People forcibly remove a body suspected of covid-19 from Legal Medicine in Cali

September 18, 2020 – 07:48 pm
By:

Newsroom of El País

A group of people entered the Legal Medicine facilities and removed the body of a young man suspected of covid-19. The event was recorded in the evening hours of this Friday.

The body that was removed from Medicinal Legal was identified as Jhonatan Alexis Cifuentes González, 18 years old, who worked as a hairdresser.

This case was made known through the media and social networks. Apparently, these people would have removed the body of this young man because, according to them, the patient did not have covid-19.

Cifuentes González was the victim of a stray bullet in the Comuneros I sector, east of Cali.

The young man entered the Nuestra Clinic due to a gunshot wound to the head last Tuesday and died the next day in the morning.

Can read: Cali exceeded 1,500 deaths from covid-19 this Friday

Later it was indicated that Cifuentes could be an organ donor, but this was not the case, since, according to the doctors, the patient would have covid-19. However, Jhonatan’s relatives affirm that this is not the case.

According to a relative of the 18-year-old, minutes after the conversation with the doctor, they were informed that their relative could no longer be a donor because he was a suspect for covid-19.

“If it is true that he had covid, why were the alarms activated? Why weren’t they tested us and they didn’t isolate us? No one has come forward with what is supposed to be done with a covid-19 patient. No one He wants to clarify what is happening, “he said.

According to this person, the family took the body out of the morgue, opened it and verified that it was the murdered young man.

After removing him, these people took him to the Comuneros neighborhood, where the young man lived and there he was watched over by friends and family.

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People forcibly remove a body suspected of covid-19 from Legal Medicine in Cali

September 18, 2020 – 07:48 pm
By:

Newsroom of El País

A group of people entered the Legal Medicine facilities and removed the body of a young man suspected of covid-19. The event was recorded in the evening hours of this Friday.

The body that was removed from Medicinal Legal was identified as Jhonatan Alexis Cifuentes González, 18 years old, who worked as a hairdresser.

This case was made known through the media and social networks. Apparently, these people would have removed the body of this young man because, according to them, the patient did not have covid-19.

Cifuentes González was the victim of a stray bullet in the Comuneros I sector, east of Cali.

The young man entered the Nuestra Clinic due to a gunshot wound to the head last Tuesday and died the next day in the morning.

Can read: Cali exceeded 1,500 deaths from covid-19 this Friday

Later it was indicated that Cifuentes could be an organ donor, but this was not the case, since, according to the doctors, the patient would have covid-19. However, Jhonatan’s relatives affirm that this is not the case.

According to a relative of the 18-year-old, minutes after the conversation with the doctor, they were informed that their relative could no longer be a donor because he was a suspect for covid-19.

“If it is true that he had covid, why were the alarms activated? Why weren’t they tested us and they didn’t isolate us? No one has come forward with what is supposed to be done with a covid-19 patient. No one He wants to clarify what is happening, “he said.

According to this person, the family took the body out of the morgue, opened it and verified that it was the murdered young man.

After removing him, these people took him to the Comuneros neighborhood, where the young man lived and there he was watched over by friends and family.

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How much health professionals who put body and soul in the fight against coronavirus earn

The marked rise in the contagion curve of coronavirus in various regions of the country put even more on the table the strenuous effort of the workers of the Health Argentines, who not only expose their physical health but also their mental in pursuit of responding to a system that when compensating them -economically- causes them more and worse headaches.

In recent days, the province of Santa Fe had its first two fatalities among health workers: a doctor from San Lorenzo and another from Esperanza. The disease began to affect the most important leg of a system that tries – with many limitations – to contain a virus that lurks more and more. Physical and mental fatigue is leaving deep traces in this sector that supports the population at this critical time. In this frame, people began to experience their anger at the restrictions and to question the political arc in general, comparing the salaries they earn, for example, politicians, with those of doctors, nurses and all the workers in this sector who are the ones who put skin on them and soul to the daily struggle.

To get an idea of ​​these imbalances: a doctor who has just entered the system -that is, without seniority- who charges specific additional charges for his role in a third-level external guard earns between 48 and 49 thousand pesos per month.

