New report warns of anti-TB drug misuse

It is necessary to control more the way in which these drugs are prescribed and administered, under penalty of seeing “their effectiveness canceled quickly”, warns the report, published by The Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

New treatments for resistant forms of tuberculosis could in turn become ineffective if misused, warns a report released Thursday, on the eve of World Tuberculosis Day.

In recent years, three antibiotics have appeared to treat tuberculosis: bedaquiline (marketed under the brand Sirturo by Janssen laboratories), delamanid (Deltyba, from the Otsuka laboratory) and linezolid (Zyvoxid, from Pfizer, and generics).

This is good news, because the arsenal available to fight this disease is under strain, as the bacteria responsible for tuberculosis develop new resistance. Especially since since the 1970s and the appearance of rifampicin, no new molecule had been put on the market.

According to preliminary studies, the new drugs “significantly improve the effectiveness of treatments and give hope to patients who would previously have been considered incurable”, welcomes the report.

“However, without significant investments in access to new treatments, especially shorter treatments with fewer side effects, effective drugs will become scarce again, as resistance to the latest treatments emerges,” he warns. .

A doctor examines the x-ray result of a patient with tuberculosis (archived).

Tuberculosis, a pathology caused by bacteria that mainly attacks the lungs, is the most deadly contagious disease, with 1.8 million victims in 2015 and 10.4 million people affected, 60% of whom live in six countries: India, Indonesia, China, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Africa.

20% of these cases were resistant to at least one antibiotic and 5% were multi-resistant, or 480,000 cases. Half have been identified in India, China and Russia, but migration and the development of tourism mean that “highly resistant strains of tuberculosis are present almost everywhere in the world”, underlines the report.

This resistance develops when the drug fails to kill the target bacteria, because it is not the right molecule, the wrong dose, or because the treatment is not being followed correctly. But resistant strains can also be transmitted directly from person to person.

However, multidrug-resistant forms of tuberculosis take much longer and more expensive to treat: while they represented only 5% of cases in 2015, they mobilized around a third of the resources available to fight the disease.

The problem is growing in Eastern Europe, Russia and Kazakhstan, where thousands of migrant workers arrive each year, especially from Central Asia, sometimes carriers of undiagnosed or untreated tuberculosis, underlines Michel Kazatchkine, United Nations Special Envoy for HIV / AIDS in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, who also takes a keen interest in tuberculosis, the leading killer of people with HIV.

To stop the spread of the disease, countries must stop deporting sick migrants, a practice “ineffective in terms of public health” and which can promote “types of infection resistant to treatment,” he said. .

David Moore, an infectious disease specialist at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, insists on the need to test all patients who are diagnosed with tuberculosis to see if it is a resistant form or not.

He brushes aside the argument of too high a cost for such a generalization of testing: “The truth is, you can’t afford not to do it.”

With AFP


What Young Protesters in Nigeria Are So Angry About: QuickTake

Photographer: Adetona Omokanye / Getty Images

Nigeria has been rocked in October by some of the biggest protests since military rule ended in 1999, resulting in dozens of deaths and rattling what had been considered a virtually unassailable political establishment. Thousands of youths have taken to the streets to vent their anger about police brutality by marching, barricading roads and bridges and setting buildings and vehicles alight. The authorities initially struck a conciliatory tone and agreed to policing reforms, but their response has become increasingly heavy handed. President Muhammadu Buhari has warned that he won’t allow national security to be compromised, raising the stakes for the crisis in Africa’s most populous nation.

1. What are the protests about?

They erupted in early October after a video circulated on social media that purportedly showed a civilian being killed by the police’s Special Anti-Robbery Squad. Protesters mobilized using social media (hashtag #EndSARS) to press for the unit’s disbandment and for the government to tackle police brutality. The special unit, formed almost two decades ago, made headway in solving some high-profile cases but some of its members have been implicated in extortion and the harassment and killing of innocent people. A report released by the human-rights group Amnesty International in 2016 said the unit systematically tortured detainees to extract confessions and bribes, yet the government failed to take action. An assessment that same year by the International Police Science Association ranked Nigeria as the worst-performing country when it came to the ability of the security bodies to render services.

