The FBI and the Immigration and Customs Enforcement Service (ICE) of the United States are using their citizens' driver's license photographs to create a database for facial recognition without their consent.
According to "The Washington Post" and "The New York Times," thousands of internal documents, emails and requests for facial recognition obtained by researchers at Georgetown Law School (United States) have revealed that for the past five years federal investigators have used the images of their citizens' driver's license to form a database that they then use for facial recognition.
In fact, according to the Government Accountability Office (GAO) reports, 21 US states, including Pennsylvania and Texas, allow federal agencies such as the FBI to scan photos of their citizens' condemnation card. , although only if these are relevant to a criminal investigation.
The system that follows is based on the fact that, generally, the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) of the corresponding state receives a federal citation or court order by which it must send scanned the photograph of the corresponding driver. Once the FBI receives the information, it uses it to check if that photograph matches any of those registered in the database. They say that this mechanism is not only to identify suspects of crimes, but also to detect possible witnesses, victims, etc.
In this way, the FBI has access to local, state and federal databases containing 641 million facial photographs, according to the Government Accountability Office (GAO). This system, according to the FBI, has 86% reliability as long as the search generates at least 50 possible matches between photographs.
In all cases, this has been done without the consent or knowledge of any of those affected, in fact, the chairman of the Oversight Committee of the House of Representatives, Elijah E. Cummings, has assured that "the access to the bases State data on the part of security forces are often carried out in the shadows without consent. " According to the GAO, since 2011, the FBI has introduced more than 390,000 facial recognition records from federal and local databases, including those from driver's license photos.
Reports reveal that facial recognition is normally used to track suspects for minor crimes, such as theft. According to the senior lawyer of the project of the vigilance group of the Government Supervision, Jim Jordan, "is really a surveillance system first, ask for permission later. Only the FBI makes 4,000 records a month, and many of them are through the state's Department of Motor Vehicles (DMVs). " In the case of ICE, a spokesperson for the institution has assured that the facial recognition in his case is part of "investigative techniques that are generally considered as sensitive for the security forces". . (tagsToTranslate) carnet (t) drive (t) recognition (t) facial