Mexico City police chief survives attack and blames powerful cartel | Latin America

The armored car in which the Mexico City police chief and his bodyguards followed was attacked in one of the capital’s wealthy neighborhoods: another car blocked his way, while a group of men with heavy caliber weapons fired. Another police car arrived quickly, but the attackers managed to escape, leaving behind the bullet-ridden armored vehicle.

The target of the attack was Omar García Harfuch, who was hit in the shoulder, collarbone and knee, but survived. Two of his bodyguards were killed in the attack, and a 26-year-old woman who was driving with family members was also shot and killed. The scene of the attack was the chic neighborhood of Lomas de Chapultepec, where many wealthy families live and even residences of ambassadors.

Hours after the attack, in the early hours of Friday, García Harfuch published on Twitter an accusation against the Jalisco Nova Geração Cartel, probably the most powerful in the country, which he blamed for the “cowardly” attack.

The diary The country says that this attack in a prime area of ​​the capital shows the weakness of the authorities. Specialist Gladys McCormick of the University of Syracuse in New York commented to Reuters that this is proof that “no one is safe” from attempts by the criminal group to attack. McCormick has no doubts about the authorship of the attack, which follows the modus operandi of the Jalisco Nova Geração group “to detail”.

Led by a former policeman, Nemesio Oseguera Cervantes, known as “El Mencho” – classified in March as America’s No. 1 enemy – the group uses violence as a method of expansion and control, murdering state police officers, security forces , army – one of his spectacular blows was when he shot down a helicopter with an RPG (launched by rocket) five years ago.

The group took advantage of a gap in the synthetic drugs market, and it grew as other rivals weakened, such as the Sinaloa cartel of “El Chapo”, which was last arrested in 2015, extradited to the USA and unable to escape. as before, he was tried and, last year, convicted.

But this bold attack in the heart of Mexico City is an escalation.

The President, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, and the Mayor of the capital, Claudia Sheinbaum, argue that it is proof of the pressure that drug cartels are under.

The Jalisco cartel has been the target of two recent coups. At the beginning of the month, the Spanish daily tells The country, Mexican financial authorities froze almost 2000 accounts linked to the group, after detecting movements of around 20 million pesos, more than 800 thousand euros. And in March, an operation led by US anti-trafficking forces led to the detention in the USA of more than 600 people, the seizure of 20 thousand kilograms of drugs and a further 22 million dollars (19.6 million euros) .

López Obrador took office just over a year and a half ago, promising to pacify Mexico, but the number of homicides increased last year, and the trend showed no signs of abating this year. This attack, says Reuters, was the latest in a series of security breaches that have left doubts about the President’s ability to control gang violence.

Although the perpetrators of the attack managed to escape, several suspects were later arrested, some in neighboring states, including the man who allegedly planned the attack.

Before leading the police in the capital, Omar García Harfuch worked in the investigative police where he was in charge of capturing several important cartel names, such as one of the closest men to “El Chapo”, known as “El Licenciado”. In 2019, Harfuch was moved to the capital, where violence linked to drug groups was beginning to show, and since then his strength has led to several arrests.

The mayor linked the attack to these arrests of members of other drug groups. But much points to Mexico’s most violent and powerful cartel, and the daily The country he also points out that the García Harfuch team passed on information about cartels beyond the capital, including that of Jalisco.

News corrected on 28.6.2020: 20 million Mexican pesos is approximately 800 thousand euros and not 800 million as was wrongly mentioned.

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“History of drug trafficking”, souls cameo

Far from being the preserve of criminal organizations alone, drug trafficking has long been an instrument in the hands of states. This geopolitical prism serves as the common thread for an exciting documentary series in three episodes broadcast on Arte from March 31, the first of which is available in preview all day this Tuesday on the website of Released. A little-known story whose origin dates back to the XIXe century, when the British crown flooded China with opium to replenish its coffers, and France refined it in the heart of Saigon to make profitable its presence in Indochina. Long before the mafias, the great colonial powers understood the interest they could derive from the trade in addictive substances. In their wake, the first pharmaceutical companies managed to put cocaine on the market in 1884, then heroin, a new derivative of opium guaranteed without addiction, recommended to treat asthma and cough in infants.

Occult links

If the appearance of these new drugs radically changes the relationship with the body by abolishing pain, it will also lead to a generalization of addiction on a planetary scale. At the beginning of the XXe Prohibition accelerated the rise of the black market and organized crime in the United States, which found strong support within the state apparatus. But it was especially during the Cold War that the occult links between traffic and the great powers fueled the most troubled interests. Failing to be a public health issue, drugs become a major strategic issue. In 1951, in the midst of the Indochina war, the French secret services bought opium themselves to resell it to the Corsican mafia, in order to finance a counter-insurgency army of 40,000 men. The same year, the CIA supports the Chinese soldiers of the Kuomintang withdrawn into Burma, who will become the main traffickers of Southeast Asia. In the name of national security, Washington is reluctant to rely on drug trafficking to fight the Communist enemy.

