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the Prospect instrument will use the water stored at the South Pole. Explanations

future manned missions to the Moon and if we consider permanent habitats, to live and work there, beyond simple exploratory visits that will be the first Artemis missions from NASA, the space agencies concerned are considering how to use resources wisely in situ of the Moon to allow this most complete and autonomous human installation possible. “data-reactid =” 12 “> In anticipation of future manned missions to the Moon and if we consider permanent habitats, to live and work there, beyond simple exploratory visits that will be the first Artemis missions from NASA, the space agencies concerned are considering how to use resources wisely in situ of the Moon to allow this most complete and autonomous human installation possible.

layers of water ice significant, located only less than 50 centimeters from the surface and sinking to more or less 1.5 meters deep. “data-reactid =” 13 “> In recent years, different satellites orbiting the The moon has discovered that craters located at the poles, whose floors never see daylight, potentially contain thick deposits of ice, sometimes several meters thick. These satellites have also revealed the presence of significant quantities of volatile elements on the lunar surface, scientists of which would now like to specify the origin, distribution and abundance. Radar observations have also identified in the subsoil, layers of water ice non-negligible, located only less than 50 centimeters from the surface and sinking more or less 1.5 meters deep.

This water and these volatile substances are all potential resources, essential to the autonomy necessary for the human presence on the Moon, a key step to prepare for future Martian human missions, then expansion into deep space. Water ice, by providing the water and oxygen essential to life, could also be used to make the fuel necessary for spacecraft returning to Earth with a cargo or a crew, but also for departing craft for other space destinations (Mars in particular).

The Luna-Resurs (Luna 27) must land at the South Pole in a site that could accommodate an inhabited base. This mission must in particular estimate the resources usable for a human presence. © Roscosmos

Sustainability, durability and autonomy

For the Agency …

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