“Inter fragile defensively for two reasons. Ibra? He was angry after the derby, that’s why”

The defensive cracks revealed by‘Inter in the first five games of the season they have two specific reasons, according to Ignazio Abate, former Milan full-back: “The team has to find the right balance because it has changed the way they play. Last year there was Brozovic as the central screen while now they play one-on-one across the board, which involves some risks. Then I would not underestimate the absence of Godin who is making himself felt; in any case, Inter can do much more “, his words to Sky Sport.

Abate, then, also talks about the change of role of Ivan Perisic, who Conte is now fielding as fifth in the full range: “For me he is a great player, but at 5 he is sacrificed. I see him in difficulty, it is not easy for one 31 years to adapt. I am convinced that on the left, in the long run, Young or Darmian will play “.

Finally, Abate dedicates a joke to his friend and former teammate Zlatan Ibrahimovic: “I heard him after the derby and he was angry because he missed the penalty.”

VIDEO – BEST WISHES TO … – ROBERTO MOZZINI, THE GOAL AT ROME IS WORTH THE SCUDETTO OF INTER PULITA

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Army top warns about COVID-19 on set of ‘Home’: “But …

Defense has posted a video online to ask their employees to continue to monitor the COVID measures. Admiral Michel Hofman and Major General Marc Thys take the lead roles. “This scene was totally fictional, but the fight against corona is not fiction”, it sounds.

The army top has deliberately chosen to make an online video for the employees. “I’ve found that video messages work more than letters or emails,” said Major General Thys. “We can reach the entire organization better with video. And that is what we must achieve: everyone must know that the corona epidemic is far from over. ”

The video also warns that the military will have to work in corona conditions until at least September next year. “We will have to live in these conditions for a long time, then we get used to it better and we have to continue to apply the rules”, it sounds.

THIS IS IT. How long will you stay infected with the corona virus?

THIS IS IT. Going into quarantine: how should it be done

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Spy Story in Naples, a French NATO officer worked for Moscow: reported for treason

The story – Yellow on “sensitive” information that may have been stolen and transmitted to Moscow. A lieutenant colonel of the army seconded to NATO ended up in the cell about ten days ago. To a 007 from Moscow, who was seen several times with him in Naples and its surroundings, he would have provided highly confidential information, such as to harm “the security of the state”, as announced by the broadcaster. Europe 1.

Defense Minister Florence Parly, invited to the microphones of the same radio, was forced to admit that “a judicial proceeding” is underway for “security attack”. In the crosshairs, a “superior officer”, whose identity has not been disclosed at the moment.

The alleged French spy worked at the command of the allied forces which is located near the Neapolitan capital, the headquarters of NATO where all strategic actions for Southern Europe are coordinated. The man is in his fifties, father of five children and has distant Russian relatives, such as to allow him to speak the Russian language in a fluent manner.

In Italy – on several occasions – his cautions have jumped and he has been seen in contact with a person considered a Russian spy, an agent of GRU, the military secret service of Moscow. As suspicions became more consistent, Paris decided they could no longer take risks.

“The Ministry of the Armed Forces has taken the initiative – explained Parly – to bring the case to the public prosecutor, invoking article 40 of the Code of Criminal Procedure”. An article in which any official or military officer is expected to become aware of a crime to immediately inform the judicial authority. And immediately the Paris prosecutor opened the investigation and the DGSI, the internal security services, arrested the suspect soldier.

The man was about to return to Italy after spending his holidays in France. Four charges are pending against the alleged French spy, the most serious of which is “supplying information to a foreign power”, such as to put him at risk of 15 years in prison.

A prosecutor is already investigating, the suspect has been questioned several times. But the absolute mystery remains as to what kind of information he would have provided to his Russian colleague, how long the leak had been going on and for what reasons it was set up.

