Doctors have learned to determine the deficiency of vitamin B12 in the face

Great Britain,

19 Sep 2020.

It is no secret that vitamin B12 plays one of the main roles in the human body, so its deficiency contributes to the development of many diseases, such as anemia. Vitamin is responsible for the formation of red blood cells – red blood cells that provide oxygen to the tissues and cells of the body. It is also involved in DNA formation and blood cell division. This vitamin is also needed for the normal functioning of the nervous system, writes Express.

If a person is experiencing soreness in the face, such as a dull pain in the cheekbone under the eye or shooting in the forehead, then this may indicate a vitamin B12 deficiency. Another “signal” about the lack of this vitamin is a change in complexion: it becomes paler or may have a slight yellow tint. The same is true for the whites of the eyes: they are rather yellow than white.

According to doctors, the color changes due to the fact that there are problems in the formation of red blood cells. There are not enough red blood cells in the body, so the skin appears pale. In this case, the yellow color appears due to the increased level of bilirubin. The amount of this toxin increases when a large number of red blood cells are destroyed in the body, and this is often facilitated by a lack of vitamin B12.

Formerly LIVE24 reportedwhat experts have called inflammation-fighting superfoods. First of all, you need to include berries in your diet. Substances that give cherries, blueberries or cranberries their bright colors act as antioxidants. They can reduce inflammation, strengthen the immune system, and reduce the risk of certain chronic diseases. Other plant compounds that are rich in berries, such as flavonoids, phenolic acids and tannins, also help fight inflammation in the body.


Disease outbreaks in China – several thousand infected

Several thousand people in northwestern China have tested positive for brucellosis, also known as “malt fever” writes CNN.

Health authorities in Gansu Province have so far confirmed 3,245 cases of infection. The infection usually occurs through contact with domestic animals that carry the bacterium. Another 1,401 people are suspected of being infected and are waiting for confirmation of the laboratory samples.

Of the area’s 2.9 million inhabitants, just over 21,000 people have so far been tested.

Extinct in Norway

According to Norwegian health informatics Brucellosis infection occurs primarily through the consumption of non-pasteurized dairy products, ie milk and cheese.

It is a zoonotic disease, which means that it occurs in animals and can be transmitted to humans. It is found in cattle, pigs and goats.

The disease is widespread in large parts of the tropical and subtropical world, but is described as extinct in Norway. In the period 1977 to 2018, 48 cases of infection were confirmed in Norway.

The disease usually has a creeping onset with lethargy, weight loss, fever and fatigue. In some cases, the condition may start with an acute fever. Symptoms can persist for years, either continuously or for periods. It is diagnosed using bacterial and blood tests.

Good forecasts

The bacterium is rarely transmitted from person to person, and the treatment usually consists of a combination of two or three different antibiotics.

The prognosis is usually good, but the disease can cause chronic ailments. In less than one percent of cases, it causes life-threatening inflammation of the innermost layers of the heart and meningitis.

Accident at the vaccine laboratory

The outbreak in China is traced back to an accident at Zhongmu Lanzhou Laboratory in Gansu Province. The accident is said to have taken place during the late summer of 2019.

The laboratory develops brucella vaccines intended for use on animals, and is said to have used a disinfectant that had expired. According to CNN, this must have meant that traces of the bacterium existed in the exhaust gases from the laboratory.

The eruption is said to have been caused by aerosols with infection leaking into the air in the area.

“Serious prosecution”

Researchers at the institute are said to have started to feel sick in November. By December, at least 181 cases of infection had been confirmed, the Chinese state channel reports Xinhua.

An investigation was launched and the laboratory lost its license to produce vaccines.

In a press release, the laboratory writes that for eight employees, the accident will result in “serious criminal prosecution”. They are now putting all the cards on the table in collaboration with the authorities’ investigation of the incident.


“The virus disappears – but the inflammation continues”

Why some Covid 19 patients become seriously ill and end up in intensive care is still unclear. In an interview, an expert explains what an essential role the immune system could play.

