Why we kept the Aix Economic Meetings

France is at risk! As of last year, by choosing the title “Acting in the face of the world’s deregulations”, we thought that the years 2020 and 2021 would be very difficult, but we could not imagine that a health crisis would hysterize this world of violence making it totally unpredictable. Given the gravity of the situation, we took a risky bet by deciding, with the entire team of the Circle of Economists, to maintain the Meetings. This could not have been done without the essential support of all of our partners and Radio France.

Our will remains unchanged for this twentieth edition renamed Aix-en-Seine: to initiate the debate, to illuminate as yet unexplored paths to bring new ideas, emergency solutions to the major disruptions of our time. For this, 300 speakers will participate in 52 sessions, broadcast live from franceinfo.fr, on July 3, 4 and 5!

How to accelerate economic recovery

The novelty is the diversity of the speakers, the participation of the two leaders of the European executive, Ursula Van der Leyen and Charles Michel, and that of the representatives of all the union and political forces of our country, beyond the hundred foreign speakers. The objective is to launch the debate in our country, without which it will be extremely difficult to put French society back on track.

At the beginning of 2020, a pandemic of unrivaled magnitude came to overlap with the great transitions, already underway, in our societies. Of health origin, the crisis becomes economic and social with new imbalances which appear. It is true that we are already witnessing major disturbances. They are climatic, unequal, demographic, geopolitical. Today, it is clear that they have strengthened among themselves. The latest is obviously the health imbalance caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.

We thought, wrongly, that the world, with the fall of the Berlin Wall, had settled down, that international institutions were going to regulate this “global village”. On the contrary, the risk picture has widened. Failure of technical progress, aging of the population, unlimited financialization of the economy, widening of inequalities … the end of history, concept theorized by Francis Fukuyama, seems far away!

Contrary to the idea of ​​a rapid economic recovery, which is more akin to the voodoo economy, we believe that the recovery will be slow and difficult. The health crisis has fueled new anxieties, which have a deleterious effect on the economy.

However, any simplifying answer would be unwelcome. Faced with these challenges, three main points appear important to us. First of all, to bounce back, we need to organize a major recovery plan which must be shared and must have been debated by all the players in society. It should allow us to create the conditions for a dynamic and united society to restore trust with society. Finally, we must rewrite the history of relations between nations. Multilateralism, which has already been turned upside down, must be rethought, like the world economy, because of slow growth and the desire to reduce inequalities and carbon emissions.

→ TRIBUNE. A “New Deal” for the European Green Pact

This major recovery plan will have to respond both to short-term problems to limit the economic insecurity of the youngest and the most affected sectors, including aeronautics and the automobile, and to the desire of the population to find their bearings. towards a fairer, more united, greener society, expressed through the citizen mobilizations of these last months. At the risk if not to develop a society marked by its many fractures, including the war between generations. This also means rethinking our economy with a view to slow growth and stagnant income for part of the population.

Maintaining the Economic Meetings and offering them a new framework for their twentieth edition was necessary in this very special period which deeply marked all of us by its instability. During the past three months, we have worked with passion to redraw the contours of the debates, so that they reflect as much as possible the challenges of today and tomorrow. We did everything we could to bring together all the stakeholders at national and European level (unions, politicians, academics, think tanks) to build our future together.

It is now a question of implementing concrete responses at all levels, be they economic or social, technological or political, collective or individual, coordinated by the public authorities or by private initiative. It is this particularly ambitious vision that we invite you to share throughout this 20e edition of the Aix-en-Provence Economic Meetings which became Aix-en-Seine.

The often frightening description of the challenges we have to face must not paralyze us. Stillness would be the worst answer. After the last three editions of the Meetings devoted to the precise analysis of these dangers and the outline of possible solutions, we must now take action!


“We have to fight this bull among all”




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If there is an example of overcoming in the world of the bull that is Paco Ureña, a bullfighter who knew how to reinvent himself after losing the vision of one eye, and who now, with the Covid-19 crisis, considers it crucial to “enhance” the values ​​of his profession, and that they serve to face these difficult moments.

Surrender, improvement, sacrifice, dedication, courage, fortitude in the face of adversity, solidarity, companionship … are some of the values ​​that have always been associated with bullfighting; some are taught in childhood, in bullfighting schools, but others must be carried as standard, they must be part of the intrinsic nature of heroes without capes, and accustomed to hardness and pain.

“We should promote and send to society that optimistic message that bullfighting has, those values ​​and that human side that distinguishes it and that other sectors do not have, for example, and those overcoming stories of so many bullfighters who have known how to come up in a really difficult situation, “says Ureña himself in an interview with Efe.