Previous – Cases of this type in France, espionage for foreign powers and in particular Russia (or the Soviet Union in its time) are quite rare, no more than a dozen have officially surfaced since the Cold War. But just last July, two former 007s were convicted of treason in favor of China. In 2001, a French officer. – also in that case seconded to NATO – he was sentenced for having provided information to Serbia in 1998 on NATO raids against the country during the Kosovo war.

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The Tactical Acrobatics of Israel and Hezbollah

When people in Beirut felt the walls and windows explode last week, many immediately thought of an Israeli airstrike – the Lebanese have seen that before. While everything points towards a tragic accident this time, speculation about Israeli involvement is so persistent that both Israeli and Lebanese authorities have taken the trouble to deny it.

The drama changes the balance between Israel and Lebanon, and especially between Israel and the militant Hezbollah movement. Hezbollah leader Nasrallah can hardly explain a new confrontation with the southern neighbors in the midst of the domestic mess. In addition, the explosion fuels the discussion about the position of the heavily armed movement.

The Lebanese see the impact of storing hazardous material in densely populated areas – a common tactic that makes Hezbollah more difficult to reach its targets, but puts civilians in the firing line.

Before the disaster in the Lebanese capital, Israel and Hezbollah had been engaged in a joust for weeks. Both sides regularly test the leeway in the ceasefire that Lebanon and Israel have had since the war in 2006 – and which is underpinned by UN resolution 1701 and UN force UNIFIL.

War is not intended

War is not the intention, Israel and Hezbollah have agreed on that for years, but that does not mean that there will be no war. It’s a tango with death; one wrong pass is fatal. “They are trying to change the rules of the game, but those isolated incidents could turn into a battle or even a war,” said Israeli former general Assaf Orion in an online conversation with journalists.

Even more than military operations, the shelling and infiltration are coded messages to the opponent. Both sides calculate carefully. What should they do to reassure their own audience? And when do they go too far for the other side? It is important to read the other person’s message carefully. All details count; the location, the formulations, whether or not images are made public.

Also read: Beirut wants help, but outside of its own elite

The direct cause of the recent series of skirmishes is the death of a Hezbollah fighter in Syria at the end of July in a bombing attributed to Israel. Hezbollah fights on the side of the Syrian regime and its ally Iran.

Israel has been bombing targets in Syria for years that it sees as attempts by Iran to settle militarily in Syria. The bombing almost never explicitly names Israel, according to the strategy of ‘plausible deniability‘: the operational goal has been achieved, but silence is kept in order not to embarrass the opposing party or provoke retaliation.

Relatively friendly

After Hezbollah announced revenge for his husband’s death, on July 27, a group of Hezbollah fighters attempted to infiltrate a disputed border area Israel calls Har Dov and Lebanon the Shebaa farms. Since there are no civilians living there, a confrontation is seen here as an attempt to limit the escalation. The Israeli army discovered the infiltration attempt and responded relatively kindly, letting the Lebanese escape unharmed.

When a week later another group of fighters crossed the border, this time from Syria, the Israeli response was harder. The men, who attempted to plant explosives in the Israeli-annexed part of the Golan Heights, did not survive the encounter. This was probably not Lebanese Hezbollah fighters, but locally recruited Syrians. Hezbollah therefore did not have to feel called upon to retaliate, and could even deny any involvement.

Sometimes the warring parties disrupt each other’s messages. When Israel let the Hezbollah fighters go, it wanted to say something like, “You have been warned, but we don’t want a public downfall for Hezbollah, as that could provoke further escalation.”

What Israel probably hadn’t counted on was that Hezbollah came up with an alternative translation. With no deaths and no videos, the movement claimed the incident never happened.

That’s less far-fetched than it seems. Last September, Israel left Hezbollah in the dark for hours about the results of a missile strike. Images were distributed of injured Israelis being pulled from a military vehicle on stretchers. Hours after Hezbollah claimed the success, it turned out that the whole situation had been staged.

A small miscalculation and the calculating game of chess turns into a life-threatening gambling game. “It is much more likely that we will fall into war than there will be a thoughtful declaration of war,” said Orion.

