The United States is stuck in the crisis

Dhe recovery in the American economy has slowed significantly. This is indicated by the latest labor market data. The bottom line is that companies and other employers filled 1.8 million jobs in July. That sank the Unemployment rate from 11.1 percent to 10.2 percent. Before the corona crisis hit the United States, the unemployment rate was 3.5 percent, at a 50-year low. In June employment had increased by almost 5 million.

After a dramatic economic downturn in March and April, the labor market recovered strongly in May and June as many companies called back their workers after lifting business restrictions. This process has slowed in recent weeks after the pandemic spread in many regions of the United States slowed down again. The American economy has made up almost half of the unemployment caused by the pandemic crisis.

The waning success in combating unemployment is becoming politically explosive because the unemployment aid decided in the government’s rescue package has expired. Unemployed Americans had received $ 600 a week in addition to their state’s unemployment benefits by the end of July. The White House and the parties in Congress have not yet been able to agree to continue the program. Republicans consider unemployment benefits to be too high and also want to put a trillion dollars less in a new bailout package than the Democrats. They insist that the federal government continue to provide unemployment benefits and support a $ 3 trillion rescue package. The leader of the Republicans Mitch McConnell has announced that it will agree to a compromise between the White House and Democrats, which is apparently currently being worked on.

Time is short: Without federal aid, the unemployed depend on an average of around $ 330 a week. Aid varies according to the state and is granted for different lengths of time. For many families, the situation becomes precarious because, above all, they can no longer pay their rents. Different tenant protection rules have been issued in the country in view of the pandemic, which have kept families from giving up their homes. Many of these rules are now expiring.

A group of researchers from renowned universities such as Princeton and MIT has now released a study that 30 to 40 million tenants could lose their roofs over the next few months due to evictions caused by a lack of rent payments. In ordinary years there are 3.7 million evictions per year. America lists around 100 million people in rental properties. Failure to pay also threatens property owners who may have trouble servicing their real estate loans, the researchers warn.

The fragility of the situation can be seen in the latest applications for unemployment benefits: in the last week of July there were 1.2 million. This is the lowest since the beginning of March, but in a historical long-term comparison it is higher than in most recessions that the country had previously suffered. A total of 16 million Americans receive state unemployment benefits.

The labor market clearly shows that the virus determines the course of the economy. The numbers are worst, where the number of people who tested positive grew particularly quickly. Local labor markets in the United States, with infection numbers like Texas and Arizona growing in July, recovered more slowly than those in states like New York, which, after dramatic numbers in the first wave, were more successful in containing the pandemic. The decline in business activity in parts of the country is not primarily due to new restrictions imposed by regional governments. This is suggested by a study by the economist Austan Goolsbee. This leads to the conclusion that most consumers are simply afraid to go shopping. The slow recovery has resulted in many workers becoming unemployed for a second time after being called back to work.


Škoda will never be a cheap car, it must match the competition, says Kulhánek. According to him, Superb and Kodiaq should stay

The newly elected Chairman of the Board of Directors will replace Bernhard Maier, who ends up at the helm of the company after less than five years. Fifty-year-old Schäfer joined the top management of Volkswagen in 2012. Since 2015, he has been the CEO of the South African representation, covering the entire sub-Saharan African region.

“The question is whether he will dig for a Škoda. So far, according to him, that he will dig for the team of which he is the captain, then it would be very good. I would expect a positive rather than a negative development from this, “thinks Vratislav Kulhánek, who was the chairman of the carmaker’s board from 1997 to 2004.

The chairman of the KOVO Škoda Auto trade unions, Jaroslav Povšík, has previously said that Schäfer is a rabbit pulled out of his hat. According to him, it is not yet clear where he will direct the carmaker, but the key position is the entire group. “I have expectations from the group that the group must function as a whole. And if it works well, so will Škoda, “said Povšík.

Each brand has its own flagship, says Kulhánek

Volkswagen director Herbert Diess recently told the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung that Skoda “is not aggressive enough” to compete with Koreans and French in terms of volume of cars sold. According to him, the carmaker must strengthen its position in the segment of cost-effective cars. Analysts therefore expect the new boss to change towards cheaper car classes.

