Is South Korea threatened with a second wave?

Dhe incident is a good example of how resolutely and quickly the South Korean authorities are taking action against the spread of the coronavirus. On the night of May 1-2, a 29-year-old South Korean spent a social evening in five bars and nightclubs in the Itaewon district in Seoul – and, according to the authorities, spread the virus. By Sunday, 54 people, including club visitors, family members and work colleagues, had tested positive. The virus focus extends far beyond Seoul. During the hours in question, around 1,500 people had visited amusement areas in the district, which also hosts many homosexuals who are otherwise marginalized in Korea. The government knows the number of visitors so well because the clubs have to register everyone’s names and phone numbers.

Patrick Welter

Correspondent for business and politics in Japan based in Tokyo.

Prime Minister Chung Sye-kyun issued instructions over the weekend to identify and find all around 1,500 people and to have them tested for the corona virus. Quite a few of the clubbers have given wrong numbers or do not answer the phone. An angry mayor of Seoul, Park Won-soon, therefore forbade the “entertainment industry” to open it indefinitely at the weekend. These include clubs and bars, karaoke bars and entertainment venues. It is only the second time since February that these establishments in the capital have to close due to viruses. The authorities assume that the number of infected people will increase significantly as a result of this incident.

As a result of the new infection focus, South Korea reported 34 new cases on Sunday. Most recently, the number had been higher on April 8. South Korea had actually got the virus under control by strictly monitoring infection cases and strict quarantine rules. The number of infected people is less than 11,000 and hardly increases. Most new infections have recently been introduced from the outside. 256 virus deaths were registered. South Korea had just relaxed the recommendations on social distance. The new infection focus, however, makes many South Koreans fear that another wave is imminent.

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Coronavirus pandemic. The most relevant on May 10 :: Society :: RBC

The number of infected in the world exceeded 4 million people, in Russia – 200 thousand. The main news is in the RBC review

Coronavirus

Russia Moscow Peace

0 (per day)

Recovered

0

0 (per day)

Infected

0

0 (per day)

Died

0 (per day)

Recovered

0

0 (per day)

Infected

0

0 (per day)

Died

0 (per day)

Recovered

0

0 (per day)

Infected

0

0 (per day)

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Source: JHU,
federal and regional
anti-virus operations

Source: JHU, federal and regional anti-virus operations

Situation in Russia

The number of confirmed cases of coronavirus infection in Russia as of May 10 exceeded 200 thousand, per day it increased by 11 012 people. In total, 1915 people died from COVID-19 in the country (88 – per day).

The spread of coronavirus Covid-19 in the regions of Russia

Number of confirmed infections

Source: Federal and Regional Anti-Virus Activities

Russian data i

  • In the north of Moscow, a fire occurred in City Clinical Hospital No. 50, where patients with coronavirus are lying. One patient died. TASS, citing a source, said that the cause of the fire was a malfunction in a ventilator.

  • Professor Vladimir Chulanov, Deputy Director of the Scientific and Research Center for Phthisiopulmonology and Infectious Diseases of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, said that citizens should comply with the mask regime introduced by the Russian regions. According to him, the violation of the new rules “may lead to accelerated spread of a new coronavirus infection, an increase in the incidence rate and a new wave of the epidemic.”

Coronavirus spread rate in Russia

Cases per day

Source: Federal and Regional Anti-Virus Activities

Russian data i

  • In Moscow, 58 patients with coronavirus died in a day, the headquarters of the capital said. The total number of victims in the city increased to 1068 people.

How the number of coronavirus survivors and deaths in Russia is changing

Recover (new cases)

Dead (new cases)

Source: Federal and Regional Anti-Virus Activities

Russian data i

World situation

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) on May 9, the number of people infected with coronavirus infection in the world exceeded 3.855 million people, 265 thousand died. According to current data from Johns Hopkins University, more than 4 million people have been infected in the world, more than 279 thousand have died.

The distribution of coronavirus Covid-19 in the world

Number of confirmed infections

Source: JHU

World Data i

  • The leader in the number of confirmed cases, according to Johns Hopkins University, remains the United States, where the number of infected cases has exceeded 1.3 million. Spain is in second place (223 thousand), Italy is in third (218 thousand), Great Britain is in fourth (216 thousand), Russia is in fifth place (198.6 thousand).
  • The French parliament finally approved a bill to extend the state of emergency sanitation in the country until July 10 due to the coronavirus pandemic.
  • Air France will allow passengers with temperatures not exceeding 38 degrees. People with a fever may be denied boarding, the departure date will be changed to a later one without additional fees.