His own could perfectly serve to show that you should never throw in the towel in the face of adversity, but also that of other professionals such as Javier Castaño, who returned to the ring after overcoming cancer, Fortes, who was going to reappear this year after suffering a very serious injury, without forgetting other cases such as Javier Cortés or Juan José Padilla, among many others.

“What is not happening should be taken as a sign to truly unite, society in general and bullfighting in particular. It is true that we are going to have a hard time, a suffering that is going to be the same in all cultural sectors, but now is the time to row all to the same point and move this forward as it is ”, considers the bullfighter from Lorca (Murcia) .

Out complaints

“And it makes me angry,” continues Ureña, “that we are always complaining and taking the negative out of our sector. Now is not the time for that. It’s time to try to put good face to bad weather, look for that positivism and, if necessary, reinvent ourselves, change things, go for the better … Let’s stop looking weak and show the real strength we have ».

Ureña speaks loud and clear, without hiding, just as transparent as her bullfighting to leave that message of “all together,” but she also realizes the need to make noise so that it is heard by everyone.

“If we focus on using only our channels, the same will always happen. We have to open up much more and look for other alternatives to make ourselves heard. But I insist that now what we have to do is deal with this bull among all, and teach values, humanity and solidarity of our profession, “he remarks.

Despite this appeal, this situation of being in the middle of April and not knowing when the suit of lights will be holstered again, how much less strange, although, more than fighting again, what worries him most at the moment is , especially, “People’s health”. “And all the people who are dying, alone, and their families without being able to say goodbye to them … That is the fattest thing,” he says.

“What we have to live has no precedents to remember, and as such we must face it. Now what we have to do is take care of ourselves, take care of ours and hope that this damn virus stop taking the health of the people, “adds Ureña.

What is evidence is that his day to day has nothing to do with what he is used to, although, as he confesses, “you have to take advantage now and enjoy the family which is sorely missed when we are in season.

«I try to be calm, serene, enjoy my own, but I also spend a while fighting in the classroom or doing some exercise. But I already say that right now the profession takes a back seat. I am very concerned about my sector, there is no doubt, but I am more concerned about the human side of everything that is happening, “concludes the man from Lorca.


“We have the change in our noses and this crisis can be the perfect excuse”

After living all his life in Madrid, Ricardo realizes one day the need to flee the big city to remedy the mistakes he has made in the past. The protagonist chooses Cadaqués in order to rediscover himself and to be reborn. This is the starting point for The yellow butterfly, the second novel by Hugo Scoccia (1992, San Remo, Italy).

“Cadaqués has a powerful magnetism that attracts people, it is a great place to try to renew yourself and find yourself, even though many end up more lost than they have come,” says the author about the village. where he was councilor in the City Council when he was elected in the elections of May 2011. Despite showing the well-known charm of the Empordà municipality, the work does not obscure the exclusivity of much of the neighborhood. “This coronavirus crisis is slapping everything that was meaningless, and prices have no choice but to go down and year-round rentals will grow above seasonal rentals,” he says.

Apart from exploring the sensations that Cadaqués awakens in, the book’s plot revolves around a theory that claims that the mere fluttering of a butterfly can change everything, especially fate. “Any small move or decision can change everything. Whenever I think about it, I remember how fragile we are. Let’s speculate a bit; What will change in the reader’s life because I am currently reading this interview? ” the author wonders.

Hugo Scoccia – real name Hugo García Pérez – also addresses the idea of ​​the bubble that explodes leaving always consequences. It is an idea that, in a way, connects with a present in which the world has almost completely stopped because of a virus that no one has ever imagined.

“The bubble is exploding – if it has not exploded already, and in spite of the fears this can cause, it is the best news for everyone. We are in an outdated model, which worked quite well until a few years ago, but now it’s time to change it. The education system continues to teach things that are of no use today, capitalism as we know it has come to an end, and the earth is begging for mercy every second it passes. We have change in front of our noses and this crisis can be the perfect excuse to move, “says the writer, a contributor to Diary of Girona.

Hugo Scoccia sees some uncertainty about the present moment. “I think the age of digital democratization with the blockchain, the age of universal basic income, the age when companies that do not contribute things to society as a whole will fall by their own weight. ”

A sales success

Although the novel was published in full confinement, in a short time it has reached a remarkable success of sales. “The truth is that it is a surprise the response of the people, the first day we entered the top 100 sales in Spain and the 33rd best-selling foreign books in France by Amazon,” he explains. In fact, the former Minister of Culture Máximo Huerta, with whom the author maintains a friendly relationship, recently recommended reading the novel in a conversation on social media.

The yellow butterfly is the second novel by Hugo Scoccia, which debuted in 2018 with Je t’en, a book with short stories based on the lesser known city of Paris.


