Mikhail Mishustin explored the roots of accelerated economic growth

At the end of his working trip to the Far East, Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin held on Tuesday, August 18, a meeting of the commission for the development of the macroregion in Blagoveshchensk, where he studied the results of an experiment on its accelerated development – many of the initiatives used there can be used by the government when working on national projects. The prime minister thanked the regional leaders for the economic breakthrough (the growth of industrial production in the Far East is 2.5 times ahead of the all-Russian one) and focused on solving the most problematic issues of the social sphere, which is somewhat lagging behind the economy.

Mikhail Mishustin ended his Far Eastern trip on Tuesday in Blagoveshchensk with a series of meetings and a meeting of the commission on the socio-economic development of the Far East. Before him, the head of government managed to meet with participants in the Far Eastern Hectare and Far Eastern Mortgage programs, Governor of the Amur Region Vasily Orlov and Acting Heads of the Jewish Autonomous Region Rostislav Goldstein and Khabarovsk Krai Mikhail Degtyarev. The press service of the White House informed about the last meeting sparingly: they discussed “issues of budgetary provision, energy and equalization of tariffs, infrastructure projects, as well as social protection of the population”, the political situation in Khabarovsk, where the population has been actively protesting against the arrest of the former governor Sergei Furgal for more than a month, was not mentioned in the message.

At the meeting of the commission for the development of the Far East, the main Far Eastern official could not appear – the president’s plenipotentiary in the Far Eastern Federal District and Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Trutnev, who fell ill with COVID-19. The meeting of the commission was opened by Mikhail Mishustin himself, with a statement that the government was finalizing the program for the socio-economic development of the Far East until 2035 and would approve it in the near future. The White House will soon have to bring the entire pool of national projects in line with reality – and the prime minister’s interest in the results of innovations implemented in the Far Eastern Federal District is understandable.

According to him, “the first result of the new state policy in the Far East was the growth of industrial production, which is more than two and a half times ahead of the national average,” and the investment climate has also revived.

Over the past five years, almost 2.5 thousand investment projects have been launched with a total investment of more than 4 trillion rubles, “more than 180 thousand jobs have been created,” said Mr. Mishustin, thanking the heads of the regions for this.

The main report on the results of Far Eastern development since 2013 was presented by the head of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, Alexander Kozlov. He also noted “non-standard solutions” that ensured the growth of the share of foreign direct investment in the macroregion to 26% and the cumulative growth of industrial production over five years by 32%. Separately, the minister noted federal support for the creation of energy facilities, railway infrastructure, gas pipelines and roads. “Investors are investing in the construction of an enterprise, creating jobs, and we, as a state, give subsidies for the construction of expensive infrastructure, which they themselves sometimes cannot afford. The amount of subsidies does not exceed the estimated cost of the object, and the investment project’s multiplier should be 1 to 10, ”the minister noted, adding that such support has already been received by 14 companies that have invested 265 billion rubles in projects. with government investments in infrastructure of 26 billion rubles.

However, the minister stated that demand is growing, but “the state program will not be able to cover everyone.”

The Ministry of the East proposed a separate law to introduce tax deductions for the creation of external infrastructure, but the Ministry of Finance opposed the creation of “new entities”, proposing to include such deductions in agreements on the protection and encouragement of capital investments (SZPK, the so-called investment code). “We are in the working version now, we will report to you how we will agree on this project and this document,” the head of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East promised.

Calling the economy “a wallet for the construction of hospitals, schools, roads,” the minister admitted that “this is not very good in the Far East, of course,” but the authorities started social development when money appeared: “First of all, we build in municipalities where new productions come ”. In two years, 363 social facilities were built in the Far East, 243 were repaired. The Far Eastern Mortgage program has already allowed 9 thousand people to buy housing since December 2019, the minister reported, but there are 47 thousand people in total, and the primary market can only offer 15 thousand . apartments.

«Housing will not be enough if emergency measures are not taken right now and construction is started, ”he said, promising to convey to the Ministry of Construction proposals on additional stimulation of construction.

In the meantime, the “interim” decision had to be made by the prime minister: at a meeting with program participants, he promised to extend the program to the “secondary housing” in the Magadan region and Chukotka, where there are no new houses at all, for two years. Mikhail Mishustin also supported the possibility of expanding the plots in the Far Eastern Hectare program (for those who successfully develop them) and lower the thresholds for access to farm grants.

Oleg Sapozhkov

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salute from the cable-stayed bridge, hovering above the water Assol and space suits

The brightest evening of the country’s graduates ended, which the guys were looking forward to this year. So, as always, the Scarlet Sails Festival 2020 became a beautiful chord of the All-Russian holiday. This year it was both traditional and completely unusual at the same time. We tell you what the Scarlet Sails 2020 surprised.