World Coronavirus Spread Rate

Cases per day

Source: JHU

World Data i

  • Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergic and Infectious Diseases of the United States, went to “modified quarantine” after contacting a White House employee who confirmed the coronavirus.

How the number of people recovering and dying from coronavirus is changing in the world

Recover (new cases)

Dead (new cases)

Source: JHU

World Data i

  • British Prime Minister Boris Johnson invited Russian President Vladimir Putin to a global summit on the vaccine against coronavirus, which will be held in virtual format in June.

Learn more about the virus in the RBC review.


Julia Sapronova

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How effective are travel restrictions in the Covid 19 pandemic?

DIt seems a long time ago, when time and money were the main constraints for planning a vacation trip. The possibility of unrestricted visits to foreign countries is currently a long way off. This is obvious at first glance, because in order to limit the spread of the pandemic, it is useful to limit the movement of potentially infected people as much as possible. After all, as long as the countries at the national level are trying to get the pandemic under control, it does not help if new cases of infection are imported from outside at the same time. Based on previous experience, it is not easy to answer whether this consideration is really correct, whether the travel restrictions are necessary or, on the contrary, may be dispensable in combination with other measures. The development of the number of cases ultimately owes to the combined effect of a large number of factors that are difficult to separate in their influence.

Anyone who tries to understand how individual measures have worked, and what that means for our future approach to the pandemic, must consult scientific models. In these models, which simulate the course of the global spread of an infectious disease, measures can be switched on and off as required, resulting scenarios can then be compared with one another and with available data.

For the question of the effectiveness of travel restrictions, a research group led by Neil Ferguson from Imperial College in London did so long before the new coronavirus Sars-CoV-2 appeared. In 2007, they simulated the spread of a pandemic in the United States and Great Britain, taking into account restrictions on travel options: on the one hand, in the form of border controls, which should be able to prevent more than 90 percent of those infected from entering the country, and on the other hand, as restrictions on freedom of movement within the countries. The result: the point in time when the measures begin is crucial. Efficient border controls can delay the progression of the disease by a few weeks at the beginning of the pandemic, if there are still a few cases in the country. Together with such an entry control, national travel restrictions can further slow down the spread of infections. According to the model, up to two months of time can be saved in this way.

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It is now known that entry controls do not help in the case of Covid-19, as a certain proportion – previous studies have shown values ​​of around 20 percent – of the infections is asymptomatic and in the remaining cases typically between infection and the appearance of the first symptoms 5 to 6 days. British researchers led by Billy Quilty had been investigating the efficiency with which, against this background, travelers infected with the novel corona virus could be found at airports using body temperature checks. According to their model, almost half of the infected travelers, exactly 46 percent, would not be identified by such controls.

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The European Commission recommended not to open EU borders until June 15 :: Society :: RBC

Measures on the external borders of the EU should be mitigated after the gradual removal of restrictions on movement within the Union itself is carried out, the European Commission noted

Photo: Andrew Medichini / AP

Continuing restrictions on travel to Schengen countries for residents of non-European countries will reduce the risks of coronavirus spreading in the EU, the European Commission said in a recommendation to EU member states to extend the temporary ban on entry “on non-essential trips” until June 15.

“While a number of EU states and some countries associated with Schengen have begun to mitigate measures to combat the pandemic, the situation remains unstable both in Europe and around the world. Maintaining measures at external borders is necessary in order to reduce the risks of the spread of the disease due to trips to the EU, ”the document says.

The European Commission noted that the previously adopted “road map” implies a phased removal of restrictions on movement within the EU, after which, at the second stage, it will be possible to begin to mitigate measures already at the external borders of the union.

Macron announced the closure of the entrance to Schengen on March 17

Emmanuel Macron

Entrance to the countries of the Schengen zone, as well as to the European Union, was restricted for foreigners in mid-March. Crossing the EU border is only allowed for those with an urgent reason (such as a funeral or subpoena), a residence permit or a long-term visa.

