Afghanistan, the test of strength of the Taliban who feel victory is near

Technical tests of the near future? After nearly twenty years of war, the Taliban feel they are close to victory and come out into the open. This is demonstrated by the incredible parade that accompanied the shadow governor of the province of Logar, in the east of the country. In broad daylight and in the heart of a city, dozens of brand new vehicles and motorcyclists with flags in the wind escort the dignitary of the fundamentalist resistance who now wants to return to power. What is likely to happen in many areas of Afghanistan after the American withdrawal, according to a tweet by Donald Trump it will be completed by Christmas.

It is the effect ofagreement signed in Doha last February between the US plenipotentiary and the Taliban. The second phase was supposed to bring the fundamentalists and the Kabul government to the same table, but it stalled for months around the junction of the prisoner exchange. And in the meantime, the White House has first decided to reduce its military, then to bring them all back home. A choice that risks leaving the field free to the fundamentalists. Which, despite the promises of truce, continue in targeted attacks against key government figures. Ready to win it all back.

The video of the parade – analyzed by Bill Roggio di Long War Journal – is impressive, because it testifies to the efficiency of the Taliban ranks. Bikers precede a long procession of brand-new Toyota station wagons. Many militiamen wield modern US weapons. Some appear to belong to the Red Unit, the special unit made up of commandos trained in night combat.

It is no longer the guerrillas in slippers who hid in the mountains, limiting themselves to hit and run attacks: what is taking the field now is a force with government ambitions. Which no longer fears the main threat of recent years: NATO air raids. The convoy of the Taliban leader To contact Ali Ali he slowly passes through the streets of a city, then stops in front of a building where the dignitary enters quietly on foot: the sign of how deeply ingrained the control of the territory is.

Yet it is a strategic province, a few tens of kilometers from Kabul and crossed by the most important highway that connects the capital to the South. From 2001 onwards, the national army and American troops have worked to pacify it and seven years afterwards the situation seemed quite calm: NATO had entrusted it to a contingent from the Czech Republic, with an activity plan for economic development. But little by little, the Taliban returned.

The governors appointed by the Kabul authorities do not have an easy time there. One was murdered in 2013; a year ago a car bomb tried to kill his successor by massacring his escort. Today, of the four districts that make up the province, only one is firmly in the hands of the national authorities. In the others either the fundamentalists dominate or the army remains barricaded in the city bases, leaving them free to move and impose the Koranic law. Typically, they begin by ordering the closure of schools and prohibiting the education of girls. And so they also erase the hopes of a different future for Afghanistan.

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Taliban-Afghanistan Peace Agreement, This Is The Strange Demand Page all

DOHA, KOMPAS.com – “We’re stuck” was how one delegate described the intra- Afghanistan which initially drew much praise when it began on September 12 at Doha.

After the initial direct conversation between Taliban and the Afghan government-led delegation in Doha, the obstacles are getting more complicated, according to the report Al Jazeera on Wednesday (23/9/2020).

A contact group consisting of a Taliban delegation and the Afghan government was formed to set terms and conditions before formal talks could begin with the participation of a larger group.

The group is an attempt to pave the way for agenda-setting talks aimed at achieving lasting peace in the war-torn country.

Intra-Afghan talks are planned in a deal between the Taliban and the United States signed in February.

Government Trump wants the rivals in Afghanistan to reach a peace agreement, because it wants to withdraw American troops from the country after nearly 20 years of its longest-running foreign war.

The Afghan government contact group was represented by Mohammad Masoom Stanekzai, Nader Nadery, Zarar Ahmad Muqbil Osmani, Fawzia Koofi, Mohammad Natiqi and Khalid Noor.

Meanwhile, the Taliban has been represented by Maulvi Abdul Kabir, Abbas Stanekzai, Noorullah Noori, Shaikh Delawar and Shaikh Qasim as representatives.

Also read: Taliban forces return to fight Afghan forces after liberation

Al Jazeera have seen the fourth and most recent version of the draft agenda for terms and conditions discussed in the initial contact group meeting.

There were 20 points first prepared in Kabul before the team arrived in Doha.

Most of the points are technical. Differences in agreement between the two sides have emerged over Islamic law, issues related to sects and other minority groups, and the language used in the draft.

All parties are spoken to Al Jazeera on condition of anonymity, due to the fragile state of the process and some not authorized to speak to the media.

Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh)

It was stressed that the “Hanafi” school of law followed by the majority of Afghanistan’s Sunni Muslims should serve as guidelines for all aspects of the terms and conditions of peace negotiations.

