It is still not very clear when the autonomous car will arrive to circulate freely on our streets and roads. But little by little the brands have incorporated into their new vehicles the so-called ADAS systems (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems), which contribute to improving active and passive safety. Elements such as automatic braking, lane maintenance or parking attendants have already become part of the basics of a new car.
All these systems represent a huge advance in safety, whose progressive implementation in the fleet of cars is reducing the number of accidents, victims and injuries; and also the associated economic costs and claims to claims insurance.
But like all technologies at our service, we must use them correctly to obtain all their benefits. And it is very important to understand that the ADAS systems are an aid to the driver, not an automatic pilot that replaces us or allows us to lower our level of attention to the steering wheel.
Hence the vices that many drivers are acquiring in the use of these systems, which have much to do with the theory of risk compensation (Wilde, 1988). What explains this theory, basically, is that each driver is willing to accept a constant level of risk and the more secure you feel in your car, the more risk you assume. Taking it to the extreme, if we were in glass cars we would drive in a much more prudent way, being aware that any accident would have serious consequences. At the opposite pole, when we drive in super safe cars, we increase speed and we are cautious, as we feel more protected.
ADAS systems need "eyes" and sensors that detect everything that happens around the car and collect the information, and then act accordingly, providing the driver and occupants with the greatest possible safety. These "eyes" and sensors have capacities and limitations due to their technology and nature. Only the combination of information provided by all of them -called sensor fusion- by the "brain" of the car, produces a reliable recognition of the environment.
The vast majority of ADAS cameras are mounted on the windshield. As recalled from Carglass, when you replace a windshield, you have to disassemble the broken glass cameras and assemble them in the new one. Once installed, these systems have to be recalibrated to ensure that they operate with maximum precision and provide the correct information to the security systems.
These are the great vices of drivers with the ADAS systems that numerous studies are detecting:
Emergency autonomous braking
As the driver knows that his car is going to warn him and brake only in case of detecting a risk of collision, he sticks more to the car that precedes him or distracts attention for longer (with the radio, the mobile phone …) while driving in traffic dense.
Autonomous emergency braking with pedestrian detection
It relaxes the level of attention to the possible reckless crossing of pedestrians (especially children) in urban areas, thinking that the car will detect them and stop only avoiding a possible outrage.
As the driver knows that the car stays within the lane and the roadway on its own, it allows itself to drive with drowsiness.
Cross traffic alert
Knowing that your car is equipped with a cross-traffic warning system, the driver joins a track back without performing visual checks, blindly trusting -never better said- in the operation of the system.
Adaptive cruise control
As our car automatically maintains the distance with which it precedes, the driver neglects its functions and lets the system continue to "guide" the car and brake on its own when, for example, we leave the highway for an exit with a car in front of.
Dead angle warning
Aware that this system will alert us to the presence of another vehicle in our blind spot, we look less through the mirrors or stop doing it.
As the system warns us with acoustic signals when we are approaching any obstacle, nor do we look back when turning back to park.
Change of vehicle
We get used to relaxing the level of attention when driving a vehicle that equips all ADAS systems; and we act the same when we have to take one that does not equip them, increasing the risk at the wheel without being aware of it. . (tagsToTranslate) vices (t) flyer (t) security