A government decree no 781 of October 14, 2020 on special provisions related to the prevention, detection and limitation of the spread of the Coronavirus, Sars Cov-2, has just been published in the latest edition of the Official Journal .
The decree proceeds, in its article 2, to the definition of the concepts related to the contamination of the Coronavirus:
* Confirmed case: Anyone whose RT-PCR analysis or any other analysis approved by the Ministry of Health is positive;
* Suspected case: Anyone presenting symptoms of Sars Cov-2, or having been in contact with a sick case;
* Probable case: Anyone who has been in close contact with a patient, or who has symptoms of inflammation of the respiratory system, with the appearance of signs on the CT scan;
* Case being screened: Any suspected or probable case pending the result of the RT-PCR analysis or any other analysis approved by the Ministry of Health;
* Close Contacts: all people who have been in contact with a confirmed case, for 15 minutes or more, at a distance of less than 1.5 meters, without wearing a mask;
* Case monitoring: active search for contact cases of confirmed cases presenting symptoms of Sars Cov-2, among people with symptoms;
* Sanitary confinement: placing a person in self-isolation for a period defined by the competent health authority, in accordance with the sanitary protocol, updated according to the evolution of the epidemiological situation and scientific discoveries;
* Sanitary isolation: place confirmed cases in self-isolation, or in compulsory confinement;
* Community cases: at least 3 confirmed cases reported in less than a week, at the same place of residence, work or other closed place.
* Transmission chains: Cases of contagion recorded from the 1st confirmed case.
What arrangements for arrivals in Tunisia for a stay of more than 5 days?
According to article 3 of this text, the health authorities determine the cases that require an RT-PCR test or any other analysis, depending on the evolution of the epidemiological situation, knowledge and findings, based on opinions experts.
The same article calls on all stakeholders to stick to the guidelines set out in the health protocol published on the official website of the Ministry of Health in terms of the management of suspected or probable cases of arrivals in Tunisia for a longer stay. at 5 days, from countries set by the Ministry of Health, as well as deaths classified as “Covid-deaths”.
Those affected by confinement or isolation must comply with the instructions of the competent health authorities.
Those in charge of public and private health structures must provide the necessary means of prevention for their staff, guaranteeing hygienic conditions, and the application of preventive measures, and health protocols, in collaboration with the health authorities.
According to article 6, the population will have to comply with the preventive measures decreed by the health authorities, offenders are liable to legal proceedings.
This government decree specifies the measures to be taken when cases of contamination are recorded among health personnel, or community cases in a professional environment other than health; in schools, or in society. The text imposes, where applicable, the application of the sanitary protocol, the closure of the affected areas, etc.
Article 11 of the said decree calls on the regional health directors to coordinate with the regional services of the different sectors, with a view to setting up a listening unit and, if necessary, psychological support for the cases mentioned above.
A similar unit will have to be installed in a school environment.