Tumbled into a war

In 2006, Israel and Lebanon were unintentionally torn into war. Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah approved of a kidnapping – eight Israeli people were killed instead. Israel decided on a limited act of revenge – that turned into a bloody war that would eventually result in more than a thousand deaths on the Lebanese and 165 on the Israeli side.

In 2015 it almost went wrong again. After eight militants were killed in an Israeli air strike, Hezbollah killed two Israeli soldiers in a missile strike; others managed to get by in the nick of time. “Because there were eight dead on their side and two on ours, Israel called off further action,” says Orion. “If it had been eight versus ten, it would have escalated.” Last year’s play could just as well have set in motion an irreversible cycle of violence.

Even now no one knows whether, when and how the next move will be made. The account with Israel has not yet been settled as far as Hezbollah is concerned. After Tuesday’s disaster, which comes on top of the already bleak economic and political situation, the Lebanese people will wonder if firing rockets is really the most urgent thing Nasrallah and his fellows have to do now. Israel, however, does not trust that things will remain calm; On Thursday, the army announced that Israeli forces in the north remain on high alert.

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The armed forces’ interview method raises ethical questions

Peace organization PAX regularly interrogates civilians in conflict areas, especially regarding their security. “We then ask, for example, how they view the police,” says program leader Hans Rouw of Pax. It requires caution. The answers are stored digitally without the interviewee’s name, position or even the place of residence. It is no longer possible to trace the source. “Suppose that in a village many people complain about the police and that information leaks out, then the police might get the idea to get a story in that village. That is why we adjust the GPS location in such a way that only the region can be traced. ”

The Dutch armed forces have also been interviewing civilians on missions for years, in order to understand and possibly influence their behavior, wrote NRC this weekend. They do this with the marketing method BDM, with which the military want to operate more effectively, resulting in less violence and civilian casualties. However, defense acknowledges that there are still no strict guidelines and ethical and legal frameworks for the use of the method. Army boss Martin Wijnen said he wanted a political discussion about this. MPs say they ask questions, a few want a debate.

PAX calls it positive that soldiers learn more about local culture and look for nonviolent solutions, but find it necessary to discuss the preconditions. “What does the Ministry of Defense do to ensure that the local population is not harmed by the application of the method?” Says Rouw. “What, for example, are the safeguards against data breaches? In South Sudan, satellite images of burnt-down villages have fallen into the hands of militias, who used these images to burn down the saved villages. ”

Cooperation is risky

Rouw emphasizes that it is risky for civilians to cooperate with foreign military personnel, because their fellow citizens will often see them as collaborators. “We know this, for example, from local interpreters who work for intervention forces and run incredible risks. I know a Kurdish interpreter who cannot return to Mosul, but who cannot apply for asylum in the country for which he worked,” says Vincent Vrijhoef, also program leader at PAX. “The aftercare is not always well organized.”

In the summer of 2017, Dutch soldiers interviewed seventy people in a refugee camp near Mosul, the city that was then still owned by IS. “Refugees are a vulnerable group” who do not easily say no, says Vrijhoef. PAX therefore uses double permission for this type of investigation: before the interview and afterwards, so that people can withdraw their statements when in doubt. The interviews revealed, among other things, that boys aged 18 to 20 were still entering and exiting the areas occupied by IS on a moped and were prepared to provide the coalition troops with information. Vrijhoef: “Those boys have run an incredible amount of risk, perhaps more than the military think.”

