If the train is canceled, not everything is lost
From July 1, a document begins to operate that guarantees railway passengers a refund in case of cancellation of a flight. This applies to three points.
First: if the trip did not take place due to the threat of individual emergencies (ES). The second and third: with the introduction throughout the country (or some part of it) of high alert or emergency. This is stated in Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of June 20, 2020 N 901.
So, if on the day and time indicated on the ticket, it was not possible to leave the train for these three reasons, then within twelve months the passenger can receive money. Or, if he so desires, take the route along the same route in the train and carriage of the class indicated on the ticket after removing the emergency mode or high alert. Also for twelve months.
It will be safer to ride in minibuses and buses
Starting July 1, all vehicles of category M2 and M3 must be equipped with tachographs. This is stated in the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of March 30, 2019 N 382.
We are talking about vehicles with more than eight passenger seats. That is, buses, trolleybuses and minibuses.
A tachograph is a special measuring device that monitors the movement of a machine along the way. It makes it possible to fix and stop violations of the speed limit. And also monitor the condition of the driver, because it tracks the time spent by him driving. And from these data, you can determine how tired the driver of the same minibus.
New parking rules
From July 1, at least 10 percent of the places in any public parking should be allocated for disabled people. This is stated in the Federal Law of July 18, 2019 N 184-FZ.
Recall that in such places citizens with disabilities group 1 and 2 (or drivers who transport disabled people) can park their cars for free.
Disabled people and 3 groups will be able to take advantage of the privilege, but not all. According to the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 10.02.2020 N 115.
from July 1, free parking is allowed for people with the 3rd disability group, who have restrictions on independent movement, and who have received the “Disabled” identification mark until July 2020.
In addition, on July 1, they will no longer issue a sign “Disabled”. Instead, the disabled person or driver who is transporting him needs to register his car with the Federal Register of Disabled People. To do this, you need to apply to the Pension Fund, through the Unified Portal of Public Services or through the MFC. This is stated in Order No. 724н of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation of 11/14/2019.
For those who already have the “Disabled” sign, a transitional period is set until January 1, 2021. That is, before the end of the year it will still be possible to park in preferential places without entering your car in the register.
Guardians will start indexing pensions year after year
From July 1, pensioners who are guardians or trustees on a paid basis cease to be considered working.
This is stated in the Federal Law of April 1, 2020 N 86-ФЗ “On Amending Article 7 of the Federal Law” On Mandatory Pension Insurance in the Russian Federation “.
Thus, these pensioners will again be indexed insurance pension with the payment of increases in the same year, and not after the end of their employment. And it was considered guardianship and trusteeship on a paid basis, that is, under an agreement, for example, on a foster family. Pensioners such as guardians and trustees receive monthly payments from regional budgets.
From July 1, the Russian Pension Fund explains, they “will not be equated with working citizens (as at present), and they, like all non-working pensioners, will be indexed annually with an insurance pension and a fixed payment to it.”
University graduates will be able to quickly find work
From July 1, the concept is introduced – “practical training of students.” This applies to institutions of higher education and secondary vocational. The goal is to provide graduates not only with strong knowledge of the theory of a future profession, but also with practical skills.
This is provided for by the Federal Law of December 2, 2019 N 403-ФЗ “On Amendments to the Federal Law” On Education in the Russian Federation “and certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation.”
Students have practice now. However, practical training is a broader concept, which provides for the acquisition of specific competencies in the specialization of a university or college. That is, when mastering the educational program, students and students will have to, as the law says, perform certain types of work related to future professional activities and aimed at the formation, consolidation, development of practical skills.
All these educational institutions can arrange for themselves or conclude an agreement with a specialized company or organization.
Counterfeit medicines, cigarettes and shoes will become less
From July 1, Russia will introduce mandatory labeling of medicines, shoes and tobacco.
As RG already wrote, labeling will become mandatory for manufacturers, importers, distributors, and will also apply to wholesale and retail trade, pharmacies and medical organizations. All market participants must be registered in the state marking and tracing system “Honest Sign”.
Such marking will allow to trace the path of goods from producer to consumer.