The main innovation of this year is the change of locationPhoto: Oleg GOLD

Well, firstly, the main innovation is the change of location. For several years in a row, a snow-white brig passes through the water area Not you along the Peter and Paul Fortress, the Hermitage and right under the Palace Bridge. This year, another, no less picturesque place was chosen, with very recognizable sights. Petersburg – stadium “Gazprom-Arena “, Lakhta-center and cable-stayed bridge ZSD.


Access to all locations was closed due to the difficult epidemic situation both in the city and throughout the country. Photo: Artem KILKIN

Access to all locations was closed due to the difficult epidemic situation both in the city and throughout the country.Photo: Artem KILKIN

The second innovation: live Petersburgers and visitors could not see all this beauty. And all because this year there are special requirements: because of the pandemic, access to the park is closed, it was also impossible to see from the water, since part of the Neva and the Gulf of Finland were blocked. GIMS boats and various services went around the water area and made sure that no one violated the ban. Law enforcement officers were also on duty on land: if they met people in a territory where there should not be anyone, they politely asked to leave the place and go home.


Everyone was politely asked to leave the coast Photo: Artyom KILKIN

Everyone was politely asked to leave the coast.Photo: Artem KILKIN

And at home, by the way, everyone would have considered it in the best possible way: there was a live broadcast of a concert and a pyrotechnic show on the Internet and on TV. By the way, on the screen you can see what on the shore would definitely not be accessible to the eye. And all because along the Neva and the Gulf of Finland there were several scenes at once and on each of them there was an action.

The main stage was next to the Gazprom Arena stadium, it was also very unusual – as if soaring in the air, and with it the stars acting on it. Leading the holiday were Ivan Urgant and Daria Александрова.


The hosts of the holiday were Ivan Urgant and Daria Alexandrova Photo: Oleg GOLD

Leading the holiday were Ivan Urgant and Daria AlexandrovaPhoto: Oleg GOLD

Timur Rodriguez, Vera performed their hits Brezhnev, RASA group, Dima Bilan and Surganova. And there were surprises in the form of a show of pirates and drummers, yes, it is worth noting separately what costumes the artists had – just space ones. Be sure to watch Bilan’s performance if you missed. And also a salute, well, the passage itself of a sailboat!


The cable-stayed bridge of the WHSD was both a platform for light and a launch site for fireworks. Photo: Oleg ZOLOTO

The cable-stayed bridge of the WHSD was both a platform for light and a launch site for fireworksPhoto: Oleg GOLD

By the way, the pyrotechnic show lasted almost half an hour, hundreds of volleys were launched into the sky, the first cable-stayed bridge of the WHSD was used. It was both a platform for light, and for launching a salute.


But the highlight, of course, was the passage of a snow-white brig with Scarlet Sails along the Gulf of Finland Photo: Oleg ZOLOTO

But the highlight, of course, was the passage of a snow-white brig with Scarlet Sails along the Gulf of FinlandPhoto: Oleg GOLD

And at the end of the extravaganza, the romantic Assol soared above the water to meet her dream. By the way, this year the holiday was dedicated to the author of the fairy tale about Scarlet Sails Alexander Green – marks 140 years since his birthday.

If you missed the broadcast live, there is an opportunity to watch the best moments of the show.

Graduation Scarlet Sails in St. Petersburg ended with a grandiose salute.Alena CHICHIGINA

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Putin announced the end of the non-working period

Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the end of the non-working period. Restrictions will remain for people over 65 years old, the ban on mass events will continue to apply. Governors will continue to make decisions to supplement, mitigate or maintain restrictions.

“From tomorrow, from May 12, the single period of non-working days for the whole country and for all sectors of the economy ends. But the fight against the epidemic does not end. Its danger persists, even in territories where the situation is relatively favorable, ”Mr Putin said while addressing citizens. He said that he had signed a decree on the interaction of the center and regions on the stages of overcoming restrictions.

Starting May 12, the country begins to soften the regime of restrictions. According to Mr. Putin, this process will not be quick. The head of state believes that the isolation of citizens allowed to slow down and slow down the spread of coronavirus.

According to Vladimir Putin, the main reason for the high mortality rate in the world was the unavailability and overload of healthcare systems; in Russia, restriction regimes helped lower this level. The number of specialized beds for the treatment of patients with coronavirus increased from 29 thousand to 130 thousand

The powers of the heads of regions will be extended. The President believes that each subject is ready to assist people infected with coronavirus.

Initially, the head of state declared a week off from March 30 to April 5, this period was extended first until the end of April, then on all May holidays.

The news is being supplemented.

