They discover an Antarctic ‘ghost creature’ that has survived 30 ice ages – Science – Life

A primitive insect-like creature that has survived 30 ice ages was recently rediscovered in Antarctica by a team of scientists who have been searching for it for decades.

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“This is what we affectionately refer to as the phantom springtail,” says BYU (Brigham Young University) biology professor Byron Adams., who conducts regular research in Antarctica.

“And we call it the phantom springtail because it’s white, like a ghost, but since we hadn’t found it after looking for it for years and years and years, we started to wonder if it was real, if it really existed.”

In an article published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the researchers used the history of small microscopic Antarctic animals to understand exactly how the dynamics of the ice sheet developed over time and how they affected historic ecosystems.

“The evolutionary history of biological organisms can corroborate what we inferred from glaciology and geology about climate change in the past,” Adams said in a statement. “By doing so, we can better predict how life on Earth might respond to these kinds of changes now.”

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Researchers have spent the past 20 years collecting samples from six different species of microarthropods at 91 sites in Antarctica. These tiny animals, known as springtails, live on the ground. They have very limited mobility and can only colonize ice-free areas.

During ice ages, ice sheets advance, expanding their coverage of living space, while during warming periods, ice sheets contract and become smaller, leaving more open spaces where ground animals can disperse. .

By studying their current locations and patterns of genealogical and evolutionary divergence, Adams and his team can better understand how the West Antarctic ice sheet has changed over time.

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The researchers found four species of the creatures, each showing genetically distinct populations in locations likely isolated for millions of years. The other two species were less genetically diverse, although their distribution was restricted.

Together, these patterns give an independent estimate of the timing and magnitude of the ice sheet advance and retreat. Antarctica.



Lavrov said about the management of the Belarusian opposition from the West :: Politics :: RBK

Sergey Lavrov

(Photo: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation)

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov believes that Western forces rule the Belarusian opposition. He stated this in an interview with Channel One following a meeting with US First Deputy Secretary of State Stephen Bigan. Its decryption published on the website of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

“We drew attention to the initiative of the President of Belarus A.G. Lukashenko, which he put forward even before the presidential elections and repeated already in the post-election period, – the initiative for constitutional reform as a basis for consolidating society with the subsequent organization of presidential, parliamentary and local government elections. I believe that a hand is extended to all those who are interested in a stable, united Belarus. It, of course, should be noticed by the opposition and those of our Western partners who are now leading this opposition, ”Lavrov said.

According to him, Russia does not consider it possible to try to impose mediators on the Belarusian leadership and the people from outside, “be it the OSCE, the EU, or some separate neighboring country”.

The minister called Belarusians a wise people who can determine the forms of national dialogue and how it will help to overcome the difficulties that have arisen now.

According to Lavrov, the American ambassador heard serious warnings from Russia about the activities of circles that, “say, in Poland and Lithuania express dissatisfaction with the normalization of the situation in Belarus, and are also trying to provoke violent actions in order to provoke an appropriate response from the security officials.”

Protests after the presidential elections in Belarus. the main thing

Photo: Vasily Fedosenko / Reuters

Lavrov called the meeting with the American diplomat useful, but expressed doubts about the legitimacy of the Belarusian opposition council. “We would very much like to understand what are the political criteria on which this coordinating council wants to function. There was a lot of contradictory information about the council’s program, ”said the head of Russian diplomacy.

According to him, on the website of opposition leader Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, the goals pursued by this body were described very contradictory. The minister also noted that the composition of the coordinating council also raises questions, since many of its members learned that they are included in it, after the fact.

Rebecca Ross, former spokesman for the US Embassy in Russia reported on Twitter that Lavrov at a meeting with Bigan discussed the situation in Belarus. The American diplomat condemned the use of violence against the protesters and expressed support for the sovereignty of Belarus and the right of its people to self-determination.

Tihanovskaya announced on the creation of an opposition coordination council for the transfer of power in the country on August 14. It is planned to include representatives of associations interested in national dialogue, including labor collectives, parties and trade unions. On the fact of the creation of the coordination council of the opposition, the Prosecutor General’s Office of Belarus aroused criminal case.

Russian Foreign Ministry reported warning to Washington on Belarus

Sergey Lavrov

The reason for the creation of the council was the results of the presidential elections held in Belarus on August 9. By data The Central Election Commission of the republic, the victory was won by Alexander Lukashenko, for whom 80.1% of voters (4 661 075 people) voted. For his main rival Svetlana Tikhanovskaya – 10.1% (588,622 people). However, her headquarters did not recognize the election results and demanded transfer of power by peaceful means.

Since then, rallies have been held in Belarusian cities. The demonstrators are demanding a recount; in the first days of the protests, the security forces dispersed them using special means.

