According to him, the disease will spread until 60 to 70 percent of the population is ill with it.
“We know that there will almost certainly be a second wave,” Wheeler said.
He also added that some scientists consider the third wave of coronavirus possible.
At the same time, Wheeler said that social distance should become an integral part of everyday life.
Cases of infection with coronavirus recorded in almost all countries of the world. The total number of infected in the world amounted to almost 3.5 million people, of which more than 241 thousand died.
According to the WHO, in Germany the number of infections exceeded 163 thousand people, 6831 patients died.
In Russia, according to the latest data, the number of infected is more than 155 thousand people, 1,451 patients died.
Berlin For weeks, the federal government has been trying to introduce a corona app for tracking infected and infected people. But the initial enthusiasm for digital support in the virus crisis has given way to a struggle for technical solutions, European cooperation and influence. And not only that.
A digital virus defense is viewed with skepticism in the population. At least that is what the current ZDF Politbarometer suggests. An app for smartphones that provides information on contact with a corona infected person without access to personal data would therefore only be used by 47 percent of all respondents. 42 percent state that they do not want to use such an app (do not have a smartphone: 8 percent). The supporters of CDU / CSU (55 percent), FDP (53 percent) and Greens (53 percent) are more open-minded here, but most AfD supporters (70 percent) are against it.
In order for the app to serve its purpose, as many people as possible need to install it. The developers assume that at least 60 percent of the population should have the app in order to actually achieve sustainable success. Germany’s top consumer advocate outlines how this can be done. “In particular, it must be demonstrated that their use is suitable and necessary to achieve their goal,” said the head of the Federal Consumer Association (Klaus VZBV), Klaus Müller, the Handelsblatt.
The disadvantages associated with the measure should also be in proportion to the advantages. “Already by designing the system, a strict earmarking must be guaranteed and the scope of data processing must be reduced to a necessary minimum.” This also means that the data must be anonymized and deleted as early as possible.
Müller also asked for a corona app to be used for a limited time. The measure should “only take so long until its purpose was fulfilled,” said the VZBV boss. The entire process had to be carried out with “the greatest possible transparency”. “This creates trust in data processing,” says Müller. It is also crucial for acceptance that the use of an app is and remains voluntary.
Spahn defends central storage approach
The development of an app is overshadowed by a dispute over the ideal data protection concept. While the platform initiative Pepp-PT pursues a central solution in Germany – i.e. a comparison of the data via a centrally managed server, the decentralized project DP-3T trailer recently won, in which significantly more data has to be transmitted because the comparison of the information directly from Smartphone is made. Most recently, the Cispa-Helmholtz Center for IT Security withdrew from the Pepp-PT initiative by 300 scientists from eight countries.
The Ministry of Health argues that a central solution is important so that the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) and local health authorities have access to the data. He takes concerns about it very seriously, says Federal Minister of Health Jens Spahn (CDU) on Friday on ZDF. After all, it is about sensitive and personal data, about data security and the question of who has access to it.
However, the aim is that it should be possible to find contact persons for infected persons within “within hours”. That is one of the most important keys on the way to a new everyday life. “This basic belief that data that Apple and Google with American corporations are better protected than data that is also state-controlled on servers in Germany (…) I sometimes do not understand this belief, “said Spahn.
The federal government is meanwhile negotiating with the US company Apple about the requirements for a corona tracing app. It is about the company opening the interface to enable the use of an app, said deputy government spokeswoman Ulrike Demmer on Friday. “We need access to the interface,” emphasized Demmer. Apple and Google had announced that they would change this by May, which the Federal Government welcomed.
Great trust in Fraunhofer system
According to their own statements, both groups want to make their operating systems compatible for mobile phones in order to make the Corona apps successful. However, it had previously been said in the federal government that, unlike Google, there would be problems opening the interface at Apple.
The government spokeswoman confirmed the government’s preference for the app developed by the Robert Koch Institute and the Heinrich Hertz Institute, which provides for the central storage of anonymized health data for epidemiological evaluation. “The federal government has great confidence in the system that is currently being tested at Fraunhofer.” With a central app system, you have to trust a government agency. “With a decentralized system, you have to trust Apple and Google,” she added.
The Federal Ministry of the Interior pointed out that the RKI app is still pending an examination by the Federal Office for Information Security (BSI). “Then a decision has to be made in the overall assessment,” said a Interior Ministry spokesman. The Ministry of Health is responsible for the app.
More: Corona hero, miser or the new reckless? Read here how the world looks at Germany.
Dusseldorf The “New York Times” suggests Angela Merkel in a comment for the office of the US Vice President. The political and social magazine “The Atlantic” praises the German chancellor as a considered political and scientific leader. In Japan and Great Britain the German example is used again and again these days to draw attention to the mistakes in their own country.
Corona times are times when comparing countries. And in these comparisons, Germany, with its relatively low number of corona deaths, despite all the mistakes and inconsistencies in the small, does well worldwide. And Angela Merkel is becoming a kind of savior of the corona crisis. “If you can say about any country in Europe that it has had a good corona crisis so far, it is Germany,” says the British magazine “The Economist”. The successes in fighting the crisis are undeniable.
The success factors that are identified abroad: The Chancellor with her scientific meticulousness and empathetic leadership. The powerful German healthcare system and the high intensity of corona tests in international comparison. The social system and short-time work benefits have also become a model for many.
The broad industrial company base is perceived as the country’s strength. Federalism is also one of the country’s strengths, at least when viewed from abroad, because the decentralized structures would have led to quick action. The only point of criticism, especially in southern Europe: Germany lacks European solidarity.
“The Atlantic” praises the Chancellor as calmly, analytically and yet not emotionlessly preparing the Germans for the dangers. With a “blood-sweat-and-tear-speech” she had left the whole country behind and silenced the internal opponents.
Merkel as a savior
Even Trump, U.S. President Donald Trump, who didn’t even want to shake hands three years ago, has become remarkably silent when it comes to criticizing Germany. Merkel is addressing “the brain of a scientist and the heart of a pastor’s daughter” to the population, says political professor Timothy Garton Ash in the British “Guardian”.
In Japan, Merkel’s leadership style is also seen as empathetic, in contrast to that of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, whose popularity is declining. The Chancellor not only gave good speeches, but also delivered results, said Yukio Noguchi, a consultant at Waseda University’s Corporate Finance Research Center, in a column in the Money Gendai business publication.
Abe, on the other hand, had promised just two protective masks to every household as part of his rescue package, an action that even ultra-conservative fellow travelers were upset about. He is completely indifferent to people’s fears – especially when compared to Merkel, says Noguchi. On April 12, he even put a video online, titled: “I can relax at home with my dog.”
