The writer of “the Avengers” explained why the Cap lifted Thor’s hammer

The Writer Of “The Avengers. The finale of” Christopher Markus acknowledged that the film crept plot error. The creators made a mistake in the scene of the decisive battle in which Captain America suddenly became the “changer” of the Torah. Fans have long puzzled about why this was possible in the universe of superheros, but the explanation was very simple: the creators felt like it.

Recognition as one of the screenwriters of the last “Avengers” (the best movie in 2019, for a moment) Christopher Marcus June 19, published edition of The Independent. As I remember many in the audience, in the scene of the decisive battle with Thanos Captain America picked up Thor’s hammer and caused them to zip. Although previous Marvel movie “Thor: Ragnarok”, gave the world memes about lying about Loki, was that causing the lightning hammer and powers of Thor.

Fans immediately noticed the problem and began to build a theory about how such a plot twist fits into the Marvel mythology. But the answer was simple: nothing. The creators just could not pass up the opportunity to add another exciting film moment:

For some time, we discussed how this is justified because in “Thor: Ragnarok” explicitly States that it is not in the hammer. But when come to mind such bright ideas, you just think, “It’s too cool to refuse! And the rest will understand later.”

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Girl found in Omsk socket apartment in the Baroque style. But for the good stucco people saw the monster

Premiere Of “The Avengers. The final” took place last year, but its creators continue to bedazzle fans of the Marvel new surprises. Recently, they released a deleted scene from the movie, which has forced many on-new to look at “supervillain” of Thanos. And before that, the authors showed the world the other is not included in the film episode is a touching scene of the meeting of Tony stark with her daughter.

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Marie-Christine Zaragoza, master of media

The meeting planned by Zooming is made by FaceTime and then finally by phone. The smiling face of Marie-Christine Zaragoza appears on the screen, in the bright light of a window over the garden.

→ TO READ. Marie-Christine Zaragoza, and is finally appointed to the head of RFI and France 24

How does it feel to be the patroness of France Media world in term of containment, which meant that overnight his three media (France 24, Radio France International and Radio Monte Carlo Doualiya) to work with 87 % of employees telework ? “At the beginning, I was scared for my teams “, “she says. And then, past the developed technical, sanitary and organizational, that she experienced despite “the sadness for all those who died “ a feeling of” immense joy “.

“Everywhere in the world, there has been a mobilisation incredible of our teams, proud of their work, driven by the crucial issue of the fight against the misinformation. There was a kindness, a réhumanisation, a concentration on the essentials “, remembers this former captain of handball, which manages for the past eight years with affection and panache in a group of 1 750 employees. Each day, she wrote a letter, supported new initiatives, her virtual meetings from his home, enjoying being confined in the family with her three grown children, and be able to “mitonner small dishes “ or “switch to destress” between two appointments.

Audience tripled

Reward : digital audience of France Media world has tripled during the confinement, with 214 million visits on the three media. “When a reporter informs you from his kitchen, it breaks the distance with the public “, she emphasises. The many “messages of affection “ received him, to think that this intimacy and the perception of the work carried out have “fed confidence. We have appeared as a safe haven : when it all goes wrong and that one is drowning in a flood of information, media that were serious but less “fun” as social networks become buoys, because they are deemed to be reliable “.

The global dimension of the health crisis has also contributed, according to her, to legitimize the existence of a group that “projects in the world an analysis of French news “. Distant seems the time when France 24, the young string info international desired by Jacques Chirac, and RFI, the ” voice of France “, created in the 1930s, refused to work together and in the same place. Marie-Christine Zaragoza, the patron appreciated the international French-language channel TV5 Monde, was sent as a fireman at the head of the audiovisual outside.

His first reflex was to free speech and to associate the employees. “I like to listen, understand and facilitate, she says. I have a deep respect for the know-how of the different trades. And when there is a problem, it prevents me from breathing, he must quickly solve it ! “

Parity of the teams

As TV5 Monde, the numbers were quickly feminized the summit to the basis, wage differentials have tightened, and expert women have been encouraged to the antenna. This proactive policy translates into an attention to the feminine condition. “We made a lot of topics on the situation of women during confinement. Emc has launched the issuance “The school radio” to accompany the parents “lists-t-it. Feminist ? “Humanist “. Woman of power ? “Woman of action ! I love to act and I needed to do this power “specifies the mandarin affable and spontaneous, averse to putting in boxes.

