The study carried out by the team led by the principal investigator, Marc Veldhoen, from the Instituto de Medicina Molecular João Lobo Antunes, and by an interdisciplinary team of doctors and researchers from the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Lisbon, from
Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte and employees of the Portuguese Blood Institute and
Transplantation shows that antibodies against the SARS-CoV-2 virus are detected
up to seven months after infection, in 90% of the individuals analyzed.
Such results have now been published in the scientific journal European Journal of Immunology and they also show that the severity of the disease, but not the age, influences the levels of antibodies produced.
The study, which is comprehensive and transversal, started at the beginning of the pandemic, in March 2020.
The researchers and first authors of the scientific article now published, Patrícia
Figueiredo-Campos and Birte Blankenhaus, started to configure a serology test for the sensitive, specific and versatile covid-19.
The optimization and validation of the trial was framed as part of the consortium of five institutes in Lisbon and Oeiras, Serology4COVID and had the collaboration of doctors from the Santa Maria Hospital campus, the research team started monitoring the antibody levels of 300 patients of covid-19 and health professionals from this hospital and more than 200 volunteers who were followed after contracting covid-19.
“Our immune system produces antibodies in response to anything that is not part of our body, like a virus, and that helps us fight it. The results of this cross-sectional study of more than six months, up to the 7th month after infection, show a classic pattern of immune response, with a rapid increase in antibody levels in the first three weeks after COVID-19 symptoms and a subsequent reduction “, highlights Marc Veldhoen, adding that “in the initial response phase,
our results show that, on average, men produce more antibodies than women, but the levels are balanced during the resolution phase and are similar between genders in the months after SARS-CoV-2 infection “.
Still in the acute phase of the immune response, the research team observed higher levels of antibodies in individuals with worse symptoms and more severe disease. In addition, the results show that age does not influence the levels of antibodies produced, as no significant differences were observed in different age groups. Overall, the presence of antibodies was detected in 90% of individuals within seven months of infection.
Next, the researchers assessed the function of these antibodies, that is, whether the antibodies detected had a neutralizing activity against the SARS-CoV-2 virus. In
In collaboration with the Portuguese Institute of Blood and Transplantation, the team analyzed the neutralizing capacity of antibodies produced by patients and volunteers. “Although we have seen a reduction in antibody levels, the results of our
neutralization tests showed robust activity until the seventh month after infection in a large proportion of individuals previously tested positive for covid-19 “, explains Marc Veldhoen.
Regarding the importance of this study, the researcher says: “Our work provides detailed information for the tests used, facilitating further analysis and
longitudinal analysis of protective immunity against SARS-CoV-2 “, adding:” It is important to note that this study shows a continuous level of neutralizing antibodies circulating in most people with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. The next few months will be essential to assess the robustness of the immune response to SARS-CoV-2 infection and to find clues to some open questions, such as the duration of this immune response or whether there is a possibility of reinfection. “
(ANSA) – GENEVA, OCTOBER 23 – A surge in infections from Covid-19 in Switzerland, where 6,592 new cases have been reported in the last 24 hours. Switzerland, in proportion to the number of inhabitants, has significantly more cases than almost all neighboring countries, said the head of the communicable diseases division of the Health Office, Stefan Kuster, quoted by the Keystone-Ats agency. Figures five times higher than those of Germany, double that of Austria and Italy, he stressed. For the Federal Office, Switzerland has registered 42,290 new cases in the past two weeks, with a rate of 494.9 cases per 100,000 population. (HANDLE).
He also pointed out: “It is not a quarantine, it is an isolation mechanism for some and social distancing for others and little by little we are opening activities. Let’s not get confused and we understand the seriousness of the situation.”
Currently, the new cases of coronavirus are concentrated in 74.2% in the provinces while in the AMBA 25.8%.
“We are stabilizing at a plateau of 15,000 daily cases but we see that the interior of the country has spread the virus beyond the cities,” explained Alberto.
Screenshot 2020-10-23 164608.jpg
It should be noted that in the 21st week of isolation, 92% of the cases were located in the AMBA and only 7.9% in the rest of the provinces. In this sense, the head of state explained that “the virus is no longer only in cities, it is also in small towns.”
