified for breaching the requirements set forth in the regulations.
Emmanuel Macron will not travel to Fessenheim to attend the shutdown of the first reactor of the nuclear power plant on Saturday.
A decision that speaks volumes. Emmanuel Macron will not go to Fessenheim (Haut-Rhin) to attend the closure of the first reactor of the nuclear power plant. “The President of the Republic cannot be everywhere and he is not the only one to carry the ecological commitment”, do we dodge, embarrassed, in his entourage.
It is therefore Minister Élisabeth Borne who sticks to it and replaces him. It must be said that this ruling may seem contradictory to the recommendations of the IPCC climate experts, who welcome the interest of this form of carbon-free energy. Hence a telescoping of the messages carried by the head of state. How, in fact, to alert to global warming by surveying the Mer de Glace on February 13, flanked by glaciologists, to then celebrate the shutdown of the Alsatian power station, in operation since 1978?
“This is an old commitment, older than the arrival of Emmanuel Macron in the public sphere”, recalls one of his relatives. Basically, the promise is made
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M.M. LaFleur, which designs professional women’s clothing, has announced that it will lend free clothing to female candidates who are applying for a job, both for Congress and for the city council.
The offer was inspired by buyer feedback, according to a statement from founder and CEO Sarah LaFleur. After the 2016 presidential election, customers reported to M.M. The LaFleur team wanted the company to support women running around the office.
The women-led business has dressed candidates in the past, including former New York government candidate Cynthia Nixon and Florida representative Stephanie Murphy. Offering to lend clothes to other female candidates for free “goes one step further,” LaFleur said in the note.
“We never pretend that clothes help move the needle on female representation, but we want to do our part to make things a little easier,” said LaFleur.
Yes, it’s true! We lend clothes to any woman who applies for public office at any level. You are #ready to run? Contact us at email@example.com with your name, location and description of the office for which you are running and we will get in touch. #inmymm
Women applying for the office just need to contact readytorun @ mmlafleur with some details, including the race they are campaigning for, to get started. After contacting, applicants will be able to work with a stylist to select up to five items from an assortment of the company’s best-selling items, according to a statement sent to Mashable by an M.M. LaFleur representative.
Applicants can keep clothing for the duration of their campaign. Once a candidate’s campaign is over, M.M. LaFleur will donate the clothing to a New York-based charity called Bottomless Closet, which helps empower women in need when they join the workforce.
UPDATE: February 20, 2020, 10:21 am ESTUpdated with details on the loan process from an M.M. LaFleur representative.