The crisis of the Covid19 us into a major economic crisis unprecedented and with a forecast of the order of 10 % of GDP in 2020. The economic and social consequences will be very significant, with a million additional unemployed persons in France. A recovery plan is announced to absorb this shock. The difficulty will be to reconcile the economic issue with two long-term challenges : climate change and territorial equity, the crisis of the yellow vests we have shown the severe fractures of the corporation. These two requirements are in fact related.
→ ANALYSIS.The government multiplies the billions in the face of the crisis
The car is in France one of the 1st posts of GHG emissions. This is why it is urgent to décarboner mobility and good sense would, as well as the announced recovery plan devotes a very important component. This is all the more relevant that France is a world leader in transport in many areas : We have so of the best ingénieristes in the world, the largest groups of CONSTRUCTION and transport services, laboratories and schools recognized and approved, sometimes 3 centuries of history, the industrial car plan, start-up many with unicorns, international. It is also relying on this ecosystem powerful that it could provide the necessary economic rebound with activities 100 % located in France.
Reducing emissions requires décarboner the movements from the periphery to the large cities, in particular those related to the work. They constitute the bulk of the emissions is because they are made to 80 % by car because of the failure of our rail system that has not followed the urbanization of jobs and the attractiveness of large cities. Internal travel to town centres only account for 2% of emissions. It will be tomorrow, two to three times more public transport to link the peripheries to the centres of employment. These trips will have to be done otherwise than in the car, in order to limit GHG emissions, to ensure the quality of the air, and finally preserve the public spaces in city centres, which are part of our common property. This requires a major investment in public transport infrastructure in park-and-ride, in lanes, in the use of digital systems to facilitate and optimize the uses. Moreover, as rightly reminds us Esther Duflot Nobel prize in economics, ” mobility is one of the main ways of equalizing standards of living between regions, and absorption of economic disparities, and regional “. It is therefore also a means of territorial equity and allow the weakest to take advantage of the opportunities of the city ; move in transit, returns to the user 2 to 5 times less expensive, depending on the situation and thus allows all those who can not afford to stay in the city center to move to the acceptable costs and easier access to employment.
→ MAINTENANCE. “30 to 40 % of travellers on average are income in the transport. “
With the bike for short distances, this program will allow to reduce very significantly the car traffic in major cities and can be deployed within 5 years. It will mobilise the Regions and Cities, with the support of the State and of the European Union. The law of orientation of mobility opens up possibilities with, in particular, the territorial coordination to deploy a common strategy at the scale of urban areas. The law on decentralization in the course of the discussion would also accelerate the implementation of reserved lanes for public transportation and carpooling if we transferred national roads to the regions and cities on their territories.
So that they concentrate the wealth, the cities have a moral responsibility vis-à-vis their surroundings. The urgency is to re-create the link between all people, between the centres-cities of agglomerations and their peripheries. This program will be inclusive and ambitious can and must mobilize policy-makers, businesses and citizens for the greater benefit of the climate, and justice territorial.