In mid-April, the European Commission issued a joint roadmap for European countries to phase out restrictions. According to it, the EU member states should weaken the antiviral measures taken, guided by the statistics on incidence, as well as taking into account the willingness to accept new patients and the introduction of mass testing.

The distribution of coronavirus Covid-19 in the world

Number of confirmed cases of infection

Source: JHU

World Data i


Victoria Polyakova

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Unemployment in the USA peaked since the Great Depression :: Economy :: RBC

According to The Washington Post, the US hospitality sector lost about 7.7 million jobs, retail – 2.1 million, production – 1.3 million. In addition, jobs in the health care system fell by about 1.4 million, so as in a crisis, people postpone requests for medical care, except urgent.

About 18 million people who lost their jobs in April reported that their dismissal was temporary, as companies expected the suspension of the economy to be short-lived. Another 2 million claimed that they had finally lost their last job.

US predicts unemployment rate of Great Depression after pandemic

Nevertheless, the unemployment rate recorded in April was not as dramatic as previously predicted. In the middle of the month, The Wall Street Journal wrote that the expected losses would amount to 22 million jobs and the unemployment rate would reach 18%.

During the Great Depression in the USA, the maximum unemployment rate was recorded in 1932 and amounted to 25.5%.

At the end of April, the presidential adviser on economics Kevin Hasset warned that after the coronavirus pandemic is over, unemployment in the country could come close to the times of the Great Depression. He called the current crisis the largest in the US economy.

In order to protect the interests of Americans losing their jobs because of the coronavirus, Trump signed a decree on the suspension of immigration. According to him, this will guarantee that unemployed citizens of the country will be the first in the queue to get work.

World Coronavirus Spread Rate

Cases per day

Source: JHU

World Data i

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WHO rejects hypothesis of re-infection with Covid-19

Is it possible to be infected again with a virus, bacteria or even a parasite, shortly after having tested positive for the first time, then having recovered from it and being supposed to be protected by antibodies or immune cells? This is a question – raised in recent weeks by the case of dozens of South Korean patients cured and then tested positive for Sars-CoV-2 again – which seems to have been settled following the publication of a WHO opinion.

→ LIVE. Coronavirus: May 8 ceremonies in a format limited to three days of deconfinement

An in-depth study of the different cases in question indicates that you cannot be infected twice in a row. ” It is not contagious. It is not reinfection. It’s part of the recovery process ”, said Maria Van Kerkhove, technical manager at WHO, according to the BBC and AFP.

“It is not a reinfection”

What happened so that it was doubted for several weeks? “These patients were hospitalized and then cured after, generally, two negative virus tests, explains Anne-Claude Crémieux, infectious disease specialist at Saint-Louis hospital. But seen by a doctor two weeks later, some showed symptoms like fever, cough, headache. They were tested again with a nasopharyngeal swab and biologists found viral RNA “, says the specialist.

Is it a re-infection? Or did the erroneous outpatient screenings give “false negatives”? In the laboratory, biologists cultured the RNA fragments or “dead lung cells” found in all patients declared cured ” to better understand how long they harbor live virus ” and if they were contagious. Indeed, it is not because we find virus living in a patient’s respiratory tract that it is necessarily transmissible and contagious.

But the persistence of viruses being expelled

It seems that these patients are expelling viral material (ARN, Editor’s note), having persisted in the lungs, as part of the recovery phase “, explains WHO. Clearly, virologist biologists have confirmed the hypothesis of infectious disease clinicians: it is not a question of reinfection, but of persistence of viral debris during expulsion “, translates Anne-Claude Crémieux. Good news, because it exists with other viruses like measles for example. “Here, patients can clear viral debris for a long time, which is reassuring, because it does not go against the principle of immunity”, summarizes the infectiologist.

The heady question of the duration of immunity

However, with this coronavirus, Sras-CoV-2, two fundamental questions are still unanswered: what is the effective duration of protective immunity? And are patients who have had an asymptomatic form of the disease really protected?

Studies carried out in patients infected with Sras-Cov-1 in 2003 suggest that the majority of them develop adaptive immunity based on neutralizing antibodies for two or three years . But probably not for life.