Screenshot 2020-10-23 164137.jpg
In order to chart the spread of the virus through the different provinces, the Government released the following map:
Screenshot 2020-10-23 163635.jpg
The AMBA records eight consecutive weeks of falling cases. Accordingly, the President stated: “We are going to continue in the same conditions in the AMBA where even though there is a clear drop we are still not in a position to say that we can stay calm because there are a number of important infections. If you compare it with 8 weeks ago, it is half the number of infections there were, but it is still an important number “
The PGR, through its press office, clarified that “the aforementioned steps took place in the context of an inquiry conducted by the Public Ministry of the Department of Investigation and Penal Action (DIAP) of Lisbon, noting that” the case is under investigation and subject to secrecy of justice “.
This Thursday, the PJ is conducting a series of searches of public institutes, namely at APA and INCNF, and a law firm as part of an ongoing investigation into the latest environmental impact statement for the new Montijo airport, advanced the magazine Saturday.
On March 11, the agency Lusa reported that the Environmental Impact Statement (DIA) of the new airport in Montijo was suspended following a precautionary measure presented by a group of citizens and accepted by the Administrative and Tax Court of Almada.
At issue was a favorable decision conditioned on the Environmental Impact Declaration issued by the Portuguese Environment Agency (APA) on January 21 this year.
In a statement released at the time, APA stated that it had issued a DIA “related to the complementary airport of Montijo, confirming the favorable decision conditioned to the adoption of Solution 2 of the previous study of the southern extension of Runway 01/19 and an alternative solution of the previous study of road connection to the A12 [autoestrada 12]”.
In December 2019, the group of citizens had filed a precautionary measure to suspend the Environmental Impact Assessment for the new airport in Montijo and requiring that the Environmental Impact Statement not be issued.
With the issuance of DIA in January, the group asked, however, that that precautionary procedure should also be extended to that APA decision, which has now been accepted by Judge Noémia Santos of the Administrative and Fiscal Court of Almada.
The precautionary measure is against the APA, the Ministry of Environment and Climate Action and the Ministry of Infrastructure and Housing.
At the time, in statements to the Lusa agency, the citizen group’s lawyer stressed that that precautionary measure would anticipate the filing of a main lawsuit in the Administrative Courts.
On January 8, 2019, ANA and the State signed the agreement for the expansion of Lisbon airport capacity, with an investment of 1.15 billion euros until 2028 to increase the current airport of Lisbon and transform the air base of Lisbon. Montijo in a new airport.
In 2018, more than a dozen U.S. diplomats in China began complaining about strange symptoms that had developed over several months.
They were sent for an examination at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, where experts admitted that they had “suffered a brain injury as a result of external exposure.”
At least one man, Mark Polimeropoulos, a member of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) who worked in Moscow, is convinced that he was the victim of an enigmatic attack.
While in a room in a Moscow hotel in 2017, he suddenly experienced strong dizziness, which eventually turned into a migraine. As a result, he was forced to leave the intelligence service at the age of 48.
Unlike the incidents in Havana, where more than 40 U.S. diplomats were injured in 2016 and 2017, official Washington has not released information about these incidents and has not reported that Americans have been attacked, although many experts believe they are attacks, after all judging by the use of microwave radiation.
Russia is mentioned as the most reliable organizer of the attacks, especially knowing that it has worked on weapons that cause brain injuries, the newspaper points out.
CIA director Gin Haspela is not yet convinced that these have been attacks with unknown weapons, but the State Department’s management has told the newspaper that it has not yet reached a unanimous conclusion on the causes of the incidents.
At a time when there is an increase in restrictive measures to combat covid-19 in Europe and in Portugal, ways to reduce the increase in new cases of infection are beginning to be considered, the Minister of Education stressed the importance again classroom teaching.
“Those who have to say what has to remain open in society and what has to close to halt a putative increase in this epidemiological outbreak are the health authorities”, underlined Tiago Brandão Rodrigues, when asked by journalists about the hypothesis of the closure of all educational establishments similar to what happened in the past school year.