“I really don’t like the wording ‘cheap cars.’ Skoda will never be a cheap car. Skoda will be a car that should match the prices of competing cars in its class. And if we talk about Korean cars, then it’s not bad quality, it’s not bad cars. When we talk about Renault or Peugeot, but we can also talk about Ford, these are all brands that Škoda has to compete with, “believes Kulhánek.

“Every brand should have its own flagship. And that flagship will be the Superb. Like flagships, they have the brands we’re talking about that Skoda should compete with. So Suberb and, in my opinion, Kodiaq should stay in Škoda in any case, “added Kulhánek.

Povšík warns against moving the production of important models outside the Czech Republic. It also threatens to stop production, even if, according to him, this is the last resort. “If it affected our employment, the margins we have from those cars, we would be hit by wages and bonuses, and we would deal with that,” he said.

He also rejects the claim that different models compete within the group. “I do not think we are in competition. We complement each other, “he says. “Those cars didn’t fall from the sky. Superb approved. And it was done here because we were relatively cheap, advantageous, highly flexible, “he added.

If the economy works, new cars will be bought

The events and comments also focused on the impact of the crisis caused by the new coronavirus pandemic on the automotive industry. The editor-in-chief of the website, Vladimír Rybecký, emphasized that the domestic automotive industry depends on what the entire economic situation will look like.

“The automotive industry is not in a vacuum. It all depends on how strong the customers will be, how willing and able they will be to shop. I would just like to remind you that at least two thirds of new car buyers are companies, those cars are bought as company cars. This means that if the economy works, new cars will also be bought, “Rybecký concluded.


Is there any change in Lebanon’s politics?

Als Emmanuel Macron Visited the Gemmayze district on Thursday to get an impression of the destruction in Beirut, he also got an insight into the spiritual life of the Lebanese. Macron is received by some almost like a savior. A man from the Lebanese rescue team with a red helmet and protective suit has tears in his eyes: “Lebanon is your son,” he says to the President as he walks through a field of rubble wearing a protective mask in a blue suit and tie. Macron nudges him with his fist. “We’re not dropping you guys,” he replies.

Christian Schubert

But the anger can also be grasped with the hands. A tightly packed crowd surrounds the French President, who is struggling to make progress. “The people want the regime to be overthrown,” shout the demonstrators. And they curse their own head of state: “Michel Aoun is a terrorist.” He, Macron, can read the pain and sadness on their faces, the French head of state assures people. “Because of that, I’m here.”

Warnings about houses in danger of collapsing go around

Almost everyone Macron addresses here, the disaster in the port is further proof of how indifferent and depraved the cartel of oligarchs and old warlords who keep Lebanon firmly under control is. For the second day, the people are taking away rubble, mending windows and doors. Rescue teams are still digging in the rubble for injuries.

The danger is not over yet. There are new warnings in Beirut: high-rise buildings and high streets are in danger of collapsing. Images of a multi-storey building in the Achrafieh district that leans towards the neighboring high-rise are circulating on the Internet.

High-rise buildings damaged by the explosion in Beirut on August 6th

Many Lebanese welcome the Frenchman’s visit because he made an important distinction when he arrived at the airport: France wants to help the Lebanese, not their political class. The disaster relief must “benefit the Lebanese people”, he said. “We will organize the matter so that the help arrives on the spot.”

He wrote in the record book of the politicians Macron met, “in a dialogue of truth”, that Lebanon had to change. It is a moral, political, economic and financial crisis “of historical proportions, the first victim of which is the Lebanese people,” said Macron. The crisis “brings with it the responsibility of the incumbent leadership”.

In the presidential palace he told his counterpart Michel Aoun according to the Elysée Palace that it is now a matter of quick help. In order to organize this, Macron announced an upcoming international aid conference at which the supply of medicines and food as well as medical treatment should be ensured. However, structural reforms should not wait either. This includes “the fight against corruption and reforms in the energy sector, in the electricity supply, in the banking system and in general with public tenders”. An aid program by the International Monetary Fund should be set in motion, and the economic reforms promised at a conference in Paris in 2018 should finally be implemented, Macron said.

