The offence of breach of the containment approved by the constitutional Council

Not to comply with the containment is a crime, according to the sages. The constitutional Council has validated this Friday, the criminal offence of breach of containment, created by the law of the state of a health emergency, a crime denounced as “tinkered “ but determined to be sufficiently accurate and, therefore, “compliant “ to the basic Law.

The Board “judge that the legislator has adequately determined the scope of the obligation “ made to the citizens and “dismiss the complaint alleging breach of the principle of legality of criminal offences and penalties “, he explained in a press release.

The offence created by article L. 3136-1 of the French public health code provides that a person verbalized more than three times for breach of the containment in a time frame of 30 days is punishable by a sentence of six months imprisonment and a 3,750 euro fine.

A “need to display” repressive

The sages were seized by the Court of cassation, which examined in may a number of priority issues of constitutionality (QPC) for this article.

In front of the constitutional Council, the lawyers of the applicants had étrillé a text adopted in “precipitation “the “one-upmanship “responding to a “need to display “ repressive, and that had seriously undermined the human rights, including that of a “effective remedy “.

They had indeed noted that the legal time limit for contesting the ticket was 45 days (and increased to 90 under a state of emergency), while the new offence provides for a repetition of the offence (more than three times) “within 30 days “.

What would happen to a man sentenced to jail in case of cancellation of one or all of its citations contested within the legal time limits, had they asked.

The outputs of” exception ” in question

They were also asked about the definition of a “family reasons, urgent “ or a “the purchase of first necessity “, reasons that could justify the output, demonstrating citation for purchase “a pregnancy test “ or “protections hygienic “.

The Council has decided, and judge that “nor the concept of verbalization, which refers to the process of drawing up a report of the offence, or the reference travel is strictly necessary for family needs and health are of vagueness or equivocation “.

In addition, “by retaining as a constitutive element of the offence that the person has been previously verbalized on more than three occasions, the legislature has not adopted the provisions imprecise “. In particular, emphasizes the Council, “these provisions do not allow a same output, which constitutes a single violation of the prohibition to go out, can be verbalized on several occasions “.

The constitutional Council also notes that the legislature has already made “two exceptions to the travel is strictly necessary to the needs of family and health “ and that it “has not excluded that the regulatory authority provides for other exceptions “.

A judgment ” for the future “

The applicants, who wished to censure, immediate, had challenged the constitutional Council on the future : “You don’t judge only for the past “ but also “for the future “launched the lawyer Bertrand Périer. “The repressive system remains “was it, stressing that there were still “constraints “as the mask-wearing compulsory in the transport, and thus a potential punishment at the time “illegal “ and “disproportionate “.

During the confinement, when all the travel, non-essential were banned, 1.1 million of fines have been upright for more than 20 million checks, according to an assessment given in mid-may by the minister of the Interior, Christophe Castaner.

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“Popular piety has allowed us to take during confinement “

The Cross, Novenas, pilgrimages, either virtual or chapels of domestic… These symbols of popular piety as they have served of spiritual support to catholics during the confinement ?

Father Maximilian de la Martinière : He actually had to wait for the health crisis of the Covid-19 to live with other religious practices as the Eucharist. Popular piety has allowed us to take during confinement. In the proofs, we turn instinctively towards that which reassures us, and religious symbols have fallen into disuse, such as rosaries or crucifixes, are back in our hands.

→ TO READ. The renewal of popular piety

This period was also very confusing because it has shaken our habits of life, and prayers very upbeat as the novenas have helped to revive the faith of many faithful. It is always easier to have a support, a conductor wire for prayer, when the religious services are stopped.

The catholic Church has it encouraged these practices ?