After initial rejection of the inclusion of jurisprudence in the document, which also discussed technical details, the two sides finally agreed to make it a comprehensive guide.

With the dominance of Sunni-Hanafi scholars from rival parties, this becomes complicated when the settlement of disputes is associated with one sect, as there is no representation for another sect, such as the jurisprudence Jaafria sect.

Also read: Afghanistan-Taliban War Continues, A Pregnant Wife Hopes Her Fourth Husband Will Not Die Again

Inclusivity

Afghanistan is home to a minority group from other Islamic jurisprudence schools, including Shia Muslims.

The country of 30 million is also home to a dwindling Hindu and Sikh minority, who fear marginalization if the majority’s religious interpretation is established as the only guiding principle for resolving disputes.

The current draft calls for allowing other schools of Islamic thought to be applied to their respective followers.

However, problems related to non-Muslim minorities will be resolved according to their religious law, provided it is in “sharia law”, ie it does not contradict the basic principles of Islam.

Small changes like changing “Quran and Sunnah” to “sharia” require a lot of back and forth discussion between the two sides.

Language

This terminology is also an important point as the members consider every word of the fourth draft.

One side must give in to the phrase “social justice” for the sake of “Islamic justice”. The other side, on the other hand, has had to succumb to pressure to portray the turmoil in Afghanistan initially as “jihad” into “conflict”, a more acceptable term for both sides.

Also read: After 2 Decades of War, Have Peace Talks been Tackled by the Taliban with the Government of Afghanistan?

Pandora’s box

There are also disagreements about whether the “Doha agreement” can be included as part of the text in the terms and conditions.

This opens Pandora’s box because the “Doha agreement” made in February only lasts between governments AS and the Taliban. The Afghan government is not a party to it.

The Western-backed Afghan government wants to mention the “loya jirga”, the council of traditional Afghan tribal elders, and their agreement with the US, which was signed in Kabul following the Doha accord.

Patience

Several Afghan government officials, including the first Vice President Amrullah Saleh, have made fiery statements against the Taliban, to which the Taliban have responded.

However, during the peace talks in Doha, efforts have been made to keep talks warm.

Several uncomfortable lines were exchanged, with the delegation saying “people should be put in their place”, but generally the tone of voice remained calm.

Also read: Bomb in Kabul Targets the Vice President of Afghanistan, Citizens Become Victims

So far, there has been no fierce bickering or insinuation, although there have been some emotional moments in the meetings between contact groups.

Attempts have been made to break the ice and make jokes, so that violent politicians on both sides do not take control of the meeting.

Owned Afghanistan, leader of Afghanistan

Afghanistan’s international partners do not believe that this is the right time for them to step in to help advance the situation.

“It seems they (themselves) are getting more and more advanced,” said one diplomat.

“Opportunities will not be closed on our side, we will continue to find creative ways to get involved,” an Afghan government delegate told Al Jazeera, stressing that there is real hope for continuing talks and moving towards meaningful dialogue.

Meanwhile, the Taliban said they were committed to peace agreement and making progress.

The group has been fighting Afghan forces since being ousted from power in the 2001 US-led invasion.

Also read: Trump Will Immediately Announce Withdrawal of US Troops from Iraq and Afghanistan

Violent spike

As talks continue in Doha, Afghan security officials say dozens of government soldiers have died across Afghanistan in the past 48 hours.

The Interior Ministry accused the Taliban of carrying out attacks in 24 provinces, including Uruzgan, Kandahar, Wardak, Takhar and Baghlan.

However, Taliban leaders have informed Al Jazeera that these attacks were on newly established security posts, and accused the Afghan government of trying to expand its territory by sending additional troops.

Criticism in the US

US Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation Zalmay Khalilzad faces a tough test for his testimony before a house representative hearing on Tuesday (9/22/2020).

Congressman Tom Malinowski asked the US special envoy, “We all work for peace and I understand people want to achieve that, but I think what you are selling us is not peace. It’s a fairy tale to make us feel better about leaving Afghanistan. “

Khalilzad stressed that it was the best way to move forward considering the constraints. “Our withdrawal is conditional and will be based on action not just words from the Taliban,” he told Al Jazeera.

Also read: Trump Will Immediately Announce Withdrawal of US Troops from Iraq and Afghanistan

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The name on the identity card of the children: the victory of the Afghan women

ACCEPT – Afghan women will be able to have their name registered on their children’s identity cards. The signing of the law on the mother’s surname by the president in Kabul is an important victory Ashraf Ghani. In fact, until now the name of women was not registered even on important occasions such as weddings and funerals, nor in the case of medical examinations or bureaucratic matters: the woman was linked to a man, husband or father who was.