The immunologist Professor Dr. Andreas Radbruch already has the t-online podcast “Soundtrack Knowledge” talked about the effects of the coronavirus on the body. In an interview, he explains why the immune system can make Covid 19 disease worse and what he thinks of the current research on the bradykinin hypothesis.

t-online: Professor Radbruch, new research shows that hormones could be responsible for many serious Covid-19 cases. The so-called bradykinin hypothesis states that the coronavirus disrupts the body’s own functions such as regulating blood pressure and leads to an overreaction of the immune system. As an immunologist, how do you rate this theory?

Prof. Radbruch: I am somewhat surprised at the response to this study in the public media. In itself, this is relatively trivial. Because the immune reaction in Covid-19 patients can lead to inflammation and this is accompanied by vasodilating hormones. In this case a so-called peptide hormone with the beautiful name “Bradykinin”. This is not very different from histamine. A Dutch research group put forward this hypothesis in April and brought bradykinin into play. The new US study simply evaluated the research of others and wrote it down on paper.

(Source: Gero Breloer)
Prof. Dr. Andreas Radbruch is Scientific Director of the German Rheumatism Research Center and President of the European Federation of Immunological Societies.

According to the study authors, the body keeps making bradykinin, which cannot be broken down. A “bradykinin storm” is said to be responsible for many deaths in Covid 19 patients. Do you find that plausible?

I don’t think you can call that a storm. I see this more as a reflection of the ongoing illness that can drag on for weeks and months. Unfortunately, some of the patients are in the intensive care unit for a very long time. For me this shows that there is a serious inflammation going on there. Whether the coronavirus constantly causes cells to produce bradykinin is complete speculation.

It is also very difficult to detect the bradykinin. That did not happen in the study. If they had at least measured that the bradykinin itself is extremely highly concentrated on site, then you would have proof.

A “cytokine storm” was also mentioned in previous studies …

This refers to inflammatory cytokines that are suddenly released in large quantities. There was literature that claimed that Covid-19 patients suffered sepsis as a result, i.e. blood poisoning. The effect is comparable to an anaphylactic shock: If you are allergic, it can happen that a bee sting is enough to kill you.

But I think that it is not appropriate to call it a storm here either. Because the patients are not in a stormy, but a chronic inflammatory situation. A storm would pass again. Then one comes Sepsis it is also very dangerous. At the beginning it is extremely intense and then you recover from it – or not. Controlling sepsis is still a huge medical problem today.

Is it true that there are gender differences and that men are more prone to overreacting the immune system?

Yes, it seems that the reactions in women are milder. Men react more violently. The reasons for this are still unclear.

This is also the case with autoimmune diseases, some of which are mainly men, others more women. With women, the whole thing is more balanced. To this day it is not known exactly why, for example, predominantly women Lupus and not at least as many men.

You yourself examined the immune response of Covid 19 patients in a research team in the intensive care unit at the Charité in Berlin. What are your findings?

In our manuscript we describe that that Coronavirus triggers a chronic immune response. In the seriously ill patients we look at in the intensive care unit at the Charité, the virus disappears after a certain time – but the immune reaction and thus the inflammation continue. The body tries to slow down the immune response, but it fails. Why this is the case with some Covid 19 patients and not with others is still a great mystery. It can be assumed that it has to do with how the infected person’s immune system deals with the virus. Whether it will find a way to clear up the coronavirus efficiently and quickly or not.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin: Seriously ill Covid 19 patients are treated here.  (Source: Getty Images / Panama7)Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin: Seriously ill Covid 19 patients are treated here. (Source: Panama7 / Getty Images)

We also suspect that an autoimmune reaction is triggered. There are many diseases, such as chronic intestinal inflammation, where the immune system reacts against its own components, but it shouldn’t react against them. The cytokine we looked at is called TGF-β. Patients develop more and more of it over time; the cells in the lungs, for example, are full of it. The cytokine was supposed to suppress the immune response, but it doesn’t. Patients are then treated with medication to manage symptoms. But the cytokine also has the unfriendly side that it can lead to scarring in the lung tissue. This is a side effect that has been used in severe cases of Covid-19 has been described.