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“In the province I have 24 hours a week with 30 years old and I earn about 50 thousand pesos. The doctor who is just starting must be earning just over 40 thousand pesos out of pocket“, explains in numbers Sandra Maioarana, the head of the Association of Physicians of the Argentine Republic (AMRA) to The capital.

Although the comparisons are odious, the idea is installed in society that politicians should not earn what they earn. As an example, it is enough to indicate that a national deputy earns between 204 and 224 thousand pesos per month and that the salary of the president of the Nation, as of November 2019, reached 268 thousand pesos. Compared to a doctor, the difference is huge. However, reading is another.

>> Read more: Exhausted and stressed, there are health workers who no longer give more

Maiorana makes a deep analysis when he is shown that crack that today more than ever inflames society. He assures that since the 90’s all the professions that are dedicated to working for the people were “de-hierarchical”. He lists: “Health, education and security. We are the ones who charge the least, that is very striking. There are activities that earn well, such as bus drivers or truckers. And it is good that it be so. But we also want to earn well.“.

The head of AMRA recalled the case of national deputy José Núñez -of Juntos por el Cambio and who tested positive for coronavirus and decided to attend a session of Congress in person- and reflected: “I remembered and thought that he was not going to save anyone. It’s not because I don’t care about his life, quite the contrary. We are all human beings and we have the right to life. What crossed my mind was not what that politician earned. We already have two dead doctors. I’m not saying it because of what you earn, but because of the responsibility we have with respect to the rest. Politicians must be servants of society. But it doesn’t bother me that people earn more, that the politician earns more, that the truck driver earns more, or that the bus driver earns more. I feel that in the union I am to serve the people I represent, to be their voice, not to live better. But I want our profession to be valued and for us to earn more. The human being was no longer seen as someone important in society. In the 90’s, the market and the people were given importance, and those of us who work for them ceased to be important“.

The look of the Siprus

María Fernanda Boriotti, general secretary of the Union of University Health Professionals of Santa Fe, also reviewed numbers in dialogue with The capital: “A nurse without seniority can be in the 40 thousand pesos per month of salary, a professional of intensive or coronary therapy can walk in the 58 thousand pesos, and a psychologist or social worker who does not charge additional for the pandemic It must be between 40 and 47 thousand pesos“, he recites almost from memory.

“Here what must be seen is not whether there are people who charge more than us. The comparison must be made by seeing how despised the value of our work is.“, he says with emphasis and explains that this contempt in Argentina has been going on for more than 40 years.

>> Read more: They demand improvements in the salaries of health workers

This disregard is in line with the deterioration of health policies. When every year you have less budget for public health at the national level and you see that policies related to what the World Bank commands are followed, adjust pensions, adjust this and that, everything gets complicated. Whoever cannot access a certain level will fall into poor health for the poor. And it is not the conception that must be had to guarantee a human right such as health “, breaks his thought.

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The health professional explains that in Argentina around 10 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is spent on health but that, of that spending, what is applied to public health does not reach 2.5 percent. “The rest is money that comes out of the pocket of the workers in coinsurance, social work contributions, in medicines. We should be thinking about increasing the budget in Public health so that, in this way, there are better working conditions and better salaries” , observe.

Boriotti reinforces his statements by recalling that in the framework of the pandemic in the country, 110 deaths have already been registered among health workers and that there were approximately 28 thousand infections.

In Argentina we still defend the university and the public school, in some provinces. But they have put us in the head that health is to go and pay. And those who have money have access to better health services than those who do not have. It goes through the conceptual deterioration “, he laments.

The Siprus secretary general reveals that she was not “very optimistic” that the pandemic would open the discussion on public health systems. “But in Europe that debate returned. Why? Because they have only a few years of deterioration of the health systems guaranteed by the States. In England, in Spain, in Italy and other countries that we are looking at, they support some State policies, such as free education and the health system. That is not touched, whoever is in the government. We have a long way to go for that and the general population cares little about how much a worker earns or what problems a worker has other than himself. They applauded in March (health professionals) because they saw that in Europe they were applauding and then they forgot. Hopefully there will be a click that allows us all to be able, beyond the cracks that they impose on us, to give debates for the benefit of the population. “

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Running to lose weight: what is the most efficient way?

