New report: The electric car is not as environmentally friendly as many people think

Increasingly stringent emission requirements mean that the world’s car manufacturers have to adapt. Therefore, we have also seen an enormous growth of hybrid cars and pure electric cars in recent years.

It is no secret that electric cars are very positive for local emissions. But in the global picture, the whole thing is a little more nuanced than that.

Among other things, the large CO2 emissions are linked to production, especially of the battery packs. Another factor is all the countries where cars get power from non-renewable energy sources, such as coal and gas.

To the newspaper The Telegraph, the top manager of Polestar, Thomas Ingenlath, expresses a wish that car manufacturers should be honest about the emissions associated with electric car production.

– We must be honest

Ingenlath believes it is immoral to tell customers that electric cars are completely clean.

He writes this to The Telegraph, under the title «Car manufacturers must be honest: Even electric cars are not clean».

Polestar itself emphasizes that they as a manufacturer aim to become the most transparent player in today’s car industry.

– Car manufacturers have previously not been clear enough with customers on how the products they sell affect the environment. That’s not good enough. We have to be honest, no matter how uncomfortable it may be, says Ingenlath.

Top manager of Polestar, Thomas Ingenlath, wants more transparency about the emissions associated with electric car production.

Large CO2 emissions during production

Using its own analyzes, Polestar has revealed that the new electric car Polestar 2 leaves the factory with a carbon footprint of a total of 26 tonnes.

Compared to a similar Volvo XC40 with an internal combustion engine, the electric car has a much higher CO2 emission in the production phase, due to high energy consumption in the production of the battery.

While the production of a Volvo XC40 with a fossil engine has a carbon footprint of 14 tonnes, the corresponding figure for the Polestar electric car is 24 tonnes. In other words, CO2 emissions from electric car production are almost twice as high.

Also read: VAT on electric cars can be introduced as early as 1 January 2022

As the pie chart shows, battery production accounts for large parts of the emissions on Polestar 2.

As the pie chart shows, battery production accounts for large parts of the emissions on Polestar 2.

Must drive 78,000 kilometers

Polestar has also published the so-called “balance point” for Polestar 2. It shows how far you have to drive the electric car before the carbon footprint becomes smaller than a fossil car.

Where the charging current comes from has a lot to say about the total CO2 accounts.  In Norway, we have 98 percent renewable energy, so we naturally do well in this area.

Where the charging current comes from has a lot to say about the total CO2 accounts. In Norway, we have 98 percent renewable energy, so we naturally do well in this area.

The figures are based on a life cycle analysis, which includes emissions from material production, car production and logistics, the car’s use phase and disposal.

Based on a global electricity mix, it is only after 112,000 kilometers driven that the total CO2 emissions will be lower on the electric car versus the XC40 with a fossil engine.

Based on the European electricity mix, the figure is 78,000 kilometers.

In other words: Before you have passed 78,000 kilometers in Polestar 2, you emit more CO2 than your neighbor’s fossil car, according to the life cycle analysis.

If you exclusively charge the car with wind power, the figure is 50,000 kilometers.

Also read: Tesla cashes in billions – due to new EU rule

Before you pass 78,000 kilometers in Polestar 2 (based on European electricity mix), a Volvo XC40 with a fossil engine emits less CO2.

Before you pass 78,000 kilometers in Polestar 2 (based on European electricity mix), a Volvo XC40 with a fossil engine emits less CO2.

Towards climate neutrality

Polestar emphasizes that they put a lot of effort into ensuring that the minerals used in the batteries are extracted in a responsible manner, with full respect for human rights and minimal pollution.

Production of Polestar 2 is in full swing.

Production of Polestar 2 is in full swing.

– The message is clear; electric cars offer a path to climate neutrality, and we will use the insights from this report to achieve that goal, says Ingenlath.

Polestar points to the disturbing lack of transparency in the industry which today makes it impossible for customers to compare the climate impacts of different cars.

A significant problem is that car manufacturers use different calculations for “Life Cycle Assessments”, ie life cycle analyzes. Polestar therefore shares its entire methodology and now demands more openness and transparency from other manufacturers.

– Fragmentation will only lead to confusion. Car manufacturers must stand together to be more transparent, says Fredrika Klarén, responsible for sustainability at Polestar.

– We at Polestar believe that we, as an industry, can help customers make the right choices, she concludes.

Also read: Record high sales of hybrid cars – yet emissions increase

Many Polestar 2s are starting to roll on Norwegian roads.  This is admittedly a Swedish press car.

Many Polestar 2s are starting to roll on Norwegian roads. This is admittedly a Swedish press car.

