Home » Health » The Undip RSND Doctor Explains the Symptoms of DHF and How to Prevent It All

The Undip RSND Doctor Explains the Symptoms of DHF and How to Prevent It All


KOMPAS.com – Most parts of Indonesia have entered the rainy season. The public is asked to immediately take precautions against the threat of various diseases, especially Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF).

DHF is a disease caused by the dengue virus. So far it is known, dengue is transmitted by mosquito bites.

There are two types of mosquitoes as an intermediary for transmission of dengue virus to a human body to become dengue fever, namely Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus.

Pediatrician at the Diponegoro National Hospital (RSND) at Diponegoro University (Undip), Nahwa Arkhaesi, said that dengue can attack all ages, from infants to the elderly.

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“DHF occurs in the transition season, rain is interspersed with heat and we will find for example outside the house such as in the midribs of trees or leaves there is rainwater remaining, it can become a breeding ground for mosquitoes, so there will be more mosquitoes at times. and the incidence of dengue will increase,” said Nahwa as quoted from the Undip website.

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The first symptom of dengue infection that appears, he continued, is fever.

“What we do is reduce the fever with fever-reducing drugs, then drink often. But don’t be surprised if it goes up and down again, this is a fever phase and there is no need to panic too much,” he said.

“The fever-reducing drug that is specifically allowed for dengue is paracetamol,” he added.

To prevent dehydration he recommends consuming water or milk, as long as the drink is not red or brown.

“Because it is feared when vomiting is blood or the color of milk,” he said.

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Nahwa said that the phase or cycle of dengue fever (DHF) begins with the fever phase that occurs immediately after the virus begins to infect.

High fever usually lasts for 2 to 7 days. On average the fourth day has started to enter the critical phase, next is the healing phase.

“If there are complaints of high fever, please be more alert, if the fever has been lowered, but you still have a fever for 2 to 3 days, please seek treatment immediately,” said Nahwa.

The problem with bleeding is because the platelets drop so the risk of bleeding is there but it doesn’t always appear, every child is different.

Bleeding can appear in the febrile phase, and if the critical phase is not resolved, the bleeding will be more severe because the fear is leaking blood vessels.

How to prevent dengue

To reduce the risk of DHF, Nahwa provides a number of tips. First, he appealed to the public to maintain a clean environment outside and inside their homes, especially water reservoirs or where water was accidentally caught.

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“Environmental cleanliness is improved, bathtubs or water reservoirs must be brushed frequently. The key to prevention is not to allow stagnant water, to clean up garbage that causes water to accumulate,” he suggested.

In addition, he said not to ignore 3 M, namely burying used items, closing water reservoirs, and draining bathtubs.

Regarding the Covid-19 pandemic, which has not yet ended, he also appealed to the public to maintain the process of implementing clean, healthy living and eating nutritious foods.

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