Japanese media also praise the flexibility of business and administration to quickly switch to home office work. In Japan, many companies are not really able to switch to telework on a large scale.
Stoic calm as a trademark.
In Canada, the media praised Merkel’s “trademark phlegmatic style” – “the stoic calm that is her trademark”. The “Globe” comments: “A large number of Germans breathed a sigh of relief that Ms. Merkel is still responsible.”
The chancellor, who studied physics and quantum chemistry, tackled the problems with the “cool and judgmental eye” of a scientist. The fact that she is now warning against lifting the restrictions too quickly and her warning to proceed slowly and with caution is also recorded in Canada.
The densely populated Germany, surrounded by countries with rapidly increasing death rates, should have experienced a catastrophic crisis, judges the “Financial Post”. “But science-based politics has helped steer the crisis better than most.” The newspaper also appreciates the high number of Covid tests that are carried out in Germany.
In Italy, the Chancellor’s press conference, in which she explained the spread of the corona virus in three sentences, was given English subtitles, becoming a click favorite on social media. In the Italian vocabulary there is now the verb “Merkeln” and it is not meant negatively.
In Austria, the media praised Merkel’s speech in the Bundestag this week with her statement “This pandemic is a democratic imposition” on the decision to restrict freedom rights in Germany.
Commentators miss this attitude among the black and green government in Austria under Chancellor Sebastian Kurz (ÖVP). “While Merkel speaks almost apologetically, the government appearances in Austria remind of teachers who teach the people the rules, but which should not be questioned,” criticized the newspaper “Die Presse”.
The German model student
The Italian commentator Emiliano Fittipaldi sums up Germany’s standing in a nutshell: “When dealing with the corona crisis, our German cousins trumped us. They have shown a better organization of the medical emergency, they have a political leadership who is nationally and regionally competent and they have a functioning chain of command ”- all that Italy is missing.
Mexico sees Germany as a prime example of fighting pandemics. The Mexican Vice Minister of Health, Hugo López-Gatell, repeatedly emphasizes Germany and in particular the Robert Koch Institute when he talks about an exemplary fight against the virus. He even reports in his tweets that he asked the RKI about quick tests and how to do them in Germany.
Germany is also considered a model Corona pupil in Great Britain, which the government should emulate. The approaches of the two countries and the death statistics are compared directly in newspapers and television programs. The result worries Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s government. If you want to appeal to a British minister, all you have to do is mention the Germans, the Financial Times noted.
British Health Minister Matt Hancock
Johnson’s medical advisor Chris Whitty admits that one can learn from Germany especially by mass testing. Health minister Matt Hancock recently stated jealously that his colleague Jens Spahn could call hundreds of laboratories to have samples tested because the German pharmaceutical industry was so strong.
He was immediately informed that Germany’s political system was also superior. The decentralization of the Federal Republic had proven to be an advantage in the crisis, commented the “Guardian”.
Germany has more tests, more intensive care beds, more ventilators – and significantly fewer deaths. Tony Blair’s former spokesman Alastair Campbell said on Twitter: “You hit us again.”
The fact that Germany is now loosening the exit restrictions is astonishing in Great Britain. Some see it as evidence that Germany has the pandemic under control. Because of the testing, the federal government “has a better picture of what is happening, so they can now open up a bit,” said BBC editor Gabriel Gatehouse on the “Newsnight” program.
Others, however, are wondering why the otherwise level-headed Germans act so hastily. Germany succumbed to the “curse of the winner”, commented “Daily Telegraph” columnist Ambrose Evans-Pritchard. The low death toll created a “deceptive feeling of security”. However, this increases the risk of a second wave.
In Russia, the discipline of the Germans regarding the restrictions to contain the virus in the media is presented as exemplary. The first opening of shops this week caused a wow effect when the Berlin correspondent of the state broadcaster “Rossija-1” was switched on from a shoe store to the talk show “60 Minuten” by the Duma MP Pyotr Tolstoy. He explained to the studio guests that Germany could afford to loosen the hard insulation measures step by step due to the now low number of infections.
Old stereotypes falter in France
In France, the image of Germany in the Covid 19 crisis is changing as strongly as it has been for a long time. Before the epidemic, the Federal Republic was considered by many to be a country that was economically successful, but also thanks to its high export surpluses, low wages and precarious working conditions as well as significantly poorer social protection than in France. For weeks now, the French have been comparing the numbers of those infected and those who died from the coronavirus and have found that things are looking much better in the Federal Republic, at least so far.
“Germany gets along much better with the corona virus than France,” wrote Laurent Joffrin, editor-in-chief of the left-liberal daily Libération. The reasons for this would overthrow old prejudices: “In France we often fool or praise German discipline, but our neighbor has by no means imposed as stringent exit restrictions as we have … which is particularly bad for our leftists because of its” ordoliberalism ” Germany has better equipped its health care system than we have. ”
The neighbors, who are cried for budgetary severity, have also provided around a trillion euros in one fell swoop to support the economy. “Our supposed certainties are shaken,” concludes Joffrin.
French President Emmanuel Macron
Similar things can be read in the left-liberal “Le Monde” or in the conservative “Le Figaro”. It is not the case that a special enthusiasm for Germany has broken out. But you look closely and in great detail, sometimes on several pages, to see what your neighbor is doing differently. The French pay tribute not only to the German health care system, but also to federalism, which responded quickly to local conditions, and the strength of German industry.
“Short-time work benefits” and “statutory health insurance” are also discussed extensively in the US media, where the number of unemployed rose by 27 million within five weeks – and many people automatically lost their health insurance as a result.
The German model is even shown to be superior in Silicon Valley today: “Germany decided at some point to recruit talent, give them training and jobs,” says Salman Ullah, co-founder and managing director at Merus Capital in Palo Alto, the Handelsblatt.
“The short-time working system works, people are not afraid to lose their health insurance, the overall stress level in the population is significantly lower than in the USA. This state substructure is now showing its full strength in the crisis, ”analyzes Ullah, who has already invested in five German startups.
Criticism from Italy and Greece
Germany’s image is not always so positive at the moment: lurid anti-German headlines and Nazi cartoons appear almost every day in the right-wing media in Italy. Berlin has traditionally been the scapegoat in the discussion about reducing Italy’s high debts and in appealing for more budget discipline.
This is the case again in the discussion about the introduction of corona bonds. The old stereotypes of the frugal north, which insists on the rules, and the spending-friendly south, which wants its debts to be financed by the other partners, are coming up again.
“Nobody has to act as the best in class,” said Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte with regard to Berlin and criticized the German trade surplus. However, no aid was reported from Germany.