What is it that has brought this native of Algeria, brought up by a mother, a teacher and flirtatious and a father “teacher of sport “ and “very guy “ to want to do the ENA ? “I was an only child. And my parents didn’t raised with the straitjacket intellectual applied to girls. I thought that nothing I was forbidden, and, at the same time, I had a pressure to succeed. This is how you bring back a science graduate while we liked the literature… “, has fun, does it.

Big reader, appreciative of Annie Ernaux and Philip Roth, she took the quill in 2011 to write a beautiful story dedicated to his late father, then ill (1). Candidate for the presidency of France Télévisions in 2015, it has not waived its “need to knead the words” and “would prefer to sometimes cultivate (s) a garden, rather than having responsibilities “.


The secrets of the genius of Franco’s submarines to terrorize the ships of the Second Republic



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The submarine warfare in the Spanish seas was not as massive as that which, from 1939 onwards, WWII the mythologized German “U-Boote”. What cannot be denied is that it laid its foundations and turned the waters of our country into a perfect test bed for the international powers. The problem is that if, despite its importance, this contest has been overlooked in the history books, the same has happened with the commanders of the submersibles of the Second Republic and the National side; characters that have been ignored despite following the line set by the forerunners of the Great War and opening the way to new ways of stalking the contrary.

Their lives would allow writing an encyclopedia. Those of the “Huns” and those of the “others”, as Unamuno would say. Today, however, it is time to focus on Rafael Fernández de Bobadilla and Ragel, the submarine commander who sent the most enemy tons to the bottom of the waters during the Civil War: 10,458, according to his family member, Gonzalo Wandosell Fernández de Bobadilla, in your dossier «History of the arrival of the submarine General Mola and its first commander». Although its brand is far from that of the great ‘aces’ of the WWII as Otto Kretschmer (with 274,333), it does put him at the head of our fratricidal contest.

Beginnings in Africa

José Carlos Fernández Fernández tells in an article written for the Royal Academy of History that Rafael Fernández de Bobadilla and Ragel came to the world in Cádiz around 1901. Already with 15 springs he agreed to the Naval Military School, where, after graduating, he gradually ascended the ranks and hardened on ships like the «Regent queen»Or the battleship«Spain»(Among many others). It seems that, from the beginning, his life turned towards the sea. The rebound in hostilities in the Moroccan war after the uprising of the rifian cabbies he allowed him to participate in battle and, in 1922, he was on the deck of the gunboat «Maria de Molina», From where he collaborated in the bombardment of enemy positions in North Africa.

Bobadilla Fernandez
Bobadilla Fernandez

Soon after, he began his journey under the seas. And it is that, in 1923 he participated (and successfully passed) the course of Cartagena Submarine School. That same year he had his first contact with those who, in the near future, were to be his workhorses in the Civil war when he was destined for the ancient submarine A-3, one of the first models that our country acquired before acquiring two more modern classes (B and C). “As war units they possibly had quite a few limitations, given their reduced displacement of 265 tons on the surface and only two torpedo tubes; but to be used as school-ships they lent themselves admirably », explains Manuel Ramírez Gabarrus in his book “The Spanish submarine arna”.

The year 1925 was called the battleship «Jaime I», With which he participated in the famous Al Hoceima Landing (the first of its kind in the world in which the armies of land, sea and air collaborated in a coordinated manner). But his destiny was always below the waterline of surface ships and, shortly after, he returned to serve in type A submersibles. The maximum was to gain experience. This is how, just five years later, he was appointed orders officer of the Ferrol Submarine Fleet. Shortly afterwards he also became familiar with the brand new C-3 and, in 1935, he was assigned to the headquarters of the General Staff of the Submarine Flotilla.

Mission reserved

In July 1936, Fernández de Bobadilla joined the rebels and helped them control the Cádiz naval base. Your participation, key in these first moments of the Civil war, allowed the National side to protect the transfer of its troops from Africa to the Peninsula. This is confirmed in his Wandosell dossier, who also specifies that, shortly after, Francisco Franco he used our protagonist to undertake a secret mission. “On the last day of October, Lieutenant Commander Bobadilla received a call from Salamanca designating him for a very secretive mission and ordering him to be on November 1st in Tetouan to leave for an unknown port in Italy, “he explains.

