Europeans expressed concern about the risk of a new arms race on their continent, but NATO supported the US position, which accuses Moscow of violating the treaty for years
The United States prepares for the new Fra War with China and Russia
China: the army of the future forms ranks
The United States officially leaves the treaty on nuclear weapons of intermediate scope (INF) after Friday accuse Mosc of not respecting him for years; a decision that opens the way to a new arms race against Russia and, above all, China.
The UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, described the disappearance of this treaty as a dangerous step that "probably increase, not reduce, the threat posed by ballistic missiles"." When the world expires tomorrow, losing an invaluable brake in nuclear war, "he said Thursday.
The government of US President Donald Trump says the treaty is already dead due to Russian violations, an accusation the country denies.
"The INF treaty was useful for us, but it only works if both parties respect it," said the new Pentagon chief Mark Esper recently. "The United States respect the treaty and all its obligations until August 2 and then we will do what suits us," said in the Senate.
Washington launched on February 1 the withdrawal of that bilateral agreement signed during the Fra War, a process that lasts six months.
Russian President Vladimir Putin ratified on July 3 the suspension of Russia's participation in that agreement.
The withdrawal of the two countries ends the INF treaty which, by prohibit the use of missiles with a range of between 500 and 5,500 km, It had allowed the elimination of US-Russian Russian and Pershing SS20 ballistic shells deployed in Europe.
Europeans expressed concern about the risk of a new arms race on their continent, but NATO supported the US position, claiming that the Russian missile 9M729 violated the INF treaty. Mosc denied those accusations and claimed that his new weapon had a maximum range of 480 km.
The end of the treaty may be beneficial for the United States, said former Defense Secretary Ash Carter last month. "From a military point of view, and not political, it's not that bad," he said during a conference at the Council on Foreign Relations study center. "We could make good use of what we call a fast conventional attack."
In fact, the Pentagon is glad to be able to modernize its arsenal to counteract the growing power of China, which attempts to seat its supreme military in Asia.
On Thursday, Trump told reporters that the INF issue was not even mentioned when he spoke by telephone with Putin on Wednesday about Russian forest fires.
However, he vaguely suggested that a new treaty could be created. "Russia would like to do something about a nuclear treaty and that's fine for me. They would like to do something and me too," he said.
"Most of the Chinese arsenal is made up of intermediate-range missiles and we must be sure that we have the same capabilities if, unfortunately, we are in conflict with them somewhere," says Esper.
Washington said it would not deploy new nuclear missiles in Europe, but made no promise about the deployment of conventional weapons.
The new technologies allow to develop weapons of intermediate scope much more precise 30 years ago, explains former ambassador William Courtney, who works as an expert in the independent reflection center Rand Corporation.
"The technology has changed so much that it makes them (weapons of intermediate scope) militarily attractive," explains that disarmament specialist.
For Thomas Mahnken of the Johns Hopkins University Center for Strategic Studies, the United States must deploy these conventional medium-range missiles in Pacific islands and in allied country territories to counteract Pekn's power in the South China Sea, where the Chinese army has conquered several disputed islands.
"It is time to turn the situation around," said the expert in a comment published on the specialized website "War on the rocks." "Those weapons capable of preventing China's access to coastal waters will be a deterrent against Chinese aggression."
A proposal that seems to have the approval of the next Chief of Staff, General Mark Milley.
When senators asked him about the end of the INF treaty, Milley said he would welcome the deployment of conventional medium-range land missiles in the Indo-Pacific region.
A treaty signed by Reagan and Gorbachev
The last Soviet leader, Mijal Gorbachev, warned that the waiver of the short and medium range missile elimination treaty (INF), will make world politics "unpredictable" and "catholic."
Gorbachev, who signed the treaty with the then president of the United States, Ronald reagan, on December 8, 1987, underlined that the expiration of the first treaty of disarmament of the Fra War "to dynamit not only the security of Europe, but of the whole world".
Under the circumstances, Gorbachev urged to try to save the START III treaty, the strategic offensive weapon reduction pact that was signed in 2010 and expires in 2021.
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