He reinforced the view that Kim Jong-un is alive, an adviser to the president of South Korea. “He has been in the Wonsan area since April 13. No suspicious movements have been recorded so far, ”Moon Jong Ying explained on April 27. Wonsan is located on the east coast of the country, there is a tourist area.
Reuters sources previously reported that a group of Chinese doctors went to North Korea. This information has not been disproved by Pyongyang.
What distinguished Kim Jong-un
A third ruler from the Kimov dynasty took over the head of the 25 millionth country at the end of 2011, after the death of his father, Kim Jong Il. The death of the latter was reported to residents of the country on December 19, two days after the actual death. He died, like Kim Il Sung, from a heart attack. The fact that Kim Jong-un will become the successor could be judged by his frequent appearances with his father at various official events, and by the fact that the house in which he was born was declared a historical monument.
At the beginning of the reign of the third Kim, many analysts were inclined to underestimate him, predicting failure, a former CIA analyst, head of the Korean center at the East Asian Studies Center at the Brookings Institution Chun Baek, admits in a book about Kim Jong Un. Ten years ago, North Korea was a poor, isolated country, which was difficult to feed itself, under Kim Jong-un collapse seemed more likely than ever, the expert notes. However, after six years, Kim Jong-un had new honorary titles that strengthened his position as a leader, he achieved success in several areas related to the use of high technology. In particular, it was under him that North Korea conducted four of its six nuclear tests, including the largest, in September 2017. He also tested 90 ballistic missiles – three times more than his father and grandfather combined. Under him, Pyongyang carried out the largest number of cyberattacks and, allegedly, used a nerve agent to kill half-brother Kim Jong-un at the international airport in Malaysia, said Chun Baek. The DPRK has acquired numerous ski resorts and restaurants that demonstrate its modernity and prosperity, and it seems that Kim Jong-un was able to fulfill his promise – to improve the standard of living of citizens.
Kim’s bosom: what is known about the DPRK nuclear missile program
Under Kim Jong-un, the standard of living in the DPRK has grown significantly, agrees Konstantin Asmolov, a leading researcher at the Center for Korean Studies at the Institute of the Far East of the Russian Academy of Sciences. This is evidenced by new homes, the new look of Pyongyang and Pyongyang, the appearance on the shelves in stores of local, rather than Chinese consumer goods, the expert explains. Kim the third completed the creation of a national nuclear missile shield, made progress both in inter-Korean relations and in relations with the United States – after all, it was the President of the United States who met with him for the first time in 2018, Asmolov lists. Of course, much was laid by Kim Jong Il, but his son was able to use the inheritance.
In 2018, Kim Jong-un announced a change in strategic course. Since 2013, Pyongyang’s efforts have officially been aimed at “parallel economic and nuclear construction,” two years ago it was announced that this task was successfully completed and a new strategic line was put forward – to concentrate all forces on economic construction, although there are no radical intraeconomic The country’s leadership has not yet made decisions to revive the economy, says a senior researcher at the Center for Korean Studies of the Institute for Far Eastern Studies, RAS Lyudmila Zakhar ova.
At the same time, North Korea’s isolation intensified. At the end of 2017, international sanctions were tightened (UN Security Council resolution 2397) – crude oil supplies to the DPRK were limited to 4 million barrels. per year, oil products – up to 500 thousand barrels., North Korean labor migrants had to be sent home. Negotiations with the United States did not bring relief to the sanctions regime.
According to the National Bank of South Korea, sanctions significantly hamper the neighbor’s economic growth: in 2018, North Korea’s GDP growth was expected to be -4.1%, in particular, a decrease in the mining industry was expected, but a rise in the services sector and agriculture.
Who will extend the reign of the Kim Dynasty
Among those whom experts call the possible next ruler of the country is Kim Ye-jeong, the 32-year-old sister of Kim Jong-un. The Financial Times calls her darling Kim Jong Il, who admired her mind. “This girl received a master class in North Korean politics,” said expert on North Korea Michael Madden. She is constantly involved in important meetings and events. Attention was drawn to her when, in 2018, she went to the Olympic Games in South Korea, becoming the first representative of the Kim dynasty to visit a neighboring country (Pyongyang and Seoul do not have a peace treaty following the results of the Korean war of 1950-1953). She also participated in the negotiations of her brother with Donald Trump, and in December 2019, experts drew attention to the fact that she and her brother mounted on horses on Mount Pektusan, sacred for the North Koreans.
An obstacle to Kim Ye-jeong’s path to supreme power may be the patriarchal principles of Confucianism, which North Korean society follows. However, former CIA analyst Bruce Klinger points out that Kim Ye-jeong has gained enough popularity.
Kim Jong-un mounted a horse on the sacred Korean mountain. Photoreport