Thousands of protest march in Minsk. Photo report

Photo: Evgeniy Maloletka / AP


Belarus Ministry of Internal Affairs starts checking another rival of Lukashenko :: Politics :: RBC

At the headquarters of Tsepkalo, they answered that there was already a court decision on this issue, which Iggeji did not dispute. The structures affiliated with it were generally forbidden to engage in construction in Belarus due to numerous violations. “Not a single object was completed to the end and was not transferred in the prescribed manner to the customer. Dozens of legal proceedings have taken place or are ongoing in all facilities, ”the headquarters noted. “We can only guess about the motives of the current statement of Mr. Iggeji. We are carefully studying the situation regarding the possibility of filing a lawsuit against Mr. Igdeji for the protection of honor, dignity and business reputation as a result of the dissemination of false information, ”said Tepkalo at the headquarters.

Tsepkalo became the last remaining free representative of the “big opposition three” rivals of Alexander Lukashenko in the August presidential election. Two other members, blogger Sergei Tikhanovsky and former head of Belgazprombank Viktor Babariko, have already been detained. In an interview with RBC, Tsepkalo did not rule out that something similar could happen to him, but assured: “We are simply moving in the political process, doing what is allowed to be done in accordance with the Constitution and the electoral legislation of our country.”

On June 24, Tsepkalo announced that he had handed over 160 thousand signatures to the Central Election Commission with the required 100 thousand. Registration of candidates for the presidential elections, which will be held on August 9, is scheduled for July 5-14.

RBC sent a request to the representative of Valery Tsepkalo.


The media learned about the plans of the Federal Tax Service to launch new online services for paying taxes :: Economy :: RBC

The tax service expects that additional digital projects will reach hundreds of thousands of people and will save billions of rubles in business

The Federal Tax Service (FTS) has prepared a project to launch new digital products that will simplify the payment of taxes. In particular, we are talking about the development of a certification center (CA) for issuing qualified electronic signature certificates to legal entities, individual entrepreneurs and notaries, Kommersant reports.

The Federal Tax Service expects that already in 2022 the center will process 100% of the relevant requests, and the business will be able to save about RUB144 billion on this. In addition, the centralization of the issuance of a qualified electronic signature will make it easier for tax officials to maintain a unified and up-to-date register of electronic signatures.

The ministry estimated that the creation of a CA infrastructure on the basis of the Federal Tax Service data centers would cost $ 280 million, and the development of interactive services for the service under the project would cost $ 60 million.

The next project is the service of a simplified procedure for the deduction of personal income tax through the personal account of the taxpayer. It is estimated that in 2021 about 900 thousand people will be covered by this service (about 10% of the number of applicants minus a year). Kommersant points out that due to various problematic issues (insufficient number of employees of the Federal Tax Service and lack of readiness of banks for electronic information cooperation), it is only supposed to work out practice until 2022 without expanding the deduction system itself.

The third draft – a simplified procedure for registering individual entrepreneurs – will require amendments to the relevant paragraph of the law. It is planned that in December about 10 thousand individuals will be able to register through the mobile application of the online service “Personal Account of the Taxpayer for Individuals”, and next year this figure will increase to 150 thousand.


Severgroup Mordashova launches health media :: Business :: RBC

Alexey Mordashov

(Photo: Andrey Epikhin / TASS)

Severgroup Medicine (part of Severgroup Russian billionaire Alexei Mordashov) is launching a new media called Kuprum, which will focus on health and quality of life. This is stated in the message of the company received by RBC.

The project has combined the publication “Just Ask” about medicine, the podcast about a healthy lifestyle “Without a hat” and the blog “Quality of Life”, the company explained. The goal of Kuprum is to create a platform on which scientific answers to questions about health, background information, as well as the opinions of doctors and scientists will be available, the company explained.

Materials for the project will be based on the latest scientific research on health, and they will be prepared by the Severgroup Medicine’s own medical editorial board, the report said.

Now Kuprum is published in its own social networks, but soon the company plans to launch a web version of the publication.

Mordashov announced plans to create a Russian analogue of Amazon

Alexey Mordashov


Screenwriter of films about the Chucky doll committed suicide in the USA :: Society :: RBC

In the United States, one of the authors of the horror film “Children’s Games” in 1988 about the Chucky doll scriptwriter and director John Lafia committed suicide, Variety reports.

The body of the 63-year-old Lafia was found on April 29 at his home in Los Angeles. His colleague, the script for the Children’s Games, Don Mancini, called Lafia “an incredibly generous artist” and said that the “Chucky family” was devastated by the loss.

John Lafia worked on the original 1990 film about the killer doll and its sequel, Children’s Games-2. It is he who is credited with creating the famous phrase of the main antagonist: “Hello, I’m Chucky, do you want to play?”

Doctor Who screenwriter Terrence Dicks dies

In addition, Lafia is known for his screenwriting and directorial work on such popular TV shows as “The Adventures of Sinbad”, “Babylon 5”, “Dead Zone”.