What Are the Common Features of an Explanatory Text? This is the explanation

Illustration of explanatory text. Photo: Pixabay
Citing books Diligent in Indonesian by Churin In Nabillah (2020: 147), explanatory text describes a sequence activities or a causal process. This is indicated by the use of words so that, cause, if, then, etc. in explanatory text.

Then, what are the general features of the explanatory text that distinguish it from other texts? Here’s the explanation.

General Characteristics of Explanatory Text

  1. Contains factual information, namely statements that contain events based on real events (facts). This is indicated by the presence of time or place. Function fact in the explanatory text this is as a cause or effect of an occurrence event. In addition, facts also serve to convey the truth of the information contained in the text.
  2. Discusses a phenomenon or event of a scientific or scientific nature.

  3. Informative, but does not influence the reader to believe what is being discussed.

  4. According to the book Super Complete SMP/MTs 7, 8, 9 by Elis Khoerunnisa et al (2019: 1173), the structure of the explanatory text consists of general statements, causal sequences, and interpretations.

In order to better understand explanatory text, here are examples of explanatory text quoted from the book CCM A Quick Way to Master Indonesian High School and MA by Tomi Rianto (2019: 99).

A lunar eclipse occurs when part or all of the moon’s cross section is covered by the earth’s shadow. It happens when the earth is between the sun and the moon in the same straight line, so that the sun’s rays cannot reach the moon because it is blocked by the earth.

In fact, during a lunar eclipse, often the moon can still be seen. This is because there is still sunlight that is deflected towards the moon by the earth’s atmosphere. And most of these deflected rays have a red light spectrum. That is why during a lunar eclipse, the moon will appear dark in color, which can be copper red, orange, or brown.

When the earth’s shadow covers as or the entire cross section of the moon, that is when a lunar eclipse occurs. Especially when the earth occupies a position between the sun and the moon, and is in the same straight line, which then makes the sun’s rays unable to reach the moon because it is blocked by the earth’s position at that time.


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