Republican submarines

The task was dangerous, but necessary for the National side could stand up to the large fleet of the Second Republic in the seas. At about midnight, Fernández de Bobadilla was given the task of traveling incognito on an Italian warship (the «Pigafetta») Bound for Sardinia. There, his orders were to collect a dozen submarines that fascist Italy intended to sell to Franco. Those ships could overturn the war in the seas since, according to the same officer, they had better characteristics than the enemy’s class B and C.

But plans changed when the English fleet appeared in the area. With an international Treaty of Non-Intervention in the making, Italy withdrew and rejected the sale to avoid problems with Great Britain and France, then the greatest military powers in Europe. However, the high command of the «Marine Regia»He proposed to the National side a much more succinct way of collaborating in their interests: secretly hitting from their own ports the vital merchant traffic that arrived periodically to support the armies of the Second Republic.

Against the Republic

From this way began the participation of the so-called submersibles «Legionaries»Italians on the National side and, incidentally, also a new tactic to strangle the enemy: destroy the ships that were taking them to the Peninsula weapons and viands, instead of trying to sink only their warships. Technique that, years later, the U-Boote in the WWII.

In Wandosell’s words, the Italian instructions were strict: «The submarines would leave the base at night, to avoid air or naval surveillance; they would sail without position lights or any other visible lights; would attack […] merchants less than three miles from the coast, with or without lights. In turn, they had to intervene in such a way as to give the impression that the tanks of the Second Republic they had sunk due to contact with a mine or due to an internal explosion. Finally, an agreement was reached that a Spanish officer (including Fernández de Bobadilla) would travel in each of the submarines to familiarize himself with the operation of the ship and its details.

General Sanjurjo submarine
General Sanjurjo submarine

Between November and March, Fernández de Bobadilla participated in an infinity of missions aboard the Italian submarines. In them he learned how it works on the ground, and confirmed the importance of ending the merchant traffic To strangle the enemy, he had a first contact with the so-called “herd” attacks against groups of ships and, ultimately, he saw with his own eyes how important it was to provoke terror on the contrary so that his fleet was forced to remain at their ports (in this case, the Barcelona, Alicante and Cartagena). Secret all of them (or teachings, rather) that were burned into his memory and, in the end, he would use in his favor.

In combat

But the navy not only lives on aid and, since July 1936, Franco wanted to get hold of some owned submarines. The acquisition of these ships has been explained in detail by Dionisio García Flórez (expert in the naval world) in his work «Ships of the Spanish Civil War. Submarines ». In his words, it was the April 29, 1937 (nine months after the start of hostilities) when the National Navy He managed to get his Italian allies to deliver two submersibles.

The result was the arrival on the Balearic island of Cabrera, under strict secrecy (as its acquisition from Italy violated all the treaties imposed after the First World War), of two submarines of the class «Archimede». Prototypes of the Italian navy, these ships stood out because they were designed to remain on the high seas for a long period of time and because they had an enviable armament for the time (and that surpassed those of the Second Republic). The first, “Archimede»Was renamed as«General Mola», While the second,«Torricelli“, as “General Sanjurjo».

Fernández de Bobadilla was appointed, at last and as he so desired, commander of a submarine. From the “General Mola” to be more exact. Thus, the wishes of an officer who claimed for the presence of these ships in the National Navy for months had been fulfilled. “The submarines can be of decisive efficacy, when, commanded by Spanish commanders, or at least being able to display our flag, they directly obey orders from our government, when they can operate without the need to submerge and, if they have to, it is due to tactical reasons and not to political impositions, “he wrote.

General Mola submarine
General Mola submarine

“General Mola” left, with our protagonist as commander, on May 13, 1937 on his first operational mission. Thus began a series of merchantings that would ultimately lead Fernández de Bobadilla to stardom as far as the submarine weapon is concerned. In the words of García Flórez, it was on the 29th of that same month that he sent the schooner to the bottom of the sea «Pomegranate», 400 tons and loaded with weapons destined for the Second Republic. The method was simple: he intercepted it, ordered his crew to abandon the ship, and destroyed it with the blow of a deck gun. And the same did two weeks later with the «Quick».

The most notable blow was the attack on the merchant «Cabo de Palos»On June 25, 1937. That day, Bobadilla launched a torpedo at 700 meters against this ship of more than 6,000 tons to prevent the cargo it carried (weapons, salt and ammonia) from reaching the hands of the Second Republic.

In turn, the captain also participated in multiple (and dangerous) patrol missions. “In many they had a hard time maneuvering between minefields, or enduring several hours, in front of Barcelona, ​​the attack with depth charges of two republican destroyers, which, luckily, fell too far,” adds Wandosell in his dossier. .

