Strategies.id – Quitting the smoking habit is not easy. For some people, quitting smoking can cause withdrawal symptoms nicotine, here are the symptoms as reported by alodokter.com
Nicotine withdrawal symptoms can cause physical and mental problems, such as stress, anxiety, and feeling weak, although generally they are only temporary. Complaints are mainly felt about 48 hours after quitting smoking and will subside after 3-4 weeks later.
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Nicotine dependence makes a person’s body need certain levels of this substance every day. When nicotine intake is stopped, nicotine withdrawal symptoms may occur, such as headache, nausea, constipation, diarrhea, or flu-like symptoms of muscle aches, coughing, and weakness.
In addition, the possibility of nicotine withdrawal symptoms can also be in the form of psychological problems, such as difficulty concentrating, anxiety, the desire to return to smoking, irritability or feelings of being sensitive, difficult. sleep, to excessive hunger. That is why, not infrequently those who experience weight gain because they eat more after quitting smoking.
To a minimumcan Nicotine Withdrawal Symptoms
To minimize nicotine withdrawal symptoms, there are several options, including:
The goal of this therapy is to help find triggers for smoking cravings, such as emotional situations or conditions. Then, together with a counselor or therapist, find a way to overcome it without smoking. Treatment with psychotherapy or behavioral therapy, can also be done to help quit smoking more effectively.
- Make use of nicotine replacement therapy
This therapy provides nicotine intake without being accompanied by other harmful chemicals that are usually contained in tobacco cigarettes. For people experiencing bothersome nicotine withdrawal symptoms, this therapy can help relieve it. This nicotine replacement therapy can be used on the same day a person decides to quit smoking.
Generally available in the form of chewing gum, throat lozenges (lozenges), patch (patches) attached to the skin, or sprays (nasal spray), and inhaled drugs (inhaler).
- Using the help of drugs
Under the supervision of a doctor, nicotine withdrawal symptoms as a result of quitting smoking can be treated with drugs. Drug buproprion can be used in conjunction with nicotine replacement therapy. Besides that, there is also medicine varenicline which can inhibit nicotine’s effects on the brain. For people with heart disease or mental disorders, you should be more vigilant about the use of this drug.
- Apply combination therapy
For example, using both the nicotine patch and chewing gum, and doing behavioral therapy plus nicotine replacement therapy or drugs. Taking combination therapy will usually be more effective at dealing with nicotine withdrawal symptoms and quitting smoking.
No need to give up quickly when trying to quit smoking. Not all smokers can successfully quit on the first attempt. They had to do multiple trials, ranging from a few weeks to months. Some steps that can be taken include switching to a healthy, nutritionally balanced diet, or buying other things according to your hobby from the money you usually buy cigarettes.
Ask family and friends to support your efforts to quit smoking. Motivate yourself and always remind yourself of your main goal of quitting smoking. If you decide to use drugs to treat nicotine withdrawal symptoms, consult your doctor first to get the type of drug and the right dose.