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The turning point, says the Bbc, comes after three years of campaign conducted through social networks by a group of Afghan activists. #whereismyname the hashtag launched by the promoters. Today they are celebrating between joy and concern: talks between the government and representatives of the Taliban have in fact resumed. The fear is that a possible agreement would betray the hopes of the Afghan women who during the years of government of the so-called “students of religion” were relegated to their homes, deprived of rights and education and forced to wear a burqa to go out.

At the opening ceremony of the talks, Abdullah Abdullah, who leads the government delegation (which includes four women), stressed that since February at least 12,000 people have been killed and 15,000 injured. On this basis, Abdullah called for an immediate ceasefire in his speech, but the head of the Taliban delegation, Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, did not mention any form of truce in his speech. At the same time, Baradar reiterated that he wanted “Afghanistan to have an Islamic system in which people from all walks of life see each other without discrimination and live in brotherhood with each other”, while the Afghan government’s vision envisages the creation of a republic constitutional. Distant positions, which according to experts and diplomats will take a long time to find a point of mediation.

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Peace Negotiations, Afghanistan Dialogue with the Taliban

Jakarta, CNN Indonesia –

Government Afghanistan meet with representatives Taliban in Doha, Qatar on Saturday (12/9) to discuss peace negotiations. The leader of the peace process, Abdullah Abdullah, called for a ceasefire.

Abdullah also highlighted the number of casualties due to the ongoing war. At least 12,000 civilians have been killed and 15,000 injured since the United States and the Taliban signed the agreement in February.

“We must use this extraordinary opportunity to make peace. We must stop the violence and agree to a ceasefire as quickly as possible. We want a humanitarian ceasefire,” Abdullah said at the opening.

The dialogue was attended by one of the founders of the Taliban named Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar. Then the US which supported this peace dialogue was represented by Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo.

According to Pompeo, the two sides must perfect attitudes on how to advance the country with the aim of reducing violence. It also provides what the Afghan people demand.

“Afghanistan in peace with the government is a reflection of a non-war state,” Pompeo said

As reported AFP, the dialogue took place in the hotel’s very large conference room. Chairs occupied by delegates are placed far apart to apply social distancing.

President Donald Trump is claimed to be trying to end the longest war in the US. He wants all troops involved in the war to leave Afghanistan next year.

However, a comprehensive peace agreement takes years. Moreover, it will depend on the willingness of the two parties to equate their different visions.

The Taliban itself refused to acknowledge the rule of President Ashraf Ghani. They will urge the government to return to making Afghanistan an union of Islamic countries.

Meanwhile, the government led by Ghani will maintain their position supported by Western countries. Moreover, Western countries have supported many rights, one of which is the right to freedom for women.

Residents of the capital of Kabul, Obaidullah, are skeptical that the peace that is being discussed is going on quickly. Moreover, the war lasted a very long time, from his black beard to gray.

“I am skeptical of this discussion because both parties both want to implement the system and all their activities,” said Obaidullah.

Then many Afghans fear that if the Taliban return to power the country will return to implementing Islamic sharia law. Either part of the country or the whole.

Quietly, Qatar has been swallowing up to guide a difficult peace process. In 2013 they invited the Taliban to open political offices and help broker a withdrawal deal between Washington and the Taliban in February.

(adp/dea)

[Gambas:Video CNN]

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Withdraw its troops from Iraq, America: Iraq is able to face ISIS on its own

TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – American military revealed that they would cut nearly half the army that served at Iraq. This, according to the American Military, is to strengthen ties with the Iraqi military and at the same time reduce America’s role in combating terrorists there.

“We are continuing to enhance our cooperation program with the Iraqi Military which will allow us to reduce our footprint there,” said the Head of US Central Command, Navy General Frank McKenzie, quoted by Al Jazeera news agency, Wednesday, September 9, 2020.

This handling is not really new. America and Iraq have long planned to reduce the number of American troops there. Last June, the two reaffirmed their commitment with the US military stating that military bases in Iraq would no longer be defended.

Currently, there are at least 5200 American military personnel serving in Iraq. Their presence there is claimed to fight terrorist organizations such as ISIS. America’s target, if there are no logistical or administrative constraints, will reduce their number by 2200 to 3000 by the end of September.

For those who were not drawn to America, McKenzie said that the soldiers who remained would remain on duty to assist the Iraqi military operations. This includes providing assistance or recommendations regarding the remnants of ISIS. Even so, said McKenzie, he believed Iraq was able to face ISIS without American help.