Over the past day, the number of patients with coronavirus in Russia exceeded 221 thousand. The Russian Federation overtook Italy and the UK and took third place in the number of patients with COVID-19 in the world. The World Health Organization on the eve expressed the hope that the Russian Federation reached a plateau. To combat the spread of infection in most regions, a self-isolation regime has been introduced. On April 15, a pass system for travel by transport was launched in Moscow and the Moscow Region. In addition, Moscow and many constituent entities of the Russian Federation decided to introduce a mask regime.

Read about the provision of the regions of the Russian Federation with drugs, masks and protective equipment in the material “Kommersant” “One on seven”.

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Doctors compared mortality of COVID and other infections

On the page of the doctor and TV presenter Alexander Myasnikov interesting information about the situation with infectious diseases in the world was published on the social network. And in particular that rotavirus infection causes hundreds of thousands of deaths per year in the world. Is the familiar and familiar rotavirus more dangerous than the coronavirus? “KP»Understands together with the immunologist, expert in public health and international health care, candidate of medical sciences Nikolay Kryuchkov.

– Of course, in addition to COVID-19, there are many other dangerous diseases in the world and these are not necessarily infectious diseases. Let me remind you that mortality from cardiovascular diseases is in the first place, also high mortality is associated with oncological diseases, in particular, lung cancer, and, of course, infectious diseases are also often the cause of death. However, the threat of rotavirus infection today is greatly exaggerated, said Nikolai Kryuchkov.

How many people die from rotavirus?

According to pessimistic estimates provided by the World Health Organization, around the world in 2013, 215 thousand children under the age of five died from rotavirus infection. According to other data obtained in international studies, this is 122 thousand deaths in 2013.

– The situation since 2013 in terms of mortality from rotavirus infection has not changed much. I think here we can talk about 200 thousand deaths per year among children under five years of age. Half of the world’s deaths occur in five countries: India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Angola and Congo– emphasizes the immunologist Nikolai Kryuchkov. – In the media you can often find information that up to a third of deaths of children under five are caused by rotavirus. This is not true! The fact is that among all deaths of children under five years of age in the world, mortality from diarrhea accounts for about 8%, but among these 8% of deaths from diarrhea – from 25% to 30% are attributable to rotavirus. That is, it turns out about 200 thousand deaths of children under five years of age per year in the world, while more than 6 million children under five die in the world per year.

On the page of the doctor and TV presenter Alexander Myasnikov on the social network, interesting information was published on the situation with infectious diseasesPhoto: Ivan PROKHOROV

Is rotavirus disease relevant for Russia?

If you consider Europeyy region to which Russia, then the figures for mortality from diarrhea are lower than in developing countries. Mortality from diarrhea among children under five in Europe is 4% – 5% of all childhood deaths. About a quarter of them are rotavirus.

In Russia, according to WHO estimates, in 2013, 52 children under the age of five died from rotavirus infection, which is 0.3% of all other deaths of children under five years of age. Rotavirus infection is not the most common cause of death among children, and even more so among adults (the latter rarely die from rotavirus, so all statistics are data on the death of children – approx. Ed.).

– Rotavirus is a problem primarily in poor countries with a warm climate. For Russia, this is also a problem, but to a much lesser extent, ”said Nikolai Kryuchkov, a doctor. – It is important to emphasize that effective and safe rotavirus vaccines exist.

The incidence of rotavirus infection after the introduction of vaccination has decreased many times. In Russia, universal vaccination against rotavirus is not carried out, but, despite this, mortality is low, given that it is clear how to help such patients. The main thing here is replenishment of lost fluid and symptomatic therapy. Given these two factors — the availability of a vaccine and the development of affordable treatment — mortality from rotavirus is very low even among children from zero to five years old, not to mention adults. Among adults, these are isolated cases.

Who is worse: rotavirus or coronavirus?

According to epidemiologists, mortality (taking into account the number of deaths from the number of episodes of the disease) of rotavirus infection in the world is from 0.05% to 0.09%. This is comparable to mortality from seasonal flu. Yes, in the poorest countries it can reach up to 2%. However, in this case, only moderate to severe episodes are taken into account, and not all cases of rotavirus infection.

“With coronavirus infection, according to my most optimistic forecasts, the mortality rate in the world will be 2%,” says Nikolay Kryuchkov. – Let me remind you that now the mortality rate from COVID-19 in Russia is about 4%. AT Germany – 3.5%, and this is one of the best examples in Europe. Of course, a lot depends on how the data are kept and analyzed, but even though there are probably unaccounted cases, the mortality from coronavirus infection is much higher than the mortality from rotavirus. And the epidemic of coronavirus infection is still far from over.