2. Are there broader issues at play?

Yes. Many young adults complain about feeling marginalized by successive governments. Their grievances include a sub-standard education system and a lack of job opportunities — a third are jobless and many more underemployed. A lockdown that was imposed in March to curb the spread of the coronavirus shut many businesses and a slump in international oil prices that reduced government revenue have compounded the economic hardship. There’s also a huge generational gap: Buhari is 77 and the average age of his cabinet is over 60, yet about 60% of Nigeria’s more than 200 million people are under 30.

3. How has the government responded?

Buhari has conceded the protesters have legitimate grievances. He agreed to dismantle the anti-robbery unit and take steps to make the police more accountable, including establishing an independent panel to probe and prosecute all misconduct cases. He also pledged to scale up youth-development programs, start a fund to support small- and medium-sized businesses and improve access to credit. At the same time, he alleges the protest campaign has been hijacked by “miscreants and criminals” intent on perpetuating “acts of hooliganism.”

4. How bad is the violence?

About 10 of the 36 states have instituted curfews and the army was deployed to help the police maintain order. The government says 51 civilians and 18 security force members have been killed in protest-related violence. Twelve people died after troops opened fire on crowds that gathered at two sites in Lagos, the commercial hub, on Oct. 20 in defiance of a state curfew, according to Amnesty International. The state governor confirmed troops used live ammunition against the protesters, but said it hadn’t been definitively established whether they’d killed anyone.

5. Could Buhari be toppled?


Moroccans in turmoil after sexual assault and murder of 11-year-old

Eight children were killed and a dozen others injured on Saturday in the attack on their classroom in a school in English-speaking Cameroon, in conflict for nearly three years, a “horrible” crime strongly condemned by Cameroonian politicians and the African Union.

The attack took place in Kumba, in the southwest region, where “at least eight children were killed by gunfire and machete attacks. Twelve others were injured and taken to local hospitals.” , said the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs of the United Nations (OCHA) in Cameroon in a statement.

Around 11:00 am local time, “a group of nine terrorist attackers” broke into the Mother Francisca International Bilingual Academy college, before opening fire on the students in the classroom, aged 9 to 12, according to a source. close to the police.

Maurice Kamto, leader of the opposition, spoke of “absolute horror”. “How many more deaths do it take for a political solution to bring peace to the NOSO (North West and South West, the two English-speaking regions)?”, He reacted, while the Cameroonian Prime Minister was organizing an emergency meeting after the attack.

For nearly three years, separatist groups and the army have been clashing in Cameroon’s two North-West and South-West regions, where most of the English-speaking minority live, some of whom consider themselves marginalized by the French-speaking majority of the country.

“There are no words for grief or condemnation strong enough to express all my horror at the brutal attack which targeted primary school children (…) while they were sitting, in train to learn, in their classroom, ”tweeted Moussa Faki Mahamat, President of the African Union.

“Acts of barbarism”

“I unreservedly condemn the acts of barbarism committed today in Kumba. Murdering children who will learn is attacking the very foundations of our Nation”, for his part reacted the Minister of Public Health of Cameroon, Malachie. Manaouda.

“Boycotting schools was a strategy of the separatists in recent years. About 700,000 young people were outside the school system because of the conflict,” Arrey Elvis Ntui, senior analyst for the International Crisis group in Cameroon, told AFP.

“The government and English-speaking civil society have put a lot of pressure on separatist groups to return their children to school, and schools that had been closed for years have started to reopen,” he continued.

Schools had been a target in the recent past, but had never experienced a massacre of such magnitude. In mid-May, a teacher from the University of Bamenda (North-West) was notably shot dead by separatists because he refused to stop teaching, according to the NGO Human Rights Watch (HRW).

Delivery of donations against Covid 19 by the Center for Human Rights and Democracy in Central Africa to internally displaced persons from the Anglophone crisis receiving donations in Mutenguene, July 24, 2020 (Photo credit / CHRDA)

The attack on Kumba has not yet been claimed and the attackers have not yet been officially identified by the authorities.

