In Pakistan, the discovery of a large cross millennium

The administrative region of Gilgit-Baltistan, in northern Pakistan, is located on the border with Afghanistan, Xinjiang in China and Jammu-and-Kashmir in India. The heart of the Himalayas, which reach heights of five of the highest peaks in the world, this area traversed by the Indus river is home to 1.3 million inhabitants, forming a mosaic of mountain people with a muslim majority.

This is where, in the chain of the mountains of the Karakoram, that three researchers from the university of Baltistan in Skardu, accompanied by villagers and mountain guides have found a marble cross, measuring about 2.1 m by 1.8 m and weighing between three and four tons. They have been found two kilometers from the base camp, at altitude, near the village of Kavardo, as they have said during a press conference on June 14.

These three researchers have made on the site are the vice-chancellor of the university, Muhammad Naeem Khan, the director of studies, Zakir Hussain Zakir, and the head of the external relations of the university, Ishtiaq Hussain Maqpoon.

According to their first estimates, the ” Cross of Kavardo “, as it is called now, would have between 1 000 and 1 200 years old. But the university of Baltistan, who wants to pursue the research, plans to partner with institutes in europe and north america on the one hand, and local historians on the other hand, to determine the exact age of the cross, which is already” among one of the largest on the indian sub-continent “according to Wajid Bhatti, another researcher from the university of Baltistan.

“Great news” for the christian minority

This dating, if confirmed, would document the former presence of christianity in the himalayan region, which can only rejoice the christian minority of Pakistan, so often discriminated against and abused. ” This is really a great news for all of uscommended the director-general of Caritas Pakistan, Mansha Noor. This shows that christianity already existed in the region at the time, and that there had to be a church and christian homes. Currently, there is no christian family does not live there, but it was clearly the case at the time. “

On his side, a banker, a catholic in Karachi, Norman Gill, insisted that” christians can go on the site to see the cross, once all the formalities will be completed “. The vice-chancellor of the university of Baltistan, Muhammad Khan, as part of the discovery of the cross, was raised as if she was” descended from the heavens directly on the Karakoram “.

The small town of Skardu is on the axis which now allows the linking Pakistan to China, and was formerly on the silk road. It is therefore possible, according to Béatrice Caseau, teacher of byzantine history at the Sorbonne University, that ” christianity was brought to this mountainous region by christian merchants from the middle East “.

Even if there is a lack of sources to know with certainty where they have gone, we know that the christians of the world persia, using the language syriac, came to the region of the Indus between the Fifth and the Eighth centuries, until the arrival of islamcontinues Béatrice Caseau. We found traces of christians” nestorian” in China as early as the Seventh century, and it was necessarily of the trade throughout the region, including on the religious level. “

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They are already preparing for the worst case scenario in eight states

With purchases of thousands of body bags, support for funeral expenses, opening of new crematoriums, expansion of cemeteries and even the excavation of a mass grave, at least eight states are ready for a catastrophic scenario due to the covid-19 crisis.

Baja California Sur, Mexico City, Durango, Hidalgo, Querétaro, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas and Veracruz have thus responded to the increase in deaths and infections.

In La Paz, BCS, the director of Panteones, Carmen Benítez, reported that a new crematorium will be opened and they are waiting for an oven – which they have just bought – to arrive next week.

Within days of entering the most critical stage, according to the estimation of the Ministry of Health, CdMx will publish in the official Gazette an aid protocol for funeral expenses, cremation and use of cemeteries.

The capital’s Ministry of Inclusion and Social Welfare reported that all that remains is to formalize collaboration agreements with funeral companies to provide the service.

In Durango, body bags have already been purchased, confirmed the state Secretary of Health, Sergio González, and commented that they already have a stock of ready-to-use material, “but hopefully it doesn’t come to that. You have to think about solving the issue. ”

The Official Branch of the Hidalgo government published the day before yesterday in its Official newspaper the call for public bidding for the acquisition of 1,760 bags for adult and children’s corpses.