However, there are different exercises that can be done and not all are equally effective if the goal is to lose weight: “There is talk of running slower to lose weight in a call to the physiological factor, which is beta oxidation, the use of fat as fuel. Fats need the presence of oxygen to oxidize, to be used as fuel. In the case of running faster, the expenditure is directed towards other substrates or metabolic pathways”, Explains the coach of Athletics Fernando Díaz Sánchez in dialogue with Ámbito.

“That is why there is talk of doing a slower, aerobic exercise, which means in the presence of oxygen, and it will be a little more substantial towards that goal you want to achieve. That is why walking is often indicated, which is very effective.”, Clarifies the National Technician of the Cross, Trail and Mountain Area of ​​CADA (Argentine Athletics Confederation).

Then, Díaz Sánchez explains that the duration of each job and the weekly frequency will depend exclusively on the level of training, physical and clinical of each individual: “An adjustment to the metabolism needs at least a frequency of three to four times a week and the duration will depend on the capacity of each one and what the doctor has advised. It can range from 15 to 50 minutes “.

fernando diaz sanchez

Gentileza: @fer_diaz_sanchez

A very common mistake of people who start running is to expect good results by always doing the same exercise. Although at first there will be changes, there will come a point, not so far in time, where a ceiling will be reached, which can only be broken by varying the jobs, adding to professional supervision.

“The principle of multiplicity or variability, according to the text, is fundamental. In training we improve the good physical stress that we can inflict on the Body, regulated. If we always do the same thing, homeostasis will be repetitive, it will not generate adaptations, it will not work thresholds, much less exceed them. So the good periodization and integrated planning that you have is going to give you good results or not ”, explains the General and Technical Director of Fer Team Track & Field.

Debunking a myth

Much is said about “the best time to train.” Even some texts on the internet recommend going out to train on an empty stomach, something that can be very dangerous for our body and our organism, since we are going to subject it to a significant workload.

“There is no bibliography and in my experience I cannot say whether athletes who train in the morning or in the afternoon are better. I believe that more than anything it should be regulated with work, daily or study activities, in addition to rest spaces. Obviously the best thing would be to do your physical activity and then work. Some can and others cannot, but it is very particular. There is no timetable for better adaptations ”, analyzes Fernando Díaz Sánchez.

Something that must be emphasized before beginning any physical activity is to carry out a medical check-up to see if our body is ready to assimilate it. Throwing ourselves into a job for which we do not know if we are suitable can have serious consequences for our body and our health in general.

runner

Behavior is key to maintaining your ideal weight.

Behavior is key to maintaining your ideal weight.

Pixabay

“The first thing I ask a person for is their physical fitness. We have been accompanying it for a long time with an anthropometry, a measurement that nutritionists generally make where we can see our balances of excess muscle, bone, fat and residuals. From there, the professional can calculate what can be close to being the optimal weight of an individual so as not to injure himself and so that it is beneficial for him, a kind of torque, which we will find with the appropriate and individual training ”, details the Head Coach New Balance Argentina.

Once the ideal weight is achieved, the second objective arrives, which is to maintain it. For Díaz Sánchez, the key is in conduct: “Maintaining weight both recreationally and in high performance is behavioral. The weight standard that the professional gives must be beneficial, pleasant and empathetic for the individual, to achieve stabilization. It is important that it can be transferred over time “.

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When cirrhosis of the liver becomes fatal

news

International research association determines three forms of “acute decompensated liver cirrhosis”

by Adolf Albus

(27.08.2020) If the body can no longer compensate for the gradual failure of the liver as a result of liver cirrhosis, there is a risk of acute decompensation of the liver cirrhosis. In some patients, this quickly develops into an often fatal acute-on-chronic liver failure, in which other organs such as the kidney or brain fail.

In a study funded by the EF Clif Foundation, an international team of researchers led by Prof. Jonel Trebicka from the Frankfurt University Hospital found out which patients are particularly at risk. The scientists have thus laid the basis for the development of preventive therapies to prevent acute-on-chronic liver failure. (Journal of Hepatology, DOI 10.1016 / j.jhep.2020.06.013)

Our liver has many functions: it stores nutrients and vitamins, produces glucose, clotting factors and hormones, and breaks down toxins, drugs and alcohol. Chronic heavy alcohol consumption, viruses or other diseases can overload the liver and become chronically ill. If left untreated, end-stage chronic liver disease leads to cirrhosis of the liver, in which liver tissue is converted into connective tissue and the liver is less and less able to perform its tasks. The consequences: the blood’s ability to clot is restricted, toxic metabolic products accumulate, the liver is no longer properly supplied with blood and the blood pressure in the portal vein that supplies the liver rises.