The PAX researchers therefore believe that the armed forces should discuss openly more about BDM than now. The method was discussed at a PAX meeting with defense representatives at the end of 2019, Rouw recalls: “When we came to speak about its application in Burkina Faso, we asked questions such as: ‘How does it work? What is the goal?’ Nobody wanted to say anything about that. That is strange, because you always have to weigh a means and a goal against each other. That must be done in public. ”

British ex-soldier Ade Rudd, who taught Dutch military personnel in influencing operations on a number of occasions, was not involved in such debates. “There is no ethical dilemma for me,” says Rudd when asked whether you can always interview people. “People can always refuse to answer your questions, but I have every right to use all the techniques in the world to let you answer that question.” Rudd spent 24 years in the British Army, which has conducted many influencing operations in countries such as Iraq and Afghanistan in recent decades. The Dutch military personnel who are familiar with the BDM method and who spoke to NRC do, however, call ethical considerations important.

Throwing rocks

British soldiers in Iraq had a lot of trouble with children who threw stones at the patrols, Rudd says. “Did the kids do that because they hated us? No, we discovered by asking them and their parents: they were just bored ”, says Rudd. “So we went to the villages, with volleyball and soccer in the back. We played with the children for half an hour and afterwards we gave them the ball. They stopped throwing stones. ” More effective and pleasant, Rudd says, than saying to the parents, “Get your kids in order, because otherwise…”

In Canada, military personnel are also trained in the BDM method, and a similar program is also running in Belgium in which military personnel try to see the world more through the eyes of the local population. At a meeting in November 2018 at the 1 Civil and Military Interaction Command in Apeldoorn, Canadians and Belgians came to see how the Netherlands approached this. Despite a shortage of whiteboards and computers with an internet connection, the atmosphere was ‘relaxed’ and participants experienced the meeting as useful, according to an evaluation.

Yet operations like this have raised ethical questions in the past, such as in the US. It was not the soldiers themselves who tried to fathom the population, but the army took cultural anthropologists, including to Afghanistan. That was controversial from the outset. Critics believed that common standards for academics, such as consent from those surveyed, would erode in a war. The anthropologist association president said to the online medium Inside Higher Ed that it was “in no way possible to obtain information under the terms of a full consent that was not enforced”. The program was quietly discontinued in 2014.

Also listen to the podcast NRC Today:

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Dutch soldiers deployed on Curaçao to prevent further unrest NOW

Dutch soldiers have been deployed at the request of Curaçao to prevent further disturbances on the island, a spokesman for Defense confirms to NU.nl.

In recent days, the island has been restless due to protests against Prime Minister Eugene Rhuggenaath and his government.

Dutch army personnel are deployed to guard “vital objects”, such as government buildings, a spokesman said.

“We support the local police in this way, so that they have more capacity to maintain local order.”

The Curaçao militia is patrolling with the police, the spokesman confirms. These local soldiers have been trained by the Dutch armed forces.

At the moment, the spokesperson cannot yet say how many soldiers have been deployed.

Tourism in Curaçao has come to a standstill

Dissatisfaction rules over the difficult economic times that Curaçao is going through. Tourism, the engine of the economy, has collapsed due to the corona crisis.

Demonstrations paved the way for looting and arson on Wednesday and Thursday nights.

Meanwhile, Friday night (local time) has remained quiet. A curfew could be lifted thanks to the efforts of the Dutch military, it writes Antillean Dagblad.

Defense permanently present in the Caribbean

Curaçao has been a separate country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands since 2010, but not entirely independently. The Netherlands is, among other things, responsible for the defense of the island.

There are two military bases of the Dutch Navy on Curaçao. In total, there are about 800 Dutch defense employees in the Caribbean. In addition to supporting local authorities, they also have the task of defending the borders of the Caribbean part of the Kingdom.

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Defense uses method for influencing behavior in conflict areas NOW

Defense has purchased a marketing method to influence the behavior of civilians in conflict areas, a Defense spokesperson confirms after reporting NRC. The method was purchased from a controversial British company. According to the newspaper, the Netherlands is at the forefront of this new way of warfare among Western countries.

It is a marketing method of the British SCL Group, the parent company of data firm Cambridge Analytica. Both were discredited in recent years because of questionable political campaigns.

The Netherlands is at the forefront of this method among Western countries, along with the United Kingdom and Canada NRC.