P. M M. : Since the 1970s, the popular piety was a bit looked down upon by the Church. It focused more faith on the sacraments – marriage, baptism, etc. – than on the sacramentals, these sacred signs as the rosary or the crucifix. But some of the faithful catholics are beginning to turn away from the sacraments, and pope Francis shook up the report in the popular piety. A native of Argentina, it is sensitive to these demonstrations of faith are very present in the south american culture, and he regularly stresses their importance in his texts. During the confinement, after having publicized his daily mass, he invited the faithful to prayers of the rosary, and novenas in the community to support the victims of the coronavirus.

Past the health crisis, the popular piety may play a role in the Church in the future ?

P. M. : I think we should rejoice in the genius of the christians, who have developed their own form of piety during this confinement. The Church has also understood that, in order to touch all the world, he had to have several entrance doors, to marry several forms of faith, related to the different cultures. The novenas of the pope are precisely allowed to keep a link with the faithful, it would be a shame not to continue !

→ TO READ. The church in the house

It is still too early to know if these marks of piety will remain in the habits, past the containment and the anxieties related to the health crisis. But popular piety has a role increasingly important part to play in evangelization, and I’m curious to see the result.

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The digital, winner of the containment

Sales online explode, a boom in telemedicine, with a strong increase in the consumption of movies and series in streaming, firms that are wondering how to maintain the benefits of telework… To the favor of the confinement, the digital has progressed in the life of the French in leaps and bounds.

Explosion of online commerce

The need to stay at home has had a strong impact on consumption. Online purchases have gained 2.4 million new homes in france during the confinement. In this game, the american giant Amazon has seen its leading position strengthened. Since January, its capitalization gained more than 30 % and exceeds the 1 200 billion. The firm of Jeff Bezos collects dividends from its policy of ” market place “, third-party merchants using the logistics expertise of the platform.

Without going through Amazon, other brands have directly seen their sales jump in April and may. The 2 Marmots, business haute-savoie (60 employees) of herbal infusions and teas, has invested heavily on digital technologies to disseminate its products with individuals. “Our sales have increased by over 300 % in the months of April and maysays its president, Christian Polge. Our employees have been able to continue to work with the business continuity plan put in place by the beginning of march. “ The orders are carried out from the phone more than through the computer, where a new design of the ergonomics of the site. On the other hand, the outlet of the restaurants shut down for containment.

→ TO READ. Coronavirus : the justice reduced the Amazon to the essential

Small businesses themselves have jumped on the bandwagon by : restaurateurs, booksellers, or florists have created in a few days the services of “click and collect” with control modules and online payment.

Telemedicine is expected to continue

Another significant breakthrough : the number of tele-consultation medical. They went from 10,000 per week in march to 1.1 million in April. Since the beginning of the déconfinement, the figure has declined but remains very high. Doctolib, leader of the sector, has welcomed nearly 1.5 million new patients, in all age groups.

→ TO READ. The Coronavirus, an opportunity for telemedicine ?

The specialists believe that the practice should continue, because patients and practitioners (the number of physicians using the tele-consultation has been multiplied by eight) are found, especially as the tele-consultation medical are, in France, reimbursed since September 2018.

Net increase of the streaming

Sitting at home, you can consult a doctor, but also access to culture. Numerous museums have hosted tours of their works online, but what are the platforms of movies and series that winners of the crisis.

The closure of cinemas and theatres, has directly benefited the juggernaut Netflix, which has earned, at the global level, two times more subscribers than expected during the first half of 2020. An improvement that also benefits its competitor Disney+, launched in France on 7 April, but also to platforms more confidential, as UniversCiné, which specializes in independent films, or FilmoTV. Considered as a vector of maintaining the morale of the troops is confined, the success of the streaming makes it almost unnoticed, its ecological cost, yet very high…

Telework, the new standard ?

Beyond these breakthroughs noticed, it is really all of the professional life that digital technology has marked its footprint the time of the confinement. The sign of the most significant has been the massive use of platforms of video conferencing by millions of new telecommuters. The tools of business e-mail, such as Slack, Microsoft Teams or the now-famous Zoom, have seen their number of users explode.