America will end up paying dearly for its ambiguities. As the country plunges into LSD in Flower Power, the Vietnam War offers a much darker face for youth. On their return from the front, a third of the 500,000 soldiers involved are addicted to heroin. In 1971, President Richard Nixon began a radical turn and officially declared a war on drugs. The world’s leading producer of heroin thanks to French connection chemists, France is in the sights of the American services, which send agents to DEA, the new drug agency, to Marseilles. In just five years, the “French” was dismantled and 3,000 traffickers were arrested. But the 1970s were especially marked by the industrialization of traffic. It is the era of the great drug lords, Pablo Escobar in Colombia, Felix Gallardo in Mexico, Toto Riina in Italy or even Khun Sa in Thailand, whose images shot in the heart of the jungle are part of the precious archives unearthed by Julie Lerat and Christophe Bouquet, co-directors of the documentary series. The result of a two-year survey between Europe, Mexico, Colombia, Thailand and Burma, History of drug trafficking decrypts the complex relationships between states while highlighting, far beyond corruption, the structural logic inherent in the system.

An opium smoker in Saigon, taken from the History of Drug Trafficking. Photo Yami 2

Half a century after Nixon’s martial discourse, the war on drugs has above all revealed its obvious failures and its macabre record. In Colombia, where the United States has invested in an ambitious $ 45 billion plan to eradicate coca plantations, production has never been higher. In Mexico, where 40,000 people have disappeared over the past ten years amid the cartel war, associations continue to tirelessly search the earth in hopes of finding the bodies of the victims. After years of Soviet and American occupation, Afghanistan still produces 80% of the world’s heroin. Far from drying up, drug trafficking only adapts to its environment.

Macabre balance sheet

The fall of El Chapo, the perpetrator of the Sinaloa cartel sentenced to life in the United States, could foreshadow the advent of a new generation of traffickers. In Mexico, criminal organizations have reportedly managed to synthesize fentanyl, a drug produced since the 1950s by the pharmaceutical industry without a single poppy flower. This fully synthetic drug, a hundred times more potent than heroin, kills more than 30,000 people a year in the United States, where the overprescription of painkillers encouraged by laboratories has made hundreds of thousands of patients addicted. “It takes a number of trucks of coke to supply the US market for a year, while it takes just one car to supply the entire opioid market with fentanyl,” notes an American specialist in organized crime. A revolution that should once again overturn the geopolitics of drugs.


Emmanuel Fansten

History of drug trafficking of Julie Lerat and Christophe Bouquet.

Three episodes, available from March 31 on Arte.

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Today they will begin to evacuate evidence against the Valle network

TEGUCIGALPA.

Tesla Danessa Ortega Valle since yesterday it was submitted to oral and public trial along with 11 other people linked to the clan of Valley Valley

Tesla is the daughter of Worthy valley who was convicted in recent years in the United States for drug trafficking.

The defendants were arrested by the Directorate for the Fight against Drug Trafficking (DLCN) on November 13, 2017.

In addition to Tesla Danessa Ortega, are being prosecuted Lesly Espinoza Trigueros, Karen Moreno Chinchilla, Amelia Garcia, Digna Rosales García, René Isaac López, Hudaldina War Bueso, Darwin Rosales, Byron Rosales García, Juventino Rosales, Juan Carlos Rosales García Y Jorge Rosales García, who are accused of the crimes of money laundering and illegal association to launder assets.

The file also appears René Isaac López, Jorge Rosales García Y Darwin Orlando Ramos Díaz, linked to the crime of illicit drug trafficking, because, according to the accusation of Public ministry, they were dedicated to the transfer of drugs from Honduras to Guatemala.

“The incidents were presented by the Prosecutor’s Office and the defenses, then discussions will begin in this case that has been instructed for these 12 people,” said Lucia Villars, spokeswoman for the Judiciary.

The process

The trial against the 12 accused linked to the structure of the cartel of the Valley It started yesterday at 10:30 a.m.

A select group of lawyers make up the seven defense teams that represent them at the trial: Raúl Suazo, Ana Rosa Ponce, Gabriel Oseguera, Ivan Adam Martinez, Rosa Elena Bonilla de Martínez, Kevin Geovanny Martinez, Gabriel Ordonez, Jaime Banegas, Julio Saúl Herrera Y Marlon Duarte, the latter is the defender of Tesla Ortega Valle.

Tracing

one-Operation Raid achieved the capture.The operation was directed to the Valle Valle structure, in which 12 people were arrested and seized vehicles, movable and immovable property on November 13, 2017.

two-19 raids were directed against the clan in Santa Rosa, Florida and El Paraíso, in Copan; as well as in Quimistán and San Marcos, Santa Bárbara. Signs of the crime of money laundering were found.

The defense of Jorge Danilo Rosales he asked the Court to exclude him from the oral and public trial because he did not have the financial expertise, a key means of proof to vanish the charge of money laundering, and in those circumstances they requested that the trial be postponed. But after debating, unanimously, the Court declared the petition without place, alleging that it is not part of the proposed evidence and that at no time the legitimate defense of the accused is violated.

Non-compliant, the defense filed a motion for reinstatement to insist on the need to postpone the process, but the Court again declared it without place.

New means of proof. In the presentation of incidents, the Public ministry He proposed inspection records carried out on November 13 to three vehicles, in order to prove the evidence found there.

It was also proposed that personal records of Hudaldina War Bueso Y Darwin Orlando Ramos to show the amounts of money found on the day of the search.

In the expertise, the Prosecution asked to incorporate a financial financial opinion to prove that the defendants do not have the financial capacity to prove the assets they acquired between 2006 and 2017.

The expertise was provided by the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU), financial and private institutions. The defense also proposed other means of proof.

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“Men”, the salient Baumettes


Shot between 2016 and 2018 in Marseille, the documentary examines the prison life of men often convicted in drug cases. .