After all, seven tons of relief supplies were delivered and the Air Force flew 43 seriously ill Corona people to Germany for treatment and paid for the treatment. The right-wing national Lega in particular is fueling resentment. “When it comes to Germany, the memory is often short and the analysis, more often, rough,” comments “la Repubblica”.
In Greece, the media are very concerned about European crisis financing. “The pandemic is reviving the north-south division in Europe,” comments the newspaper “Kathimerini”. Above all, Germany’s refusal to support the less creditworthy southern states such as Greece with jointly issued euro bonds is causing bad blood – a topic that sparked discord between Athens and Berlin even during the Greek debt crisis.
Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis
Left-wing politician Alexis Tsipras, the former prime minister and current opposition leader, falls back into his old role and accuses Merkel of wanting to miss out on a savings corset across Europe in the Corona crisis. But the image of Germany in the Greek public is now more differentiated. How the violent political upheavals of the crisis years in the face of the corona threat have given way to a reflection on what is really important.
While the Netherlands is seen as the biggest brake on the euro or corona bonds, Merkel can collect points if, for example, she now promises solidarity in the corona crisis to Germany’s European partners in a union conference. This was recognized in the Greek Gazettes.
Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis, who has been in office since last July, is also not interested in making the issue of joint debt raising a sticking point. Mitsotakis is happy to leave the role of spokesman to his Italian colleague Giuseppe Conti on this question.
Mitsotakis needs Merkel’s support in the increasingly tense relationship with Turkey and in migration policy. Germany was able to win sympathy with the admission of refugee children from the Greek slum camps.
The topic is also being discussed differently in France. The left in particular accuses the Federal Republic of reacting too hesitantly. For reasons of selfishness or due to improper consideration for the AfD, the German government is shy of Eurobonds or other forms of appropriate solidarity with countries like Spain and Italy that are badly affected by the crisis.
But Yves Bertoncini, President of the European Movement France, opposes this: In a multi-page paper, he shows that solidarity cannot be measured solely by the approval or rejection of Eurobonds. Germany has shown solidarity in the EU for decades and has financed more than a hundred billion euros in transfers through the EU budget.
More: Although the consequences for the economy are dramatic, the UK does not loosen the lockdown. Steps in Germany are observed in part in disbelief and in part with envy.
The Chancellor is in top form in times of corona crisis. Angela Merkel explains complicated population doubling rates and reproductive numbers. But she also knows everyday things. “They have to be washed or ironed regularly, put in the oven or in the microwave,” Merkel explains how to care for respiratory masks. “Even if that sounds a bit housewife, so to speak.”
The omniscient state – embodied in the chancellor. The subjects are explained life down to the smallest detail. With this self-image, Merkel takes “measures that have never existed in our country before”. Fundamental rights are restricted, the economy is pushed to the brink and then supported with unprecedented aid.
One of Merkel’s closest confidants, Peter Altmaier, is more than enthusiastic. “An uncle who brings something is better than an aunt who plays the piano”, the Federal Minister of Economics remembers of his childhood.
And what is brought along! If you add up everything the federal government now wants to offer to combat the corona crisis, you get a gigantic sum of at least 1.2 trillion euros. No other country in the world has raised so much money in relation to its economic strength.
Germany has a full 35 percent, far more than the EU average or the USA. Federal finance minister Olaf Scholz did not understate what he promised a few weeks ago: “It is not spilled, but padding.”
The increase in importance and power is unique. Never in the history of the Federal Republic has a government intervened so quickly and deeply in public life and thus in the economy. After the financial crisis, German government debt rose by 315 billion euros in one year. The value of the federal, state and local governments will be far exceeded in this crisis. “I am worried whether we will be able to return to normal economic policy,” says Lars Feld, Germany’s top economy.
The measures to protect health are understandable. But the question increasingly arises: what side effects do the multi-billion dollar rescue programs have? The free market is disturbed, competition is distorted, prices lose their signal strength.
“As much market as possible, as much state as necessary”, the famous words of former Federal Minister of Economics Karl Schiller lose their meaning every day.
There is a risk of higher prices, inefficient companies and loss of wealth. It is significant that more and more companies are turning to the Bundeskartellamt during the corona crisis in order to be exempted from cooperating with competitors. The new spirit of state economy speaks.
Spend as much as you can. The year 2020 will be disastrous. Kristalina Georgiewa (IMF chief)
Certainly, help for companies with no fault of their own must be provided. But with the flood of support funds, the risk of misallocation is high. Capital and labor are tied up in companies with below-average productivity, less investment and innovative strength.
A few weeks ago, after a parliamentary request from the FDP for possible support from zombie companies, the Federal Ministry of Finance had to admit that “necessary market processes of creative destruction are hindered”.
The concern is justified that the state is eating itself too deeply into the economy, throwing privacy and data protection partially overboard and that the influence on the market will not be reversed after the end of the crisis.
A look at history suggests little good. The federal government is still 25 years after the IPO Deutsche Telekom still the largest single shareholder.
Fundamentally, there is a problem that is known in the economy as moral hazard: companies and citizens behave irresponsibly or carelessly due to existing false incentives. The news of fraudsters sneaking up subsidies is increasing.
“The state is a lousy entrepreneur”
The appearances of Altmaier and Scholz are characterized by superlatives. At the federal press conference, they will be presenting the rescue packages worth billions to the public with great regularity. “This is the most comprehensive and effective guarantee that there has ever been in a crisis,” said Altmaier in mid-March. “This is the bazooka, we’ll look for small arms later,” the Federal Minister of Finance said at the appearance.
The small arms that have now been added are quite large-caliber. Scholz announced a debt-financed supplementary budget of 156 billion euros. This includes an emergency fund with a volume of 50 billion euros, which is aimed at the self-employed and small businesses with up to ten employees.
The federal guarantee for the state bank KfW is increased by up to 450 billion euros. And then there is an Economic Stabilization Fund (WSF) with a volume of 600 billion euros. The majority is earmarked for government guarantees to keep companies liquid.
100 billion euros are reserved for possible investments, i.e. partial nationalization of companies. The battered Lufthansa is already holding talks about state participation.
You can still hear Altmaier’s words: “The state is a lousy entrepreneur.” The Federal Minister of Economics at least dedicated the most beautiful hall in the ministry to Ludwig Erhard. But he is currently just as far away from Erhard’s mantra as the Germans are from summer leaves in Mallorca.
Minister of Economics Peter Altmaier (standing) and Minister of Finance Olaf Scholz (front)
The father of the “German economic miracle” throbbed to measure, he remembered sentences, the state should not be a player, but an arbitrator in the economy. Now the state is preparing to take over the entire football club.