Many companies are thinking to give effect to this test “grandeur nature” of telework, imposed by the confinement. Already in the forefront of the issue before the crisis, the PSA group, for example, generalize the work at a distance to the point of making it the standard for several categories of employees.

Others are more reserved, especially because it brings back fractures and inequalities. A statement against the calls to honour the courage of those who have had no other option than to go to work, on the famous “first” or “second” lines. In addition, “telework is ambivalent, highlights Pascal Plantard, an anthropologist of the digital usages. Easy-to-adopt by a couple of executives in a large house in the suburbs, it is less by a single parent, in a small space “.

Digital, but not at any price

In this new era of” agility “, according to the term used by proponents of the digital transformation, the business leaders should be even more converted to the imperatives of flexibility : break down the barriers between different services of the company, assign the customer to a product or a service to its development, open innovation laboratories for students… “With the crisis of the Covid-19, the frequency of the report between customer and supplier is accelerated, note Guillaume Mortelier, executive director of Bpifrance responsible for the support of SMES and ETI. The leaders should be even more convinced of the relevance of the digital output of crisis. “

→ TO READ. Gaia-X, a digital platform to develop the “cloud” european

The key for them will be to test the adherence of the employees to a new organisation of work. The latter, due to the epidemic, has imposed on all, but often in emergency situations. It therefore remains to verify the compatibility between, on the one hand, the changes that leaders want to sustain and, on the other hand, the culture of the company. “A meeting in visio requires a great effort of concentration for everyone to express themselves, adds a leader company in Paris. This turns off the means of communication essential : a joke, the posture of the body… “ In this respect, the trial remains, in part, to transform.

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Of Gafam always more powerful

The market value of the Alphabet (the parent company of Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon and Microsoft reaching new heights : nearly 5 800 billion, or almost a quarter of the S&P 500, a major u.s. stock indexes.

Since the beginning of the yearthese five titles are up about 10 %, while the 495 other values of the index declined by 13% on average.

If we include the 410 billion dollars of capitalization of Netflixthe giant video streaming, and Nvidia (manufacturer of processors, cards and graphics chips for the PC), the capitalization of these seven values is three times the GDP of France.

According to the experts, the weight values of companies in the digital will increase further in the years to come : the giants are “young” like Facebook or Netflix are not considered ” mature “, and other companies are currently being introduced on the stock exchange.

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“The containment has accelerated the digitization of the work “

The Cross : The containment has accelerated our transition to a digital economy. What will be the consequences on the job ?

Erwann Tison : The containment has first accelerated the digitization of the work. We have gone from 3 % of teleworkers on a regular basis more than 30 % of the active population, according to the statistical data of the ministry of labour. We are also aware of the risk to which were exposed certain essential workers, drivers, delivery drivers or cashiers… Or their activity can be achieved by technological solutions, such as ticket machines or autonomous vehicles.

→ ANALYSIS. Valuing the occupations according to their social utility

This realization should speed up the digitisation of certain tasks. In the medium term, the jobs that were thought to disappear in five, ten or fifteen years, may, in fact, degenerate in a few months.

What jobs are most threatened currently ?

E. T. : These are trades which were already condemned by the technological revolution. The health crisis will accelerate their demise. For example, the cashiers or the handlers : the industries are aware of the interest to automate the production chains and value, to no longer depend on a judgment of the economy. Finally, all of the technical functions and support functions : legal advisers, advisers, accounting, notary services. Most of their tasks are repetitive or can be done by a smart software.

Who said “technology revolution,” said destruction, but also creation of new jobs. What forms will these new professions ?

E. T. : The trend is in need of service occupations. Technology creates jobs that are complementary to it : in a world where everything is digitized, people will need to develop physical contacts and social interactions.

For example, a famous brand of sport in France has automated most of its funds. At the same time, it has almost doubled the number of advisors in the rays : the lost contact at the time of the fund shall be recovered elsewhere, through a job that offers more value added.

