04/06/2020 09: 42h
The proliferation of mobile applications on monitoring the
Covid-19 coronavirus It has raised doubts about the privacy of these digital “vaccines” that are designed for the self-evaluation of citizens facing the decongestion of health services. In Asian countries such as South Korea, Singapore or China, where the first source of infection originated, they have been used by a large majority of people. Fear is losing privacy. What are they doing in other countries?
In Spain the proposals have multiplied. One of the most relevant is Coronamadrid. Through a form and a series of data, users can analyze their health status through a simple test, thus avoiding the collapse of the telephone lines open for citizen attention. Through some questions, it is possible to know which of the symptoms. But they have multiplied everywhere in recent weeks under the same idea. They need to geolocate to verify that the user is in the region. The Spanish Government is preparing one for the national territory. The Secretary of State for Digitization and Artificial Intelligence, under the Ministry of Economic Affairs led by Nadia Calviño, has authorized the creation of a tool to allow health authorities to obtain data on the geolocation of users in order to ensure that they are in the community where it claims to be and that is more effective.
The British National Health Service (NHS) is also considering carrying out a central assessment of smartphone data. A week ago the government gave the green light to create “movement maps” using anonymous location data to find out if the British are quarantining. The operators participate in the mobility study.
The Rolandk Koch Institute is involved, along with 180 researchers from other countries, in the development of the project “Pan-European Privacy Preserving Proximity Tracing” (PEPP-PT), an application that is downloaded to the mobile and that would allow the user to know via Bluetooth if you are near someone who is or has been infected. It is designed to facilitate the work of health authorities and protect the privacy of citizens and has already been tested in the facilities of the Berlin military headquarters Julius Leber, both indoors and outdoors. “Each encounter within a critical distance of more than a few minutes is kept for 20 days,” he explains.
Thomas Wiegand, head of the Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute. The algorithms recognize even if there is a wall or panel between the users. The Ministry of Health is modifying the Infection Protection law to be able to use it
Rosalía Sánchez, correspondent for Germany.
The mobile phone operator A1 has provided the Austrian government with anonymous data on the movements of its users to verify the collective compliance with the measures against the expansion of the coronavirus and outline contagion patterns, which has sparked great controversy. “A1 makes this data available to government agencies in times of crisis, for the benefit of the general public,” said Austrian company Telekom. The objective is to determine the behavior of citizens regarding their movements, to check if the masses are complying with government regulations. The data would have revealed that displacements in general have been reduced by between 40% and 50%, according to the newspaper «Kronen Zeitung»,
The Donald Trump government contacted the main technology companies such as Facebook, Apple or Google to try to tackle the coronavirus to use the data from “smartphones” and use movement and location patterns in order to ensure that the population complies. the conditions of social distancing.
The Japanese proposal has defended, like Korea or Singapore, in a service that monitors the location of a person to indicate if they can go out on the street based on various parameters: the age of the individual, if they have tested positive, whether you are immunized or have taken your temperature. In this way, a certificate with visual codes is created as a traffic light to return to “normality”.
The country has been a success story in this field. Among their measures they created an “app” called Corona100m that has a technology called “geofencing” that acts as a “virtual fence” so that users, by receiving a mobile alert, can know if they are entering an area with massive cases of infections, thus allowing you to take extreme precautions.
This country has been set as an example in the fight against the coronavirus, although now it is already thinking of a more difficult confinement of the population due to the increase in new infections. Also, like South Korea, it has used digital services among its national strategy, which has included the registration of massive tests. One of the most advanced is TraceTogether. A project reduces the number of new infections to great levels. Unlike other tools, it uses Bluetooth wireless technology to help the government locate and notify people who have been in contact with an infected person. It allows detecting users who were within 5 meters.
The country designed a software where a few personal data are entered to know if they have symptoms. Alipay Health Code, managed by the Chinese government, generates a QR code with the risk level (red, yellow, green). Information that can be used by health authorities to monitor the possible infected and know if quarantine is being followed.