The same author recalls that the last sinking of Fernández de Bobadilla on the «General Mola»Occurred on January 11, 1938. The target was a Dutch smuggling ship loaded with weapons. The task was not easy because the National side had orders not to attack foreign ships to avoid an international conflict. The commander achieved this by firing a single torpedo from a great distance. It worked and the foreign government believed it had hit a mine.

Shortly after, our protagonist was released from command. Although, by then, 10,458 tons had been taken to the bottom of the waters in just over a year of service. That earned him the military medal


Coronavirus in Asturias: Great gesture of Seville with the historic Marcelo Campanal: Captain Jess Navas calls him to worry about his condition

The historic Marcelo Campanal has received one of the most pleasant surprises today since the coronavirus pandemic began. Sevilla, a club where he spent almost his entire footballer career and of which he is a true legend, wanted to encourage him.And he did it in a very emotional way, with a call from his captain,Jesus Navas,in which he worries about his state of health and how he is going through these days of confinement.

“I’m locked up at home here alone, you know?”Campanal answers Navas after the first questions from the Andalusian winger. Campanal, who in addition to being a historic former soccer player, is an athlete who accumulates medals in the senior category, explains during the video to Navas that,At 88 years old and confined at home,He has not stopped training: “I am watching a lot of television and exercising, weights, cycling …”. Also, shocked by the initiative of the Andalusian club, he admits that “it is a joy to hear you” and encourages him for this season: “Let’s see if we get any title.”

Campanal also acknowledges Jesús Navas that they intend to go, as soon as possible, to the Fair: “I hope I can go”. To which Navas responds: “When possible”:


German monument: Bad Freienwalde sells its Rathenau castle

es was none other than Gerhart Hauptmann, then the best-known poet in Germany, who spoke. He handed the property over to the public with the solemn words: “Just like me in a happy time, the hospitable gates of Park and Schloss Freienwalde are now open to everyone, a blessing for many generations that may become a beautiful, permanent monument to his donor. “It was in 1927, and eighty years later, after the palace and Walther-Rathenau memorial were reopened after thorough restoration, the blessing was not commemorated.

Because the “donor”, ​​the noble donor, was actually none other than the first and so far only Jewish foreign minister in Germany who fell victim to an act of terrorism by the fanatized anti-Semitic rights on June 24, 1922 after only five months in office. However, the clever man, probably the greatest political potency of the Weimar Republic alongside Stresemann, had made provisions.


Champions League: the other eighths of the week

It’s not just Dortmund-Paris-SG in life: a real entry into the competition for European behemoths – Paris-SG but also Barcelona, ​​Real Madrid, English clubs – in the queen competition, the round of 16 the Champions League mark the gateway to matches of a stratospheric level, rich in adventures and reversals of situations. Overview of the other games of the week.

Atlético Madrid – Liverpool FC (Tuesday, 9 p.m.)

It would be nice if Atlético Madrid won because … Atlético Madrid is stuck in the simplest cliché: a team complicated to face and anti-good game in its most elaborate version. Namely, love-killing and pragmatism flirting with the accordion bus technique – defense first. The sworn enemy of football and gourmet mirettes. Diego Simeone, Madrid’s coach, single-handedly recounts the slide into this dark box. Five or six years ago, the Argentinian, who arrived on the Madrid bench in 2011, was still the genius of Europe. The one who turned lambs into wolves. Who made his players run 90 minutes, which gave the impression of being able to investigate 180 without problem and if necessary, 270 – with a smile to their ears. There, he is portrayed as good without more and disbelieving: if we trust the ambient rumor, he is the exact opposite of the religion of the moment, Liverpool, the model – his players also ride, but better.

The scenario would like that the Simeone cycle, coach as smooth as brilliant, who spent a life of player to be vomited before the games to maintain his grinta, ends as the stereotype adores: an exit in eighth and an end of championship d ‘Spain (Atlético is at the foot of the podium) is struggling. Then a resignation or a dismissal. Then a debate on a talk show to imply that the guy and his philosophy are dead and buried. May the picture go to hell! The Matelassiers disrupted and broke the alternation (Barça and Real Madrid) so exhausting in Spain (a title in 2014) and failed to sit on the roof of Europe twice (2014 and 2016). The Atlético has ten years of sabotage of big, medium and small clubs in the legs. We are right in what makes this striped jersey team dangerous: the habit of big battles, patience and mischief.