“Our mission is clear, the Iraqi military is capable of preventing the rise of ISIS and at the same time maintaining its sovereignty without external assistance. The journey there is tough, sacrificial, but the results are worth it,” said McKenzie.

Apart from Iraq, America also continues to reduce the number of its military personnel in Afghanistan. The number of military personnel there is much higher, around 8600 as of last July. America’s target is that military personnel in Afghanistan have been withdrawn by May 2021.

Whether the withdrawal is smooth or not depends on the progress of the peace agreement between Afghanistan and the Taliban. So far, the relationship between the two is still hot despite the American mediation.

ISTMAN MP | AL JAZEERA

News Link: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/09/united-states-formally-announces-troop-reduction-iraq-200909123333305.html

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Taliban team returns to Doha for intra-Afghan peace talks | News

A Taliban delegation has returned to Qatar, paving the way for the start of peace talks with the Afghan government that are expected to take place in the Gulf state.

The delegation’s arrival early on Saturday was announced by Taliban officials, who were speaking on condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to speak to the media.

The negotiations are part of a peace deal the United States signed with the Taliban in February in Doha.

Washington has ramped up pressure on Afghans on both sides of the conflict to get started with their negotiations to decide what a post-war Afghanistan might look like.

The US National Security Advisor Robert O’Brien held a telephone call with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani last week. The US officials have also pressed neighbouring Pakistan to get the Taliban to the table.

Intra-Afghan talks

Relentless delays over the exchange of prisoners – 5,000 held by the Afghan government and 1,000 by the Taliban – have hindered efforts to get intra-Afghan talks started.

In late August, a delegation led by the Taliban’s political office head and the chief negotiator of the February deal with the US, Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, visited Pakistan.

While little was revealed about the details of his meetings with Pakistani officials, it is believed he was pressed to get started with intra-Afghan talks.

With many of the Taliban leadership council living in Pakistan, Islamabad has been pressed by Washington to use its influence to push negotiations forward.

Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan has repeatedly said he wants peace talks started and a military solution for Afghanistan is an impossibility.

Pakistani officials reportedly met a second time with Baradar on Friday before his return to Doha, again pressing for a swift start to Afghan peace talks.

US and Afghan officials have said they want to see a reduction in violence in the conflict going into talks with the Taliban, but the group maintains that a ceasefire would only be on the agenda once talks begin.

Washington’s February agreement with the Taliban was reached to allow the exit of US troops after nearly 20 years at war in keeping with a promise President Donald Trump made during the 2016 US election campaign.

The withdrawal, which has already begun, is not dependent on the success of the Afghan negotiations but rather on commitments made by the Taliban to fight armed groups and ensure Afghanistan cannot be used to attack the US or its allies.

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This is the consequence if you dare to impose punishment on the United States

ILLUSTRATION. This is the consequence if you dare to impose punishment on the United States. REUTERS / Kevin Lamarque

Source: Kompas.com | Editor: Adi Wikanto

KONTAN.CO.ID – Washington. The United States is indeed a democratic country. However, at the international level, the United States often appears authoritarian. Most recently, the United States imposed sanctions on the attorney for the International Criminal Court (ICC), Fatou Bensouda, on Wednesday (2/9/2020).

Launching Reuters on Wednesday (02/09/2020), Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said that the sanctions were given because of Bensouda’s investigation of cornering the US, namely about “whether American troops committed war crimes in Afghanistan.”

Also read: All Chinese cultural centers in the US will be closed, this is the reason

Pompeo also said Phakiso Mochochoko, head of the ICC’s Division of Jurisdiction, Complementarity and Cooperation, had also been blacklisted under sanctions passed by President Donald Trump in June allowing asset freezes and travel bans. “Today we are taking further steps, because the ICC continues to target America,” Pompeo told reporters.

Pompeo also said that individuals and entities that continue to materially support Bensouda and Mochochoko will be at risk of sanctions as well. The US State Department also restricted the issuance of visas to individuals Pompeo said was involved in a court effort to investigate US personnel, although he did not name those affected.

The ICC refused to accept the sanctions and considered the US government’s move to be inappropriate, as it was seen as “another attempt to undermine the independence of the judiciary and prosecution” and said in a statement that it supported the work of its staff.

“This coercive action, directed at the international judiciary and its civil servants, is unprecedented and constitutes a serious attack on the courts, the international criminal justice system of the Roman Act, and the rule of law more generally,” said a statement on behalf of the entire ICC at the meeting. which is rare.