However, for Tiago Brandão Rodrigues it is important to maintain classroom teaching: “I, as Minister of Education, defend that we must continue to work so that our schools never close and remain open”.
“We will do everything so that the teaching continues to be in person,” he said on the sidelines of a visit to the studios where the recordings of “Study at home”, the old telescope, which started today with a new edition, after five weeks with ” classes “at RTPMemória to consolidate and recover materials from the past academic year.
Tiago Brandão Rodrigues recalled last year’s experience that showed that “teaching and learning does not happen as well when [os alunos] they are far from schools “and therefore” face-to-face education must remain a priority “.
The minister considered that the new school operating rules are being complied with, underlining the commitment of the educational community that “has been very responsible” in complying with the rules and guidelines issued by the ministry and the Directorate-General for Health.
“If our educational system with 1.4 million students were a region, according to the numbers we have from DGS, it would be the region with the least cases per hundred thousand inhabitants in the last 14 days, even below the Azores and Madeira, which we know have few cases “.
“It is important to keep our children and young people in schools” to learn but also to “take care of their mental and physical health”.
Tiago Brandão Rodrigues stressed that “nothing has replaced the role of the face-to-face teacher” and that is why the “great objective” of the ministry he oversees is to keep schools open with face-to-face teaching.
In the meantime, recordings of new teaching blocks for “Study at home” started, which helps students and teachers, being a “complement to the school” and “a support for students who are at home”.
In this new edition there are new disciplines and news, such as the 1st and 2nd years of schooling, now having different blocks. The new subjects are: “Orientation of Autonomous Work”, “Citizenship and Development” and “Technological Education”.
Portugal accounts for at least 2,198 deaths associated with covid-19 in 101,860 confirmed cases of infection, according to the latest bulletin from the Directorate-General for Health (DGS).
The operation that dismantled the logistical base of the Galician Resistance, conducted by the National Counterterrorism Unit (UNCT) of the Judicial Police (PJ) and coordinated by the Public Prosecutor’s Office of Coimbra, was known this Monday for the first time, but it took place in November of last year.
The joint action between the Spanish and Portuguese authorities was first publicized in Spain on the radio’s website Cope.es.
“On November 9, 2019, after sharing information and police cooperation between the two States, a property was located in Coimbra, associated with the leaders of the Galician Resistance and used as a” retreat house “
“On November 9, 2019, after information sharing and police cooperation between the two states, a property was located in Coimbra, associated with the leaders of the” Galician Resistance “and used as a” retreat house “, confirmed the PJ.
In a statement, the Judiciary said that “vast evidential material was seized, correlated with the terrorist activities carried out by this independentist group, notably, numerous tools used in the manufacture of explosive devices / devices, namely watches, timers and mobile phones prepared as a remote activation device for explosive charges improvised pyrotechnic devices and explosive devices, a total load of approximately 30 kg powder, books, handwritten notes and propaganda manifestos of the ideals of the Galician Resistance “.
The PJ reveals that “a pressure cooker was also apprehended to contain explosive charges, similar to those used by this terrorist group in different attacks, as well as material used to falsify documents, such as stamps of Spanish public institutions and hot laminators” .
He adds that “the seized material was sent to the Spanish authorities, properly packaged”.
As the DN was able to ascertain, the material was stored in a garage in a building, in a degraded area of central Coimbra.
This apprehension, kept secret until now, was the culmination of a joint investigation process between the Spanish and Portuguese authorities and took place about five months after they were detained in Vigo the heads of this organization, Antón García Matos “Toninho” and María Asunción Losada Camba, fugitives from Justice since 2006.
The Portuguese investigation, based on an inquiry opened in November 2019, found that María Asuncion rented that space in 2014 where it will have been seen a few times, according to testimonies collected by the police.
“Toninho” was never seen in this area, he was the leader of the terrorist organization and also specialized in the manufacture and handling of explosive devices.
