Housing and utilities rates will rise
Housing and communal services will rise in price from July 1 by 2.4-6.5% depending on the region. Tariffs will grow most strongly in the North Caucasus: in Chechnya – by 6.5%, in Kabardino-Balkaria – by 5.4%, in Dagestan – by 5.2%.
The minimum increase threshold is planned in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug – by 2.4%. However, on average, tariff growth in all regions will be 4% and will not exceed inflation. Legislative authorities considered the idea of “freezing” communal prices due to the deterioration of the material situation of Russians during the pandemic. However, the government rejected the initiative, taking the side of resource companies that, without tariff indexation, would face underfunding.
Electricity meters will be replaced for free
There is good news from utilities. From July 1, installation, repair, maintenance and replacement of electricity meters will be carried out at the expense of energy companies. Moreover, the obligation will be valid for guaranteeing suppliers in apartment buildings, and for network companies in the case of the private sector, cottages and legal entities. As explained in the Ministry of Energy, residents will only have to monitor the safety of meters.
Self-employed tax will be introduced everywhere
In a recent appeal to citizens, President Vladimir Putin proposed extending the tax regime for the self-employed throughout the country. Since 2018, he acted in test mode, first in 4 regions, and then in 23 constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Moreover, the regions will be able to decide for themselves whether to join the project or not. Another innovation – as self-employed it will be possible to register from 16 years old, and not from 18 as before.
Freelancers and entrepreneurs who are not employed by the employer and do not have the status of individual entrepreneur or legal entity can become self-employed. With the help of the My Tax mobile application, they can legalize their income and pay 4% tax (for a client – an individual) and 6% (if a client is a legal entity or individual entrepreneur) instead of the usual personal income tax of 13%. According to the Ministry of Finance, more than 741 thousand taxpayers have become self-employed.
Repeated payout for children
In July, families with children will receive one more lump sum payment of 10 thousand rubles for each child. These funds will be additionally provided for a monthly payment of 5 thousand rubles for children under 3 years old and will be automatically charged by the June lump sum payment for children from 3 to 16 years old. A new application for financial assistance is not necessary: money will be paid based on the data already available to the FIU. According to Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, it is planned to allocate more than 270 billion rubles for these purposes.
Pensions of elderly guardians will increase
The indexation of insurance pensions will be renewed for foster parents and retirees and guardians of minor children. Previously, they were equated with working pensioners due to the fact that they are engaged in raising children under the contract and receive remuneration for this. At the same time, the amount of remuneration was small: 4-5 thousand rubles. Now they will be annually indexed the size of the insurance pension and a fixed payment to it. Recalculation of pensions will take place without a request: no need to apply to the FIU. According to government estimates, the measure will cover 45.8 thousand adoptive parents-pensioners.
The transfer of pension payments to MIR cards will end
By July 1, banks must complete the transfer of pensioners to the cards of the MIR payment system. However, until October 1, the Central Bank allowed not to punish banks if they continue to transfer pensions to cards of other payment systems. Thus, Visa and MasterCard cardholders will be able to use them for another three months.
Microcredit tighten again
Starting July 1, new rules are introduced for the microcredit market. For microcredit companies with simplified regulation, the minimum amount of equity is set at 1 million rubles. Microcredit companies are also required to disclose information on the structure and composition of their shareholders.
Shoes, cigarettes and medicines are marked
The list of goods subject to mandatory digital marking is expanding. Information on all drugs imported into the country will have to be entered into the drug movement monitoring system. At the same time, the sale of unlabeled drugs that went on sale before July 1 will be allowed until the expiration date.
Starting July 1, the circulation of unlabelled tobacco products in the country should be completely stopped. Becomes mandatory and marking shoes. Products without special codes cannot be sold after July 1. Buyers will be able to check the legality of the product in the “Honest Sign” application: all information about the movement of a pair of shoes from the manufacturer to the buyer will be displayed there. Shoes already delivered to stores can be marked by September 1.
Tourists will be offered domestic holidays
Since July 1, the holiday season opens almost in full mode. Hotels and resorts across the country are starting to operate, restrictions on interregional trips are being removed, beaches, parks and embankments are opening. For a month now, the sanatoriums of the Krasnodar Territory have been working with a medical license, now all hotels, camp sites and children’s camps will officially join them. At the same time, Rospotrebnadzor obliged the resorts to observe security measures, including social distance. Regions have also introduced their own rules. Somewhere the maximum occupancy rate of hotels is being introduced, in some regions there are restrictions on entry. Before planning a trip, it is worth examining information about the limitations and epidemiological situation of the region.