This can lead to long-term damage …

Exactly, the mucous membranes can scar. The tissue is then sometimes no longer functional.

Does it play a role in the severity of the disease, how strong the immune system is before the infection?

Patients who suffer from a suppressed immune system, for example rheumatism, are not recommended to reverse immunosuppression. You should keep taking your medication. So it seems to be different whether you inhibit chronic inflammation or have an acute immune reaction against a pathogen. So far there is no evidence that these patients with suppressed immune systems react worse to the virus.

Rather, it seems to be the case that most people infected with corona already have some kind of pre-conditioning because the body has already gone through something similar with related pathogens. The immune system then has memory cells. So if someone has been infected with other cold viruses, it can get on very quickly and efficiently SARS-CoV-2 responds. On the other hand, the patients who don’t do this are in a bad way. That seems to be much more important as to whether someone has to go to intensive care or not. The dose of the pathogen, its vitality and its ability to penetrate into the depths of the lungs also determine the course.

Thank you for the interview, Prof. Radbruch!

Important NOTE: Under no circumstances does the information replace professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The content of cannot and must not be used to make independent diagnoses or to start treatments.


“Dealing laxly with the pandemic is a problem”

The number of corona infections in Israel has exploded, and the government decided on the second lockdown. The people in the country are already feeling the consequences of the crisis, reports Jenny Havemann from on site.

IsraelIn view of the increased coronavirus infections, the government has imposed a nationwide “lockdown” with extensive restrictions on citizens from Friday. The number of new infections has risen dramatically recently. For four days in a row, record values ​​were recorded in the past week. According to Johns Hopkins University (as of September 14, 2020) there have been around 157,000 confirmed so far Coronavirus-Infections in Israel, there are currently more than 40,300 active diseases.

The renewed lockdown hits the economy and people hard in the country – and it falls in the middle of the important holidays in Israel. How is the population dealing with the crisis?

Jenny Havemann lives with her husband and three children in Ra’anana Tel Aviv, she has lived in Israel since 2010. The entrepreneur founded a company there, but also regularly gives lectures in Germany on topics such as Israeli politics, innovations and anti-Semitism. For t-online she reported on the situation in the country during the Corona-Pandemie:

Life in the corona risk area

The situation in Israel is not easy after the rapid increase in corona infections. Now there is a new lockdown from Friday. The decision to start on that day has to do with the Jewish calendar. Then the high holidays, Rosh Hashana, Yom Kippur and immediately after a week of Sukkot begin.

The entrepreneur lives with her husband and three children in Ra’anana near Tel Aviv. She is experiencing the consequences of the corona pandemic on site. (Source: Michal Sela)

Most of the days out of this three-week lockdown would have been school holidays anyway. So it’s not a special change for the children. For parents and the economy, however, the lockdown is a very big problem. Many spend their vacation abroad during the holidays. Because Israel has closed its borders and is considered a risk country abroad, most of them stay here and have therefore booked hotels in Israel. But they cannot take advantage of these bookings now, because we are not allowed to move more than 500 meters from our own house.

Problems in kindergartens

The rising number of corona cases can already be felt. Since this week we have been receiving instructions from our five-year-old son’s kindergarten that we have to pick him up well before 4 p.m. (normal pick-up time). Yesterday at 3 p.m., today at 2 p.m. The reason is that many kindergarten teachers are in quarantine and the city suffers from a lack of staff. Some of these messages come at very short notice. I picked up several children from kindergarten on Monday and brought them home because other parents couldn’t react so quickly.

Many parents write to the city administration complaining that we pay full price for afternoon care without getting it. At the first lockdown, the city administration compensated these failures financially.