For the moment, the digital economy has seen the emergence of many precarious workers : drivers for Uber, drivers Deliveroo, ” workers of the click “. Is this as other jobs, more skilled, will be the day ?

E. T. : We are currently in a first phase of the digital economy : there is no regulation, taxation, or law of the adapted work. But when our society and our economy will have gained in maturity compared to these technologies, we will create jobs that are more skilled.

→ TO READ. Deliveroo convicted in France for illegal labour

The concept of empathy is therefore of the utmost importance. There will be a reversal of values and qualifications : ten years ago, the technical sciences and mathematics was the first criterion in recruitment of managers. Today, rather, they are the behavioral skills. Many experts believe that tomorrow, the person in the best paid in the hospital could be a caregiver. His empathetic capacity will make its qualification.

For this, a process of acculturation to the technology must be done. The more we will be in contact with this technology, the more we will see the benefits and will be able to accept it.

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Video games. During the confinement, an avatar in Fortnite to the rescue of abused children

Avatar winged, and clothed in blue : it is through this emissary, virtual, met in the heart of “Fortnite “, the popular online game, that more than 350 children and adolescents, abused or delinquent, have been able to discreetly confide in of “true “ adults for the containment.

The association Child blue, who has piloted this new experience so far had been secret, hope it will serve as a springboard to a device for permanent, in order that the video games become a medium for children in danger to give the alert.

For Laura Morin, the director of the association, the challenge is to respond to the “number one challenge “ faced by those who come to the aid of minors abused : “allow the child to talk, and adults to identify that there is a problem “.

Gold, “young people do not use the same media as us adults. We must adapt and find new ways to get in contact with them “continues Ms. Morin.

1 in 200 children and adolescents

To do this, the volunteers of the association have penetrated into the virtual world of Fortnite in the guise of a character referred to as “Child Blue “, and took turns to do it “live “ for a month, all day until 22: 30.

The Mission of this avatar : responding to young players, connected at the same time as him, who wanted to talk to him about their personal problems.

In total, in a month, 1 in 200 children or adolescents, 10 to 17 years, have made contact with the winged figure, a figure “extraordinary “according to Laura Morin.

In the majority of cases, young people have clicked that out of curiosity, but 30 % of them “are committed on personal problems more or less serious “and “some have reported to be in a situation of extreme urgency “says the association, which has in some cases been able to refer them to other specialized structures, such as those fighting against school bullying, for example.

Discretion vis-à-vis parents

In order for the experiment to work, it was necessary that the young players are made aware of the opportunity that was offered to them… but without their parents, potentially maltraitants, are not themselves aware.

The project proponents have not communicated with the media available to the general public, but have appealed to influencers known to the world “gamers “.

“This is the right channel, the right vocabulary to be clearly understood by the children who need it, without arousing the attention of those who abuse them “summarizes Fabrice Plazolles, the communication agency Havas Sports & Entertainment, which led the operation.

Through a partnership with the professional teams of “e-sports “or with influencers with millions of subscribers, messages with the device, and for detailing how to recognize the avatar have been posted on Snapchat and Instagram, as well as on the platform Twitch, which broadcasts live portions of the video game.

A “track encouraging “

Much of the media, where the presence of the parents was unlikely : “given that the children were confined, and had no other means to give the warning, it would have been dramatic that a parent is aware of the device and cut off the access to the console “, notes Mr. Plazolles.

“If you are a victim of any form of violence, adds the account, Epic EnfantBleu on Fortnite to discuss discreetly “, suggested in the messages.

In the end, the operation was able to confirm that the video games are a “track encouraging “ to facilitate the advocacy of abused children, ” observed Mrs. Morin.

But it is now to go further, and think about how to include this track in the long term, she adds.To do this, a working group was set up around the Child’s blue, it will bring together from September of the representatives of the publishers of video games, the judiciary and specialized police officers, as well as the State secretariat for the Protection of children.