“We have a little more time for certain treatments”

“For the first time in three weeks, we had no deaths on the nine beds in my unit and two patients came out of the sheave because they were getting better. This does not mean of course that there are no more deaths and I am not very optimistic for some. But we no longer have departures to Germany or Bordeaux, Alsatian hospitals are able to absorb admissions. As it is less urgent to free the beds, we have a little more time to try certain treatments: dialysis, transfusions…

The service remains full

All patients are placed in “prone position” (installed on the stomach for 16 hours to allow the pulmonary alveoli to open better). We add nitrogen more often to potentiate the effects of oxygen, we have more time. In very specific cases of acute respiratory distress syndromes, this may help, but it should be used sparingly as it is toxic in the long term.

→ LIVE. Coronavirus: the latest information in France and worldwide

All this is both a good sign – it calms down a little for the other services – and heavy for us, because our cases all have comorbidities, requiring a lot of nursing care, like this lady who has myeloma (hematological cancer) in more of his covid. And the service remains full.

Staff neighbors bake cakes for us

In addition to the three nine-bed units, the emergency room was equipped with an additional bed, which brings us to 33 patients. To compensate for the lack of respirators, we were brought back old models, not tactile but which work very well.

Otherwise, we always get as much to eat from companies or individuals, especially neighbors of the staff who bake cakes for us. The Mars factory located not far away offered us a large quantity of chocolate bars. And a community of evangelicals has prepared potato salads for us! “


Setin Interview: “We have already apologized for Sarabia”

Quique Setiénhe receives ‘El Periódico’ after the games against Naples and Real Madrid, the most important he has faced in the first 50 days at Barça. The negative results – a draw in Italy, and a defeat at the Bernabéu- have rolled the optimistic mood of the technician, talkative, explanatory and didactic. His face, in a long talk of 54 minutes in which he did not look at the clock, is only overshadowed by the episode of Eder Sarabia on the bench, in which television images reproduce the imprecations and outbursts of anger of his assistant. This is a preview of the full interview with the technician.

What do you think of what happened?

That situation has affected me a lot. The first thing I think about is in the club and in the club’s image. It must be an impolute image, it must be taken care of. It’s a topic worries me a lot. It is something very important to me. They can criticize us because you make the changes wrong, because you raise the parties badly … For whatever reason, but not for the behavior. It is true that you have to understand people and moments. We are not all equal. Eder is a boy who has a great temperament, which for many things is phenomenal. But you have to learn to control yourself. It is in it, try to improve this issue because we have already had situations of these. More and more sporadic, but … But it’s something we don’t like.

These reactions are seen on all the benches.

Yes, but that is no excuse. No, it is not an excuse. It is an issue that Eder is trying to solve. He is a young kid, an impulsive kid, who has a lot of energy, which for many things is tremendously positive. But we are on the bench of a club you represent and the behavior should be faultless. It is true that there is an isolated moment in which anything can happen to you, you go crazy and you go down, but this must be tried to control it.

They have spoken? What did he say?

Of course we talked. He is also worried. We don’t care about this situation. It is a subject that we must improve ourselves. It is trying to put solution. And he is working for it. We have already apologized that we have to ask. And especially me because, in the end, it’s my fault. I have to control these things.

Who has he apologized to? Before the players? The club?

To all, to all … It is a behavior that we should not have. Because there is another way of saying things. It is not a matter of giving explanations to the template. We are not comfortable with these things. It is a mistake we have made and we must try to avoid it. This is not the same. Nor do we extend further and I do not mean that this has come out.

Does it bother you that it came out?

It is a bit embarrassing that it becomes news and has a dimension like the one it has acquired. That is embarrassing. That the media use a camera that is permanently following you on the bench. It is something that should be eradicated. It is something that should end. You can’t be all day with your hand in your mouth. I don’t have to force myself to cover my mouth. It is unfortunate that these things happen.

It’s not the first time.

No, it is something that has already happened many times in other places. In Seville, in Las Palmas, everywhere passes € Now take the dimension of a club like this. There are many interests in other places, who think that with these things they will harm you and will destabilize you. It will not happen.

It is a lesson for Sarabia.

Of course of course. But we were already warned too. We knew what could happen. We assume responsibility. IM so sorry. I like to look good. I want my behavior here to be faultless. You can criticize me because I think the games wrong, because I lose, because I don’t get performance. In that I accept everything, but my behavior has to be faultless. I am representing a club like Barça and my obligation is to be careful with everything.

Why were they warned?

There are people who live on this, it is unfortunate, but it is so. That’s why you have to be careful. What happens is that I don’t get used to putting my hand in my mouth. Do not leave me.