Medicines without labeling, which came into circulation before July 1, 2020, will be allowed until the expiration date. This is stated in the Federal Law of December 28, 2017 No. 425-FZ.
For violation of labeling rules, a fine is imposed. Officials will pay from 5 thousand to 10 thousand rubles, legal entities and individual entrepreneurs – from 50 thousand to 100 thousand rubles. This is stated in the Federal Law of April 15, 2019 No. 58-FZ.
At first it was planned that the mandatory labeling of drugs would begin on January 1, 2020. But then it was postponed to July 1.
Mandatory labeling of shoes is introduced by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 05.07.2019 No. 860.
As RG already wrote, imported shoes imported after July 1, but purchased before this deadline, companies will be able to mark before August 1. Unrealized product balances produced or acquired before July 1 must be marked before September 1.
Mandatory labeling of cigarettes is led by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of February 28, 2019 No. 224.
The compulsory labeling system will also cover cigars, cigarillos, various types of smoking tobacco, including for hookahs and pipes.
Recall that labeling was introduced a year ago. But all the balances produced before July 1, 2019 without marking were allowed to sell until July 1, 2020.
Electricity without cheating
From the second attempt, from July 1, fines for energy retail companies and their managers begin to apply.
They were provided for by the Federal Law “On Amendments to the Federal Law“ On the Electric Power Industry ”and certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation related to licensing of energy sales activities” dated December 29, 2017 N 451-ФЗ.
The fines were supposed to start taking in January 2019. But then this period was postponed to July 1, 2020. And if there are no new changes, then fines will become a reality for those companies that work in violation of the law.
For example, a company official will have to pay between 200 and 250 thousand rubles for work without a license. Or he will be disqualified for up to 3 years. And the company itself may part with a million rubles. There are fines for violating licensing requirements.
Citizenship of the Russian Federation: new “beneficiaries”
From July of this year, more foreigners will become easier to obtain Russian citizenship. But there are certain conditions for this. They are listed in the law, which comes into force on July 24.
We are talking about the Federal Law of 04.24.2020 N 134-ФЗ “On Amendments to the Federal Law” On the Citizenship of the Russian Federation “in terms of simplifying the procedure for admission to the citizenship of the Russian Federation of foreign citizens and stateless persons.”
The simplified procedure applies to foreigners who are married to a citizen or citizen of Russia and have lived in our country for at least three years. And if such a family has common children, then the time of residence of the Russian Federation does not matter at all.
Lucky also those who studied in Russia and received a diploma after July 1, 2002. True, for them there is one more condition: they must have work experience in our country. But not three years, as before, but only a year.
Another new “benefit” for citizenship is those with one of the parents — a citizen of the Russian Federation and resides in Russia. And finally, it will be easier to get a Russian passport for citizens of Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova and Ukraine.
Legislation related to the simplified procedure for obtaining citizenship continues to evolve. Recently, the State Duma adopted a law that will allow this to be done to those foreigners whose children are citizens of our country and they are already 18 years old.
What else comes into force in July
Pensions will only come to the MIR card. Starting July 1, pensions and other social payments will only be credited to bank cards of the MIR payment system. This is stated in the Federal Law of June 27, 2011 N 161-ФЗ of Moscow “On the National Payment System”.
But they will not be punished for violation of this rule yet. The Bank of Russia until October 1, 2020 will not apply measures to banks that continue to charge payments to cards of other payment systems. The transition period was introduced due to the COVID-19 epidemic.
However, the requirement of the Central Bank on the MIR card does not apply to pensions and social benefits that are credited to savings books or delivered by mail, the Pension Fund of Russia recalled.
Self-employed. Starting July 1, a special tax regime for the self-employed will be available in all regions. But the last word remains with the local authorities. This is stated in the Federal Law of April 1, 2020 N 101-ФЗ.
So far, a special tax regime is in force in 23 regions of the country. As explained by the Federal Tax Service, people who do not have an employer and employees who produce products or provide services themselves can go to it. Another condition is that their income should not exceed 2.4 million rubles per year.
Thanks to the special tax regime, the self-employed will pay 4 or 6 percent on income from their activities.