In places like Iraq, the armed forces hope to get a better picture of how the local population works. The method should make missions more effective and reduce the number of civilian casualties. Behavioral research and influencing goes beyond the traditional way of winning hearts and minds, the newspaper writes. It must actively change the attitude of civilians in conflict areas in order to prevent armed conflict.

In recent years, the Dutch armed forces have, according to NRC 139 soldiers trained in behavioral research and influencing behavior according to a method of SCL Group who Behavioural Dynamics Methodology (BDM) hot.

SCL Group is controversial

BDM training courses were purchased from SCL Group, a party that has proved dubious in the past. The firm conducted political campaigns in vulnerable democracies. Among other things, SCL conducted a political political campaign in Trinidad and Tobago, where black citizens were discouraged from voting.

Subsidiary Cambridge Analytica was exposed worldwide when it widely violated the privacy of US citizens for a political campaign during the 2016 elections.

A spokesperson emphasizes to NU.nl that these mistakes by the company were not known to Defense before they were revealed in the media in 2018.

Newspaper interviews with military personnel show that the method is popular for its effectiveness and the ability to gain a more local perspective on operations. But the method is also controversial. No rules have yet been drawn up for this new way of warfare.

Landlord boss Martin Wijnen acknowledges that legal and ethical standards must be set for the method. That is only possible “after a discussion about what we think of it as the Netherlands,” he says.

‘Ethics are in the user’

After the Cambridge Analytica scandal went around the world in 2018, Defense decided that the collaboration with SCL Group should not stop. The conclusion was that the method would be good, but the ethics are in the user, the newspaper writes.

After the bankruptcy of SCL, Defense still worked together with a former Dutch employee of the company. That cooperation has now been stopped, a spokesman for Defense tells NU.nl.

A meeting with defense lawyers about rules on influencing behavior was postponed this spring due to corona, but should take place shortly.

Deployed in Northern Iraq and Curaçao

Defense has used BDM to learn how the people of Curaçao would react in case of a sudden large influx of Venezuelan refugees.

In Northern Iraq in 2015, this method was used to conduct in-depth research into the motives of the local population, in a refugee camp on the outskirts of IS territory. That would have led to more cooperation between them and the armed forces.

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Influencing behavior encounters resistance – NRC

A marketing method that the Dutch armed forces has been using for five years to investigate and influence the behavior of civilians in conflict areas is internally provoking resistance. Dutch soldiers use this method to collect data about the local population and sometimes interview them for hours about their dreams and fears. This information gives them more insight into their motives, which they can use to influence their behavior.

Citizens have been influenced by this method in Mali, Lithuania, Iraq and Curaçao. Defense sees influencing civilian behavior as a weapon as well as bombing the enemy.

Defense bought the Behavioural Dynamics Methodology from the British SCL Group, parent company of data and marketing firm Cambridge Analytica. Both were discredited in 2018 for questionable political campaigns and ceased to exist.

A Dutch member of the management of SCL has been advising Defense since 2016 on influencing behavior, recruitment campaigns and smarter data processing. Landlord boss Martin Wijnen says he has stopped all cooperation with her for the time being. The Dutch, Gaby van den Berg, denies having been involved in controversial campaigns: “I have never had anything to do with such practices.”

Defense has now trained 139 military personnel in the method and applied it in several countries. However, the Defense has never informed the House of Representatives about it. “I am surprised that this method is used,” said MP Salima Belhaj, defense spokesman for government party D66. She believes that the House should conduct a ‘good substantive ethical debate’ about the ‘use of such a military instrument.’

Defense has no separate legal or ethical frameworks for influencing civilians. Professor Liesbeth Zegveld, specialized in war law: “The idea of ​​war law is that civilians are innocent and should remain so. By influencing their behavior, so that they help you, you make them a party. ”

Wijnen acknowledges that there must be rules for influencing behavior. Defense lawyers were due to meet for the first time this spring to discuss this, but this was canceled due to corona. Within Defense there is enthusiasm about the method, but also resistance.