“It is also important to understand that we are having a coronavirus pandemic, and the situation with rotavirus is under control.” The number of deaths from coronavirus is now growing, due to the fact that there is an increase in cases of infection. The daily increase in new cases of coronavirus infection in the world is more than 5%, and in Russia today it is more than 8%. Therefore, it is obvious that the situation with rotavirus is stable, and the coronavirus pandemic for us is not known how it will end. The coronavirus infection pandemic continues to grow, it is important to understand this, ”Nikolay Kryuchkov emphasized in a conversation with“ KP ”. – When we talk about the number of deaths from rotavirus, 200 thousand people a year around the world among children under five years of age are deaths that happened in a year! As we know, the coronavirus epidemic lasts about four months. This is significantly less than a year.


The daily increase in new cases of coronavirus infection in the world is more than 5%, and in Russia today it is more than 8% Photo: Ivan MAKEEV

The daily increase in new cases of coronavirus infection in the world is more than 5%, and in Russia today it is more than 8%Photo: Ivan MAKEEV

How many deaths from coronavirus infection will be in a year (given that, according to the data of May 3, 243,922 people died in the world – approx. Ed.)? Yes, there are other dangerous infections in the world, but many of them can be protected. This is Hepatitis B, and pneumococcal infection, tetanus, and so on. And Dr. Myasnikov rightly points out the need for widespread vaccination against the most dangerous and common infections. Unfortunately, there are no vaccines from COVID-19 yet, they will be ready by the spring of next year at best.

Also, an important difference between the course of rotavirus infection and coronavirus infection: hospitalization with rotavirus disease in developed countries is very rare. All necessary treatment conditions can be provided at home. With coronavirus, the patient often needs active therapy, which can only be provided in a specialized medical institution.

SPECIFICALLY

Dr. Myasnikov gives such statistics on mortality from infections (in the world for a year)

Measles (there is a vaccine) – 140 thousand deaths per year

Pneumococcus (there is a vaccine) – 2 -2.5 million deaths per year

Hepatitis B (there is a vaccine) – 650 thousand deaths per year

Tetanus (there is a vaccine) – 89 thousand deaths per year

Cervical cancer (there is a vaccine) – 250 thousand deaths per year

Tuberculosis (there is a vaccine) – 1.5 million deaths per year

Influenza (there is a vaccine) – 650 thousand-1 million deaths per year

Coronavirus (no vaccine) – 244 thousand deaths from the beginning of the spread

Coronavirus: myths and reality.The farther the coronavirus, the more truth and speculation around it. We tried to deal with the main myths about the Covid-19 pandemic

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Is it possible to get sick with coronavirus twice, is it transmitted through water, and how do you understand that you are asymptomatic?

We collected the most common questions of Russians and asked them to leading scientists (details)

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In Ukraine, the risk of stopping the transit of gas of Gazprom after 2025 was declared :: Business :: RBC

After the contract expires in 2025, Gazprom does not make sense to continue transit through Ukraine if it completes Nord Stream-2, the head of the Ukrainian GTS operator said. He promised to make an effort to prevent this.

Sergey Makogon

(Photo: Sergiy Makogon / facebook)

The general director of the gas transmission system operator of Ukraine, Sergey Makogon, said in an interview with RBC that after the end of the five-year contract in 2025, Gazprom would stop gas exports through Ukraine if it completed the construction of gas pipelines bypassing Ukraine. “It is obvious that if Gazprom completes the construction of Nord Stream-2, then the capacity of the Ukrainian gas transmission system will become excessive for it. I see no reason for Gazprom to extend gas transit through Ukraine after 2025, although our transit tariffs are absolutely competitive, ”he said.

After the launch of the first line of the Turkish Stream along the bottom of the Black Sea in early 2020, the Ukrainian GTS already lost 15 billion cubic meters. m of annual transit, which used to go to Turkey, Bulgaria and Greece. “Now we are transporting gas to the south only for Romania and Moldova,” said Makogon.

When the second line of the Turkish Stream is launched and the construction of the Bulgaria-Serbia-Hungary gas pipeline is completed, Ukraine expects to lose another 15 billion cubic meters of transit. m. And the completion of the construction of Nord Stream-2 will lead to the loss of the remaining 50 billion cubic meters. m, concluded the head of the gas transportation operator.

Makogon promised to make “maximum effort” to prevent the completion of Nord Stream-2, since it “has a clear political character and is contrary to European principles of solidarity.”

U.S. sanctions imposed at the end of 2019 against this gas pipeline already had a “significant impact” on the course of negotiations between Kiev and Gazprom, which resulted in the negotiation of a new contract for the transit of Russian gas through Ukraine to Europe, the head of the Ukrainian gas transportation system admitted.

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