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Kim Jong-un congratulated Xi Jinping on his victory over the coronavirus :: Politics :: RBC

The DPRK leader rejoiced in China’s success in combating COVID-19 “as its own.” In the PRC, by the end of April, 93% of those infected had recovered. Message to Xi Jinping comes after recent media reports about Kim Jong-un’s death

The Chairman of the State Council of the DPRK, Kim Jong-un, sent an oral message to the Chairman of the People’s Republic of China, Xi Jinping, in which he evaluated China’s success in the fight against coronavirus infection and the prevention of this disease. This was reported by the Central Telegraph Agency of North Korea (CTAC).

In the message, the Korean leader praised the Chinese leadership, which “is confidently triumphing in the fight against the pandemic,” and said that he was glad for the PRC’s success “as its own.” Kim Jong-un also wished Xi Jinping good health.

The DPRK President expressed confidence that thanks to jointly overcoming various challenges, relations between the two countries have become “more solid and continue to develop.”

World Coronavirus Spread Rate

Cases per day

Source: JHU

World Data i

By May 7, China in all regions had reduced its epidemiological risk due to the spread of coronavirus. According to data on May 5, only one infected person was detected in China per day. The COVID-19 outbreak in the country began to fade since mid-March. On April 8, for the first time since January, an exit was opened from the city of Wuhan, which became the epicenter of the coronavirus. By April 23, more than 93% of patients had recovered in China. According to Johns Hopkins University, the PRC has dropped out of the top ten countries with the largest number of infected countries, and now ranks 11th. To date, 83.9 thousand patients have been registered there.

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Coronavirus pandemic. The most relevant on May 6 :: Society :: RBC

The number of infected in the world exceeded 3.5 million people, in Russia – 155 thousand. The main news is in the review of RBC

Coronavirus

Russia Moscow Peace

0 (per day)

Recovered

0

0 (per day)

Infected

0

0 (per day)

Died

0 (per day)

Recovered

0

0 (per day)

Infected

0

0 (per day)

Died

0 (per day)

Recovered

0

0 (per day)

Infected

0

0 (per day)

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Source: JHU,
federal and regional
anti-virus operations

Source: JHU, federal and regional anti-virus operations

Situation in Russia

The number of confirmed cases of coronavirus infection in Russia on May 6 exceeded 155 thousand, during the day it increased by 10 102. For the third day in a row, the growth of new cases exceeds 10 thousand people. In total, 1,451 people died from COVID-19 in the country.

The spread of coronavirus Covid-19 in the regions of Russia

Number of confirmed cases of infection

Source: Federal and Regional Anti-Virus Activities

Russian data i

  • 50 people died in Moscow, the capital headquarters said in the evening. In all cases, pneumonia was detected in patients. Thus, the total number of victims reached 866 people.

  • Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, virologist Felix Ershov announced a special scenario for the development of the epidemic in Russia, which does not resemble either Italian or Chinese. “It is connected with the fact that we have a vast territory, a multinational country, that there are different customs, different population densities and different levels of medicine,” he explained.

  • The authorities of the Pskov region since May 6 have softened the quarantine measures introduced. Non-food stores and some other organizations should start working in the region. At the same time, some security measures are retained in the region: in particular, in addition to the mandatory wearing of protective masks in public places, the authorities intend to oblige residents of the region to wear gloves.

  • For a month, support for restrictive measures and control over them decreased in Russia, a survey of OMI and the Platform showed. However, most Russians do not believe that the spread of infection in the country will end in May.

Coronavirus spread rate in Russia

Cases per day

Source: Federal and Regional Anti-Virus Activities

Russian data i

  • The month of the self-isolation regime in Moscow and many regions worsened the solvency of Russian borrowers, RBC was told in large banks and by the National Association of Professional Collection Agencies (NAPCA). In April, the share of debtors who refuse to pay on loans due to financial difficulties increased by 10 percentage points, to 60%. 30% of such clients attribute this to job loss.

How the number of coronavirus survivors and deaths in Russia is changing

Recover (new cases)

Dead (new cases)

Source: Federal and Regional Anti-Virus Activities

Russian data i

World situation

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) on the evening of May 5, the number of people infected with coronavirus infection in the world exceeded 3.517 million people, 243.4 thousand died. According to current data from Johns Hopkins University, more than 3.663 million people have been infected in the world, almost 257.3 thousand have died.