A crowd crowd around Emmanuel Macron during his visit to the Gemmayzeh district of Beirut on August 6th.

When the French expressed the wish, the Explosion may mark the start of a “new era”, but he may have overlooked the hopelessness that is also written on the faces of the cheering people in Beirut. “It’s nice that the foreigners want to help with money,” says Roger, who is tidying up his brother-in-law’s shop, an elderly gentleman, a few corners away. “But they will steal this money again.”


How the bands Jeremias & Pabst deal with the corona crisis

Musicians in crisis

The Show Must Go On



Reuters reported on the upcoming talks between Putin and Macron :: Policy :: RBC

Russian President Vladimir Putin will hold on June 26 talks with the leader of France Emmanuel Macron. About it reports Reuters, citing a source in the Elysee Palace.

In the framework of the strategic Franco-Russian dialogue, the two leaders will discuss the crises in Ukraine and Libya. In addition, the presidents intend to bring up the subject of security in Europe, cyberspace, crisis management in peace and multilateral cooperation.

“You need to move forward on the themes of crises, in particular in Ukraine”, — said the Agency interlocutor.

Trump and macron discussed the convening of the “five” of the UN security Council on the issue COVID-19

On June 7 the leaders of Russia and France during a telephone conversation discussed the measures against coronavirus, and also raised the issues of training of video conferencing the leaders of the States permanent members of the UN Security Council, focused on the joint fight against the pandemic. In addition, the presidents exchanged congratulations on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the Victory over fascism.

June 12, Emmanuel macron congratulates Vladimir Putin on Russia Day.


Putin said about Russia’s openness to the General system of world security :: Policy :: RBC

Only together can Nations protect the world from dangerous threats, Putin said. In the beginning of the year he proposed to convene a summit of the “nuclear five” and also noted that Russia is ready to negotiate with the US on arms control

Vladimir Putin

(Photo: Sergey Pyatakov / Getty Images)

Russia is open to dialogue on the establishment of a common security system in the world, said President Vladimir Putin during his speech at the Victory parade. The broadcast led to RBC.

“We know the face of the challenges facing the planet today, has a special feel which is the greatest value — people. His dreams, joy, hope, peace, calm, productive life. Understand the importance of strengthening friendship and trust between peoples, and open to dialogue and cooperation on the most topical issues of the international agenda. Among them, the establishment of a common reliable system of security which is needed by a complex, rapidly changing modern world. Only together can we protect him from dangerous new threats,” Putin said.

According to Putin, the world stability is threatened, in particular due to the crumbling of the system of arms control. He spoke about it back in February, noting that security in the world largely depends on the state of relations between Russia and the United States.

Putin said about the approach of the world to a “dangerous line”

Vladimir Putin


the cults confront their readings of the epidemic of Covid-19

No ” front of religions “, but certainly some struggles and ideals. They were five French representatives of the cult – four men and a woman – to talk and listen to each other to deliver their teachings to the health crisis of the Covid-19, Tuesday 23 June evening at the College des Bernardins (Paris Ve district).

→ WORDS. Will we be believers, as before, depending on whether one is a jew, a muslim or a christian ?

Catholic, protestant, jewish, muslim, buddhist, how have they lived this very difficult period, in the light of their respective traditions ? (1) “A warning about our way of life “for the president of the bishops ‘ Conference of France (CEF), “a necessary break “for the representative buddhist “a crisis of the system of solidarity “ for the president of the federation of protestant…

The mourning prevented, an outrage common

If the different sensitivities are asserted during this exchange fed, it is a same voice that the religious representatives have, input, warning about the major break and new caused by the strong limitation of the funeral rites and the presence of chaplains with patients, at the height of the epidemic : “The affected families have not been able to do their mourning in conditions that allowed it to overcome the suffering and sorrow. The company has not made a sufficient response to these emergency situations “he regretted Mohammed Moussaoui, president of the French Council of the muslim cult (CFCM).

→ INVESTIGATION. In containment, the mourning more painful

By preventing the funeral rites to stand, we prepared a post-traumatic shock to the society as a whole. It was the moral health of the society and I believe that it has been heard on this issue “, abounded the chief rabbi of France Haïm Korsia, who has pointed out “the extraordinary responsiveness of the government “ vis-à-vis cults during the crisis.