Soft, but dangerous pages 26-29

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Attention helicopter spotters: 77 American army helicopters will land in Rotterdam in July

A nice month is coming for enthusiasts of (army) helicopters. Between July 1 and 24, 77 American helicopters fly over the region that lands in the port of Rotterdam. The United States has asked the Dutch defense to supervise this process.

Scattered over this period, much American equipment is transported from Eindhoven to Rotterdam. In addition to the flying helicopters, 1,800 other vehicles and containers will be moved on Dutch roads.

All material is brought back to America from the port of Rotterdam. The helicopters and other materiel have been used in Europe for responding to Russia’s 2014 annexation of Crimea and for training with Eastern European members of NATO. About a hundred Dutch soldiers are deployed in Eindhoven, Rotterdam and in between to ensure that everything runs smoothly.

For helicopter enthusiasts, the 77 American examples consist of three different types: the UH-60 Black Hawk, the CH-47 Chinook and the AH-64 Apache.

It happens more often that Americans move the material within the Netherlands. This also happened in October 2019.

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Defense uses method for influencing behavior in conflict areas NOW

Defense has purchased a marketing method to influence the behavior of civilians in conflict areas, a Defense spokesperson confirms after reporting NRC. The method was purchased from a controversial British company. According to the newspaper, the Netherlands is at the forefront of this new way of warfare among Western countries.

It is a marketing method of the British SCL Group, the parent company of data firm Cambridge Analytica. Both were discredited in recent years because of questionable political campaigns.

The Netherlands is at the forefront of this method among Western countries, along with the United Kingdom and Canada NRC.

In places like Iraq, the armed forces hope to get a better picture of how the local population works. The method should make missions more effective and reduce the number of civilian casualties. Behavioral research and influencing goes beyond the traditional way of winning hearts and minds, the newspaper writes. It must actively change the attitude of civilians in conflict areas in order to prevent armed conflict.

In recent years, the Dutch armed forces have, according to NRC 139 soldiers trained in behavioral research and influencing behavior according to a method of SCL Group who Behavioural Dynamics Methodology (BDM) hot.

SCL Group is controversial

BDM training courses were purchased from SCL Group, a party that has proved dubious in the past. The firm conducted political campaigns in vulnerable democracies. Among other things, SCL conducted a political political campaign in Trinidad and Tobago, where black citizens were discouraged from voting.

Subsidiary Cambridge Analytica was exposed worldwide when it widely violated the privacy of US citizens for a political campaign during the 2016 elections.

A spokesperson emphasizes to NU.nl that these mistakes by the company were not known to Defense before they were revealed in the media in 2018.

Newspaper interviews with military personnel show that the method is popular for its effectiveness and the ability to gain a more local perspective on operations. But the method is also controversial. No rules have yet been drawn up for this new way of warfare.

Landlord boss Martin Wijnen acknowledges that legal and ethical standards must be set for the method. That is only possible “after a discussion about what we think of it as the Netherlands,” he says.

‘Ethics are in the user’

After the Cambridge Analytica scandal went around the world in 2018, Defense decided that the collaboration with SCL Group should not stop. The conclusion was that the method would be good, but the ethics are in the user, the newspaper writes.

After the bankruptcy of SCL, Defense still worked together with a former Dutch employee of the company. That cooperation has now been stopped, a spokesman for Defense tells NU.nl.

A meeting with defense lawyers about rules on influencing behavior was postponed this spring due to corona, but should take place shortly.

Deployed in Northern Iraq and Curaçao

Defense has used BDM to learn how the people of Curaçao would react in case of a sudden large influx of Venezuelan refugees.

In 2015, in Northern Iraq, this method was used to conduct in-depth research into the motives of the local population, in a refugee camp on the outskirts of IS territory. That would have led to more cooperation between them and the armed forces.

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