“What we hope, is provide one more tool in the arsenal available to the children to call for help. By adopting their point of view “insists the director of the association.

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During the confinement, the seniors in the heart of the solidarity between neighbours

Help his neighbor to do the grocery shopping, cleaning, or going out to walk his dog : one could believe that these services rendered are to be multiplied for the confinement related to the pandemic Covid-19.

But this is not the case, according to a study by the national Institute of demographic studies (Ined), entitled, “How nearby there in France to be confined ?” and published Wednesday, June 10. “Contrary to popular belief and magic, there has been no outpouring of solidarity. The number of services traded remains stable “notes Anne Lambert, a sociologist and responsible of the investigation Coconel (1), which was attended by seven researchers.

The more than 75 years have received more services

The study, which compares the first month of confinement with the preceding measure the services rendered or received between neighbors, friends or members of the same family, in a one-kilometre radius around the home. Almost one French person in two says and have exchanged a service, before as well as during the confinement. “The exchange of services has not increased, because a lot of people have continued to work and there has been a decline in self-related health conditions, analysis Anne Lambert. But seniors have more benefited at the expense of more young people and families. “

The more than 75 years have received more services : 46 % said they receive during the containment, compared to 30 % in the previous month. A solidarity oriented towards the oldest due to health reasons. “These people were the first target of the safety instructions and the massively respected “, notes the sociologist, who pointed out that those older people were therefore less proposed services to close friends and family.

Families have less shared services

But this is not the young people who helped the older. During the health crisis, the face of the solidarity of the neighborhood is found in people aged 60 to 74 years. If they received more services, they have especially given a lot. “This is a pivotal generation in the welfare district, emphasizes the researcher Ined, director of the unit Housing, spatial inequality, and paths. These are people still in good health, less at risk than their elders, with a high standard of living. They have been a driving force. “

On the contrary, families have less exchanged for services during the confinement : a quarter of them received a service, compared to 34 % before. “Due to the closure of schools, they have had to deal with the overload of domestic tasks without being able to rely on the network of relatives and parents, at the same time that their needs for care have been reduced by the restriction of output “, details the newsletter of the Ined. The young and the more precarious is further folded on themselves. “Some have lost a portion of their income because of the crisis. The more one is poor, and the less one asks for help “, is Anne Lambert.

The sense of isolation that has more than doubled

The solidarity of the neighborhood has not prevented the French feel more isolated ; on the contrary. During the confinement, the isolation has more than doubled, from 16% to 38 %. A further increase among those who exchanged services. “It may seem counter-intuitive, but they are highly active people who helped already before. The containment has profoundly altered the conditions of their lives and destabilized their benchmarks daily “pointe Anne Lambert.

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The bicycle, an essential tool for deconfinement?

While fears accumulate as to the health risks in public transport during the deconfinement, the practice of cycling could get out of the game. Several cities have announced to accelerate their cycling facilities in view of May 11.

Will cycling be the big winner in the Covid-19 health crisis? While the French population has their eyes on May 11, the scheduled date of deconfinement, concerns are mounting about the recovery. Faced with health risks in public transport, elected officials fear that users will fall back massively on the car, at the risk of monster traffic jams and explosion of air pollution. Cycling promoters believe, however, that cycling could be the solution to the insoluble equation

“In addition to being good for health, the practice of cycling is adapted to social distancing. It is easier to limit the risks of contagion by bicycle than in public transport”, explains Olivier Schneider, president of the Federation French bicycle users (FUB), interviewed by France 24.

The bicycle, a suitable mode of transport against coronavirus

“We will have spent two months locked up. We will not at all want to go congregate in public transport and the bicycle is a much more pleasant mode of transport. But, beyond this individual benefit, it would be to allow people to take transport only when necessary and that those who are forced to do so can do so in good conditions “, boasts Olivier Schneider.

Read also >> Air pollution and Covid-19: an explosive mixture for health?