Exactly, in this experience of dialogue with the civil authorities, the feeling has been different depending on religions. Among catholics, including some bishops have claimed the ability to gather in the churches, quickly after the déconfinement, the conflicts are still present : “ The catholics have had the feeling that the public authorities did not know very well how to treat us as a partner at this timeexposed Mgr Eric de Moulins-Beaufort. On the freedom of worship, the answer is clear, it has been given in the law by the Council of State “, ruled by the archbishop of Reims.

The controversy of the re-opening of the cults

“I have tremendous respect for the justice, but the Council of State is not word of gospel “replied, mischievous, Haïm Korsia, who has, himself, decided to let them close down the synagogues despite the possibility to find again the end of may. “ It is a moment of controversy that would not have happened, writes Mohammed Moussaoui. The configuration of our worship is not the same “, judge professor of mathematics. Among muslims, the individual prayers, it is better to be home than at the mosque, so the problem does not arise in the same way for us “.

→ TO READ. Recovery from cults : a decision that is an embarrassment to religious leaders

The representatives of the religions, do they have the same reading of this test ? For Minh Tri Vô, deputy chair of the buddhist Union of France, the containment has been “a mandatory break collective that has allowed to touch what the Buddha offered as a profound vision : the ability to touch impermanence (nothing lasts), the interdependence of men, and the full consciousness of the world around him “. “This time was deeply intense for our communities, amazing things have emerged, but there was nothing formidable in this period where the distancing of physics is imposed, it should not be romantiser “, for its part, keeps Haïm Korsia.

“This crisis is a warning “

“The suffering was there,” stresses, in turn, François Clavairoly, president of the protestant Federation of France (FPF), of which the intellectual complicity and friendly with the chief rabbi of France has enlivened the discussion. “I have this feeling of belonging to a humanity that is lame, who gets tired of one night to several months. Is it a misfortune to be globalized will produce a collective intelligence common ? I’m not sure. On the other hand, where religion can be decisive, it is in the experience that we have made of the emptiness and the fragility of our existence. This is where the hope, the will to choose a positive life against death, in the event.”

Each of the containment in the Bible has led to the possibility of a new life recalls Monsignor Eric de Moulins-Beaufort, citing Noah, Jonah… For me, this crisis is a warning. We need to change our consumption patterns, because of the constraint of ecological… The important question is : will we seize the moment to convert us ? Everyone looks good in a hurry to restart the world of yesterday “, notes, lucid, the president of the bishops of France.


The “crisis migrants” to the crisis of the home

Maurizio Ambrosini
Professor of sociology of migration at the university of Milan (1)

The number of asylum seekers in Europe reached a peak in 2015 and 2016, but is very greatly reduced since. The public opinions and the governments continue, however, to reason as if the continent was facing a “wave” of migration.

Five years have gone since 2015 entered the collective imagination of europe, as the year of the ” refugee crisis “. This year, Daech is progressing in Iraq, while in Syria the civil war has already uprooted millions of people. On 20 April, 800 people die in the sinking of their boat in libyan waters, not far from the Italian island of Lampedusa. This is the deadliest event in the Mediterranean since the beginning of the XXIe century.

Over the months, the number of deaths at sea will not cease to increase. At the end of 2015, there are 3 328 victims were verified, more than double that in 2014 (2). The tragedies of migration also occur on the land. On August 28, 2015, it is discovered in Austria the bodies of 71 people in a refrigerated truck abandoned near the Hungarian border. This drama sheds light on the flow, which, mainly from Syria, trying to reach the territory of the european Union (EU) by road, via the so-called ” Balkan route “, passing through Turkey and Greece. Hungary was the first EU country on their way, and many were gathered in detention camps and virtually abandoned.

A “walk of hope” in the direction of Germany

On the 29th of August, asylum-seekers camped at the railway station of Keleti to Budapest decide to embark on a “walk of hope” to the austrian border, in the direction of Germany. Two days later, chancellor Angela Merkel pronounced his famous words : “We have managed so many problems, we are going to manage this situation. “ This was a turning point in German policy.