No other industrial country is helping its economy with such large sums as the Federal Republic. This shows a new evaluation by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). He does not criticize Germany, on the contrary. “Spend as much as you can,” advises IMF chief Kristalina Georgiewa. The economic situation is too depressing.
The Council of Experts is now assuming that the economy will decline by more than 5.5 percent this year. This is the case that was previously treated as a worst-case scenario. The economic downturn would be worse than in the global financial crisis. 725,000 companies have registered financial difficulties and short-time work.
Including: hospitals. Health Minister Jens Spahn ordered them at the beginning of March to postpone all planned operations. For the hospital operator, this means severe revenue losses. More than a third of the intensive care beds are not occupied. With the Hospital Relief Act, the federal government created a regulation to compensate the clinics for the failures. But that’s far from enough.
This is the bazooka, we’ll look at small arms later. Olaf Scholz (Federal Minister of Finance)
Some private organizations have registered short-time work, including the Schön-Klinik group. The head of the German Hospital Society, Gerald Gaß, sees the time for a “careful, gradual resumption of regular care”.
Spahn also said last week that clinics could “gradually return to normal”. “We do not want to keep 40 percent of the intensive care ventilation beds in Germany permanently”, said the minister.
The pressure on the companies is huge, the need for help is great. This year alone, the federal government is raising 156 billion euros in new debt. The federal states are also preparing an extensive flood of money for pumps.
According to a survey by the Handelsblatt newspaper among the 16 state finance ministries, they are currently planning 65 billion euros in new debt to fight the crisis. In addition to the federal government’s huge € 1.2 trillion rescue package, the federal states are also helping their companies and the self-employed. Bavaria alone has launched a fund with 60 billion euros.
The IMF chief not only welcomes the gigantic aid package in Germany, the monetary fund also calls for thorough control. “Keep the bills,” said Georgiewa. Transparency and accountability should not be put off in the face of the crisis. Whether Germany is world champion in this discipline, doubts are increasing.
Risk zombie company
The financial crisis shaped a saying by the former head of central bank in Europe, Mario Draghi: “What ever it takes”. In this crisis, it becomes a “Whatever, take it!” Aid is mostly spent without checking, the money cannot be distributed quickly enough.
According to an overview by the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Economics, over 26 billion euros were applied for by KfW Hilfen. Almost 13,000 of the more than 13,200 applications were approved. In other words, almost anyone who wants help gets it, most likely companies that didn’t have a working business model before the pandemic.
This easily creates zombie companies that are only alive because of generous state aid. After all: With the large sums, the KfW steering committee seems to be examining it more closely. So far, around 8.5 billion euros have been approved. So it takes a little longer for the large-volume applications.
In contrast, the self-employed and small businesses with up to ten employees are suspiciously fast. So far, according to the overview of 1.65 million applications, around 1.1 million have been approved and more than nine billion euros paid out. These are not loans, but aid that does not have to be repaid.
“Speed and thoroughness go hand in hand: it is carefully checked who receives the money,” Finance Minister Scholz promised. But is that true? North Rhine-Westphalia and Berlin were even recently forced to suspend immediate payments because large-scale fraudsters wanted to get to the pots.
There are also problems with honest entrepreneurs. In North Rhine-Westphalia, for example, the self-employed and small businesses are always granted the maximum amounts of EUR 9,000 and EUR 15,000 – regardless of need. This practice is not well understood in the Federal Ministry of Economics. Because a flat-rate payment of maximum amounts was actually not intended.
The aid should amount to up to 9,000 euros for companies with up to five employees and up to 15,000 euros for up to ten employees. The emphasis here is on the “up to”. According to the Ministry of Economic Affairs, the actual amount should be based on sales and operating expenses for the next three months. An entrepreneur with zero euros turnover and 1000 euros costs would be entitled to 3000 euros in emergency aid.
But these details were lost somewhere in the confusion between the federal states and the federal states. The up to 50 billion euros are provided by the federal government. Although federal money is at stake, it is up to the federal states how much they scrutinize companies. In Hamburg, for example, a liquidity check is required. Other countries are significantly less strict so that aid can flow as quickly as possible.
In Berlin, more than a billion euros were paid out to solo and small entrepreneurs within days. And the Berlin Senate also admits behind the scenes that surely there are also deadweight effects. Since no examination was carried out, almost everyone received 14,000 euros in a combination of federal and state funds. These include the self-employed, who normally have annual sales that are significantly lower, they say.
Some recipients are now voluntarily repaying the aid for fear of sanctions. But whether a subsequent thorough examination is possible to convince fraudsters is skeptical in financial management.
Dangerous false incentives
The economic nonsense, which is operated partly in the name of Corona, is great. Governments in the federal and state governments are increasingly creating the illusion that they can regulate everything with state trillions. And more and more, government intervention and expansion is creating false incentives in all areas of the economy, which can be revenged bitterly.
Take the housing market as an example: the Federal Minister of Justice, a woman from the SPD, wanted to protect the tenants. The result is a half-baked law that gets small landlords into trouble. The law was so badly made that solvent companies like Adidas or Deichmann used the gaps and simply suspended the rent payments. Only after a storm of indignation did Adidas row back.
Take the example of KfW loans: After the institutes hesitated to pass on the subsidized loans from the Staatsbank KfW to companies because they still had to bear ten percent of the default risk, the state assumed full liability. With the danger that house banks will now be able to provide loans to companies that have long been bankrupt.
The banks don’t care, they are released from any liability, but of course they still make good money from their business. The fool is the taxpayer who has to answer for the defaults.
Example of short-time work: Short-time work allowance is a tried and tested crisis instrument. The state replaces up to 67 percent of net wages. However, the SPD was not enough. In the coalition committee on Wednesday, she pushed for an increase to 80 percent.
It is the most comprehensive and effective guarantee that there has ever been in a crisis. Peter Altmaier (Federal Minister of Economics)
However, a general increase would have significant deadweight effects: Many companies are already increasing short-time benefits from their own resources. Apart from that, the short-time work allowance is not meant to secure the standard of living, but rather to ensure the survival of companies and thus avoid unemployment.
In other areas, the federal corona strategy is rather arbitrary. The craft complained that the vehicle registration offices were closed. There is also much discussion about opening shops up to the limit of 800 square meters. This border was communicated at least improperly and caused confusion and indignation among the shopkeepers.
Now a Hamburg administrative court has declared the 800 square meter rule to be illegal. The court could not understand why opening larger sales areas alone should attract more people to the city center. Necessary infection protection measures could be followed at least as well in larger stores as in smaller facilities.