The case was first published on Broom.no

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Amount of sea ice North Pole below critical limit for second time in 10 years | NOW

The amount of sea ice remaining in the Arctic after the summer has fallen below a worrying mark for the second time in a decade. In total, 3.74 million square kilometers of ice float in the polar seas.

That reports The Guardian on the authority of the US National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC), which has kept this data for 40 years. Only in 2012 did less ice remain in the polar seas. The hope then was that this was a one-off depth record.

In the summer months, a lot of ice melts in the Arctic, and in the winter much of the Arctic Ocean freezes again. There are therefore two important moments each year to take stock: the ice minimum in September and the maximum ice expansion in the month of March.

This shows that the ice in the also milder Arctic winters does not recover enough to compensate for the rapid melting in the summer. The ice on the North Pole is therefore structurally deteriorating.

By shrinking the ice layer, warming speeds up the seas

The main consequence of this ice loss is that it amplifies global warming. Snowy, white sea ice reflects sunlight back to space in the summer months. The dark ocean water that replaces it converts sunlight into heat. As a result, the temperature rise in the entire Arctic is going broadly twice as fast as the global average.

In addition, the melting of sea ice is a major threat to ecosystems in the oceans. Many life forms, from plankton to seals and whales, depend on sea ice.

‘After 2020, no one can deny climate change anymore’

Melting sea ice is yet another result of human-induced global warming, according to NIDC experts.

In a statement, they also refer to the heat wave in Siberia earlier this year and the wildfires in the western United States. “It seems that 2020 will go down in history as the year when it was no longer possible to deny climate change. Each individual event can be attributed to the weather, but along with the heat waves, the fires, the hurricanes and the tropical storms, nature tells us something. “

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GISMETEO.RU: Ford spent $ 700 million to build a new plant – Auto

American car manufacturing company Ford officially reported on the construction of a new enterprise for the creation of electric cars – Rouge Electric Vehicle.

© Aldo91 / Shutterstock.com

New plant Rouge Electric Vehicle Center will be located in Dearborn, Michigan, USA, production and assembly of long-awaited electric pickups will be established there F-150. The press service of “Ford” also shared that 700 million dollars were invested in the enterprise, about 300 new jobs will be provided.

© Zoran Karapancev / Shutterstock.com

“We are proud to innovate and innovate again for the future with the construction of a new state-of-the-art manufacturing center for the all-electric F-150“- said the head of the American company Bill Ford, and Gary Johnson, the new production director of the future enterprise, called it” the most technologically advanced plant Ford in the world”.

© Karolis Kavolelis / Shutterstock.com

We would like to remind you that this year the automaker announced an investment of $ 1.5 billion to create new models Ranger and Bronco – it provided more than 3000 jobs in the United States. Pickup debut F-150 on a battery should happen in 2022.

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Thousands of birds in the southwest US have been falling dead from the sky for the last month | NOW

In the southwestern United States, thousands of birds have fallen dead from the sky since mid-August, international reports media Thursday. The severe wildfires in California and Oregon may force the birds to fly a different route than usual, and this may upset them.

In certain southwestern states it has cooled considerably in recent weeks. The impact of that temperature change is being investigated, writes BBC News.

Migratory birds that fly south to hibernate appear to have been particularly affected. Images of the dead animals in the states of New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Texas, Arizona and the slightly more northerly Nebraska were massively shared online.

Professor Martha Desmond of the University of New Mexico estimates that the number of birds that have died is already in the millions.

For the time being, many dead warblers, swallows and flycatchers have been found. They would have displayed strange behavior before their death. Many of the birds were said to be emaciated and possibly starved to death.

North America has lost billions of birds in the last four decades

Sudden bird death is not an unknown phenomenon in the United States. Scientists wrote last year that since 1970 all over North America three billion birds have disappeared. Man would be responsible for that.

Scientists have asked Americans to take the dead birds to research centers for further investigation.

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GISMETEO.RU: On the territory of the Russian Federation, sales of LADA Xray have dropped record – Auto

A car from the domestic manufacturer “AvtoVAZ” – LADA XRay, which one of these days will receive an updated version Black, showed a record low demand last month of this year. According to Autonews of the Day, in August 2020, 1,445 drivers purchased the Russian hatchback. These numbers are lower than in February 2016 when XRay just appeared in sales in our country.

© shutterstock.com

As a result, domestic transport did not even get into the statistics of the AEB (report for august), which includes twenty-five of the most popular companies on the market of our country. At the same time, in 2019, the official sales centers of AvtoVAZ sold approximately 2.4 thousand XRay, the most profitable month for the model was April two years ago – 4309 car owners bought a Russian crossover.