These are 950 bags for adult bodies, made with odorant stabilizing plasticizing polyvinyl chloride resin, and 810 children’s bags with the same characteristics, in addition to another 42 biodegradable ones destined for hazardous waste and the same amount for infectious solid-biological waste from low density.

Another city council that is already preparing for the possibility of massive deaths from the pandemic is Querétaro, whose local Ministry of Public Services reported that it will make crypts available for victims of covid-19.

Once the council authorizes it, a thousand 24 places will be put up for sale that were built in the Cimatario Pantheon between November and December, as part of the maintenance work and expansion of spaces on the premises.

The authorities of Culiacán, Sinaloa, are looking for a land with at least a thousand spaces for those killed by the virus.

In Matamoros, Tamaulipas, a mass grave is enlisted to temporarily deposit corpses, in case the deaths from the coronavirus soar.

This week the excavation and preparation of graves began in the municipal pantheon of Santa Cruz, on the Matamoros-Reynosa highway.

The mayor of Xalapa, Veracruz, Hipólito Rodríguez, said that they are working on the expansion of cemeteries in case more spaces are required, as happens in the Bosques del Recuerdo pantheon. In addition, the Oaxaca government acquired 200 airtight bags for the victims for covid-19.

SSA AND SEGOB READ PROTOCOL

LAW PREVENTS INCINERATION OF BODIES

Over the next few days, the Secretaries of Health and the Interior will publish the criteria for the management of corpses and cremation will have to be eliminated during the health emergency in view of the reality of enforced disappearances that exist in Mexico.

The undersecretary of Health, Hugo López-Gatell, assured that from the beginning of the talks the impossibility of applying cremation was identified, since there is a provision in the General Law of Victims that prevents it.

“It is inadmissible to consider cremation despite the fact that it is recommended in health terms, but it does not substantially affect the removal of this requirement in terms of protection against contagion,” he said.

He explained that the provisions establish that at all times there must be the possibility of searching for and identifying the disappeared; therefore, this guideline will be eliminated, despite the fact that it was contemplated in phase 1 and 2.

With information from: Margarita Rojas, Jorge Almazán, Leonardo Lugo, Édgar Rodríguez, Gilberto Lastra, Óscar Rodríguez, Jocelyn Estrada, Alejandro Reyes, Fanny Martínez, Estrella Álvarez, Salvador Arellano, Carolina Garza and Isabel Zamudio.

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Containment: but what yoga do you practice?

Seghir Lazri works on the theme of social vulnerability of athletes. In this column, he takes a few pictures of sport through the social sciences. How the social explains sport, and vice versa.

Confinement requires, physical exercises at home have become the only solutions to keep in shape. Among these practices, yoga, given the limited resources it requires and its significant presence on broadcasting networks, has been extremely successful. Combined with the image of healthy and fulfilling exercise, this millennial activity of Indian origin has constantly evolved and changed over time and in societies. Which leads us to question: in this age of ultra performance and social networks, what type of yoga do we practice?

Goodbye the body

To reduce yoga to just physical activity would not be very fair. Behind this term, first, there is a spiritual discipline specific to Hindu philosophy. Although difficult to date, the most primitive forms of yoga would have appeared between the IIIe and the Ier millennium BC. But it was at the end of this period, under the rise of Brahmanism, that this philosophy developed by adopting a discourse. Indeed, yoga was first of all a form of renunciation of the world, “A voice of inner silence”, according to the work of the Indianist Michel Angot. The Brahmanization of yoga, in other words the association of speech with this initially silent experience, will give rise to a collection which is called Yoga-sutra. For Michel Angot, the main object of Hindu philosophy, especially through yoga, is the deliverance of the soul through the absence of suffering. It’s actually a “Suicide of the body”, in the sense that it is a question of putting bodily sensations at a distance, or even of extinguishing them in order to eliminate suffering and pain, and to “Put the mind to rest”.