From July 15, international air traffic partially resumes. Borders will be opened with the countries of the EAEU and the CIS. Europe and foreign countries are still closed to Russians.
You don’t have to prove disability
From July 1, it is not required to provide a disability certificate to receive payments and public services. The necessary information will be requested by the authorized bodies in the framework of electronic interaction between departments. Previously, because of bureaucratic delays, disability payments were often delayed: they had to collect documents on their own, write a statement to the FIU, and wait for confirmation of examinations. Now applying for the benefits of people with disabilities will be simplified.
Another innovation awaits disabled car owners. From July 1, an identification mark with a picture of a stroller is no longer required. Information about a car driven or transporting a disabled person must be placed in the federal registry, and signs will not be issued. To obtain the right to free parking, people with disabilities or their legal representatives must submit an application to the PRF to register the vehicle. This can also be done at the MFC or at the State Services portal. For disabled people, there should be at least 10% of privileged places in public parking lots.
Declarations of civil servants will be converted into electronic form
Civil servants will fill out income statements only using the special software “Help BC”. This service is available on the official website of the President of Russia. Such certificates are required to fill out about 2 million people, including deputies and employees of state funds. “Help BC” will automatically check the correctness of filling out the document, will store data and update them.
Workers will be asked to choose a workbook format
The government has postponed the period for notifying an employee about electronic work books. Employers had until July 1 to collect employee information about which format of the workbook remains for them – electronic or paper. The term was extended until October 31.
Universities introduce mandatory practice
Practical training of students will become an indispensable part of training for all specialties in universities, colleges and schools. Such a norm existed in the Soviet educational system, and in modern Russia there are only four areas left: aviation and rail transport, medicine and pharmaceuticals.
The geographical indication will be fixed by law
Starting July 27, a new object of intellectual property appears in Russia – a geographical indication. The norm will concern manufacturers of products, wine, and other goods. For regional manufacturers, the procedure for registering goods with a reference to a geographical object is simplified. For example, earlier the “Adygea cheese” was to be made exclusively from Adyghe milk and ripen in special baskets of plum twigs. At the same time, 80% of Adyghe cheese was produced outside Adygea. Now cheese can officially be called Adyghe if at least one of the stages of its production was in the locality of the same name.
Alexey Krichevsky, expert at the Academy of Finance and Investment Management: “One of the most interesting and positive innovations of July is the spread of the self-employed regime throughout the country. This will gradually lead people working without registration and in private, out of the shadows. After the project is distributed throughout the country, the number of self-employed will increase by 1.5-2 times already this year, and tax deductions may well exceed 3 billion rubles. The state will ensure that companies do not transfer employees to self-employment for the sake of favorable tax conditions. For this, a transitional period of six months is introduced when the self-employed does not have the right to conclude a contract with the company from which he quit.
The introduction of electronic workbooks will allow you to no longer worry about the experience and the sudden loss of a workbook – all data will be stored on the Internet.
Regarding the indexation of housing and communal services tariffs, against the background of a total decline in household incomes, it was more logical to either cancel it completely or to postpone the period of raising the cost of housing and communal services for the next few years, increasing indexation by 1-1.5% during the “compensation” period. ”
Petr Pushkarev, TeleTrade chief analyst: “Definitely good news will be the repeated payment in July of 10 thousand rubles for each child under 16 years of age. Any social payments can stir up almost “dead” consumer demand. This means that this money will help business as well.
The long-awaited topic is the opening of domestic tourism with free trips between regions. The main thing is that vacationers should not be tortured with certificates and checks. It’s not a fact that citizens will go on a massive trip: it’s worth going to a hotel, where one of the guests will find a virus, all the tourists there will be sent to self-isolation. In the conditions of restrictions, the “wild” rest with renting apartments and private houses will be in demand rather.
Many Russians were waiting for a chance to become legally self-employed. It is good that the option will be available to the most active youth from 16 years old. It is perhaps bad that the decision to introduce a self-employed regime was left at the mercy of the regions, which could be delayed with changes in regional legislation. They still need to convince citizens to legalize and convince that in a few years the authorities will not turn off the benefits and will not “cut” the tax press in full.
The normal procedure for indexing pensions to pensioners-guardians of children will be restored: equating them with working pensioners was clearly a misunderstanding. The good thing is that with Mir cards, pensioners were allowed not to follow new ones during the epidemic, and were allowed to use the old ones until the fall. ”
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