“The Europeans are more likely than ever to live and work abroad, within the european Union “, highlights the final report of the Commission on the mobility of workers. In 2018, the EU had $ 17.6 million of citizens who have made this choice – including $ 12.9 million of working age (20-64 years), an increase of 3.4 % compared to 2017.
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In total, 4.2% of the population of the Eu is to work in a host State. And this number can still increase : mid-may 2020, Eures, the european network that connects job seekers and employers, accounted for nearly 2.8 million offers of vacancies in the whole of Europe.
To match supply and demand of employment
This figure shows that the unemployment is not due to economic difficulties, but also to the organisation of a system of initial training and throughout the life which is struggling to match supply and demand of employment.
In France, for example, 150 000 positions remain unfilled each year for lack of candidates with the right skills, according to Pôle emploi. At the other end of the chain, the Dares, the studies and statistics of the ministry of labour, estimated in 2018 to 963 000 the number of young people 16 to 25 years who are neither in education, nor in employment, nor in education or training, or almost 13% of this age class.
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However, convergence of the skills and needs will be increasingly necessary to adapt to a technological progress that will permanently change the labor market. According to the ministry of national education, 65 % of the school children of today will be in the future, jobs that do not yet exist.
Promote a european area of training
This challenge, the european Union has taken to arm-the-body. Because if the organization of systems of education and training remains the prerogative of States, the EU competences are non-trivial to coordinate, support and supplement the actions of member countries. Thus, as early as 2010, the Commission proposed a framework of co-operation – “Education and training 2020” – setting some great targets to ten years, since the generalization of pre-school education to expanded access of young people to study or work placements abroad.
Similarly, the agenda for skills, presented in 2016, proposes a series of actions to improve the encounter of the demand and supply of employment. In particular, the establishment of a “warranty of skill “ to ensure that the public little qualified to a minimum level. Or the development of a common scale of qualifications, to facilitate comparisons between the member countries.
The Erasmus + is part of a strategy to increase the power of skills. First mobility : by 2018, more than 850, 000 students, apprentices, teachers and socio-educational instructors have received a grant for a stay abroad. Then, by promoting a european area for training innovative, capable of developing the know-how necessary for the jobs of tomorrow.
Accompany the areas in mutation
Among all those supported by the agence Erasmus + France, the project At Home is iconic. It concerns, in power, and the 8 million people working in Europe, in the sector of home help. “For this audience, of which 80 % are without any initial training, we have developed new tools to consolidate and validate the skills (according to the repository AEFA, european Agenda for the education and training of adults, editor’s NOTE) and, thus, develop a vital profession, but a victim of social exclusion “, highlights Sophie Alex-Bacquer, head of mission at the training institute of the Red Cross of New-Aquitaine.
Launched in 2017, with partners, belgian, Portuguese and Spanish universities, companies, services, At Home has led to the realization of a Mooc, so of course digital, which lists the major cross-cutting skills required, adapted to real-life situations, and offers tutorials to develop them. “This tool, developed in four languages, is free to access from November 2019, and the first experiences are very positive “, accurate Sophie Alex-Bacquer.
Prepare for the future, it is also accompany the sectors changing as the textile, clothing, leather and footwear, which accounted for 2 million jobs in the Union, for a turnover of € 200 billion.
A budget increase for Erasmus +
“Outsourcing, digitization and robotization are that skills needs are changing. The challenge is to train a maximum of operators, whose number will decrease, so be ready to occupy a portion of the 600,000 posts of technicians and engineers that are to be filled by 2025 “says Laurence Allois, and training manager job at Unitex, the federation of textile industries of Rhône-Alpes, and head of the project Skills4Smart for France.
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Alliance of 22 partners from nine european countries, Skills4Smart was launched in early 2018 to facilitate this transformation by re-designing completely the supply of training. “We have defined the profiles of priority jobs and built a training content currently being tested via an online platform in ten countries. Ultimately, the goal is that they will be recognised throughout the EU, because the interest of the project is to build a european training and employment “, highlights Laurence Allois.
It acknowledges that such a project, if complex, involving a diversity of actors, probably would not have seen the light of day without the support of Europe and the support of Erasmus +.
This flagship program of the european Union, which has changed the lives of millions of young Europeans, should also see its envelope doubled to 28 billion euros in the framework of the budget 2021-2027. Sign that the Union is committed to investing in the skills and mobility, “stepping stones towards societies and economies more resilient and more inclusive “, according to the formula of Margaritis Schinas, commissioner responsible for the promotion of the european way of life.
1987 : Creation of the Erasmus programme. The Erasmus programme (European Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students) is established by the european economic Community in 1987. It is designed as a system of exchange of students and teachers between the universities and the great schools of Europe. The first year, 3 244 students in europe benefit from it.
2014 : The moult Erasmus +. Erasmus has long coexisted with programs, vocational training (Leonardo da Vinci), school education (Comenius), or to the youth. Since 2014, Erasmus + brings together all of these mobility programmes and partnerships. In addition to students, it applies to apprentices, trainers, job seekers, young graduates, students from kindergarten through high school.
2027 : Goal ambitious. While the member States of the EU discussed the financial framework for the period 2021-2027, the Commission proposes a doubling of the budget allocated to Erasmus + with a budget of 28 billion euros over seven years and a target of 12 million beneficiaries additional 10 million since 1987.
Five tools for a european labour market, more integrated
Europass. This digital platform free – renewed July 8 allows any european citizen to be his or her personnel record to enhance his qualifications, his skills, his experiences, in and out of the world of work. The portfolio Europass is recognized in 35 countries and available in 29 languages. Since the launch of the portal, in 2005, he created more than 150 million Europass.
The european qualifications Framework (EQF). This common system of classification in the 8 reference levels (according to the knowledge, skills, degree of responsibility) allows to compare the degrees and certifications awarded at the national level. Since January, the French frame of levels of qualification is modelled on the EQF.
Esco. Like a dictionary in 27 languages, this online portal identifies and describes the occupations, qualifications and skills in a language common to all employers and job seekers in the european labour market.
Skills Panorama. The new version of this site launched in 2012, offers accurate information and easy access on the evolution of the offer of employment by sectors or by professions, on a country-by-country, in the whole of Europe.
Eures. This multilingual portal and free you can file or see offers
employment anywhere in Europe, to submit his CV or to enquire about the conditions of life and work in such or such country.