© shutterstock.com

Today the cost LADA XRay – from 641 900 rubles, the most “top-end” equipment – Cross Instinct – costs 995,900 rubles.

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US Southwest again in the throes of ‘deadly heat’ this weekend | NOW

The US National Weather Service is warning this weekend of a deadly heat wave in much of California. Residents are advised to drink plenty of fluids and avoid physical activity outside the home. Three weeks ago, the same state may have had the highest temperature ever recorded on Earth.

In the center of the metropolis of Los Angeles, it will be 108 degrees Fahrenheit next Sunday, according to the National Weather Service – converted over 42 degrees Celsius.

The high temperatures are potential deadly, the weather service warns: “Such heat can be life-threatening. People are urged to use common sense, drink plenty and stay indoors as much as possible, in air-conditioned buildings.”

Temperature records are also expected to be broken in the coastal zone between Los Angeles and San Diego.

Recordhitte in Death Valley: 54,4 graden

This happened recently in the Californian interior, where on August 16 the world’s highest (correct) temperature reading ever was recorded. An official weather station in Death Valley, a low-lying desert area, then registered a temperature of 54.4 degrees.

The even greater heat is also expected this weekend in the Californian interior, with temperatures again around 50 degrees on the border with Mexico.

Meanwhile, the California mountain regions are also plagued by wildfires this year. Those fires are taking place in recent years toe in size and number.

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Report: In the long term, the corona crisis can lead to higher CO2 emissions | NOW

Due to the corona crisis, global CO2 emissions will be 4 to 8 percent lower this year. Temporary, experts say. With ‘gray’ recovery measures, emissions can eventually even be higher than would have been the case without corona, according to a report published Friday by the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.

It report calculates, based on statistics from the International Energy Agency, that global CO2 emissions will be at least 4 percent lower this year – and possibly twice as much, if there are still strong restrictions on transport and energy use in the last months of the year temporarily reduce.

Because the decline is not the result of targeted energy policy, emissions will bounce back as soon as the corona measures disappear completely.

Yet the decline is the ideal illustration of what is needed worldwide to achieve the UN climate goals, says Michel den Elzen, climate policy researcher at the PBL and one of the authors of the report: “Only if global emissions between 2020 and 2030 each consecutive year by more than 7 percent, the Paris climate target of 1.5 degrees of warming can still be achieved. “

“We are seeing a one-off decline of such magnitude this year, based on extreme policies on the coronavirus. But that policy is of course not a structural change towards a low-carbon economy.”

Government investments determine the long-term climate effect of the corona crisis

Nevertheless, the researchers expect the corona crisis to also have climate effects in the longer term – and may still be visible in the height of global emissions in 2030. The influence of the emission decrease in 2020 will most likely have evaporated, but that does not apply to political choices made this year: the economic recovery packages.

It is even possible that emissions from the corona crisis will eventually turn out to be higher: “That could be if countries weaken or postpone their proposed climate policy.” Den Elzen cites as examples the reversing of targets for more fuel-efficient cars in the US and the approval of new coal-fired power plants in China in March, when large parts of the world were in lockdown.

“As the CO2 intensity of the global economy is improving less than before the corona crisis, we see that global emissions could turn out higher than originally expected in the long term – despite lower economic growth.”

‘Climate change is a slow crisis that requires structural policy’

According to the researcher, this development can also be reversed. In order to achieve the Paris objectives, large investments are required in the next ten years in, among other things, sustainable energy – and such ‘green’ measures can also have a stimulating effect on the economy in employment opportunities.

Den Elzen: “The climate crisis is proceeding much more slowly than the corona crisis, but the consequences are just as drastic. And that can only be tackled with structural reductions in emissions.”

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Hot weather causes acorns to fall three weeks earlier than fifty years ago | NOW

Due to warm springs and summers, acorns have been falling almost three weeks earlier than fifty years ago since this century, according to thousands of observations on Sunday. Nature Today has investigated.

Fruit ripening observations since 1902 show that the fruits of wild rowan, common elderberry, pedunculate oak and white horse chestnut now fall earlier. Fifty years ago, most summer oak acorns did not fall until the second half of September. This year the peak is expected around the end of August or the beginning of September.

The fruits fall earlier mainly due to the very high temperatures that ensure early fruit ripening. Due to the rising temperatures in the Netherlands, trees now bloom earlier, which means that this process starts earlier. The development of the fruits is also faster due to the higher temperatures.

The Netherlands is dealing with a warm spring and a warm summer this year. The average temperature this year from 1 January to 20 August is in third place of the warmest years since the measurements started in 1901. Only in 2007 and 2014 was it even warmer.

Yet it is not a record how early the fruit ripening will take place this year. Due to the relatively normal temperatures in May and the cool temperatures in July, this takes place for all types of acorns at the average time of the past twenty years.

