Absolute ear and relative ear

When I read the file of June 16 on “the mysteries of the absolute ear” (read below), I couldn’t help but cringe a little. I will never understand why we lend to this particular faculty almost magical powers that only the lucky ones would possess. Not having an absolute ear in no way prevents the reproduction of a melody by ear, the perception of quarter tones or finding the exercise of dictation of notes easy. Many musicians have a relative ear and are just as capable of these kinds of exploits. The relative ear is the precise perception of the different intervals and also allows to play, to sing really just, although the process is a little different. Unlike people with the absolute ear, those who have the relative ear must start from a reference, but once this reference is in place, there is no problem in determining whether the following sounds are right or wrong . Besides, starting from a reference can even prove to be advantageous: I know some “absolutists” who find it difficult to play baroque music or to transpose, because they cannot get used to the change of reference . As a “relativist”, I have no problem with that! I really regret that the relative ear is so unrecognized, when it can be at least as useful to musicians as the absolute ear.

Fleur Le Roux

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Another birthday

Thank you for the very interesting dossier devoted to 80e anniversary of the June 18 call. It was important to have this look at the event and its author (The cross June 18). I would express only one small regret: here is a little more than a month it was the 70e anniversary of the Schuman Declaration (May 9, 1950), the foundation of European integration, and this anniversary has gone almost unnoticed when it seems to me just as important in our history. All the media are victims of this Gaullist steamroller which since 1958 wants to make forget everything that could have happened between 1946 and the return to power of General de Gaulle. When will we accept to have a more objective look at this IVe Republic that one seems to have doomed to gemonies forever?

Olivier Roussarie

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Energy savings. Each building should be audited by a neutral expert …

I really appreciated the articles on a more sustainable world published as part of the “Change of world” series. Regarding energy savings in particular, I read with interest what you say about the possible savings on home heating (The cross from June 10, to read below). As you write, it is unfortunate that there have been successive waves on the attic to be insulated, double glazing, heat pumps … all punctuated by taxation (perhaps induced by lobbies …). To be effective, I think that each building should be audited by a neutral expert (Ademe?), Having nothing to sell and who establishes a proposal for this building indicating the sequence of things to be done by indicating for each step an idea of ​​the cost and energy saving. Currently the experts are the sellers: how many useless achievements have been made, badly made, and at an exorbitant price?

Gaston Vandecandelaere

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“The Cross” and the catholics

I am subscribed to The Cross because it is the only catholic daily. I would still tell you that I am not in agreement with the thrust of the opinions expressed in this journal. One has the impression to be income to the Church in 1970. I understand that there are still christians progressive, but if you want to touch the heart of your target market, it seems to me that a line a little more balanced would be to a readership of catholic younger and more current. I do not question the quality of the information and the follow-up of the life of the Church. I am more reserved on the opinions expressed on abortion (your article on the strings cathos in Brazil), on same-sex marriage, euthanasia, etc., On immigration or the RN, the opinions of catholics can be diverse, but without aggressiveness. Catholics need to be united between tradis and progressive. Your journal has a role to play in promoting the unity of the Church of France.

Roland Montclar

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What contribution for the richest ?

After you have found with Frédéric Tristram, a specialist in the history of tax (The Cross may 13, read below)that “the levies of this type targeting the richest have never been enough to erase the deficits “, I would like to make two suggestions. It might first be a consensus to make a change to the IFIS taking the I for still instead ofreal estate. I think of the enormous sums invested in life insurance, funds in euro, without greater risk than real estate. On the other hand, it is not necessary, in my opinion, taxing the funds placed by units of value or shares whether in life insurance or securities accounts, which are invested in the economy and risks. Moreover, we never invoke the huge reserves of certain associations. These funds, in principle, have the objective of ensuring the continuity of operations. One might consider that it is reasonable to have six-or nine-month operating reserve, but not years ! All types of associations are concerned, including charitable associations. These sums have been accumulated over time by the French who died for the most part. Why does takes does not all or part of these sums ? This is much more than the product of the ex-ISF !

