A new edition of the guide 'International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems' (INN) of the World Health Organization has replaced the term 'transsexual' with that of 'gender incongruence', defined as a related condition with a person's sexual health, rather than as a mental and behavioral disorder.
In 1990, the World Health Assembly stopped defining homosexuality as a mental disorder and published the first ICD, a guide used throughout the world as a basis for carrying out health statistics that influence the financing of health services and insurance. Health.
Now, and on the occasion of the celebration of the International Day Against Homophobia
, Transphobia and Biphobia, the WHO has announced the update of the work, also known as 'DCI-11', in which it is recalled that the term 'transsexual', referring to transgender people and homosexuals, generated stigmas and created barriers in health care.
And, for example, these people had to be diagnosed as mentally ill in order to access medical care. Now, the guide recognizes the frequent linkages between gender identity, sexual behavior, exposure to violence and sexually transmitted infections.
Same access to health services
«If a doctor sees a transgender patient in a state of depression, he should offer him a treatment like any other person. Transgender people need access to specialized medical care, because we often face the side effects of hormonal therapies and this must be taken into account, "said Anzhelika Volkonskaya, a trained nurse and transgender activist from Belarus.
In addition, he points out that "to survive, it is not uncommon for transgender people to become involved in commercial sex work and a person in this situation needs periodic tests to detect sexually transmitted infections and HIV"
The Acting Director of Communicable Diseases in the European Region of WHO, Masoud Dara, has stressed the importance of transgender people having equal access to health services, including HIV prevention and care.
"The adoption of the 'DCI-11' by countries is a vital first step to remove legal barriers to care. That will help stop stigma and discrimination and accelerate progress towards true universal health coverage, "Dara said. (tagsToTranslate) term (t) transsexual