“These people (the attackers) will be caught by all means. I mean by all means”, nevertheless warned Chamberlin Ntou’ou Ndong, prefect of the department of Granny, affected by the attack.

He also insisted that the school was “undeclared” and that he was going to issue instructions that “all schools in the Department of Granny be declared” for security reasons.

The fighting in English-speaking Cameroon, but also the atrocities and killings of civilians by the two camps, according to many NGOs, have left more than 3,000 dead and forced more than 700,000 people to flee their homes.

“Security forces and armed separatists have each on several occasions attacked hospitals and medical personnel” in recent months, the NGO HRW said in July.

Accusations of abuses by the army have also increased in recent years.

In June, three Cameroonian soldiers were notably charged with the “murder” in February of civilians, including 10 children, in the English-speaking part of Cameroon.


Seychellois at the polls to choose deputies and President of the Republic

#Other countries : Most of the 74,600 Seychellois voters started voting on Saturday to elect their president and their deputies, on the last of three days of a poll conducted across 115 islands scattered in the Indian Ocean, worried about the collapse of arrivals from tourists caused by the pandemic.

Thursday and Friday, the agents of the Electoral Commission had crisscrossed by plane and boat the “remote islands” to set up ephemeral polling stations for their few hundred residents – mainly employees of hotels and the public space management company. protected.

Saturday, it is the turn of the voters of the three main islands – Mahé, Praslin, La Digue – where more than 99% of the 98,000 inhabitants of this archipelago are concentrated, most of the emerged lands of which are uninhabited, to go to the polls at 7:00 a.m. at 7:00 p.m. (03:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. GMT).

North of Mahé, the Bel Ombre polling station, located in a secondary school located right next to a magnificent white sand beach, opened shortly after 7:00 a.m. before briefly closing its doors, the time to disinfect the equipment, that voters touched.

>>> READ ALSO: Seychelles: opposition wins legislative elections

“We had some problems in the procedures, but now it’s okay, we’ll catch up,” said Jerry Souris, head of the polling station.

Some of the 3,261 voters of Bel Ombre arrived as early as 4:30 am and in the morning a long queue spilled out into the street, strewn with umbrellas under which the voters protected themselves from the sun.

“I have always voted for the same party and I do not believe that one day I will change my choice”, explains Yvonne Balthilde, 63, who arrived shortly after sunrise.

Having gained a majority in Parliament in 2016, for the first time in the country’s history in 40 years of independence, the opposition hopes to finally conquer the presidency, five years after having narrowly failed in the previous election.

It relies in particular on the desire for change of the population to beat the outgoing Danny Faure, 58, candidate for United Seychelles, the new name of the former single party which has given the country all its heads of state since 1977.

>>> READ ALSO: Seychelles: schools closed for fear of the plague

The outgoing president was the first to vote at the Beau Vallon office, neighboring Bel Ombre.

“I decided to come very early to go and encourage the Seychellois to do their duty, and this afternoon I will go to Praslin and La Digue,” said Danny Faure.

“I think I will win these elections, and I will respect the choice and the will of the Seychellois people.”

– Idling tourism –

The opposition could be handicapped by its disunity: two candidates face Mr. Faure, propelled to the head of state by the resignation in 2016 of James Michel, of which he was the vice-president, to complete his mandate.

Main opponent of Mr. Faure, the Anglican priest Wavel Ramkalawan is running at 59 for the sixth time in the presidential election, after being defeated by 193 votes only in 2015 by James Michel, whom he had forced to a second round, a first in the country’s history.

He will represent Linyon Democratik Seselwa (LDS, Seychellois Democratic Union), which has held 19 of the 34 seats in Parliament since the last legislative elections which led to “American-style cohabitation” and forced the executive to come to terms with a hostile chamber.

Former Minister of Tourism – engine of the Seychelles economy with the tuna industry – Alain St Ange presents himself in the colors of a new party, One Seychelles, born barely a year ago.

If the archipelago recorded only 149 contaminations, the Covid-19 upset the electoral campaign by preventing any meeting and by placing at the heart of the concerns of Seychellois the impact of the pandemic on the economy.