The body tries to compensate for the reduced functions of the liver. For example, as a result of the increased portal pressure, bypass circuits develop through the veins of the esophagus, stomach, and intestines, which expand into varicose veins. If such a compensation is no longer possible at some point as the disease progresses – doctors then speak of acute decompensation of the liver cirrhosis – the situation becomes life-threatening: Tissue fluid (ascites) collects in the abdominal cavity, bacterial infections and internal bleeding occur roughly in the esophagus. Difficulty concentrating, mood swings or sleepiness are signs of intoxication of the brain (hepatic encephalopathy), which can lead to hepatic coma.

A Europe-wide clinical study led by Prof. Jonel Trebicka, which was carried out under the umbrella of the European Foundation for the Investigation of Chronic Liver Failure, determined for the first time three clinical course variants of patients who were admitted to hospital with acute decompensation of liver cirrhosis.

The first clinical variant is characterized by high levels of inflammation in the blood, which indicate inflammatory reactions throughout the body. Within three months of being admitted to the hospital, several organs of the body fail: the acute decompensation becomes an “acute-on-chronic liver failure” (ACLF). Therefore, the medical professionals named this variant as pre-ACLF. More than half of the patients die from it, after a year only a third of them are still alive.

The patients of the second clinical course variant do not develop ACLF and have moderate inflammation values, but suffer from a significantly increased portal vein blood pressure. Around 20 percent of them die within the next three months, another 15 percent within the following year. The doctors called this variant “unstable decompensated liver cirrhosis”.

Patients of the third clinical course variant did not show any severe inflammation values ​​or frequent complications. You won’t develop an ACLF in the first three months. However, one in ten of them still dies within a year. The doctors called this variant “stable decompensated liver cirrhosis”.

Study leader Prof. Jonel Trebicka, gastroenterologist and hepatologist at the Medical Clinic I of the University Hospital Frankfurt, explains: “We are now working intensively on developing new diagnostic options, especially for groups of pre-ACLF patients, so that this group can be admitted to hospital identify and initiate countermeasures at an early stage. The development of preventive therapies for the often fatal ACLF is one of our most important research tasks in this context. “

Prof. Dr. Stefan Zeuzem, Dean of the Faculty of Medicine and Director of Medical Clinic I at the University Hospital Frankfurt and co-author of the study, explains: “Liver diseases are one of the main focuses of Medical Clinic I, and we offer numerous special outpatient clinics for patients with acute and chronic liver diseases on. On the one hand, we were able to observe patients for the study. On the other hand, the research results to improve ACLF prevention and therapies very quickly benefit our and all patients. “

The research results are part of the Europe-wide study called PREDICT. The study monitors the clinical course of acute decompensations of liver cirrhosis to find early signs of developing acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). The study is funded by the European Foundation for the Study of Chronic Liver Failure. 136 scientists from 47 centers and institutions in 14 European countries are involved in PREDICT.

Publikation: Jonel Trebicka, Javier Fernandez, Maria Papp, Paolo Caraceni, Wim Laleman, Carmine Gambino, et al.: The PREDICT study uncovers three clinical courses of acutely decompensated cirrhosis that have distinct pathophysiology. Journal of Hepatology, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhep.2020.06.013

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Soot exploded in Dara! The singer is being targeted

Rolins very often it exposes its curves on the social network, and no wonder. Although he will celebrate his fiftieth birthday in three years, he looks great. Hard work and a healthy diet pay off.

Dara Rolins and her pleasure: I’m dating one hundred and six! Men dream of me


The singer boasted a sexy picture in a swimsuit on Instagram, and a negative comment appeared among the praise. “Feet and long, long thigh… Such a stylish woman with a super figure. Chjo, filters with reason… ”wrote one of the fans. Although it is sometimes better not to comment on the flocks, sometimes the stars also need to react.

“No filter, just tilt the phone and the angle of view from below. No intention or stretching of the limbs. Simply a coincidence. I always pay this increased attention only after people start discussing it in the comments. Funny, what EVERYTHING should I think about when taking photos. I would be fucked, “the Slovak pop diva responded.