→ TO READ. Migrants : Europe gives priority to border security

A few days later, on 2 September, the photo of the little Alan Kurdi, found drowned on a beach of the Turkish Aegean, shakes for a moment the european public opinion. Three days later, Angela Merkel decides to suspend the application of the Dublin regulation III (3). Buses and trains are sent to collect refugees in Hungary, in order to transfer them in Germany. On arrival, they are greeted by applause, of flowers, of music.

According to Eurostat, the directorate-general of the statistical information to the european Commission, the countries of the EU have received a total of 1.3 million claims in 2015 and 1.2 million in 2016. Germany was the catalyst for most of them.

Europe is divided, the borders are closing

But even during these years, more than 80 % of asylum seekers in the world have continued to be welcomed in developing countries, especially those bordering on crisis areas. Only a perspective eurocentric can power the legend of a Europe invaded by the refugees, a ” refugee crisis “. Germany is the only EU country that is among the top ten in the world in terms of the number of registered refugees : 1.1 million of applications accepted and 300 000 applications awaiting the end of 2019.

→ ANALYSIS. Migrants in the Mediterranean, the drones replace the maritime patrol

The EU is, however, deeply divided on this issue. September 15, 2015, Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban decided to close the border with Serbia. His country built a fence along the border with Croatia, a country member of the EU. In November, Austria did the same with Slovenia, then Slovenia with Croatia. In November, the terrorist attacks in Paris are sway public opinion.

Another shock to the culture of hospitality is caused by the events of the New Year in Cologne, with assaults and sexual harassment attributed to men of arab origin. The link between muslims, terrorism and rape, fueling a wave of fear and rejection of refugees. Meanwhile, a political decision with heavy consequences was made in Brussels : the institution of centres of registration and identification of migrants at points of entry to the european Union, mainly in Italy and Greece, with the obligation to identify the newcomers by force of fingerprints. In return, the european commission, chaired by Jean-Claude Juncker, proposed a distribution of asylum seekers between member States.

Wave of xenophobic

However, if the centres became operational, the redistribution did not follow. In the end, only 13 000 asylum seekers were transferred from Italy and a little more than 20 000 from Greece. However, the asylum policy have not been written in Italy, as in Greece, until now, was to facilitate the transit of migrants towards the EU, most of them demand nothing better.

→ TO READ. Migrants and coronavirus : the new amalgam of european nationalists

But the new centres of registration and identification, the greater the reinforcement of the border controls put in place by the neighbouring States, led to a rise in asylum claims in both countries, fueling a wave of xenophobic. In Italy, on the number of people arriving by sea, only 37 % had sought asylum in the country in 2014. The rate rose to 56 % in 2015, 68 % in 2016, to reach 100 % in 2017.

While the immigration, in Italy as in the rest of western Europe, is predominantly female and european, the perception of the most common, swollen by a hostile propaganda, identifies the immigrants to young african men, coming from the sea. This immigration, stationary over the years, is also qualified as an invasion.

Europe retreat

In fact, as early as 2016, the entry of refugees, mainly syrians, from Turkey was stopped by the agreement of 18 march with Ankara. In exchange for a substantial package of economic assistance and political concessions, including a tolerance, not written for the turning point’s authoritarian president Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Turkey has assumed the role of policeman outside the european borders.

In 2017, the central corridor of the Mediterranean was closed by the agreements concluded by the Italian government with the government and local militias of the libyan. The arrivals by sea in Europe increased from 1 015 000 in 2015 to 114 000 in 2018. Nearly 90 % less ! At the same time, asylum requests have ebbed : 700 000 in 2017 ; 646 000 in 2018 ; 613 000 in 2019.

Rather than ” refugee crisis “, it should, therefore, speak of a ” crisis of the reception of refugees “. In 1999-2000, an EU smaller than today, had allowed the same number of asylum-seekers in 2015 – they came from Kosovo. Fifteen years later, public opinion scared and governments are uncertain, driven by populism, growing, chose to gradually ignore their humanitarian commitments. As shown by the violent push-back of migrants at the Greek-Turkish border in early march 2020, they have decided to retreat into a fortress Europe increasingly distant from their founding principles.