The number of visitors has collapsed since March in the archipelago renowned for its paradisiacal landscapes of sandy beaches and turquoise waters.

The sector is now sluggish and around 700 Seychellois have lost their jobs due to the epidemic.

The country with the highest per capita income in Africa in 2019, Seychelles nevertheless experiences strong inequalities. The National Bureau of Statistics estimates that 40% of Seychellois live below the poverty line, due to the high cost of living.


African Cup of Nations: an Ivorian delegation comes to be inspired by Cameroon

#Ivory Coast The delegation, led by Mahama Coulibaly, Special Advisor to the President to COCAN Côte d’Ivoire 2023, began a five-day visit to the country. This, in order to soak up the Cameroonian experience in the organization of major sporting events.

A delegation from the Organizing Committee of the African Cup of Nations (CAN) scheduled for 2023 in Côte d’Ivoire made a five-day visit to Cameroon this week. The delegation, led by Mahama Coulibaly, special advisor to the president of the Organizing Committee of the African Cup of Nations (COCAN) Côte d’Ivoire 2023, came to immerse themselves in the Cameroonian experience in terms of organization. major sporting events, we learn. The delegation was received by the Cameroonian Minister of Sports and Physical Education, Narcisse Mouelle Kombi, also president of COCAN 2022.

“We discussed the preparation of the major African sports competitions organized on Cameroonian soil in the coming days, namely the African Nations Football Championship (CHAN) 2021 and CAN 2022”, declared the Minister at the end. of the meeting, in a message posted on his Facebook page.

>>> READ ALSO: Video. CAN 2023: Ivory Coast inaugurates its new Olympic stadium

“Cameroon is organizing in 2021, it was important for us to get closer to Cameroon to be able to understand the organization that is being done, in order to share our experience. We are not in competition in terms of organization. We came to bring our contribution, our support and also to learn because there are also good things which are done ”, specified Mahama. Coulibaly on Cameroonian public radio.

According to the public media, the said delegation came to inquire about the system put in place by Cameroon, “largely exceeding the standards” of the African Football Confederation (CAF), for CHAN and CAN. With particular attention paid to sports infrastructures. Like the newly built Japoma stadium (60,000 seats) in Douala, in the economic metropolis. This stadium, chosen by CAF for CHAN, will host the Morocco-Central Africa match on November 13, counting for the third day (group E) of the CAN 2022 qualifiers. This visit would also be motivated by the success of the women’s CAN. of 2016 in Cameroon. The “best ever organized” so far according to CAF.


Samsung group chairman Lee Kun-hee dies.

Samsung Electronics chairman Lee Kun-hee, who made the group a global telecommunications giant, died Sunday at the age of 78, the South Korean group said.

Under his leadership, Samsung has grown to become the largest producer of smartphones and microchips on the planet, the company’s overall sales now equal to one-fifth of the country’s gross domestic product.

Known for his lonely lifestyle, Lee Kun-hee had been bedridden since a heart attack in 2014.

Little information about his state of health has leaked out, leaving his existence shrouded in a halo of mystery until its last days. “It is with great sadness that we announce the death of Lee Kun-hee, president of Samsung Electronics,” the group said in a statement. “President Lee passed away on October 25 with his family, including Vice President Jay Y. Lee, by his side.”

“President Lee was a true visionary who transformed Samsung by making a local company a world leader in innovation and industrial power,” the company praised, adding, “His legacy will be eternal.” Samsung is by far the largest of the country’s “chaebols”, conglomerates controlled by families.

At the origin of the prodigious recovery after the Korean War, today the 12th largest economy in the world, they are today accused of having opaque links with political power and of hampering all competition.

Nicknamed the “Hermit King”

Lee Kun-hee was himself convicted of corruption in 1996, then corruption and tax evasion in 2008. But he escaped jail, having been given a suspended sentence.

When he inherited the presidency of the Samsung Group in 1987, founded by his father, an exporter of fruits and fish, the company was already the country’s largest conglomerate, with a business line ranging from electronics to large public to construction. Lee Kun-hee then concentrated the activity of the company to make it an international group.