Dara Rolins: The dress I first sang with Gottem, my mother in the mausoleum


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Horrified! His body rotted, this teenage girl was determined to live at home for 4 months with her mother’s body, apparently this is the reason! – All Pages

Sosok.ID – A teenager on Spanish accused of murdering his mother, and for four months living together corpse the mother.

The body of the 45-year-old woman was found in a bath bank located in the l’Alcudia de Crespins area after police investigated.

It said the mother, identified as Ana, was stabbed to death by her daughter in April when residents were asked to stay at home during the coronavirus outbreak.

The 19 year old teenager, named Teri, later lived together corpse her mother for four months, as if nothing had happened.

Also Read: News of Cabinet Reshuffle Increasingly Cool, Observers Reveal There are names of Prabowo and Nadiem, Even though the Minister is Popular!

Reported Olive Press quoted Daily Mirror Friday (21/8/2020), neighbors said they smelled a bad smell in the four-story apartment.

However, they did not expect that the smell came from Ana’s corpse, which had been rotting for four months in the midst of the corona virus outbreak.

The police immediately moved to arrest Teri and her boyfriend, where they were charged with murder for Ana, who worked as a nanny and cleaner.

Spanish media reported that Teri and her boyfriend lived with Ana, where neighbors often heard of their bickering.

Also Read: Revealed! Adoptive parents deliberately did not invite the biological mother, the reason was to protect Nadya Mustika’s good name and the Rizki DA family, now confessing to be wrong

Officers from the Civil Guard immediately launched the raid after receiving a report from one of Teri’s friends, local media reported.

The teenager confessed to his friend that he had stabbed his mother to death.

He also reported it to the authorities on Wednesday (19/8/2020).

Law enforcement officials conducted an investigation by entering the apartment on Thursday morning local time (20/8/2020), where they found his body.

Also Read: It’s Really Strange But It Is Real, This City Suddenly Rain Of Chocolate Powder, Turns Out This Is The Cause

Due to the decomposing condition of the corpse and starting to become mummified, officers reportedly could not identify when Ana died.

Ana is said to be a Bulgarian citizen who has lived in an area that is part of the Valencia Community for the last 20 years.

Reported by the daily The Spanish, the neighbor spoke of shock.

Even so, they had time to ask their daughter where Ana was.

Also Read: Rare! Seconds of Chinese Submarines in the Secret Tunnel of the South China Sea, Uncovered Clever Strategies to Face Enemies in the Nests of Ballistic Missiles

Teri replied that her mother would be back in a few days.

Until the neighbors are said to have smelled an unpleasant smell from the apartment.

“The smell in the hall was so unbearable,” said one neighbor.

Also Read: From Demen’s Positive Friend, Rizky Billar’s Subconscious Mind Controls Her Hand Movements to Do This to Lesty, Expression Expert: They Confirm They Fall in Love

Other residents said they often heard people screaming.

“The smell in this area is so bad. It looks like the mother was hidden in the bathing bank and they are trying to get rid of it,” explained another neighbor.

(*)

This article was published on Kompas.com by title “For 4 Months, This Teen Lives With The Body Of The Mother He Killed”


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Martín Elías: body of the vallenato singer will not be exhumed – Barranquilla – Colombia


After going through an advice from a forensic medical firm, the defense of the driver Armando Quintero Ponce desisted from carrying out the exhumation to the corpse of Martin Elias Diaz.

This was made known officially in a communication dated August 14, addressed to the third municipal criminal judge of Sincelejo with guarantees control functions, to which EL TIEMPO had access.

Quintero Ponce is singled out by the Prosecutor for wrongful death for driving with excess speed the vehicle in which the Vallenato singer had an accident, who later died.

(Read also: The evidence that would prove that the death of Martín Elías was homicide)

The request for exhumation, by Quintero Ponce’s attorney, had been presented on July 13 at the preparatory hearing in order to support the defense theory that is apparently aimed at proving that the cause of the artist’s death was due to medical negligence.

This position is opposed to that of the Prosecutor’s Office, which indicates that the death originated in the tragic car accident that occurred on April 14, 2017 on the San Onofre (Sucre) -Lorica (Córdoba) road.