Whimsical and impractical was initially the requirement that repair shops were allowed to remain open, but the sales rooms had to be closed. Many craftsmen wondered if they could lead the customers through the sales room into the workshop. Another detail from this series of undesirable side effects of the rescue policy.
The border closures, for example with the Czech Republic, mean that the bricklayers are missing in the construction industry and the harvest workers in agriculture from Romania. The state decides a lot, but the consequences are borne by the entrepreneurs and their employees.
The argument for the state’s rapid generosity in the crisis is: rather spend more now to prevent the economy from crashing and millions of jobs be lost than have to finance mass unemployment for a long time. This approach is absolutely correct. But it also remains true: somehow the state rescue billions have to be financed at least in the medium term if the next generations are not to be overwhelmed.
Currently this is done through the use of reserves and debts. Germany certainly has scope. The Federal Republic had just pushed the debt level to below 60 percent, thereby meeting the Maastricht criteria for the first time in many years in 2019. But that will be the last time for a long time.
As a result of the corona crisis, the federal government expects a general government deficit of 7.25 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) this year. The debt ratio as a share of all debts in GDP is estimated at 75.25 percent, as can be seen from the German Stability Program 2020.
“The projection is currently subject to very high levels of uncertainty,” says the current report. In other words, the debt level could be even higher. This mainly depends on how high the losses are that the federal government will incur from its guarantees and sureties.
Given the huge commitments, some in the grand coalition are trying to put the brakes on. “I don’t like the fact that we almost always get new suggestions every hour, what else can you do,” said Union leader Ralph Brinkhaus. “All of this must also be paid for.”
In a crisis, the state’s money is loose. Some sense their chance to finally implement long-held plans.
It makes a big difference whether you have a black swan or a gray rhinoceros in front of you – not just in terms of the acute danger to your life. Rather, it seems easy to look past the black swan into the future, while the rhinoceros obstructs the view in its physical force.
In fact, the opposite is true. The black swan is a metaphor for the unpredictable, for the great crisis, for which one cannot prepare. In his book of the same name, the US risk analyst Nassim Nicholas Taleb defines the black swan as an event that is determined by three criteria: It is extremely rare, extremely effective and can only be explained in retrospect.
In this reading, the animal has also established itself as a popular mythical creature in the zoology of human evasions. As a recognized narrative of decisions that people in leadership positions couldn’t make because what was coming was simply not foreseeable.
Most of the time that’s not true. Most of the time it is quite foreseeable what will happen to us. Then we are not dealing with a black swan, but with a rhinoceros. That is thick and bold in the picture. To see it is not a question of ability, but of wanting.
This also applies to Covid-19. The virus infection is just not the black swan that you could not be prepared for, as the holding company Sequoia put it in a contribution of the same name. You could have known. Not everything, but a lot. If you had looked at it. A risk analysis carried out by the German government in 2012 provided comprehensive documentation on a possible “pandemic caused by Virus Modi-Sars”.
Cooperation and crisis management
The Robert Koch Institute and other federal authorities developed a scenario with six million sick Germans at the height of the crisis. Of course, this “maximum scenario” does not reflect one-to-one the current development of Covid-19, but it is the rhinoceros that has been standing in the room without attention since then.
In a “TED Talk” in 2015, US tech entrepreneur Bill Gates warned of a virus epidemic as the greatest threat to humanity and came to the conclusion: “We are not prepared for it.” And US government agencies only played out a large-scale scenario in 2019 the code name “Crimson Contagion”.
It is shockingly similar to the corona crisis: travelers are importing a new flu virus from China to the United States. 110 million sufferers and almost 600,000 deaths as well as many shortcomings in the cooperation and crisis management of the authorities could have been reason enough to take a closer look. There it was, the big gray animal, right in front of our eyes.
The US author Michele Wucker describes the rhinoceros as a phenomenon that embodies the dangers of our time. If you look, you will recognize it. To do this, you need to train your gaze, but also your inner readiness to draw the necessary conclusions and make the right decisions.
To be prepared for it, you need some leadership and decision-making skills that become particularly important in times of crisis: is there someone you can call in to talk to each other in a trusting manner and to go through decision-making scenarios? Is there someone on the team who tells you what you don’t want to hear yourself but should definitely hear? And is the team that is involved in the decision diverse enough to think and test the decision-making processes from different directions?
Understanding leadership is important
Anyone who can answer these questions with a “yes” in a managerial position is well prepared to face the gray rhinoceros. Those who still believe that leadership is most impressively expressed through lonely despotic decisions in a ceremony of their own greatness will soon feel the horn of the animal between their own ribs.
The problem is: once the Rhino has gained momentum, it not only sweeps away the blind leader, but also many people who are entrusted to it. This is how companies go under or entire economic sectors collapse, as was the case in the financial crisis from 2008 onwards. There was no black swan involved either.
Rather, many involved thought they could ride the rhinoceros in the evening sun with full pockets and in a vacuum of irresponsibility. This leads to systemic risks from management and decision-making crises.
It is also important to recognize these representatives of a wrong understanding of leadership. In the zoology of human evasions, they are the white elephant. Everyone sees him, but nobody dares to speak so well that he is there. One is currently headed by the United States government.
And we observe every day what it means when a decision maker understands nothing about an adaptable management culture. These white elephants do not feed on the challenges of the useful contradiction, but rather bite off the hands that they want to feed benevolently. Anyone who disagrees will be released.
Empathy and a clear eye
US scientist Larry Brilliant, one of the world’s leading epidemiologists who has helped eradicate smallpox, among other things, directly describes Trump’s behavior in the crisis as “the most irresponsible behavior of an elected president I’ve ever seen in my life”.
Whenever it comes to the great crises that will repeatedly affect us in the historical and social revolution in human history, we need decision-makers who can see the rhinoceros. We also need those who not only see the white elephant, but say that it is there.
This requires empathy, a clear view and adaptability to new conditions. For Charles Darwin, management positions also apply: “It is not the strongest species that survives, nor the most intelligent, but rather the one that is most likely to react to changes.”
More: Competitors ridiculed sustainable companies for a long time. That should change massively at the latest in these times of crisis. A comment.
Berlin The chaos around the planned Corona warning app seems to have cleared up. As the CDU digital politician Tankred Schipanski told the Handelsblatt, the Federal Ministry of Health from department head Jens Spahn (CDU) has now opted for the software framework of the Pepp-PT initiative.
Accordingly, the ministry informed the Bundestag’s digital committee on Wednesday that it had examined three possible technical platforms and then decided on Pepp-pt. The future mobile phone app for monitoring infections in the coronavirus pandemic is to dock on the technological platform developed by over 130 scientists.