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23 Countries Celebrate Independence Day in August, Including Malaysia

RINGTIMES BALI – Independence is proof that a country free from colonialism, free to form a government system, to regulate every element in it.

Of course in the colonial era gaining independence was not easy, for that every time country must have a characteristic to commemorate independence day.

As in Indonesia, every month August did the second anniversary of the proclamation of independence, but it was not only Indonesia, several country it also commemorates independence day on the moon August, along with the information;

Also Read: Today’s Rupiah Exchange Rate, September 01, Experienced a Stronger Trend, Watch at BRI

Also Read: Brain Hacking, Elon Musk Reveals Embedding Computer Chips In Pigs


Indonesia (17 August)

After colonization for 353.5 years at last Indonesia independence from the Netherlands and Japan in 1945.

Malaysia (31 August)

A Southeast Asian state that became independent from Ukraine in 1957

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Taliban ready to negotiate after planned release of 400 prisoners

Published on :

The Taliban said Monday that they were ready to engage in peace talks with the Afghan government “within a week of” the planned release of 400 prisoners.

The Taliban said on Monday August 10 that they were ready to engage peace talks with the Afghan government “in the week following” the planned release of 400 Taliban prisoners.

“Our position is clear, if the prisoners are released, then we will be ready for inter-Afghan talks in the following week,” Taliban spokesman Suhail Shaheen told AFP, adding that the first round of talks would have held in Doha.

A large Afghan assembly, made up of thousands of dignitaries, state officials and tribal leaders, has just accepted the principle of the release of 400 Taliban prisoners accused of serious crimes, which removes an obstacle to launching negotiations.

“The Afghan government will begin releasing 400 Taliban prisoners within two days,” National Security Council spokesperson Javid Fasial told AFP.

Suhail Shaheen said the Taliban delegation would be led by Abbas Stanekzai, chief Taliban negotiator in talks with Washington that preceded the agreement signed in February.

Nearly 5,000 prisoners already released

Prisoner releases were a key point in this historic agreement between Washington and the Taliban for a withdrawal of American troops by mid-2021 in exchange for a Taliban commitment to initiate inter-Afghan negotiations.

“We are about to start peace negotiations,” said Abdullah Abdullah, the government official responsible for the talks, on Sunday.

“Inter-Afghan talks should begin two or three days after the release of the 400 Taliban prisoners,” said ex-president Hamid Karzai (2001-2014).

Kaboul has already released nearly 5,000 Taliban prisoners, but the Afghan authorities had so far refused to release the last 400 captives claimed by the insurgents.

Some are indeed involved in deadly attacks killing Afghans and foreigners, including several French.

With AFP

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The Foreign Ministry commented on a new publication on the “conspiracy” of Russia with the Taliban

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The Foreign Ministry commented on a new publication on the “conspiracy” of Russia with the Taliban

Special Representative of the Russian President, Director of the Second Department of Asia Zamir Kabulov called a new publication by the American media about the “conspiracy” of Moscow with … RIA Novosti, 06/29/2020

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MOSCOW, Jun 29 – RIA News. Special Representative of the Russian President, Director of the Second Department of Asia Zamir Kabulov He called the new publication of the American media about the “conspiracy” of Moscow with the Taliban the continuation of the internal party struggle in the United States.

“We already commented on the New York Times publication. Too much hype is created around an outright fake that even Trump and his administration have denied. <...> I consider it shameful for us to spend too much time on commenting on outright lies. It is clear that there are forces in the United States that do not want to leave Afghanistan and want to justify their own failure. Everything revolves around this, “said Kabulov.

Yesterday, 18:22

Bolton explained Trump’s reaction to reports of a conspiracy between Russia and the Taliban

Last week, The New York Times, citing anonymous U.S. intelligence officials, published an article alleging that Russian military intelligence offered rewards to Taliban-related militants for attacks on US soldiers in Afghanistan. No evidence was provided. After that, the Russian embassy in the United States announced threats against diplomats.

The Foreign Ministry, in turn, called the publication fake. The White House also criticized the article, noting that intelligence did not report anything like this, and according to Donald Trump himself, the publication was custom-made. A rebuttal later came from the Taliban.

Nevertheless, on the night of Monday, the Washington Post came out with another note on the same topic, where, again, citing unnamed sources, it was alleged that several US troops were allegedly killed in Afghanistan due to Moscow’s “collusion” with the Taliban.

The building of the Russian Embassy in the USA

June 27, 05:30

Russian embassy claims threat after NYT Taliban article

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