In addition, from 2012 to 2020, the top ten regions with the largest share of samples that did not meet sanitary and epidemiological requirements constantly included the Arkhangelsk, Vladimir, Leningrad, Novgorod regions and Moscow, follows from the report of the Accounts Chamber (we are talking about reservoirs of the first category, which are used as sources of drinking water and water for household needs, as well as for swimming and recreation).
At the same time, the report of the chamber says that the main reason for pollution of reservoirs and poor water quality is the discharge of untreated or insufficiently treated wastewater.
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“The situation with the quality of water in water bodies continues to remain unfavorable, primarily due to discharges of industrial and domestic wastewater, surface water runoff from agricultural land. This leads to the fact that from 30 to 40% of the country’s population regularly use water that does not meet hygienic standards, ”the Accounting Chamber concluded.
The auditor who prepared the report, Aleksey Kaulbars, came to the conclusion that the scale of the measures that had already been implemented for the ecological rehabilitation of water bodies “is clearly insufficient.” He emphasized that despite the overall decrease in the discharge of polluted wastewater, they nevertheless increase the content of chlorides, nitrates, potassium and phosphates.
“In water bodies used as drinking sources, there is an increase in the proportion of water samples that do not meet the SanPin requirements,” Kaulbars concluded.
In his opinion, the measures taken are ineffective due to insufficient legal regulation, inconsistency of the main strategic documents in this area, lack of interdepartmental coordination and lack of quality monitoring of harm from discharges into water bodies.
The Accounts Chamber proposed to create a unified digital platform for river basins with online monitoring. This will make it possible to identify “the negative impact of each water user and obtain reliable data on the scale of pollution of aquatic ecosystems,” Kaulbars said.
Last week trial obliged Norilsk-Taimyr Energy Company (NTEK) (subsidiary of Norilsk Nickel) to pay more than RUB 146 billion. as compensation for damage caused by the fuel spill in May 2020. Then from one of the tanks at CHPP-3 more than 21 thousand tons of fuel spilled out, which got into nearby rivers and partly into Lake Pyasino.
Vice Prime Minister Victoria Abramchenko reportedthat this money will go to support environmental projects in the Krasnoyarsk Territory.