Read also All articles in the Sociosports section

The real upheaval takes place only around the XIe century, with the appearance of a new form of yoga, called tantric, which proposes to unite with the divine. This results in the search for perfection by the full exploitation of human capacities, both physical and mental. From then on, the yoguist becomes quite something other than this ascetic figure, he is a performing body and resistant to pain. So in the XVIIIe century, yogists were even employed as soldiers against the British army, and sometimes recruited by the latter. They passed “Men of peace to men of war”, according to Michel Angot. Far from the more original Yoga Sutra exercises, which put forward the work of sound and speech much more than that of the body. In other words, the achievement of asanas, body postures, was only secondary.

Modern yoga

Breaking with the yoga of the origins, that spread all over the world and more particularly in Western societies rests on other cultural and social heritages than those of South Asia. French journalist Marie Kock, author of the book Yoga, a world story, returns at length to this diffusion through Western societies, which really began from the end of the XIXe at the instigation of master Swami Vivekananda. This last “First major exporter of Indian spirituality”, according to Michel Angot, participates amply in making yoga a tool of soft power for an Indian nation still under British supervision, but whose independence movement continues to grow. Regarding the practice itself, this yoga had to renounce part of its heritage to integrate other practices, such as different forms of gymnastics (Swedish in particular), and thus better correspond to the Western public.

Read alsoPhysical activity: upper body

This is why yoga, by adapting and responding to the normative injunctions of its time, sees its practice mainly concentrated around bodily exercises, where the idea of ​​body conservation and the quest for eternal youth have definitively replaced this original posture of renouncing the world. The imperative of health and long life which undoubtedly places “The body at the center of interests” according to the philosopher Isabelle Queval, is fully found in the new forms of yoga, which social networks promote. This is how the increasingly large dissemination of spectacular physical prowess (especially on Instagram) tends on the one hand to reduce yoga to a performative approach (to surpass oneself all the time), but also to propagate a discriminating normativity ( neither too thin nor too big). In addition, as Marie Kock points out, this predominance of a juvenile vision of the body generates new forms of precariousness in the world of yoga teaching, with many practitioners constantly seeking an ever younger and influential teacher.

In these times of confinement, the promotion of yoga exercises is in full swing. It seems important to understand that current practices are far removed from yoga of the origins and that they respond to contemporary structural and ideological determinisms. To understand this is not to denigrate the yogas of today, but above all to get rid of this exotic representation (often used for promotion) and understand that this practice, as it is inscribed in our social universe, can be a means of understanding.

sociosports@libe.fr

Seghir Lazri

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Låpsley: “As if life was suspended”

The water “The title of the album, Through Water, is a metaphor to describe what it is like to be young in today’s world, where one is constantly caught between highs and lows. As if we were suspended between several elements. Water, the sea in particular, has this duality. It is both a place of peace and tranquility, but also something that can be so dangerous and destructive … I had the idea about a year ago to shoot the cover of my disc underwater . With the support of my label’s artistic management team, we had fascinating discussions with the photographers with whom we wanted to work to make the project a reality. We discussed several avenues and finally opted for a relatively simple concept – which has the added advantage of being timeless. Water has no connection to a specific era, which makes the image much more powerful. “

The photograph “I originally wanted to work with Pelle Cass [célèbre photographe américain qui utilise beaucoup la postproduction pour fabriquer des lieux surpeuplés sur ses clichés, ndlr]. His work has both a lot of tranquility and an incredible energy. Finally, it’s Steph Wilson [photographe anglaise spécialisée dans la mode, ndlr] who took the photo, in the tank of a film studio in Essex, Great Britain. Contrary to what one might imagine, the reference of this photo is not the cover of Nevermind of Nirvana, but that of Five Angels for the Millenium by Bill Viola (2001). “