The consequences of early fruit ripening are still unclear

It is not yet clear what the consequences are of early fruit ripening. Animal species may be more likely to collect them to build reserves for the winter, which will also cause the acorns to run out sooner.

In addition to acorns, leaves fall from the trees earlier this year. This is caused by dryness and heat. As a result, trees evaporate more moisture than they can absorb. To keep them from drying out, the trees may drop leaves.

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Greenland’s ice sheet saw record mass loss in 2019, study finds

(Reuters) – Greenland’s ice sheet lost a record amount of mass last year, according to a study published on Thursday, a finding that could prompt scientists to redefine their worst-case scenario as they assess the effects of climate change.

FILE PHOTO: Crevasses form on top of the Helheim glacier near Tasiilaq, Greenland, June 19, 2018. REUTERS/Lucas Jackson/File Photo

The rate of ice loss had slowed for a two-year period amid cooler summers and higher snowfall in western Greenland through 2018. But last year, as warm air flowed northward from lower latitudes, the frozen island experienced a record loss in its ice mass, geoscientist and glaciologist Ingo Sasgen of the Alfred Wegener Institute in Germany said.

That loss of 532 gigatons of ice – equivalent to about 66 tons of ice for each person on Earth – was 15% more than the previous record in 2012.

Greenland’s ice melt is of particular concern, as the ancient ice sheet holds enough water to raise sea levels by at least 20 feet (6 meters) if it were to melt away entirely.

The study adds to evidence that Greenland’s icy bulk is melting more quickly than anticipated amid climate warming. Another study last week indicated the island was no longer getting enough annual snowfall to replace ice lost to melting and calving at the glaciers’ edges.

“We are likely on the path of accelerated sea level rise,” Sasgen told Reuters. “More melting of the ice sheet is not compensated by periods when we have extreme snowfall.”

The study, published in the journal Communications Earth & Environment, used data collected by satellites to the gravitational force of the ice mass, which scientists can use to calculate how much snow and ice is locked within.

Other research has shown the melting is being helped by water pooling atop the ice and at meltwater streaming between the ice sheet and the bedrock beneath.

These studies are helping scientists refine their projections of how climate change will impact the Arctic, and how quickly. Sasgen compared the sobering process to getting difficult news from a doctor.

“It’s always depressing to see a new record,” Sasgen said.

But the studies offer insight into “where the problem is, and you also know to some extent what the treatment is,” Sasgen added.

“It is hard to tell if these (weather) patterns will be the new normal, and which pattern will occur with which frequency,” Sasgen said.

The Arctic already has been warming at least twice as quickly as the rest of the world for the past 30 years, as the amount of greenhouse gases accumulated in the atmosphere continues to rise. That warming has also affected the Arctic sea ice, which shrank to its lowest extent this July in 40 years of record keeping.

In terms of Greenland’s fate, “I would argue that we’ve been in a new normal for the past couple decades of accelerating mass loss,” said Laura Andrews, a glaciologist at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center not involved in the new study. “Greenland is going to continue to lose mass.”

If the rate of ice loss experienced in 2019 were to continue, the annual impact on sea levels could cause increasing coastal flooding that affects up to 30 million more people each year by the end of the century, said Andrew Shepherd, a polar scientist at University of Leeds who specializes in ice sheet observation. Shepherd was not involved in the new research.

The new findings underline that “we need to prepare for an extra 10 centimeters (4 inches) of global sea level rise by 2100 from Greenland alone,” Shepherd said. “We have to invent a new worst-case climate warming scenario, because Greenland is already tracking the current one.”

Reporting by Cassandra Garrison; Editing by Katy Daigle and Will Dunham

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GISMETEO.RU: One of the largest telescopes in the world is temporarily “blind” – Science and space

One of the world’s largest single-aperture telescopes at the Arecibo Observatory was damaged by a cable break. The auxiliary cable, bursting, struck a lashing blow on the apparatus’s reflective plate and smashed it.

© University of Central Florida

As a result of the incident, a hole was formed in the observatory building, reaching thirty meters in width and three hundred meters in length.
For what reason the cable burst, it is still not clear.

According to the head of the scientific institution Francisco Cordova, at the moment a group of specialists is assessing the damage caused and looking for possible causes of what happened. The goal of management now is to ensure the safety of all observatory staff, as well as valuable equipment and important objects. Next, it is necessary to carry out restoration work as soon as possible and return the telescope to full-fledged functioning.

Until 2016, Arecibo was the largest single aperture radio telescope. Then the palm passed to China, which built a spherical telescope with a diameter of half a kilometer.

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