The massive use of the private car could worsen the health crisis by relaunching air pollution. However, according to researchers from Harvard University, fine particle pollution, notably from road traffic, increases mortality linked to the coronavirus. Other scientists are questioning the ability of these particles to carry the virus.

Cities seize the subject

In Île-de-France, deconfinement could continue the “bicycle revolution” after the acceleration of its use following the strikes last winter. The president of the region Valérie Pécresse considers it possible “to go from 400,000 to 800,000” people by bike a day, especially as the spring weather lends itself to it “.

To achieve this, she works “with the RER-Vélo”, a collective of associations, which has imagined nine cycle lines, up to Mantes-la-Jolie or Melun, making it possible to effectively mesh the Paris region and its major centers. The idea is to “assess everything we can do, very quickly,” explains Valérie Pécresse to AFP.

Paris, which has already increased the number of cycle paths, plans to “encourage commuting between work and home” by bicycle after the deconfinement, AFP told the deputy mayor in charge of transport, Christophe Najdovski. This will go through “light fittings, inexpensive, quick to set up, secure and reversible” on the road usually reserved for cars and motorized two-wheelers, he continues. The mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo – on ballot for a re-election – already aspired before the pandemic to make of its city a “capital of the bicycle”.

Other French cities have announced their intention to speed up their own bicycle plan to avoid saturation of transport at the end of confinement: Rennes, Lille, Lyon, Grenoble, Nice … Montpellier has already inaugurated new cycling sections.

Globally, cycling is also on the rise. In New York, for example, a whole part of 2nd avenue in Manhattan has been converted into a cycle path. The Colombian capital Bogota has created an additional 76 km of cycle paths by closing axes hitherto used by cars. In Brussels, “velorution” is underway since pedestrians and cyclists will have priority inside the Little Belt, and vehicle speed limited to 20 km / h, as soon as the deconfinement is effective.

“Tactical town planning”

“The metropolises certainly did not wait for the Covid-19 in terms of cycling. Most of them had already done some planning and identification work on the major axes. However, creating bicycle facilities is a long-term job. and the deconfinement is planned for the moment for May 11, “recalls Olivier Schneider. “In this emergency, the cities therefore resort to what is pompously called ‘tactical town planning'”.

“Tactical town planning” was originally a civic practice where local residents developed the neighborhood without waiting for the authorities. Today, this emergency planning method and with the means at hand are being invested by the communities with a view to ending containment.

“The idea is to redistribute public space in favor of cyclists but also pedestrians,” explains the president of the FUB. “One of the advantages of these temporary arrangements is that you can experience things. And with confinement and in the absence of heavy traffic, cities can set up quickly and safely for their agents.”

However, this tactic has its limits as pointed out by urban planning consultants. In a tribune, they refute the idea of ​​a “magic solution, creating in the process a curious confusion on the temporalities: between temporary and final, between speed and urgency”. They fear that these hasty decisions will be made at the expense of a long-term reflection on the city of tomorrow.

“There are clearly announcement effects in the flood of current declarations. But it should be noted that we are currently in the longest between-towers that France has ever known and, during the municipal elections, the square biking has been debated. We have never been so much in favor of advancing the place of biking, “notes Olivier Schneider. “So, sure; there might be a temptation to go back to old habits, but the fact that a return to normalcy will take time can help perpetuate this temporary.”

But this temporary must be well designed and Olivier Schneider argues that communities no longer think in terms of simple cycle sections but lead a reflection on an effective network of the territory in terms of bicycle development.