“We are on the right track with the Corona app,” Schipanski told Handelsblatt. In close exchange with the Federal Commissioner for Data Protection, Ulrich Kelber, the Cybersecurity Authority BSI and the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), the Fraunhofer Gesellschaft is developing an app based on Pepp-PT technology.
The ministry’s decision is remarkable. Because the Pepp-PT project had been heavily criticized in the past few days because of its data protection concept. Around 300 experts signed an open letter warning of the risk of surveillance and misuse if data were stored centrally. The majority of them support the DP-3T concept, which provides for the decentralized storage of data on smartphones.
The Ministry of Health now prefers central storage of user data when developing the planned warning app, as a ministry spokesman said in Berlin on Wednesday. According to the Reuters news agency in the digital committee it was argued that otherwise decentralized storage on the cell phones would have to ask the US companies Google and Apple to disclose data. But that is not in the sense of an effective pandemic control.
The Greens faction leader Konstantin von Notz accused the Spahn of a lurching course when deciding on the app standard. “While it was emphasized on Tuesday that various approaches to data storage, both central and decentralized, were being examined, a spokesman for the Ministry of Health was quoted in the press shortly after the end of the meetings of the relevant Bundestag committees, saying that one preferred central storage of user data,” said von Notz to the Handelsblatt. “The Federal Government’s action is not only fatal for the acceptance of an app solution, it also shows a lack of respect for the parliament.”
Warning of “technological beauty contest”
Schipanski, however, emphasized that the effectiveness of the app in combating the pandemic is paramount. “The fact that data is stored centrally is not a legal or political obstacle,” said the CDU politician. “What matters to me is not so much a technological beauty contest, but more that the app makes an effective contribution to overcoming the crisis.”
The CDU health politician Tino Sorge advised to be more “pragmatic” when weighing up legal interests. Of course, data protection is justified. “But it is also about protecting public health, maintaining our everyday life and preserving our economic prosperity,” the Bundestag member told the Handelsblatt.
“It can not be too much for individuals to participate in a protected way in a Corona app.” After all, the app is not about personal data or even location histories, but only about pseudonymized data.
Sorge stressed the broad benefits for the digital fight against the virus. “Using the app and using pseudonymised data, the risk of infection and infection chains can be understood much better and faster than the health authorities will ever be able to do with the laborious telephone calls,” said. “We shouldn’t waste this opportunity – especially not as long as we don’t have a vaccine yet.”
The CDU politician Schipanski now expects in particular from the US group Applethat this opens its interfaces so that the app also works on the IOS system. According to the Ministry of Health, the authorities are currently using Apple, but also Apple Google Discussions about “how to design the interface and where the data is stored”.
One problem at the moment is that Apple has so far refused to open the interface for the app. However, this is seen as a prerequisite for the most extensive, if voluntary, use of the app. The Chancellery should now also engage in talks with the US company. Google is ready to open its interface. Together, the two US companies equip more than 90 percent of all smartphones with their operating systems.
App should be ready at the end of May
A Corona warning app would be installed on the smartphone. It can send an anonymized warning – if possible confirmed by the Ministry of Health – to people who have had contact with infected people. This would work via data exchange between the cell phones of people who use the app. A European exchange mechanism that protects privacy already exists for this. The broadest possible use of a warning app could make it easier to track corona infection chains – also because targeted contacts would then be tested.
In March it was still expected that a corresponding app, which is recommended by the federal government, would be available after the Easter holidays. Günther Krings (CDU), State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of the Interior, is said to have mentioned Wednesday at the end of May as a possible date in the interior committee of the Bundestag, according to participants.
The authority of the federal data protection officer Kelber and the BSI should then have five days to check the app. The authorities are constantly informed about the development. In addition, the app should be made a requirement in certain areas, such as in particularly relevant companies.
The Greens politician from Notz was disappointed. “After weeks of highly contradicting statements, expectations for today were high,” said von Notz. “The Federal Government not only did not take advantage of this opportunity, but continued to get caught up in highly contradictory statements.” On Tuesday, the Federal Government still stated that it wanted a purely voluntary solution, “this clear commitment is already obsolete”, criticized von Notz Look at what Krings said.
On Tuesday, the federal government emphasized that it was only considering using the corona tracking app on a voluntary basis. Models and digital applications would have to meet the requirements of data protection law, for which data processing is based on consent. No location data should be collected either.
More: Read here why the dispute over the Corona warning app is alarming the digital associations.
if Germany can show something with pride in the battle of the big digital corporations, it is SAP from Walldorf, the invention of five ex-IBM forces 48 years ago. So it borders on self-harm that after only six months co-CEO Jennifer Morganalready logged out again. So forget all the great portraits of the first boss in the Dax, delete the hymns of praise of the chairman of the board and co-founder Hasso Plattner. According to our knowledge, the implosion at the top is also the result of an internal power struggle. Co-boss Christian Kleincarries out a strong standardization and centralization, the American wanted the subsidiaries more independence to let. Even the PR candle from Walldorf cannot hide the dispute between vanities, according to which clarity and determination are necessary in the Corona period. Aristotle thought that to hide a mistake with a lie was to replace a spot with a hole.
In the beginning it advised Robert Koch Institute refraining from autopsying Covid 19 dead, it is too dangerous. From Basel in Switzerland, where there were fewer concerns, the first results of an examination of 20 coronavirus deaths are now coming. They suffered from high blood pressure and Overweight, but above all there was a serious disturbance of the Microcirculation the lungs – the oxygen exchange no longer worked. The Hamburg medical examiner Klaus Püschel also had 100 virus victims examined, according to a report by NDR, WDR and “Süddeutscher Zeitung”. Similar to Basel is also here none of the dead without previous illnesses been.
New York futurologist Amy Webb speaks this week in the “Handelsblatt Disrupt” podcast.
(Photo: Getty Images)
Has become a trend researcher Amy Webb made a name worldwide. This week the New York professor speaks for Strategic future planning in the podcast “Handelsblatt Disrupt” with my colleague Sebastian Matthes. In the interview, Webb predicts the division of the world into two: in part with the People’s Republic of China and its partners, who used a digital surveillance infrastructure, as well as the rest of the other countries. China is using the crisis to expand the Artificial intelligenceto collect even more data, believes Webb. But data are like Algorithms the weapons of the future. And so it does Futurologist in the end worries “that the global pandemic will trigger an economic-technological war that we have never seen before”.