The person “It’s me, of course! It’s as if life was suspended. I find this position very beautiful, which gives me the ability to stop in the fall, and to somehow control the chaos. Steph offered me the choice between three photos, it was difficult to know which was the best. This symbolizes for me at best this balance between discomfort and tranquility. We hear that in the album which evolves between dark atmospheres, where you can feel a certain uneasiness, and more peaceful climates. My attitude should therefore not be based on a single emotion. In fact, I think it reflects human qualities. “


Patrice bardot

Låpsley Through Water (Her Own Recordings / XL Recordings / Beggars)

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Powers hoard equipment and medicines, alert AMLO

President Andrés Manuel López Obrador announced that during the virtual summit with G20 leaders, he requested UN intervention to stop the hoarding of medicines and medical equipment, and avoid speculation in the purchase of supplies by the powers.

“First, that the UN intervenes so that all peoples and countries are guaranteed equal access to medicines and equipment that, due to the emergency, are being monopolized by those with the most economic possibility.”

In his morning conference, the president reported that he required the United Nations “to intervene so that there is no speculation in the purchase of medicines, equipment and fans.

“That the great powers, the hegemonies make a commitment to truce at this time, avoid unilateral tariff policies, not trade monopolies, review the management of oil prices that is greatly affecting the world economy, help stabilize financial markets and stop speculation, “he said.

López Obrador asked employers for responsibility and reproached that some dismiss their workers or do not guarantee their salary, while gas stations have not adjusted the price of fuel downwards.

Ensuring that the crisis generated by the covid-19 is already leaving lessons on a global scale, López Obrador called on the members of the G20 to make decisions with the support of doctors and scientists so as not to make mistakes, since “politicians are not todologists” .

In his speech during the extraordinary virtual summit of the G20, López Obrador expressed that the crisis is not solved only with hospitals, but with the support of the population.

“The main thing in the face of this type of adversity is to rely on specialists, in this case we have relied on doctors and scientists; Politicians are not todologists, we need the advice of specialists so as not to make mistakes, “he stressed.

He insisted that the Mexican family is the main social security institution and that the population at risk of contracting the virus is cared for as elderly, pregnant and chronically ill people.

In commercial matters and the closure of some companies, the president assured that “the majority of Mexicans are acting in solidarity, very few cases of abuse … I call on all merchants, entrepreneurs, to act responsibly, Help us. “

Therefore, the head of the Executive warned that next Monday the Federal Consumer Prosecutor’s Office (Profeco) will present a report in which they will announce the companies that are abusing the health emergency to give higher prices.

However, the Tabasco man took the opportunity to thank the companies that are giving permission for the elderly, the chronically ill and pregnant women to be absent.

Meanwhile, the Secretary of the Interior, Olga Sánchez Cordero, called on the population to take advantage of the quarantine in the face of the coronavirus pandemic to “feed your soul and spirit.”

REINFORCED FILTERS AT AIRPORTS

ASK US CITIZENS NOT TO TRAVEL TO MEXICO

At the National Palace, the President announced his decision “to have stricter sanitary measures at airports, entry and exit” and clarified that airspace has not been closed or flights will not be canceled, but special attention will be paid to travel between Mexico and the EU.

“Tell our countrymen that if they can, they will not travel to Mexico. If there is urgency of course and there is no restriction, they can come. “

He took the opportunity to thank the President of Argentina, Alberto Fernández, for accepting the landing of a Mexican Air Force plane that took Argentines to their country and picked up Mexicans who want to return.

In addition, he mentioned that they are doing a process with Canada so that Mexicans who have an employment contract can move to that country under the necessary sanitary controls.

G20 MEMBERS AGREE TO INJECT 5 BILLION DOLLARS TO THE WORLD ECONOMY

The world’s leading powers grouped in the G20 agreed to create a united front against the Covid-19 pandemic and inject $ 5 trillion into the global economy, as well as providing strong and large-scale fiscal support.

“We commit ourselves to take all the necessary sanitary measures and seek to guarantee adequate financing to contain the pandemic and protect people, especially the most vulnerable,” the joint statement details.