Lockdown during the holidays

Before the holidays, all hell breaks loose in Israel even without Corona, especially in the supermarkets. But there is an additional difficulty during the pandemic: not all people are allowed into stores at the same time. In small shops there are sometimes only four people at a time. Taking children with you to go shopping is therefore impossible.

Lod: Protesters shout slogans in a megaphone during a protest critical of the government outside Ben Gurion Airport ahead of the departure of Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu for the United States.  (Source: dpa)Lod: Protesters shout slogans in a megaphone during a protest critical of the government outside Ben Gurion Airport ahead of the departure of Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu for the United States. (Source: dpa)

The reactions in the population to the second lockdown, however, are very different. People whose economic existence is now hanging by a thread are understandably angry. Business owners are calling for help from the state and threatening that they will refuse to close their shops and restaurants if that help is not given. Many are currently using the week before the lockdown to go out again in the evening. I’ll meet two friends tomorrow evening, wearing a mask, of course.

Pandemic hits economy hard

Dealing laxly with the pandemic is already a problem. Many bars and restaurants in Tel Aviv do not adhere to the restrictions either. Even in the evening I often saw full bars and friends told me that people there hardly ever wear masks.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu: Israel became the first country in the world to adopt a second lockdown on Friday.  (Source: imago images / Xinhua)Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu: Israel became the first country in the world to adopt a second lockdown on Friday. (Source: Xinhua / imago images)

The current crisis has already set the country’s economy four years back; according to statistics from the Central Bureau of Statistics, consumption has fallen by around 13 percent. Israel that before the Corona-Krise had almost full employment, is now faced with about 15 percent unemployment. A friend of mine lost her job at the first lockdown. Fortunately, she found a new one just before the second lockdown.

Ultra-Orthodox do not obey any requirements

In addition, there is a very unstable political situation in the country. For weeks people have been demonstrating against corruption, against Netanyahu, against the government. A kind of corona emergency government has been formed from Netanyahu’s Likud, Gantz’s Blau & Weiss alliance, the two ultra-orthodox parties and a few smaller parties.

And that’s exactly where the problem lies: while Netanyahu and Gantz are basically concerned with keeping the economy going, the ultra-Orthodox are boycotting anything that their voters don’t like.

Ultra-Orthodox in Jerusalem: The devout Jews are particularly affected by the Corona crisis in Israel.  (Source: imago images / ZUMA Wire)Ultra-Orthodox in Jerusalem: The devout Jews are particularly affected by the Corona crisis in Israel. (Source: ZUMA Wire / imago images)

The ultra-Orthodox in the country often do not adhere to the Corona requirements, especially in schools or at celebrations. Time and again, videos and pictures were shared on Twitter by Israeli journalists showing thousands of ultra-Orthodox attending wedding celebrations in halls without masks or distance. They also refuse to accept the restrictions during the High Holidays, for example only ten people are allowed to pray in a synagogue at a time.

I very much hope that we in Israel can reduce the number of infections again. In the end, a lot will depend on the lockdown and whether the police are able to enforce the corona measures.

Important NOTE: Under no circumstances does the information replace professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of cannot and must not be used to make independent diagnoses or to start treatments.


African cities threatened by an Asian mosquito vector of malaria

Tens of millions of inhabitants of African cities are threatened by a species of malaria vector mosquito native to Asia and particularly adapted to the urban environment, warns a study published on Monday, as malaria in Africa is concentrated today in rural areas.

Malaria is a disease triggered by a parasite (Plasmodium falciparum or vivax) transmitted mainly by around forty species of mosquitoes. About 400,000 people died in 2018, mostly children, especially in Africa.

On this continent, one of the main mosquitoes is Anopheles gambiae, nicknamed the most dangerous animal on Earth, but it does not like polluted puddles in cities and has not learned to lay its larvae in urban clean water reservoirs.

In her study published by the American scientific journal Pnas, medical entomologist Marianne Sinka, a researcher at the University of Oxford, maps the expansion of another species, the Anopheles stephensi, native to Asia, and which, she has learned to exploit the water reservoirs of cities, where she slips through the smallest hole to deposit her larvae (especially those made of cement and bricks).