The days of rest in the Dax group Wirecard are over: Today, the final special report of KPMG’s auditors is to be published – on allegations dubious contracts and partners who have been featured in a Financial Times (FT) series. Bafin boss Felix Hufeldwants to study the work of the auditors carefully: “Payment service providers, like banks, must adhere to a comprehensive set of rules.” Bafin’s own investigations into who is involved strategic sales benefited from Wirecard shares prior to the release of “FT” items have been completed. The investigation by the Munich public prosecutor’s office, which uses the Bafin work, continues. According to our information, the German auditing agency for accounting has meanwhile also an investigation of the Wirecard balance sheet check initiated. So this company will soon be as open as an oyster after consumption.
Series hits like “Tiger King”: Netflix increases the number of paid subscriptions.
Corona time isNetflix-Time. You follow “social distancing”, stay at home and watch series after series, film after film. There is nothing else to be inferred from the most recent figures, the Streaming primus announced last night. After that, the number of paid subscriptions rose in the first quarter by 15.8 million to almost 183 million – which exceeded both the own forecasts and the expectations of the analysts. Series hits like “Tiger King” around Joe Exotic and its big cat zoo are so well received that Netflix is expecting 7.5 million new customers worldwide this quarter. Since the profit has also doubled at the moment, the share is growing again. The company of Reed Hastings is now worth more than the big rival Disney.
The Germans decided to end the season prematurely Handball player – and selected it THW Kiel according to an elaborated calculation model to master. in the Soccer After the Belgian league, the Dutch league also decided to end the season due to the corona restrictions. And in Scotland there is also an end in sight – that of the European association Uefa, contrary to what was announced, will not be punished with the exclusion of clubs from competitions. New regulations that take the corona virus into account are to be presented tomorrow, Thursday. That day, too German soccer Bundesliga decide that ghost games should continue in May. This is the only way to secure a rate of EUR 230 million from Sky for broadcasting rights – and many clubs first before broke rescue.
And then there’s the world performance artist Marina Abramovicwho first silenced her for years Online campaigns breaks against them. “Can’t you stop doing that?” Asks Abramovic, “don’t you see, that’s the art I’ve been doing for 50 years?” She really isn’t a “satanist” – a suspicion that her opponents have been stirring up since becoming one “Spirit Cooking” dinner loaded. Recently, ongoing anonymous online protests have resulted in Microsofta work with Abramovic, who promoted digital technologies, removed from the YouTube platform after 24,000 dislikes. She is looking for a positive way out of the matter, says the native Serb, “anxiety is the worst human emotion ”.
I wish you a positive, completely fear-free day. And if it consoles you: in 2020 we will experience art and performances again in the museum.
The controversy lies behind the question of how the data collected by the apps should be stored: centrally or decentrally?
Everyone agrees on the architecture of the apps. Your goal is tracing. The apps should collect as little data as possible. Instead of determining the exact location of the people on whose smartphones they are installed, they use Bluetooth technology to record which other devices are in the immediate vicinity.
The apps create a constantly changing identification number. This is stored in encrypted form on other users’ apps and is not initially sent in either approach. This is to prevent real names or telephone numbers from being saved and from falling into the wrong hands.
The debate begins at the point of what happens when a user tests positive for the corona virus. All potentially infected people must be informed. There are two ways to do this: central or decentral.
Chris Boos supports both solutions. He is the founder of the company Arago and co-developer of the “Pan-European Privacy-Preserving Proximity Tracing” (PEPP-PT) technology for corona tracing apps.
He says: “Either the data is compared from a server with possible contacts or directly in the users’ apps.” Initially, Boos worked with many other experts on PEPP-PT. Some of his former partners have now abandoned, criticizing that PEPP-PT had focused too much on the central approach.
Competitive project DP-3T
In an open letter on Monday, almost 300 international scientists, especially data protection and encryption experts, spoke out against PEPP-PT and the central approach to data storage. You support a competing project under the name DP-3T.
The difference: With the central concept, the information is loaded onto a server, which then informs all potentially infected people. With DP-3T, the analysis takes place on the smartphone of the user.
The app of the positive test sends the information to all apps in the region. The data is not managed by a central point, but by every smartphone. The scientists explain that this is the best way to prevent monitoring by corona apps. They warn that a central database could be attacked.
Criticism comes especially from IT security experts, data protection experts and encryption experts. They worry that hackers, companies or authoritarian states could have access to this centrally collected data. Even if these were stored in encrypted form, it would be possible to derive movement patterns that would indicate which people a user of the app met.
The US technology companies Apple and Google announced a few days ago that they would develop an interface that would make it easier to use Bluetooth for decentralized apps. A cryptographic specification of the two companies describes that each participant is given a unique identifier, called a tracing key, but is saved locally.
Only pseudonymized information should leave the device. The providers of corona apps and the operators of the technical infrastructure should therefore not be able to find out which smartphone – and therefore which user – is hidden behind it.
“Decentralized approach to data protection friendliness”
The authors of the open letter expressly welcome this initiative: It accelerates the development of apps and allows contact tracking in a privacy-friendly way.
Hamburg data protection officer Johannes Caspar also intervened in the directional dispute. “The decentralized approach is generally more privacy-friendly,” said Caspar. A centralized approach could enable government agencies and their contractors to generate contact information and so-called “social graphs”.
According to Caspar, a centralized approach can also meet data protection requirements. “However, this requires maximum transparency and, in particular, the principle of data minimization must be observed,” he emphasized. “The purpose of data processing is to be specified in a special way.”
In a paper from the digital policy working group of the parliamentary group in the Bundestag, the Greens demand that the federal government prevent access to the authorities. The aim must be to “legally exclude access by security authorities,” the paper says.
The federal and state governments in Germany had already agreed on the centralized approach. In the middle of last week, the federal government said it supported the architectural concept of PEPP-PT, an initiative made up of more than 130 experts, because it “follows a pan-European approach, provides for compliance with European and German data protection rules and only anonymizes epidemiologically relevant contacts of the past three weeks on the user’s mobile phone without recording the movement profile ”.
From the environment of the Federal Ministry of Health, it is said that the app should not only work together in Germany, but throughout Europe. That is why there has to be a technological architecture that is supported as widely as possible at European level.
A group of experts is said to have already developed an architectural concept for GDPR-compliant tracing with the support of the RKI, but the concept is still being examined by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) and the Federal Data Protection Officer before it can be decided by the Federal Cabinet. It remains unclear when this could be so far.
Worry about DP-3T
Gerhard Fettweis, professor of communications engineering at the TU Dresden, said: “The PEPP-PT managers for the German app agree that there must be a central server for storing the anonymized and encrypted data, which is in German ownership . “
The federal government would commission a German company for hosting, government agencies such as the Robert Koch Institute would not have the necessary IT infrastructure for this. He does not want the providers of the operating systems of the smartphones to be able to acquire the data and the US government should never have access to it.