Except that Liverpool will qualify because … The club of Mohamed Salah and Sadio Mané is European champion. The mojo is lost, it’s true. But rarely in eighth final.

Read also Champions League: at PSG, the cross and the barriers

Atalanta Bergamo – FC Valencia (Wednesday, 9 p.m.)

It would be nice if Bergamo won because … Ephemeral coach of Inter Milan in 2011 (five competitive games, four defeats), Gian Piero Gasperini is the man of a revolution in Italy since 2013 that he coaches Atalanta Bergamo: it matters what the Transalpine call with a touch of distrust the “continental game”, that is to say a different rhythm, superior to the ordinary of Calcio. This is the story of the biggest dwarf in the world (a normal type, therefore) of the Monthy Pythons: Luis Muriel and others do not play at the supersonic speed of a Liverpool or a Manchester City, but on a scale Italian, Bergamo is a textbook case, which earned Gasperini to be elected best coach of Calcio at the end of the 2018-2019 season. Who says rhythm says risk-taking, loss of balls, defenders having to manage in one against one against opposing attackers: in the realm of placed play and defensive systems belts and suspenders, it is not nothing.

Except that Valencia will qualify because … The force of habit, the superior technical skill (Rodrigo, Daniel Parejo), this hardness in the effort that inhabits the top Spanish player – Valencia is 6e de Liga – and a slow rise that saw them destroy FC Barcelona (2-0) three weeks ago, playing three times faster than the Catalans that day. The wind blew at the start of the season when the Singaporean owner dismissed coach Marcelino Garcia Toral, fresh winner of the King’s Cup, for sporting differences: he had the full support of both players and supporters. Former international player who passed through Bordeaux and coach in the Spanish youth teams (-16 years old, -17, Hopes), Albert Celades took the time to slip into his shoes and things got back to normal, with victories at Chelsea or Amsterdam during the round of pool. It’s as if the deep quality of the team speaks no matter who the coach is.

Tottenham Hotspur – RB Leipzig (Wednesday, 9 p.m.)

It would be nice if Leipzig wins because … Leipzig coach Julian Nagelsmann is both a fool and a symbol. Bad because his teams attack like beatniks, in flip flops, in all weathers and on all terrains, whatever the balance of power, and too bad if striker Timo Werner (supposedly the star) is what the English commonly called a “rabbit killer”, unable to score against strong teams. A symbol because German football has the wind in its back, embodying a kind of daring modernity that flourished until Paris-SG (Thomas Tuchel, ex from Dortmund) and Liverpool (Jürgen Klopp, ex from Dortmund too). This winter, Nagelsmann admitted to having been approached by Real Madrid… two years ago. To succeed Zinedine Zidane. At 32 years old. It’s very simple: at its best (or worst), Leipzig seems to be playing to play, forgetting to make it happen on the scoreboard as if by distraction. “It’s starting to be enough”, thundered Nagelsmann after a 2-2 victory in Lyon in December when his team should have won 5-0. In the meantime: it’s funny.

Tottenham Hotspur's Portuguese head coach Jose Mourinho reacts ahead of the English Premier League football match between Aston Villa and Tottenham Hotspur at Villa Park in Birmingham, central England on February 16, 2020. (Photo by JUSTIN TALLIS / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE. No use with unauthorized audio, video, data, fixture lists, club / league logos or 'live' services. Online in-match use limited to 120 images. An additional 40 images may be used in extra time. No video emulation. Social media inTottenham Hotspur’s Portuguese coach José Mourinho before the match against Aston Villa in Birmingham on February 16. Photo Justin Tallis. AFP

Except that Tottenham will qualify because … The last finalists in the Champions League are indestructible and there is a vague feeling that they did not finish their work, which consisted last spring of leaving the formations (Ajax, Manchester City) much better armed. Hugo Lloris is back for these knockout stages, it’s good and it’s time to remember that the captain of the world champions had been the best player of his formation in the Champions League last season, the striker Harry Kane (injured last year) having the stature of the one who will permanently mark the competition. Trained by Mauro Pochettino yesterday or by José Mourinho today, we feel the Spurs harder, more winning than their opponents in these eighths. Mourinho knows the Champions League like the mouse behind a Swiss cheese. Leipzig has time. Not the Soft. If we talk about football, it is clear that Tottenham will suffer. But if we talk about sport, that is to say mental, we bet on them.

Grégory Schneider


Ramses Kefi