Get people on the bike paths

“One of the challenges will still be to get people on its cycle paths. We will not get anywhere if we have empty paths and traffic jams next to it,” said the president of the FUB. “There must also be a whole system around the bikes that sets up. If you have cycle paths but you cannot park, buy or have your bike repaired, it’s normal for tracks remain empty. “

One of the challenges will therefore be to equip the population with a bicycle in the hope of breaking with old habits. In addition to the existing bonuses for buying electric bikes and cargo bikes, the FUB defends the idea of ​​a check for 100 euros to “finance the repair of bikes”, which now sleep in cellars or purses to used bikes, respecting barrier gestures. Bicycle repairers, which are among the priority businesses, but many of which have closed, could reopen before May 11. Proof of success to come: bicycle shops are already planning a flood of customers when they reopen, according to the business newspaper Les Échos.

“The bicycle has another advantage: it is a cheap mode of transport. This is not negligible, when many people will have been economically affected by the Covid-19 crisis.”

However, Olivier Schneider admits that the bicycle cannot be a magic solution to the May 11 puzzle to avoid a second wave of Covid-19.

“The bicycle is only one tool among others which France must seize if it wants to succeed in its deconfinement”, he warns.

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Five maps to visualize regional disparities facing Covid-19

INFOGRAPHICS – The President of the Republic ruled out Thursday the possibility of segmenting deconfinement geographically. The Covid-19 crisis, however, hit the territories very unevenly. Here are all the maps to see clearly.

Grand Est and Île-de-France on the front line.
Grand Est and Île-de-France on the front line. DR.

The appearance of the first centers of epidemic, the famous “clusters”, in Oise with the death of a first Frenchman on February 25 and in Haut-Rhin with the evangelical meeting of Mulhouse from March 3 to 5 surely explain the overrepresentation of the number of deaths in the three major regions of the northeast quarter of France.

This hypothesis of “clusters” acting as accelerators of the epidemic is also found at the subregional level. Thus Haute-Savoie (home of Balme-de-Sillingy) is distinguished from its Savoyard neighbor while Morbihan (home of Carnac) also stands out in Brittany. We will also note an over-representation of deaths in departments with large urban centers as well as along the Saône-Rhône axis.

These regional differences continue to persist over time since we find these same regions and departments if we look at the current number of people hospitalized. As if the pandemic had been limited to these territories. Without doubt one of the effects of confinement, which made it possible to limit interregional movements and therefore the circulation of the coronavirus.

The fact of having succeeded in preserving certain territories has allowed the overloaded hospitals of the Grand Est, Île-de-France, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté and Corsica to be able to evacuate some of their most seriously ill patients and d ” thus absorb the peak of the epidemic.

Chance at the time of the peak of the epidemic, this heterogeneity may however be a problem at the time of deconfinement. In fact, according to the Institut Pasteur, we will find these disparities in the rate of people infected. Very high in the Grand Est and in Île-de-France, even if we are still far from group immunity, this rate is likely to frighten the inhabitants of the less affected regions. Regions which are for the most part large tourist regions (Atlantic coast and Mediterranean coast) and therefore particularly attractive for the millions of future unsettled. They will then have to choose between the desire to preserve themselves and the restarting of their tourism industry.

See also – Here are the deconfinement scenarios envisaged by Emmanuel Macron

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LIVE – Coronavirus: France enters its 40th day of confinement

12:05 p.m .: [UN JOUR, UNE CITATION]

⇒ 11.50 a.m .: [ESPAGNE] The tragedy of retirement homes

On March 23, the Spaniards discovered with horror that thousands of elderly people were left abandoned and died without care of the Covid-19 in retirement homes, mostly private, in the country.

A month after this shock, the government is still unable to take stock of the real number of people who have died in these establishments. As the regions undertake this painful work, more than 80 legal actions have been taken.

⇒ 11:30 a.m .: [PRATIQUE] How to prepare for your child’s return to school?

Students will resume their course progressively from May 11. How to support them? Interview with Bruno Humbeeck, psychopedagogue, researcher in family and school socio-pedagogy.

⇒ 10:50 a.m .: [PODCAST] Listen to an episode of L’envers du récit

Want to change your mind? Take the time to listen to an episode of L’envers du récit, a podcast in which journalists from The cross tell behind the scenes of their reports.