At a press conference at the headquarters of the PJ, the coordinator of the Center’s Board of Directors, Jorge Leitão, explained the delay – almost a year – in the disclosure of this operation with the fact that the investigation continued, after the material had been seized, to ascertain whether there were other operational staff of the organization and with knowledge of that logistical base, namely Portuguese.
“The conclusion is that there was no connection and that is why we ended our investigation and decided to send all the evidence to Spain”, where Anton and Maria Asuncion are in preventive detention, underlined Jorge Leitão.
Last attack in 2014
The couple, it is recalled, was detained in Vigo in June last year, along with another employee. Matos and Camba are considered to be the most responsible for the armed independence movement of the Galician Resistance that they both conceived in 2005, heir to the structure of the Guerrilla Army of the Galician People Ceive.
Since his arrest, no one else had gone to Coimbra’s garage and the place was only detected by the investigation, through the crossing of information.
Since his arrest, no one else had gone to the garage in Coimbra and the place was only detected by the Spanish investigation, through the crossing of information.
The Guerrilla Army operated in Galicia between 1987 and 1991, leaving three dead as a result of the attack on the Clangor nightclub in Santiago de Compostela, and another in which a Civil Guard agent in Irixoa died (A Coruña).
Since 2005, more than four dozen attacks have been reported, most of which have caused only material damage.
Until their arrest in 2019, the couple had been, at least since July 2014, off the authorities’ radar.
Until their arrest in 2019, the couple had been, at least since July 2014, off the authorities’ radar.
In July of that year, Garcia Matos had released a video defending the armed struggle and in October, also of that year, the Galician Resistance claimed its last known terrorist action, with the placing a bomb on the Baralla Town Hall was (Lugo), whose outbreak caused serious material damage.
Retreat to Coimbra
Apparently, the headmen will have retreated and gathered material in Coimbra in that garage. All the material was packed in suitcases and boxes. Various literature related to independent nationalist movements was also apprehended, including ETA.
Last September, the Spanish Public Ministry said that “the Galician Resistance terrorist group is considered almost completely dismantled”, since in all of 2019 “there were no terrorist actions” on your part.
The Spanish MP says that “although the Galician Resistance is almost completely dismantled,” it still “continues to pose some threat”.
However, the Spanish MP added that “although the Galician Resistance is almost completely dismantled” it still “continues to pose some threat”.
UNCT has maintained over the last few years a close relationship with the Spanish authorities in the investigation and control in the national territory of this independence movement.
In 2014, Spanish police suspected that at least 15 operatives were living in Portugal.
In 2006, remember, explosive devices were seized in an abandoned house in Vieira do Minho, about 40 kilometers from the Spanish border. There was also propaganda material from the Galician Resistance.
In 2015, Hector Jose Naya Gil, 33, was detained at Francisco Sá Carneiro airport in Porto, when trying to board a flight to Caracas (Venezuela), with a fake Venezuelan passport.
He was suspected of planning an attack on the PP headquarters in Pontevedra and had been sentenced to 11 years in prison – 5 years for “participating in a terrorist organization”, plus six years for “placing explosive devices for terrorist purposes”.
But the action of the PJ in the fight against this organization that defends the independence of Galicia, dates back to the 90s.
In a book published in 2015 by two UNCT inspectors, one of them involved in investigations related to the Galician Resistance, it is said that “1991 would mark the extension, to Portuguese territory, of criminal activities and operational movements of the main separatist organization, Galicia”.
Initially called the Guerrilla Army of the Galician People Ceive (EGPGC), it would appear in Portugal “essentially on the basis of the mediation provided by Portuguese activists who joined the organization”, these policemen tell in the book “Base Mike”, where the main investigations of the UNCT are remembered, former Central Directorate for Combating Banditry (DCCB).
This group “extended its field of action to national territory, not exactly with the intention of carrying out violent operations, but above all to have strongholds of logistical support and retreat, thus resorting to private homes”
According to these researchers, this group “extended its field of action to the national territory, not exactly with the intention of carrying out violent operations, but mainly to have logistical support and retreat strongholds, thus resorting to private residences, in the region of Sesimbra and S. Martinho do Porto, for deposits of explosive materials.