During the preparatory hearing, the examining judge authorized the taking of said test within the oral trial, provided that it was authorized by a guarantee control judge.

I desist from the preliminary hearing scheduled for the next 20 of the current month and year starting at 11:30 am, within which authorization for the exhumation would be requested

Thus, a first hearing was scheduled for July 21, in which the aforementioned authorization was to be requested; However, the hearing could not take place and had been rescheduled for this Thursday, August 20.

“I declare that I withdraw from the preliminary hearing scheduled for the next 20 of the currents, month and year, starting at 11:30 am, within which authorization would be requested for the exhumation of the body of Mr. Martín Elías Díaz Acosta”, It is read in the official letter signed by the substitute attorney for the accused.

Reason for defense

According to the defense of Armando Quintero, after the meeting held with the forensic doctors firm, they concluded that the aspects that were sought to establish with a second autopsy can be determined by questioning the doctors who treated Martín Elías at the San Onofre hospital and at the Santa María Clinic in Sincelejo.

In addition, they will also take into account the version of the doctor who prepared the autopsy report, as ordered in the preparatory hearing by the Fourth Criminal Court of the Sincelejo Circuit.

For his part, lawyer Óscar Sierra Fajardo, representative of the victim Dayana Jaimes, referred to the decision of the team of defense lawyers, considering that it contributes to the normal development of the trial.

The request for an exhumation, in addition to being disproportionate, would have seriously affected both the widow and the youngest daughter of the renowned singer

(You may be interested in: The son of Diomedes Díaz died in a traffic accident)

“The request for an exhumation, in addition to being disproportionate, would have seriously affected both the widow and the youngest daughter of the renowned singer, as this is a procedure that affects the most sensitive aspects of any person who has lost a loved one ”, stated the professional.

He explained that, due to the implications of a possible exhumation, it requires the authorization of a constitutional judge to analyze the need and relevance of the evidence within the criminal process.

Likewise, Sierra warned that the unfortunate event is explained through the “blunt” evidence that the Attorney General’s Office has, according to which it is possible to prove a speed of 159 km / h, exactly 3.2 seconds before the accident.

More details of the process

It should be remembered that this institution formally accused Armando Quintero, driver of the vehicle, of the crime of wrongful death due to speeding and carried out the indictment of charges on April 10, 2018, that is, one year after the tragic event.

However, Quintero did not accept the charges imposed on him, so the case was moved to an oral trial, which is now initially scheduled for September 30.

At said preparatory hearing on July 13, the fourth criminal judge authorized the presentation of the report made by Automotores Toyota Colombia SAS (ATC) in the aforementioned trial, as revealed by TIME.

According to the ATC report, the truck was going exactly 159 kilometers per hour until 3.2 seconds before the accident. And that, at the time of the event, registered 116 kilometers per hour of speed.

The tests are scientifically accredited through the collection of information from the computer of the Toyota Land Cruiser 200 vehicle, which included three more people, who were injured in the accident.

(We recommend: Young university student disappeared after a celebration in Cali)

It must be taken into account that the wrongful death contemplated in article 109 of the Penal Code, as the author, carries a prison sentence of 32 to 108 months and a fine of 26.66 to 150 legal minimum monthly wages in force. However, according to the same Penal Code, the crime charged is exempt from prison.

DEIVIS LÓPEZ ORTEGA
EL TIEMPO correspondent
On Twitter: @DeJhoLopez
Write me at deilop@eltiempo.com

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Health: When to see a doctor for pain or other symptoms – Health


Regardless of the situation that anyone is going through or perceives their health condition as good, there are a series of signs and symptoms that cannot be missed, because they always indicate that something is or is happening.

Ángel Alberto Castro, gastroenterologist at the National University, says that minimal changes in eating or intestinal habits are signals that require investigate, because they can indicate alterations ranging from mild to severe.

(In other news: The harsh story of a doctor who moved on social networks)

In the same vein, the hematologist Lucía del Pilar Cortés assures that sudden bruises and without apparent cause can alert to damage to the blood vessels or the intrinsic characteristics of the blood that must be examined.