The distribution of coronavirus Covid-19 in the world

Number of confirmed cases of infection

Source: JHU

World Data i

  • The leader in the number of confirmed cases, according to Johns Hopkins University, remains the United States, where the number of infected has exceeded 1.2 million people. Spain is in second place (219 thousand), Italy is in third (213 thousand), Great Britain is in fourth (196 thousand), France is in fifth (170 thousand). Russia is in seventh place.

World Coronavirus Spread Rate

Cases per day

Source: JHU

World Data i

  • WHO announced serious negative consequences that could be caused by a military parade on May 9 in Minsk. Batyr Berdyklychev, an official representative of the organization in Belarus, noted that a meeting of people at which it is impossible to keep the distance between the participants from 1.5 to 2 meters increases the risk of transmission of the virus and contributes to the further spread of the disease.
    According to the Swedish epidemiologist Johan Gizeke, only two measures have obvious advantages in the fight against coronavirus – hand washing and maintaining social distance. This was stated in an interview with RBC by the adviser to the Swedish government and the Secretary General of the World Health Organization Johan Gizeke. He believes that the benefits of other tough measures in the fight against the virus are not obvious.
  • British airline Virgin Atlantic will cut a third of its employees due to the crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic. 3,150 people will be reduced. The company’s fleet will be reduced from 43 aircraft to 36.
  • Statements that coronavirus appeared in a laboratory in China are “speculative,” said Michael Ryan, head of the WHO health emergency program. He added that WHO would “readily” consider any information on the origin of coronavirus provided by the United States.

How the number of people recovering and dying from coronavirus is changing in the world

Recover (new cases)

Dead (new cases)

Source: JHU

World Data i

  • In India, due to the massive bursts that have accumulated in liquor stores after lifting restrictions on their work, the authorities imposed an alcohol tax of 70% of the retail price. Authorities fear that congestion of buyers in line will increase the risk of coronavirus spread.

Learn more about the virus in the RBC review.


Julia Sapronova

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WHO expressed concern over the Victory Parade in Minsk :: Society :: RBC

Photo: Dan Kitwood / Getty Images

The WHO announced serious negative consequences that are possible due to the military parade on May 9 in Minsk, BelaPAN reports.

The official representative of WHO in Belarus Batyr Berdyklychev noted that a meeting of people at which it is impossible to ensure a distance between the participants from 1.5 to 2 m increases the risk of transmission of the virus and contributes to the further spread of the disease. He clarified that the participation of older people in the mass event, among which the high mortality rate from coronavirus, is of particular concern.

Following a visit to Belarus by a WHO mission on April 7–11, experts found that the spread of COVID-19 in the country reached a new level and required the immediate adoption of national restrictive measures. The authorities were advised to reschedule all public events.

Lukashenko’s refusal to pass coronavirus test explained in Minsk

In Belarus, according to the latest data from the Ministry of Health of the country, 17 489 cases of coronavirus infection were recorded. 103 patients died.

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Trump has adjusted the forecast for mortality from coronavirus in the US :: Society :: RBC

The President believes that from 75 thousand to 100 thousand people can die from coronavirus in the country. Prior to this, he several times voiced different expectations for mortality

Photo: Brian Snyder / Reuters

From 75 thousand to 100 thousand people can become victims of coronavirus in the United States, said President Donald Trump, reports Reuters. Earlier, the head of state changed the expected number of deaths several times.

“It’s horrible. We must not lose a single person over this amount, ”the president said.

In early April, the White House presented its first official forecast for the number of expected deaths from coronavirus. Then the experts said that the United States could lose from 100 thousand to 240 thousand people in the event that the restrictions imposed by the authorities are respected. Experts also said that in case of unfavorable development of the situation, the number of victims could reach 2.2 million people. This will happen, they noted, if nothing is done to combat the spread of infection.

Trump has changed the estimate of the possible number of victims of COVID-19 in the United States

Photo Credit: Alex Brandon / AP

Later, in mid-April, Trump announced the new expectations of the US authorities – according to him, the number of people dying from coronavirus will be “significantly” less than 100 thousand. He noted that he managed to reduce the expected number of deaths due to the country’s aggressive policy to save lives and noted positive dynamics in the situation with morbidity.

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