When it suffered a heart attack in 2014, Samsung had become the world’s largest maker of smartphones and memory chips. Today, it is also a major global player in the field of semiconductors and LCD screens.

However, Lee Kun-hee rarely ventured outside the high walls of his private estate in central Seoul to the company headquarters, which earned him the nickname “Hermit King”.

His son Lee Jae-yong, vice president of Samsung Electronics, has been at the helm of the company since the heart attack of 2014. Lee Jae-yong was sentenced to five years in prison in 2017 after being convicted of bribery and other offenses related to former President Park Geun-hye, then was cleared of the most serious charges on appeal and released a year later. This case is still ongoing.


Ebola killed 271 people in the east

Faced with strong tensions with his allies of the FCC, President Félix Tshisekedi has chosen to consult with the political and social class in order to create a new dynamic that will accompany him for the rest of his mandate.

Castigating “anti-values” and “political tactics”, Congolese President Félix Tshisekedi announced on Friday that he would initiate consultations with “the most representative political and social leaders” in the next few days with the aim of “creating a union sacred of the nation “.

He announced it in an address to the nation, three days after the controversial swearing-in of three of the judges he had appointed to the Constitutional Court. An act that worsened a latent crisis that already existed with the Common Front for the Congo (FCC), the political family of his predecessor Joseph Kabila.

The FCC accuses the president of having violated the Constitution and brought about a forced passage.

Elected to the presidency at the end of 2018, Mr. Tshisekedi found himself facing an overwhelming legislative majority from the regime of his predecessor.

Willy-nilly the two concluded a “deal” and chose to compose in a coalition instead of a cohabitation. But it doesn’t seem to be going like clockwork.

Relations within the coalition are rather tense, with recurring earthquake episodes almost every two months.

The Congolese Head of State, in his speech, described in a few words the pitfalls that stand in the march of the CACH-FCC coalition.

He spoke of “two years of persistent divergence which weighs down the wings of hope towards development”.

Among which the lack of a common vision as to the running of the country, the rule of law and the functioning of institutions.

“These differences relate in particular to questions relating to peace and national security, the National Electoral Commission, the organization of the elections, the management of the State portfolio, the territory, diplomacy, independence. justice and the establishment of the rule of law which are a major issue for the nation “, asserted Mr. Tshisekedi.

“I will not allow any political arrangement of any kind to take precedence over my constitutional prerogatives and over the best interests of the Congolese people. I will not compromise with the superior interests of the nation”, he warned.

The old FCC – majority in the Senate and the National Assembly – had in an unprecedented declaration refused to recognize the three new judges.

Senior executives had outright boycotted the swearing in of judges. The machine was therefore seized up.

For Ferndinand Kambere, deputy permanent secretary of the People’s Party for Reconstruction and Democracy (PPRD) of former President Joseph Kabila, his clan was rather expecting a conciliatory speech from Mr. Tshisekedi.

“The speech of the President of the Republic is disappointing“, lamented Mr. Kambere.

For him, the expectation was that Mr. Tshisekedi report or revoke the appointment of three judges appointed, according to him, in violation of the Constitution.


Le Matin – “CAP’Tech by BMCE Capital” program: Mission successful!

BMCE Capital, the investment banking arm of BMCE Bank Of Africa, announced on Thursday the closing of its open innovation program “CAP’Tech by BMCE Capital” on a very positive balance.

According to the investment bank, this is a great success since the initiative has enabled it to deploy to its customers an innovative solution called “BK Financial Bot», The first chatbot on the market dedicated to the business banking professions.

As a reminder, the “CAP’Tech by BMCE Capital” program is part of the digital transformation of investment banking. It was launched in September 2019 with the idea of ​​implementing solutions aimed at improving the customer experience, strengthening internal collaboration or optimizing the decision-making process.

Produced in partnership with LaStartupFactory, it has managed to attract more than 200 applications from African startups and from the African diaspora.

