world – miscellaneous
The Japanese probe is working to explore the moons of Mars, specifically Phobos, where studies indicate that this moon is covered with a variety of materials resulting from the many meteorite collisions that struck the planet Mars and its moons.
While the MSR probe is working to return a large sample of Martian soil in cooperation with NASA and the European Space Agency, it was collected from Jezero crater on the surface of Mars itself. But the Japanese mission led by the agency “JAXA” specifically targets Mars’ moon Phobos for a very important reason.
The Japanese agency, led by JAXA, specifically targets Mars’ moon Phobos for a very important reason.
According to “scitechdaily” magazine, cooperation and coordination between the American and Chinese probe supports improving the ability to investigate the effects of life on Mars from multiple perspectives.
Although the surface of Mars is dry, scientists believe that in earlier times there was an ocean on the surface of the Red Planet until about 3.5 billion years ago.
Team members on the JAXA mission believe that Phobos may contain a high chance of finding early signs of life on the Red Planet, where the different atmospheric factors between Mars and its moon would contribute to the survival of traces of this life.
According to the scientific journal iflscience, the goal of the mission is to return a physical sample to Earth by 2029, overcoming the efforts of other space agencies to return samples from the surface of Mars.
The difference between the missions that land on Mars and the missions that land on the moons of Mars is significant, as the gravity of Mars is the biggest obstacle to the return of the missions to Earth, which succeeded in overtaking the Japanese rover.
Taking advantage of the Martian moon’s low gravity, the Japanese rover can take off and exit much more easily from its atmosphere and embark on a reversal of a return trip to Earth with a treasure trove that could change our view of the world and might reveal a history of life on Mars and its moons.