After the virtual summit in which the G20 Heads of State participated, it was determined that the approved resources will be provided as fiscal policies, economic measures and guarantee schemes aimed at countering the social, economic and financial impacts of the pandemic caused by Covid -19.

In addition, they pledged to guarantee the cross-border flow of medical supplies, agricultural products and other services to guarantee the basic needs of the population.

“The G20’s collective action will amplify its impact, ensure coherence and expand synergies. The magnitude and focus of this response will help the recovery of the global economy and will lay a strong foundation for job protection and growth recovery, “the agreement said.

It also aims to provide aid to all countries that need assistance, as well as to coordinate the public health and financial measures that are necessary during the contingency experienced on a global scale.

In this sense, it was agreed to work in coordination with the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, the United Nations (UN) and other international organizations.

To safeguard the global economy, the G20 nations committed to providing strong and large-scale fiscal supports, in addition to ensuring the cross-border flow of medical supplies, agricultural products and other services.

As part of the agreed actions, finance ministers and central bank governors were determined to develop a G20 action plan in response to Covid-19 and work with international organizations to quickly provide appropriate international financial assistance.

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IMSS staff in Tlalne denounces lack of medicine

Mexico’s valley /

Near 50 nurses and employees of the Regional Hospital 72 of the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS), they demonstrated outside the hospital to complain about why There are not enough staff to care for patients and they lack medicines and equipment for Covid-19 cases. In this regard, the dissemination office of the IMSS Eastern Delegation of the State of Mexico reported that so far in none of the hospitals in the region it covers, there are no patients suffering from Coronavirus.

The discontents symbolically blocked access to the hospital, located on Gustavo Baz Avenue, Industrial Tlalnepantla neighborhood. They denounced that there are not enough personnel to care for patients, because several of the employees are in quarantine, but have not replaced them.

They said they do not have equipment to protect themselves from infections to receive sick from the virus.

The IMSS workers demanded the presence of directors of the institution and the commitment of the necessary tools, and the staff, to attend the pandemic in the hospital.

KVS

I mean

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Revolution Boulevard blocked due to lack of medicines at the IMSS

Torreón, Coahuila /

Beneficiaries of the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS), they blocked the Revolution Boulevard, Front of clinic 16 in Torreón, bothered by the lack of supplies and surgical material for orthopedic surgeries.

They reported that they have spent weeks with their hospitalized relatives awaiting the scheduling of surgeries that have delayed them due to the shortage of equipment and medications.

They regretted the conditions in which medical personnel are providing care in this contingency, since they have to buy mouth covers, gloves and even paracetamol and ketorolac for patients, mainly children who cry because of the pain of fractures.

AARP

I mean

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Prevention and beauty, the uses of genomic medicine

For years Marimar Guerra, a specialist in genomic medicine and director of the Medae clinic in Polanco, has been interested in the use of DNA to understand the risks of certain diseases and in preventive medicine; I take their knowledge, yes to the health area, but above all in favor of beauty, seeking to raise awareness in the Mexican population.

“If we use preventive medicine, the numbers of many illnesses will change, only in obesity … but in Mexico we fail to understand that real medicine is in prevention. The Mexican does not prevent, he reacts and today prevention is more important, because reacting is more expensive and deadly, “said the doctor on a visit to the MILENIO facilities.

And he added: “It is very important when the patient is no longer within standardized protocols and we take it from a personalized point of view; like the coronavirus right now, it is taken as A, B and C, but no, we are not, decisions must be made based on the patients and their DNA. Genomic medicine has many tools around it, one is pharmacogenomics, with which we can work in practically any medical area. ”

For example, it is thanks to these processes that can determine the risk of thrombosis during plastic surgery; in addition to knowing precisely how analgesia and anesthesia should be applied. You can also know what vitamins a person processes, how and in what quantity, to prescribe it properly. In the aging part, they know how cells work and what treatments they need.