The selection process made it possible to retain 9 startups from Morocco, Togo, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana who participated in an intensive 3-day bootcamp at the end of 2019, in order to co-create with the bank’s teams. business solutions adapted to the challenges identified.


Cameroon: Lions coach fired at three months from CHAN 2021

#Other countries : In view of his results deemed “not in line with expectations”, Yves Clément Arroga was replaced, this Wednesday, October 21, 2020 by Martin Ntoungou Mpilé, at the head of the technical staff of the national selection A ‘of players playing in the local championship.

The Cameroonian selection of players playing in the local championship has a new technical staff since Wednesday, October 21, 2020. “It was decided, as a precaution, to place the selection of the Indomitable Lions A ‘under the responsibility of Mr. Ndoungou Mpilé Martin , acting as head trainer, ”indicates a statement issued by the Minister of Sports and Physical Education, Narcisse Mouelle Kombi. In addition, David Pagou was appointed assistant coach n ° 2, while the rest of the staff remains unchanged.

>>> READ ALSO: Cameroon. CHAN 2021: last adjustments 100 days from the start of the tournament

The outgoing coach, Yves Clément Arroga, is meanwhile “temporarily made available to the Cameroon Football Federation (Fecafoot)”, specifies the address. The decision was taken after consultation between the ministry and Fecafoot for the mid-term evaluation of the preparation of selection A ‘for the African Nations Championship (CHAN) as Cameroon. organizes from January 16, 2021 to February 7, 2021.

The ax has therefore fallen in view of the “current performance” of the former coach, “not in accordance with the expectations of the ministry and Fecafoot, and taking into account the indications of the president of Fecafoot”, according to the document. After a series of four friendlies in recent days, the A ‘Lions have been held in check twice by South Sudan (twice 0-0) and suffered a defeat (1-0) against Panthère de Bagangté, a first division club in the Cameroonian championship.

>>> READ ALSO: Cameroon-CHAN 2021: the Olembé sports complex ready for competition?

Before winning painfully against the Fauves Azur (1-0), a second division formation. In addition, the team’s background has disappointed many observers, as Cameroon aims to win the CHAN 2021 at home. This, even if the outgoing technical staff asked for more time for the players to assimilate his playing philosophy. The ousting of Clément Arroga comes three months from the start of the competition and when he had just published the list of 28 players summoned for the third (post-Covid-19) regrouping in preparation for the tournament.


Neymar’s hat-trick leads Brazil to another victory … and Argentina unravels the “La Paz knot”

The two ancient teams led the South American qualifiers for the 2022 World Cup

Neymar da Silva led Brazil to confirm his strong start and achieve the second successive victory by scoring a hat-trick against Peru (4-2), while Argentina broke a 15-year-old knot in La Paz by defeating its host Bolivia 2-1 in the second round of the South American qualifiers. Qualifying for the 2022 FIFA World Cup.

Brazil and Argentina took advantage of the stumbling of their former partners in the lead, Colombia and Uruguay, the first by drawing 2-2 with Chile at the top of the round, and the other by losing to Ecuador 2-4, to move two points away from Colombia and three points from Uruguay.

In the first match, the French striker of Paris Saint-Germain, Neymar, imposed himself a star by scoring a hat-trick in which he became the second-best scorer in the history of the Brazil national team with 64 goals after the phenomenon surpassed Ronaldo, who stopped his score at 62 goals in 98 games, including the double winning the fifth and final World Cup Which was crowned by Brazil in 2002 at the expense of Germany (2 – zero).

Neymar commented on his achievement in a tweet in which he praised Ronaldo, saying, “All my respect to you – Fenomeno – (the phenomenon)”.

“King” Pele tops the list of historic scorers for the Brazilian national team, with 77 goals in 92 international matches. Neymar scored the first tie for Brazil in the 28th minute, with a penalty kick that he got himself after the visitors led the goal of Saudi Al Hilal striker Andre Carrillo in the sixth minute with a shot from inside the area.

The Paris Saint-Germain star gave his country the lead for the first time in the match when he scored his second and third personal goal for Brazil in the 83rd minute from a penalty kick that he also got himself, before securing his victory with Hatrick, he scored the fourth goal in the last minute of his 103 international match when he used a rebound From the post after a powerful shot by the substitute Everton Ribeiro.