Hence, in the hands of the Mayo Clinic and other clinicians, the ten symptoms that merit evaluation by the doctor have been selected, without any excuses. These are:

1. Unjustified weight loss

Germán Maldonado, a doctor at the National University, says that unintentional weight loss is a serious indication of organic or functional alterations. For example, if there is a reduction of more than 5% of body weight in less than a year, it must necessarily be consulted. This because it could be a sign of tumor, endocrinological problems (thyroid gland compromise, or diabetes), emotional illnesses such as depression, or eating disorders, liver compromises, liver damage, anemia or intestinal affectations, among others.

Hence, any unjustified weight loss must be studied in depth., ends Maldonado.

(Read also: This is the reality of the pandemic in Colombia)

2. Difficulty breathing

The sensation of shortness of breath, in addition to indicating respiratory problems, can be indicative of other alterations, says Pedro Cifuentes, an expert doctor in outpatient care.

According to Cifuentes, it is necessary to check if this sensation is of long duration or of acute presentation to rule out the presence of obstructive problems in the lungs, bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma or the existence of tumors and even heart problems.

In the same sense, its relationship with obesity, poor exercise and psychiatric deficits must be reviewed. Hence, this must always be evaluated as soon as possible.

3. Changes in bowel routine

Although there are no exact patterns to define the normality of intestinal habits, Ángel Alberto Castro, a gastroenterologist at the National University, says that each person has ranges in which their conditions are considered acceptable. Leaving the pattern, suddenly or progressively, can be a bad sign.

For example, chronic constipation, persistent diarrhea, the presence of blood, black stools, or a sudden urge to evacuate should be a reason for consultation, he adds. Also, colicky abdominal pain or sudden change in stool consistency are elements that cannot be missed. All of them require tests to rule out any compromise in the intestinal structures. such as tumors, obstructions, inflammation, bacterial, parasitic or viral invasions.

(You may be interested in: The mental health problems that the pandemic is already showing)

4. Persistent fever

Body temperature is one of the most stable vital signs and although, according to the Mayo Clinic, fever is not necessarily a cause for alarm because it plays an important role when it comes to fighting infections or qualifying the responses of the body’s defenses, When the increase in temperature is prolonged over time, it must be rigorously studied to identify its cause.

In fact, says the Mayo Clinic, this may indicate a hidden infection; also the sign of malignant processes or the effect of some medications, among other reasons, so if after measuring it with a thermometer it exceeds 38 degrees for more than 3 days, you should consult.

(You may be interested in: What is needed for the Covid-19 vaccine to reach the country?)

5. Feeling full after eating little

Rapid satiety, according to experts at the Mayo Clinic, requires priority medical evaluation. According to Castro, more rigorously if this feeling of fullness is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, bloating or weight loss, as well as if there is pain.

These signs cannot be allowed to advance in time because they can indicate compromises such as gastroesophageal reflux, ulcers, tumors or have causes external to the digestive system, which also require investigation. Here It is important not to self-medicate and request an evaluation by a doctor quickly.

6. Severe headache

Although the headache is the most common in all ages and the most frequent reason for consultation, if it lasts for more than three days, according to the doctor Maldonado, it requires evaluation and much more if it intensifies and is accompanied by any other symptoms.

Here it is advisable not to self-medicate and be aware of any change that occurs in the evolution of the symptom. “Regardless of age, this is a type of pain that cannot be managed empirically,” he concludes.

7. Flashes of light

According to the Mayo Clinic, sometimes seeing bright spots or flashes of light can be indicative of a neurological problem, such as migraines; but in other cases, their sudden appearances can lead to eye disorders such as retinal detachments or other structural or functional compromises in the organ of vision. Hence, immediate medical attention is necessary to avoid further damage.

8. Bleeding or bruising

Lucía del Pilar Cortés, a hematologist at the University of São Paulo, says that the presence without apparent cause of bruising anywhere on the body or persistent bleeding in the gums, stool or urine should be investigated quickly.

This because it can be a sign of problems in the components that promote blood clotting, such as platelets or clotting factors, or by direct or indirect involvement of the blood vessels or the structures in which they are found.

It is also necessary to check if the bleeding is the effect of substances or drugs that are being consumed or the presence of damage secondary to intrinsic or extrinsic blood tumors. For all the above it is important to consult.