Three looks

The issue of immigration irks the Europe. In most countries, it fuels the fears and fed the populist rhetoric. It also carries the division within the european Union and exacerbating tensions between the governments. That is why, five years after the “migration crisis” of 2015, three daily newspapers have declined to investigate together on the situation of migrants in their respective countries. Avvenire (Italy), Nederlands Dagblad (The netherlands) and The Cross are media of christian inspiration rooted in three different companies.

By publishing in parallel during the whole of this week their stories respective, they offer an exchange of glances, a variety of approaches which enrich the apprehension of the real. They wish to facilitate the dialogue between the peoples and to be a hyphen, Naples to Amsterdam via Nice or Paris. This partnership also emphasizes the involvement of multiple people in the reception and assistance of migrants. For christians, this support comes in a fidelity direct to the gospel message.

Jean-Christophe Ploquin


“Breeders “, parents on the verge of a nervous breakdown


To 21 hours on Canal +

I could die for these children… but I could also kill them ! “Paul, now in his forties, is at the end. Of months that the father of the family and his wife Ally have their nights reduced like skin of sorrow by the insomnia of their children of 5 and 7 years old. When this is not Ava who claims a story, it is Luke, the eldest, who is beset with fears of all kinds. The last is the result of the visit of the firefighters to the school for a year of security : now, the boy is convinced that his house is going to be the prey of the flames.

The opening scene of Breeders (which means “breeding” in French), where we see Paul, in anger, scream of horror to his two toddlers stunned before apologizing piteusement, gives the tone of the series : politically incorrect and humorous corrosive jubilant. How do I obey his kids without raising your voice ? Should we put them in a school focusing on personal development through art, or in another which will open the way to a college reputable ? How to reconcile family life and professional ambition ? Here are some of the questions raised by this british comedy, more profound than it looks.

Sticky dialogue

In this table without a blush of parenthood (that Ally compared to” climb a mountain with two mini-fridges hanging on the back “!), the grandparents also take them for their grade. Some are all-pervasive, the other selfish or irresponsible. The discussions between Paul and his father on the merits of education to the former, and the evolution of marital relationships does not lack flavor…

If the criticism is often sharp, and the sticky dialogue, the creators Chris Addison and Simon Blackwell are always a watchful eye on their characters, served by a distribution without flaw. Resulted in quite grotesque situations over the ten episodes, the duo parental formed by Martin Freeman (Sherlock) and Daisy Haggard makes sparks.


Chaplains hospital in the face of a crisis demanding

The chaplains, even the members of the staff of the hospital, will no longer be allowed. People are likely to die without spiritual assistance “, was concerned about the 18 march, in a letter addressed to the catholics of the diocese of Rheims, with their archbishop, Mgr Eric de Moulins-Beaufort. It was at the beginning of the confinement, but the hospitals were, in some regions, already facing a wave of patients with the Covid-19. In this context, the volunteers of the chaplaincy teams could not, for several weeks, visiting with the patients.

→ TO READ. Sick at home, what is spiritual accompaniment ?

On the side of the chaplains holders, the status of public servants, the reality was contrasted depending on the establishment. In Paris, “ 50 % have been able to visit their land of mission, priests and lay leaders “says Catherine de Préville, delegate for the Pastoral of health. Some small hospitals are confined with their patients, thus preventing any visits of the chaplains. “But from the time when the padres could be on the spot, they went there virtually every day “she continued.

Gabriel Farhi, rabbi liberal and a chaplain at the hospital Georges-Pompidou, made the experience. “For three weeks, it was without interruption in the resuscitation Covid, “he tells us. I was called several times a day. The jewish community, which has paid a heavy toll for the virus, in particular because of contamination during the feast of Purim, just before the containment, was indeed highly represented among the patients.

“The feeling of having done body with caregivers “

“The teams of resuscitation I asked often when a person is in end-of-life, so that I can accompany them spiritually and humanly “, continues the rabbi, who had” the feeling of having done body with caregivers just like his colleague, a catholic, often at the hospital from 7 o’clock in the morning to 23 hours.