Developer Boos explains that a central system has the advantage “that the data that is processed anonymously there can be better analyzed and thus also targeted people can be warned and thus can be taken to preventive quarantine. Many epidemiologists also support this. ”
An initiative by tech start-ups, GesundZusammen, supported Boos’ central approach. It includes the smartphone bank N26 and the travel agent GetYourGuide. DP-3T protects health data from government surveillance bodies, a group paper said.
PEPP-PT does not protect against access by Google and Apple, which provide almost 100 percent of the mobile operating system. The initiative does not allow providers to guarantee that they will not save any health data on their own servers: the possibility of misuse alone is already too great a risk. They offer a competitor app.
While the central app for tracking infection chains has not yet appeared, the RKI is under pressure due to another app. With the “Data Donation” program, the institute asked citizens to transmit their health data from smartwatches or fitness wristbands. After an analysis by the Chaos Computer Club (CCC), the app has several weak points and violates its own data protection requirements.
More: Read here about the status of Corona app projects worldwide.
Berlin, Munich On the day of reopening of businesses in many federal states, Chancellor Angela Merkel warned of failure in the corona crisis. It would be “a shame” if the previous successes in containing the pandemic were put at risk again, said Merkel on Monday after the meeting of the Corona cabinet.
Otherwise there is a risk of a new shutdown that nobody wants. “It can also be a mistake to go too fast,” she said of the debates about now opening restaurants again and getting tourism going.
Bavaria’s Prime Minister Markus Söder (CSU) also warned of a too rapid loosening and meanwhile announced a mask requirement for public transport and shopping. Saxony and Mecklenburg-West Pomerania have also taken similar steps.
Merkel’s clear warning came five days after the joint decision with the Prime Minister about the first easing measures. Since then, the public debate has mainly focused on the question of whether the opening of shops up to 800 square meters of retail space goes far enough. Religious communities are pressing for services to be released. Health Minister Jens Spahn relativized a statement made on Friday when he declared the corona crisis “manageable”.
On Monday in many federal states, with the exception of Bavaria and Thuringia, many retailers outside of the food trade were again allowed to open their shops. This affected, for example, bookstores, car dealers, bicycle shops, clothing stores and perfumeries. But all are subject to strict clearance and hygiene rules.
Merkel said that she understood the needs of parents, restaurateurs or artists. But one should not risk “seeing eyes” to relapse during the crisis. “We have to remain vigilant and disciplined,” said the CDU politician. “We have to realize that we are at the very beginning of the pandemic.”
The federal states should therefore interpret the scope narrowly, not far. SPD leader Norbert Walter-Borjans also cautioned against further loosening of the corona requirements. There should be no risk of falling back in containment of the virus crisis, he said.
Merkel also appealed to the members of the grand coalition not to come up with a new idea every week about which group still needed help. The coalition committee with the SPD and CSU on Wednesday will surely find a topic to find a bigger line.
The CDU is annoyed that finance minister Olaf Scholz, for example restaurateurs and labor minister Hubertus Heil (both SPD), have given short-time workers more help. “There must be no competition, who does what first,” said Merkel, according to the participants in the CDU Presidium.
The coalition decided in the so-called Corona Cabinet on Monday to support the states and municipalities with 105 teams to track infection chains. Detecting and isolating infected people is seen as key to containing the pandemic.
The introduction of a Corona app for the automated reporting of contacts with infected people is also delayed. The Federal Joint Committee of Doctors, Hospitals and Health Insurance Funds corrected a decision to report sick on Monday. By May 4, it should now be possible to get sick on the phone for minor respiratory illnesses.
“Bavaria was and is more careful”
The Robert Koch Institute (RKI) spoke on Monday of a total of 141,672 infections with the corona virus in Germany. This is an increase of 1775 the previous day, however, several health departments do not report any numbers at the weekend.
A further 110 deaths have been reported, a total of 4404 people have died from the virus, said the RKI. According to the RKI website, around 91,500 people have recovered, around 3,500 more than the previous day. The falling number of new infections is attributed to the shutdown decisions of the past few weeks.
In the CDU Presidium, which also includes the Prime Ministers of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) and Hesse, Armin Laschet and Volker Bouffier, there are different opinions on how quickly steps should be taken to remove the restrictions. Laschet justified the special regulation for furniture stores in North Rhine-Westphalia in the switch, according to participants, with the fact that there are tens of thousands of employees in the country in the furniture industry.
At the same time, the dispute between the Union and the SPD increased again. Hamburg Mayor Peter Tschentscher (SPD) accused the CDU-led federal states of inconsistencies in corona politics in an interview with “Bild”. He particularly criticized the NRW decision to open furniture stores.
In contrast, the SPD-led state government in Rhineland-Palatinate was criticized in the CDU Presidium because it also opened shopping malls and zoos. The Saarland and Hesse are now afraid of increased travel by their own citizens to Rhineland-Palatinate.
In Berlin, department stores with an area of up to 800 square meters should also be allowed to reopen. “The specific details of the amendment to the containment regulation will be decided tomorrow (Tuesday) in the Senate,” said a spokeswoman for Senator for Economic Affairs Ramona Pop (Greens) from the Reuters news agency.
“Bavaria was and is more careful than other federal states,” said Prime Minister Söder. “We have acted earlier and are also going to make changes to them at different times,” he added. Shops and car dealerships in Bavaria are only allowed to open from April 27th.
Söder also announced that, in parallel with the opening of shops in the coming week, an obligation to wear protective masks in shops and public transport will be introduced. It is not about medical masks, but covering the mouth and nose – for example with so-called community masks.
In Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, however, the obligation to wear such masks from April 27 only applies to local public transport.
More: Different sectors are affected to different degrees by the corona crisis. The state should rely on industry-specific solutions to boost the economy. A comment.
In Germany, the coronavirus epidemic is now “under control”, said Minister of Health Jens Spahn (CDU) on Friday. At the same press conference, the president of the Robert Koch Institute, Lothar Wieler, spoke of a “Very good intermediate result”. As a result, the country of 83 million people is slowly disappearing. From Monday, shops will be allowed to reopen. On May 4, it will be the turn of schools, and even hairdressers. On the other side of the Rhine, wearing a mask is not yet compulsory, but it is highly recommended, and this instruction is likely to be widely followed by the population, especially since masks are now on sale in pharmacy.
The figures for the German epidemic leave one wondering. According to the count Johns Hopkins University, the country had 143 724 infections on Sunday, barely 10,000 less than in France, but much fewer deaths: 4,538, and also many healings, 88,000 (against 36
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