A. G.

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With the Covid-19, the plastic back in force

(…) Ironically, at a time when the western countries start to legislate on the ban of plastic bags, here is that the same plastic back, under the appearance of gloves, visors, surblouses, food trays, disposable… It will be necessary that the billions of masks do not finish their days in the sea or in the nature… This is a first “negative effect” in which no one had thought to there is still three months. There is a second one. The obsession that borders on neurosis not to enter into contact and, most of all, to deny the face-to-face, open face, disregards, because we absolutely want to go against nature rather than with it, that we are in a world full of germs, viruses, microbes of all kinds, and that they are simply vital for our immunity. The work is exciting on cross-immunity might let us imagine that there is a need for a balance of optimal immune, to get in touch with the maximum amount of virus. (…) Finally, and this is the more serious question. The mask, because it veils the face, becomes a gag, a muzzle. These are not the people of Hong Kong who say otherwise, who alongside almost the Middle empire, of which we know – to be ironic and cynical – the taste for the human rights and freedom. Wear the mask, it is ultimately to lose face, show his fear in front of others, which appears no longer as a brother, in freedom and equality, but as a danger which we should guard. (…)

D. River

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Belyaninov out of the EDB, as head of the Bank is Podguzov from “Mail of Russia”

The head of the Eurasian development Bank (EDB) Putin leaves office. The post will take the first Deputy General Director of “Mail of Russia” Nikolay Podguzov. Order to make candidates gave Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin (.pdf).

“The issue of election of Chairman of the Board EDB scheduled for consideration during the upcoming meeting of the Board of the Bank. It is scheduled for 30 June”,— stated in the message of the government.

EDB is a regional development Bank established by Russia and Kazakhstan in 2006. In 2009, the EDB joined by Armenia and Tajikistan, in 2010 Belarus, in 2011 — Kyrgyzstan. New members of the Bank may become Hungary and Moldova. The Bank has the status of an international financial institution, its activities are regulated by international law.

Mr. Belyaninov worked as a Chairman of the EDB from December 2017. From 2006 he was for ten years head of the Federal customs service. Mr Podguzov from July 2017 he worked as General Director FGUP “Mail of Russia”. In February 2020, this position was occupied by the former Deputy Prime Minister Maxim Akimov. Mr Podguzov became his first Deputy. Earlier, in 2013, he worked at the post of the Deputy head of the Ministry of economy.

That makes the Bank for the development and integration of their countries— in an interview with Andrei Belyaninov of Kommersant.

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In response to the article ” The generation missing catholic intellectuals “

In response to the article “The generation missing catholic intellectuals” (The Cross of the 15th June) and to allow everyone to enjoy the perfect incongruity of his conclusion, I propose a rewriting of it, with a little mirror effect : “Those who think the issues in the 2020 feed still works with seniors, and working otherwise. They are religious (Véronique Margron, Anne Crest, Cécile Renouard), philosophers (Emily Canada-Schick, Laurence Devillairs), university (Anne-Marie Pelletier, Marie-Jo Thiel, Elena Lasida) and men (Emmanuel Falque, Camille Riquier). ”

A. C. Breuil

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Father Jean Comby, a central role for the formation of the clergy as of the laity

I regret that the death of Jean Comby, a priest of the diocese of Lyon, which occurred on 21 may (Ascension day) was not mentioned in the article of June 15. Certainly, his state of health had worsened prior to the arrival of the Covid-19 and it is not the cause of his death. The silence of The Cross is unfortunate in a double title. In the first place Jean Comby had often worked together to The Cross, in particular, between 1989 and 2001, to propose the gaze of the historian on issues of the day. In the second place, and this is the most important, he played by his historical works, a central role for the formation of the clergy as of the laity. Thanks to the clarity of his writing, his sense of the formula and its scientific rigour, he has made available to christians as non-christians the achievements of the historiography of religious since the 1970s. Always ready to meet the demand of institutions and groups, a priest without being clerical, teacher, tied to the truth of the facts and warning against deals with the history for edifying, he has participated in multiple research. He has been especially active in the development of missiology (the side of Bruno Chenu) and the history of missions in the French-speaking world.

Claude Pruhomme, university professor, retired, member of the pontifical Committee of historical sciences

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“No the French are not racist “

This distrust permanent towards the police, who stirs up the crowds to protest is intolerable. How those who protect our society from the deviants can they enforce law and order and restrain the lawless ? Constantly, they are put in the dock, everything seems upside down in our society ! As in all bodies of the State, there may be a very small minority that can be blamed. No the French are not racist, not the police cannot be accused of, Thanks to The Cross not to join the aboyeurs but to calm down the spirits by helping the right situations.

Claude-Isabelle Baldy-Moulinier

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