Peru advanced for the second time in the match with the goal of Celta Vigo midfielder Renato Tapia in the 59th minute with a powerful shot that hit Brodrigo Caio and hugged the net, and Everton striker Richarlison equalized when he followed the header of Liverpool striker Roberto Firmino after a corner kick that Neymar set off.

Brazil received a painful blow early, hitting its defender and Paris Saint-Germain Marquinhos in the thigh, so he was forced to leave his place. On the other hand, Peru spoke to nine players in the last minutes after Carlos Cassida was sent off in the 86th minute and Carlos Samprano in the 89th, noting that she played the match in the absence of her players, Raul Ruydiaz and Alex Valera, due to infection with the new Corona virus.

Brazil repeated its victory over Peru in its last visit to Lima in the qualifiers for the World Cup 2018, when it came out with two clean goals in the twelfth round, and also avenged its defeat by Peru 0-1 in a friendly in Los Angeles in September of last year, which saw them confront them three times. Among them, twice in the Copa America finals in Brazil, and the landlords won twice: 5-0 in the first round, and 3-1 in the final match, before Peru achieved a moral 1-0 victory in an international friendly match in Los Angeles, USA.

It is the second consecutive victory for Brazil in the current qualifiers after the first crushing victory over Bolivia 5 – zero in the first round, so it was the only one to lead with six points on goal difference in front of Argentina, who won over Bolivia 2-1.

Argentina defied difficult conditions by playing at an altitude of 3,600 meters above sea level and loosened a 15-year-old knot in La Paz.

Lautaro Martinez scored in the 45th minute and Joaquin Correa (79) scored the two goals of Argentina, and Marcelo Moreno (24) scored the goal of Bolivia.

It is the first victory for Argentina to host Bolivia in their own home since 2005, specifically on March 26 in the 2006 World Cup qualifiers, when they beat them 2-1. It is only the fourth victory for Argentina in La Paz in the history of confrontations between the two teams.

Argentina lost twice in the last three trips to La Paz without tasting the taste of victory, including a historic loss 1-6 in the 2010 World Cup qualifiers led by coach Diego Armando Maradona on April 1, noting that it lost the last match between them in the 2018 World Cup qualifiers when it fell. A clean double in La Paz in the 14th round resulted in the sacking of coach Edgardo Bauca and the appointment of Jorge Sampaoli in his place.

Argentina put an end to its suffering when it came to Bolivia at the Olympic Stadium, “Hernando Siles”, at an altitude of 3600 meters, and scored a precious second successive victory in the qualifiers after the unconvincing first over its guest Ecuador 1-0 in the first round. Brazil came to the top of the standings with six points. .

On the other hand, Bolivia suffered its second consecutive loss after the first humiliating defeat to its host Brazil, 0-5.

The summit of Chile and Colombia ended in a 2-2 draw. Colombia was the first to score by English midfielder Jefferson Lerma in the 7th minute, and Chile turned the table with two goals for Inter Milan stars Arturo Vidal (38) from a penalty kick and Alexis Sanchez (42), but the captain Veteran Colombia and Galatasaray goalscorer Radmil Falcao equalized for Colombia in the last minute.

It is Chile’s first point in the qualifiers after losing to Uruguay 1 – 2, while Colombia raised its tally to four points after defeating Venezuela 3 – zero.

Ecuador hit hard with its big victory over Uruguay 4-2, and the landlords advanced with a clean quarter, which took place in the 15th minute Moses Caicedo, Michael Estrada (45 and 53) and Gonzalo Plata (75), before Uruguay responded with two goals from Atletico Madrid striker Luis Suarez in the two minutes. (The 83rd and 90th penalty kicks) without avoiding the first loss. Ecuador compensated for its loss against Argentina in the first round 0-1. Paraguay achieved its first victory after it drew with Peru 2-2 in the first round, by defeating its host Venezuela, with the goal of Gaston Jimenez, which followed the second loss to the owners of the land.