(You can also read: ‘Depression is a fad’ and other expressions that hurt)

9. Abdominal pain

Pain in any part of the abdomen that does not subside should always be evaluated by a doctor, says Luis Alberto Parra Obando, general surgeon at the National University.

This pain, he adds, can be localized or generalized and it always indicates that something is happening in the internal structures or referring to these areas, which can range from primary or secondary inflammations to conditions that can be life-threatening, such as appendicitis, visceral perforations or tumors.

In this sense, it is always recommended to avoid self-medication and go for a medical evaluation, and more urgently if this is accompanied by deterioration of the general state, fever, loss of appetite, changes in bowel habits, bleeding or bloating, among others.

(You can also check: Appendicitis, a disease that everyone should know and attend to)

10. Confusion or personality changes

The Mayo Clinic recommends that a consultation should be made if there are sudden deficiencies in the ability to reason, difficulty concentrating or maintaining a focus of attention, or there are changes in behavior.

This is due to the fact that these signals can have many causes, from structural alterations in the brain or functional compromises in the psychiatric field, as well as secondary responses to infections, hydroelectrolyte, metabolic, nutritional imbalances or due to the effects of some medications.* Source: Mayo Clinic

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What is the Minnesota Protocol: the regulation they claim to apply to the body found near Bahía Blanca

The forensic doctor and Academic Director of the Forensic Sciences Expert Consultant, Virginia Creimer, spoke about the importance of the Forensic Anthropology Corps acting and the need to apply a special protocol to carry out the autopsy.

“Under no point of view should the autopsy performed on this body be carried out by a security force, it absolutely has to be carried out by the Nation’s morgue”, held in dialogue with C5N.

When asked if injuries can be found in a skeletonized corpse, the medical examiner stated that: “Each security force has its modus operandi to injure and kill, and due to the type of injuries they produce, they have an impact either on the soft parts or bone level. Therefore, it requires professionals who are trained to find injuries that may have been produced by a security force. “

The specialist emphasized the need to apply a special protocol to analyze the body found.

“The Minnesota Protocol must be applied by experienced people. This autopsy cannot be done by just any medical examiner, it has to be done by a doctor who is experienced in using that protocol”, claimed.

“The Minnesota Protocol is the one used in cases of deaths in custody or by security forces. It is an international protocol that has been modified over the years with which an interdisciplinary team works that looks for different injuries with different autopsy techniques to common techniques. It requires that there be a team of forensic, legal, psychological and imaging (photo and video recording), “he said.

Virginia Creimer

Virginia Creimer, forensic physician and academic director of the Forensic Sciences Expert Consultant.

What is the Minnesota Protocol?

He Minnesota Protocol It is a set of rules for investigating a potentially unlawful death, which establishes principles and guidelines for States, institutions and individuals participating in the investigation. It was established to complement the United Nations Principles on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of extra legal, arbitrary or summary executions.

Your goal is “protect the right to life and promote justice, accountability and the right to redress by promoting effective investigation of any potentially unlawful death or suspected enforced disappearance “.

It was developed in the 1990s by international experts in forensic sciences, lawyers, experts in human rights and in other matters who developed the United Nations Manual on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extralegal, Arbitrary or Summary Executions, known as the Minnesota Protocol because it was led by the Minnesota Lawyers International Human Rights Committee.

It is an international reference that serves as a practical guide for investigating deaths that have occurred in suspicious circumstances. The manual recommends creating an independent commission with sufficient resources and the possibility of seeking help from international experts in legal, medical and forensic sciences.

It is used in cases where the State may be involved in the death and the results of the investigation may be partial.

The commission should have access to all the information necessary for the investigation, present a public report, prevent the burial or other disposition of the body until the autopsy is done, visit the place where the body was discovered and where the death may have occurred, and receive statements of witnesses and organizations outside the country.

According to the Protocol, the forensic doctor in charge of the autopsy must be part of the independent commission that conducts the investigation and must also have the appropriate training and experience to ensure the identity of the deceased and discover the cause and circumstances of his death. In the case of unknown circumstances, the forensic doctor uses the results of the autopsy to reconstruct them.

The post-autopsy report can be used by authorities to determine whether the deceased was assaulted or tortured and whether the injuries caused or contributed to his death. If the coroner considers that some injuries were the result of torture or if a group of them indicates ill-treatment, it is his obligation to present that opinion in writing.

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