“I was able to accompany him, dressed in operating room, sick of the Covid end-of-life, including a little sister of the Poor “, tells, affected, Michele Besnard, head of the diocesan chaplaincies hospital in the diocese of Rennes.

In the Morbihan, chaplains holders have, for the most part, been able to continue their visits to the services. But it was necessary for the case to be serious to be able to go there “explains Jean-Hugues Vigorous, responsible for the chaplaincies in hospital for the diocese of Vannes.

In the long-term care facilities,” where the residents “are languishing” not to see their family “the chaplains were more present, “ the grouped by two or by four, with masks, in a large room, for a little time of prayer, continues Jean-Hugues Vigorous. There was a great demand of residents, but also hospital managers “.

In spite of everything, chaplains have sometimes been forbidden to visit, often “because of the lack of knowledge of their status by the staff and of the period which has put everyone in a situation of amazement and anguish “says Catherine de Préville. Some have been able to finally pass through the doors “thanks to the good sense and the goodwill of the doctors who have written attestations “, “she continues.

In Montpellier, Jeanne Mombelli, head of the diocesan chaplaincies of hospitals and clinics, confirms : “There have actually been a hindrance of chaplains during the health crisis. “ “They no longer had any calls from some sites, she continues. It was learned that the message in the first place was that the chaplaincy was not working… In other places, on the other hand, a memo from management stated that the chaplaincy was available. “

“Clearly, it has been put aside, while we paid for our mission “

“We had a few requests, because the services themselves censuraient or told the families that this was not possible, adds Sylvie Perreu, head of the diocese for the pastoral of health in the department of Oise. The priests themselves did not know on which foot to dance. Directions forbidding any visit, others allowed only the priests… “

“Clearly, it has been put aside, while we paid for our mission, and that it was ready to help “resumes Jeanne Mombelli, who says “angry “ regarding what happened in the services of geriatrics. “Of the people, who requested the visit of the chaplain, have received, at the place, that of the psychologist. The chaplains trained in geriatrics were put out, and many have not been able to return, until now. “

If the doors are beginning to open in some places, this is not yet the case everywhere. “In a clinic in Rennes, where there are several religious, you still may not bring the communion “regrets Michele Besnard. On the other hand, in the Oise, where the visits take over, the management of the hospital of Senlis asked Sylvie Perreu to meet people without a family. “They understood that I had not come for the catholics “she says.

The hour will now be for the padres, owners, or volunteers, to a back on these weeks and new. “We have proposed to the chaplaincy teams in a grid of replay, and look spiritual and ecclesial about this time of the Covid, during which their team life has been exploded in the daily “says Catherine de Préville. “It will not be able to be neutral to have lived this period, confirms Sylvie Perreu. We had a very great frustration to no longer go on our mission, with the bad conscience of abandoning the patients. “

“The chaplains, volunteers, who regretted not to be able to come on the field, culpabilisaient, with the impression of being useless “says Michele Besnard. This last has been able to see that “even the nursing staff was outstanding “. “To see people suffer and die alone was hard for them humanely “adds Sylvie Perreu.

It wants to see in the difficult past weeks “a blessing “. “The staff even asked how we situate ourselves in the institution, what place we had “, “she explains. If, in the confusion of the crisis, responses have not always been adjusted, the time has perhaps come to a better understanding of the role and the mission of the chaplains of hospitals.


Chaplain, hospital, function, framed

Chaplains hospital are affected in employment as a contractual agent, agent public non-ownership, and must fulfil the general conditions of access to the public service.

According to article 2 of the 1905 law on the separation of church and State, “may be included in the budgets the expenditure on chaplaincy services intended to ensure the free exercise of religion in public institutions such as high schools, colleges, schools, hospices, asylums and prisons. “

The charter of the hospitalized person, developed in 2006, remember that“a patient shall have the power, to the extent possible, to follow the dictates of his religion “, with in particular the presence of a minister of a cult religion.

A decree of may 5, 2017 makes compulsory the possession of a diploma “certifying successful completion of training in civic and civil approved “ for future chaplains and prison, hospital and military. The union of diocesan associations of France and the archbishop of Paris, challenged the decree before the Council of State in 2018, but their appeal was rejected.