In October 1991, the then DCCB, in an operation with the Spanish police, searched one of the group’s retreat houses, seizing different explosive material (gelamonite and gum candles, detonators, electrical wires, slow and detonating cord).
In addition to cases of Susana Poças e Alexandra Vaz Pinheiro, who were tried and convicted in Spain for joining the Galician Resistance, no other Portuguese are known to be directly or indirectly involved with the group. There are no Portuguese defendants constituted in this process.
In the course of the investigation, the PJ guarantees, “in addition to the logistical connections to the national territory, no other effective connection or direct involvement of national citizens in the terrorist organization was identified”.
The director of UNCT, Manuela Santos, also present at the press conference, assured DN that at the moment there are no more open inquiries in Portugal related to the Galician Resistance.
FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT PARIS With the beheading of the teacher Samuel Paty, the level of the battle returns to rise again? “Yes, because Islamic terrorists, organized or not, have always pursued the goal of sowing fear by attacking the symbols of France and freedom: they have done so in the past with journalists and cartoonists, the police, the French Jews, a priest, young people and the crowd in Paris or Nice. Friday in Conflans they took it out on another symbol: the school, the transmission of values, the beating heart of the French Republic for centuries. The noble figure of the teacher, the one who educates students to be true citizens and to think freely ».
Mr. Valls, you were Prime Minister of France in 2015, in the days of the attacks on “Charlie Hebdo”, the Jewish supermarket and then the Bataclan. What has changed since then? «The spirit of 11 January 2015, when millions of people took to the streets to say“ Je suis Charlie ”, unfortunately did not last long. Already after the attack on November 13 in the Bataclan there was no demonstration, the country was stunned. Then, the defeat of the Islamic State in the Middle East led to believe that the threat had diminished ».
A few weeks ago, the tribune of the populist left Jean-Luc Mélenchon attacked “Charlie Hebdo”. Is France more divided than it used to be?
“It is true, national unity does not exist, at least in parties, although I think it is different in French society. For this reason, already in 2016 I spoke of “two irreconcilable left”, a serious problem because the democratic field is divided. But after what happened on Friday we have to move on to another type of answer ».
What are you thinking about? Who will have the courage now, in class, to risk Samuel Paty’s fate?
«We need to help and defend professors like him. The lessons on freedom of expression must continue, the cartoons of Muhammad must be shown to children in schools, with the intelligence of a pedagogical work, of course, but it cannot be yielded. In our classes, thousands of children think that the laws of Sharia should prevail over those of the Republic, as stated in the report by Inspector General Jean-Pierre Obin. It is not tolerable. Then the plan against political Islam presented a few weeks ago by President Macron, who has the school at the center, must be implemented ”.
“It is time to eradicate Islam. We have to do it. Street by street, and association by association. This is a war, a war to be waged in a democratic state with the weapons of the rule of law and the separation of powers, and with respect for the citizens. But all these people who preach hatred on social media, all these Salafi associations, all these characters that we know well by now and who talk a lot … An unprecedented legal and political war must be waged against them, incomparable with what it is been done so far. It is a war that has had its delays, as the discussions between me and the future president in 2016 demonstrate (Macron accused Valls of “vindictive secularism”, ed). But now we must conduct it, closing the associations, and continuing to expel foreigners who threaten the Republic ».
After the new threats to “Charlie Hebdo”, on 23 September a letter of solidarity was signed by many media but not by the AFP, which feared retaliation against its journalists in Muslim countries. Is the risk still self-censorship?
“That’s the danger, the idea that the solution is not to bother. As if the attacks were our fault: secularism, the law on the veil, intervention in the Middle East … For the terrorists these are only pretexts, so much so that they also attacked other European countries. We must act, not be afraid. Of course, for a single citizen it is not easy. But I think, for example, that all newspapers should now publish cartoons about Mohammed. ”
What role can French Muslims play now?
