LENGKONG, AYOBANDUNG.COM – The early symptoms of breast cancer are often difficult to know. This is because breast cancer is in its early stages, rarely causing any symptoms. To recognize breast cancer, it is important to carry out early detection of cancer by performing BSE (self-check breasts) and regular breast examinations at health facilities.
Like cancer in general, breast cancer is a disease that is difficult to detect at an early stage. The early symptoms of breast cancer will only appear when cancer cells have started to develop. Understanding the early symptoms of breast cancer can make you more alert, so you can get treatment early with a greater success rate.
Recognizing Early Symptoms of Breast Cancer
Quoted from Alodokter.com, there are various features that are the early symptoms of breast cancer, one of which is a change in the nipple, both surface, texture, or temperature. These changes are usually accompanied by stinging, discharge, or itching.
If the surface of the breast skin looks rough and has a reddish color like orange peel, it indicates advanced breast cancer.
In addition, the following other signs can be recognized from the early symptoms of breast cancer:
Lumps in the breast or armpit
This lump does not go away after the menstrual period. The characteristics of breast cancer lumps tend to feel hard, not painful with uneven edges. But there are also cancerous lumps that are painful, tender, and with a flat edge. In addition, even though you may not feel it when you feel it, this lump can be detected in advance through a mammogram.
The breasts feel sore continuously
Although sore breasts can also be caused by other things, such as the use of contraceptive pills, fertility programs, wearing an inappropriate bra, cysts, or stress. But to be sure, it is advisable to consult a doctor immediately.
There is a scaly rash on the nipple and or around the nipple.
This condition is a symptom of Paget’s disease, which has been linked to breast cancer.
Fluid appears from the nipple
The fluid that appears can be colored, clear, or bloody. Apart from cancer cells, breast discharge can also be caused by infection.
Changes in the surface of the breast
The skin on the surface of the breast looks different from the skin around it.
Routine Breast Checks is the Main Prevention
There are times when cancer cells do not appear as large lumps in the breast, but spread through the lymph nodes to the neck or armpits, causing a lump in the area.
In fact, 90% of lumps in women’s breasts are non-cancerous. But to be sure, it’s better to see a doctor immediately. Not only in women, breast cancer can also occur in men with more or less the same symptoms.
As a first step, the doctor will perform a physical examination by examining the surface of the breasts, nipples, and armpits. The doctor will ask general questions, such as whether you already have children and breastfeeding, drugs that have been or are being consumed, and lifestyle. In addition, the doctor will also ask about a family history of cancer, because some breast cancer can be linked to genetic factors.
Screening tests with mammography are generally used to find abnormalities in the breast, and to detect whether the breast lump is benign or malignant. Apart from mammography, mammary ultrasound can also be used to confirm the results.
As an initial home check, you can do a BSE by hand to detect any unusual lumps. If you do feel a lump in your breast, don’t worry too much first. Not necessarily the lump is an early symptom of breast cancer. Perform further examinations to the doctor, so that it can be diagnosed and given the right treatment.