The voice of Galicia
M. So dopeso
redaccin / LA VOZ
05/14/2019 7:22 PM
Hijos de J. Barreras, the largest private shipyard in Galicia, had 384 workers in 1976, when it belonged to the INI (National Institute of Industry). Today, with 162 employees, it has the largest workforce in the private sector, after the 38 incorporations that have come with orders from the shipping companies The Ritz Carlton, Havila and Armas.
Next, by number of workers, Nodosa (Marn) with 111 workers; Metalships with 71; Freire Shipyards and Cardama, with 65, each; Factors Vulcano, with 67; and Armn Vigo, with 31 employees. In total, the Galician private shipyards employ today 515 people, 40 more than last year, due to the increase in the order book, but almost 300 less than in 2004, when the sector began its great transformation towards the synthesis shipyard model that, explained in a very simple way, consists of outsourcing or sub-contracting as many more phases of the production process, better, to reduce costs.
The voice of Galicia
This strategy, which in practice translates into shipyards with a minimum number of own workers, and the subcontracting of a large part of the activity in an auxiliary industry that adds more than 12,000 jobs in Galicia, has meant that in the last 15 years templates have not stopped and that the streak of each job has only been broken in the current year, due to the need to strengthen technical offices and executive positions, according to the report that Comisiones Obreras presented yesterday on the sector.
In contrast to the new hires registered in almost all the factories in 2019, the document notes the loss of Vulcano and Metalships cash, derived from reduced activity.
Synthesis of employment
But the increase in staff found in the current exercise does not have much more travel, according to sources in the sector. The reduction of own templates is one of its main strengths to fight against the fierce competition that lurks from anywhere in the world, and especially from the Far East. Technological advances have made it possible for any shipyard to build vessels of identical performance, so that the only difference lies in the final price. Whoever manages to reduce production costs and sell cheaper will be the one who takes the contract.
But the trade unions continue to question the model of synthesis and CC.OO. I take the opportunity to once again urge the shipyards to increase their own workplaces, and to recover part of the outsourced production processes, as a formula to guarantee greater job stability. The union is critical with the cheap subcontracting of technical tasks, a practice that will be causing, according to complaint, multiple delays due to imbalances, which also implies an increase in costs. They also reject the hiring of foreign companies to lower labor costs.
. (tagsToTranslate) Vulcano (t) Shipyard Barriers (t) Auxiliary industry (t) CC. OO. (T) Companies