“In their overwhelming majority they feel horror, and if we want to protect them we have to make sure that the debate takes place within Islam. It is in the name of Islam that one kills. The issue concerns not only French Islam. There is that imported from the Gulf countries, the Islam of satellite channels or conveyed by the Internet, the Islam that comes through immigration, and this is an important issue, given that the last two attacks were committed by a Pakistani and a Chechen. We must help Muslims to bring the debate into the bosom of Islam, otherwise the public very quickly confuses and puts everyone in the same bag. This is why it is important that there is no ambiguity in Islam. There are people like the rector of the Paris mosque Chems-Eddine Hafiz who immediately condemned the attack with the harshest words, and this is good, but the problem is with young people, and we must prepare ourselves for a long struggle against the possessed of god ready to kill ».
October 17, 2020 (change October 18, 2020 | 12:41)
Launching The Sydney Morning Herald, in 2009, the Government of Timor Leste once admitted that corrupt officials in that country usually work in the fields of tax, customs, and procurement of goods.
But those who are accused are often absent by denying that there is no corruption in their offices.
In the same year the Minister of Finance, Emilia Pires, blamed the opposition Fretilin party for corruption cases in her country.
In saying that the Government was attacked for our refusal to take part in the corrupt practices of the few.
“There is no corruption in my office except the one established by the previous administration (Fretilin) and it is being eradicated slowly, which is why the Ministry of Finance is now the target of this unwarranted attack,” said Pires.
For weeks Fretilin, the largest political party, lost power in 2007.
Accused of increasing corruption in government departments in Dili, particularly the Ministry of Finance.
The party leaked documents to Timorese journalists revealing that foreign advisors in Timor Leste, some of them Australians, were paid higher than the Prime Minister of Australia.
Fretilin then asked the Attorney General, Ana Pessoa, to investigate the claim of retaliation against the Australian advisor at the Ministry of Finance, Graham Daniel, for his fee.
Pires released documents in Dili showing that when Fretilin came to power he paid foreign advisers $ 568,000 in salaries.
Some of the contracts are paid for from the Fretilin state budget while most of the foreign advisers currently in Dili are under World Bank contracts.
Australian businessmen complain about awarding contracts. The government awarded a contract worth 400 million US dollars to a Chinese government-owned company to build two power plants without asking for an open tender.
Amnesty International, meanwhile, said that the law in Timor Leste makes it easier for corruption offenders to strike back at journalists who accuse them.
In 2013, for example, two Timorese journalists who tried to expose corrupt practices were accused of making slanderous complaints.
Oscar Maria Salsinha from Suara Timor Lorosa’e newspaper and Raimundo Oki from Independente newspaper.
The two journalists are charged with carrying out a “slander complaint”, which carries a maximum sentence of three years in prison or a fine.
The indictment originated from separate articles written by Salsinha and Oki on December 31, 2011 and January 2, 2012.
Both are related to the alleged involvement of the Public Prosecutor in accepting bribes in a traffic accident that occurred on 18 October 2011.
“These two journalists are doing nothing but their jobs and exercising their right to freedom of expression by reporting possible corruption in the justice system,” said Isabelle Arradon, Amnesty International’s Deputy Asia-Pacific Director.
“If they are found guilty, it could set a dangerous precedent for journalists and human rights defenders in Timor-Leste, where the legal system can be used to silence critical voices,” he said.
“It will also send a dire signal about the broader issue of freedom of expression and media in the country,” he added.
“While everyone is entitled to protection from unlawful attack on their reputation, this should be a matter of civil litigation, not criminal law.”
The two journalists were charged with violating Article 285 of the Timor Leste Criminal Code which criminalizes “slander complaints.”
These legal provisions are incompatible with the full respect and protection of freedom of expression as provided for in Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which Timor Leste ratified in 2003, and the Timor Leste constitution.
“If we will live another four years with President Trump, God help us, may God help you and God help the whole world, “said Shtayyeh repeating comments he made the day before in a virtual speech at the European Parliament as tweeted by Al Jazeera.
The comment was also posted on Shtayyeh’s Facebook page.
“If things will turn on United States of America, I think this will reflect itself directly on the relationship Palestine-Israel, “said Shtayyeh, referring to the candidate president Democrat Joe Biden’s US if he wins the November 3 election.
And that will reflect on bilateral relations as well Palestine-America.