Cases of dementia in the world will continue to rise and multiply by three, in 2050, warned Tuesday in Geneva, the World Health Organization (WHO), being healthy life the best weapon to prevent this public health problem It currently affects millions of people around the world, mainly in the poorest countries.
Dementia is a disease that is characterized by excessive deterioration of a person's cognitive functions with respect to their age. The WHO estimates that between 5 and 8% of people in
more than sixty years suffer from dementia at some point in their lives, a risk that will not cease to increase in the coming years.
Of the fifty million people affected by dementia, currently in the world, the figures could triple and reach 150 million in 2050. However, this evolution is not irreversible since, contrary to cognitive decline, which appears with age, dementia is not an natural or inevitable consequence of old age.
To reduce the risk of dementia, the UN health agency publishes recommendations that are available to everyone. Among them is the adoption of the Mediterranean diet as a diet, stop smoking and reduce alcohol consumption to control blood pressure, weight, cholesterol and blood sugar level.
Among the foods that should be included in a person's daily diet to reduce the risk of dementia are fruits, vegetables and legumes, about five servings equivalent to 400 grams a day. Also the whole cereals and all the roots, like the sweet potato, potatoes or other roots that are not in the list of fruits or vegetables.
The recommendations suggest that less than 30% of the daily energy intake in fat is of animal origin. Being vegetable fats – contained in avocado, sunflower or nuts – the healthiest. They also recommend reducing the intake of processed, non-organic products to 10% of the daily total and limiting the consumption of salt to 5 grams daily and to 50% of the sugar include fruit, soft drinks and other foods containing sugar).
According to the Director General of the WHO, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, in the next thirty years, the number of people affected will triple and that is why "we must do everything possible to reduce the risk of contracting this disease". "The recommendations we publish confirm that what is good for our hearts is also good for our brain."
These new WHO recommendations are useful both for doctors and nurses and for governments, since they will have more tools to fight against this public health problem through the promotion of healthy lifestyles. They also highlight the central role that caregivers or assistants will have in caring for the sick.
One of the fundamental aspects of the national programs against dementia is the support that will have to be given to the carers of people affected by dementia. Although most patients are cared for by members of their family, who have to devote part of their time to caring for loved ones, this is not always the case. (tagsToTranslate) prevention (t) dementia