How Transport Affects Cancer Incidence

Scientists from cambridge university (UK) found out the connection between your preferred mode of transportation, mortality and cancer incidence.

British scientists used for their research Census data for residents of England and Wales. For the analysis, information was selected on 394,746 Britons who, at the time of the 1991 census, were over 16 years old and updated information about themselves in subsequent censuses – in 2001 and 2011.

Scientists have tried to understand how the preferred mode of transportation (personal transportation, public transport, cycling or walking) correlates with mortality (overall, from cancer and cardiovascular disease), as well as the incidence of cancer. The analysis also included data on age, gender, social status, availability of a permanent partner, chronic diseases, education and population density.

As a result, it was found that 13,983 people died from various causes: 3172 of them – from cardiovascular diseases, 6509 – from cancer. The number of registered cases of oncology amounted to 20,890 people. Compared to the group that preferred driving in personal cars, among those who used a bicycle, the number of deaths from all causes was lower by 20%, from cardiovascular diseases – by 24%, from cancer – by 16%.

Cancer was diagnosed 11% less often. Among those who used public transport, mortality from all causes was 10% lower, from cardiovascular diseases – lower by 21%, and diagnosed cancer was 12% less common. Those who preferred to walk were diagnosed with cancer less than seven percent.

According to the results of the study, scientists found the obvious health benefits of more active means of transportation compared to personal vehicles. At the same time, they also clarified that they were not able to detect the difference among people with different social and economic status: active movement, according to British scientists, is useful for everyone without exception.

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