“Aesthetic treatments are not superfluous, I guarantee that you cannot see a beautiful patient on the outside if she is not beautiful on the inside: if she is devitalized in minerals by more masks on the skin, it will not be noticed; a hormone disorder plucks pimples and hair at any age; We are all sorry, little bad and hair falls out.

In his clinic he works different levels: the interior, with nutrigenomics and pharmacogenomics tests, to even treat diseases; the facial, looking for the cells to work in favor and not against in order to have an “organic, beautiful and elegant” aging; the body, establishing the correct diet and exercise, and the capillary that has to do with hair recovery.

“Before there was less damage, skin care is very important, the stain that comes out at 30 you caused it at 10. The more prevention you have, the better aging,” he said.

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Virus hits Adidas and Puma sports brands; shares sink

Frankfurt /

Adidas shares fell after the world’s second-biggest sportswear maker warned that a slump in sales in Asia will cut as much as € 1.1 billion in revenue and € 550 million in operating profit in the first quarter. of the year, as it received a strong blow from the coronavirus outbreak.

Adidas and its smaller German rival Puma noted that while revenue in China started to pick up slightly this month, its operations outside of China are suffering more and more as the coronavirus spreads. In Europe, which is preparing for an increase in infections and where Italy imposed a blockade, the number of customers visiting the stores of both sportswear manufacturers has been reduced.

“We are at the bottom of the food chain in the current situation,” Adidas CEO Kasper Rorsted said in an internet broadcast, arguing that people in quarantine at home were more concerned with restocking their refrigerator than buying new ones. running shoes”.

Adidas shares fell 9 percent, while Puma shares fell 3.5 percent.

IN FIGURES

Adidas sales rose 6% during 2019, to reach 23.6 billion euros. China represented 23% of the firm’s total sales.

The company’s profit margin grew 11.3% last year compared to 10.8% in 2018.

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Students agree to stop work at the Faculty of Medicine

Students of the Faculty of Medicine of the Autonomous University of Puebla (UAP) agreed, by majority vote, to lift the strike that began on February 25 in demand for security measures.

Starting this Wednesday, March 11, administrative activities will restart in the academic units located in the Health Area, on 13 South, between 31 and 25 West. Classes will restart on Tuesday, March 17, after the holiday bridge on the occasion of the rest anticipated by the birth of Benito Juárez García.

During the afternoon of Tuesday, dozens of students voted in favor of ending the work stoppage at the Faculty of Medicine, after learning that the commitments of the state government and the highest house of studies in security matters are advancing. At the same meeting, it was agreed that the new representative of Medicine in the University Assembly be Katya Vanessa Quiroz.

Despite the fact that it was decided that the strike should be lifted, the medical students maintain their demand for actions so that the law is applied and those responsible for the death of their partner, Francisco Javier Tirado Márquez, as well as Ximena Quijano Hernández are punished. and José Antonio Parada Cerpa, exchange students at the Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla (Upaep); and José Emmanuel Vital Castillo, Uber driver.

The students established the stoppage of activities on February 25 in demand of security measures towards the rectory of the institution headed by the rector, Alfonso Esparza Ortiz; to municipal authorities and the state government.

The University Assembly 02/25 reported that all academic units are independent to decide when they will conclude with the student strike that began on February 25. Most of the Faculties and regional units have already decided to end the strike.

For now, the academic units that remain unemployed are the Faculty of Communication Sciences, the School of Audiovisual Arts and Music Technician.

Studies continued despite unemployment

Despite the unemployment at the Faculty of Medicine, the students assure that they received extramural classes and maintain their training.

The students who are part of the communication area of ​​the University Assembly 25/02 assured that a training commission was formed, which is in charge of maintaining contact with teachers so that classes are continued and research projects continue.

“We do not stop preparing. In the same way that there was a food, ecology committee, we had an education committee that organized consultancies with instructors, with academics, ”said a spokeswoman.

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