In this episode, journalist Céline Hoyeau takes us in the footsteps of the Three Kings. From the Holy Land to Iran, a quest as historic as it is internal.

⇒ 10:10 a.m .: [BELGIQUE] Gradual reopening of shops and schools in mid-May

Shops and schools will reopen very gradually, counting respectively May 11 and 18 in Belgium, where containment measures have been in force since mid-March to combat the spread of the new coronavirus, Prime Minister Sophie Wilmès announced on Friday evening.

In this country of 11.5 million inhabitants which counted Friday more than 44,000 confirmed cases and near 6,700 dead, “The spread of Covid-19 has been slowed down, but the virus has not gone away”, explained Sophie Wilmès after a long crisis meeting devoted to deconfinement.

⇒ 9:35 a.m .: [DANS LA NUIT] Government announcements on deconfinement early next week

♦ Announcements are expected around tuesday on the part of the government, in order to specify the modalities of deconfinement in France.

“The circulation of the virus remains at a high level” and France still faces “A massive and severe epidemic”, estimated the general director of Health Jérome Salomon. However, he stressed that since now sixteen consecutive days, the number of people hospitalized in intensive care had dropped.

Air France-KLM will receive massive aids French and Dutch states, with ten billion euros in direct or bank loans. The French government has also promised 5 billion euros to Renault to overcome the crisis.

♦ The United States on Friday recorded their lowest daily balance in almost three weeks with 1,258 additional deaths in 24 hours. In total, approximately 51,000 people have died from the coronavirus in this country.

9:10 a.m .: [DÉTENTE] The crossword puzzle for the day of The cross is online

Covid-19 has killed more than 193,000 people worldwide and more than 2.7 million cases have been officially reported.

Fabric stores in France have been allowed to reopen to allow the French to make masks.

♦ Bars and restaurants will have to wait until the end of May to know the date of their reopening.

♦ The army bought chloroquine “as a precaution” “If ever it proves to be validated by the health authorities as being useful in the fight against Covid-19”.

♦ Justice has dismissed Amazon’s appeal regarding the risk assessment of Covid-19 on its French sites. But it expanded the list of products the company could deliver.

To avoid the rush on nicotine replacement, the government had to limit the sale.

Le Ramadan started for hundreds of millions of Muslims worldwide subject to containment.

♦ Donald Trump very seriously suggested injecting disinfectant into the body or exposing oneself to ultraviolet light to fight the coronavirus. Mocked on social networks, he ended up saying that his words were “Sarcastic”.

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Welcome everyone to this live dedicated to the Covid-19 pandemic.

On this anniversary of the Carnation Revolution, launched by a song on Portuguese radio, let’s start this news item with a musical initiative. Ringo Starr, ex-Beatles member, called on fans around the world to resume All you need is love today in a giant karaoke. Little fantasy, the artist asks the participants to film themselves in disguise and to broadcast the video on social networks.

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The secrets of Mattia, the first Covid-19 patient in Italy

INTERVIEW – Mattia Maestri returns for the first time to these days that forever changed the world and its existence.

By LENA

Mattia Maestri, patient number 1, in his accommodation in Codogno.
Mattia Maestri, patient number 1, in his accommodation in Codogno. Giampaolo Visetti

By Giampaolo Visetti (La Repubblica)

“The past two months have been very trying. The situation that I experienced is difficult to imagine and has nothing to do with what you can see in the movies. I suddenly fell ill, came close to death and got up. My wife and mother were also infected, but are now healed. This unknown virus killed my father. And we welcomed Giulia, our first daughter. I learned to resist and believe in the difference between trust and utopia, to consider each moment of normalcy as essential. Life and death touch each day silently around us without our being able to notice it. “

Mattia Maestri returns for the first time to these days that forever changed the world and its existence. He talks to us from the front door of his Codogno home: not inside, to guarantee the safety of his wife Valentina and little Giulia, who came into the world

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