“It is the only species to have succeeded in penetrating central urban areas,” the scientist told AFP.

Stephensi caused a first outbreak in Djibouti in 2012, a city where malaria hardly existed, and has since been observed in Ethiopia, Sudan and elsewhere.

Marianne Sinka used a model to predict the places in Africa where the environment was most suitable for the introduction of this imported mosquito: places with high density, where it is hot, and of course with sufficient rainfall.

The study concludes that 44 cities are “highly adapted” to the insect, and that 126 million Africans who are spared today are at risk, mainly in the equatorial region.

“The 40% of people who live in urban areas could suddenly be vulnerable and infected with malaria, it would be very serious”, warns the researcher.

How to protect yourself from it? Unlike African mosquitoes, which like to bite humans when it’s cooler so at night, bed nets would be less effective, she said, because stephensi likes to bite in the evening, when it’s still hot. Better to install mosquito nets on windows, soak the walls with insecticides, and cover your body.

But the most essential measure is to target the larvae and therefore remove any stagnant water, as well as to close any water reservoir tightly. This is what worked in India, recalls Ms. Sinka.


First phase of international flights will be on September 21

The return of the international flights will be next September 21, as confirmed this Thursday by the Minister of Transportation, Ángela María Orozco, within the framework of the beginning of a new cycle of air connectivity that also involves the start-up of air terminals in intermediate cities.

Even if biosecurity protocols to capitalize on return flights are not definedOrozco pointed out that the Ministry of Health would be publishing them soon. In this sense, the minister announced that the Government will demand as a requirement to enter the country the presentation of a negative PCR test for Covid-19, although the times of its taking are not yet specified.

This requirement is only in force at this time to travel to the island of San Andrés.

It should be noted that PCR tests (polymerase chain reaction) They are those that allow to detect a fragment of genetic material of a pathogen. This test is being used to confirm or rule out cases of patients with Covid-19, but it has also been used to detect other types of infectious diseases.

Additionally, the minister indicated that Additional adjustments are being evaluated in relation to the lines and procedures in Migración Colombia.

Routes. As revealed by the minister, the institution has classified possible countries with air connection into four groups, according to the disposition to materialize the route based on the requirements of the pandemic. In this way, among the countries with the possibility of immediate connection are United States, Brazil, Mexico, United Kingdom, Australia, Ecuador, Dominican Republic and Turkey.

In the next category, the countries with the possibility of connection this month oen October, there are Guatemala, El Salvador, Panama, Peru, Chile, Uruguay and Venezuela.

Spain, France, the Netherlands, Cuba, Canada, Argentina and Germany are in the third group of countries whose air connectivity is linked to special conditions, while the possibilities with Costa Rica or Paraguay are ruled out, for the moment.

First flight. Even if the first gradual phase would begin on September 21e, the first commercial international flights will leave Cartagena on Friday the 19th to Fort Lauderdale and Miami, “Understanding that this is a city that depends on tourist activity,” said the minister. The low-cost airlines, the American Spirit and the Colombian Viva Air, will be in charge of the operation.

On the other hand, the director of Migration Colombia, Juan Francisco Espinosa, in a meeting with the Montería authorities, he confirmed the interest of the national government in establishing an international air route that connects the capital of the department of Córdoba with Panama City.


Sugar poses a risk

Most of us consume far too much sugar. In the form of sweets, soft drinks, alcoholic beverages or as hidden sugar in finished products. This weakens our bones, as sugar prevents calcium from being absorbed. What other bone enemies there are and how we recognize them.

Zucker is a calcium thief

The most important nutrients for healthy bone are calcium, Vitamin D and magnesium. The mineral calcium we mainly absorb through dairy products. Fennel and broccoli are good sources of vegetables as they strengthen the skeleton. A high sugar consumption, on the other hand, prevents the absorption and utilization of the minerals and disturbs the Vitamin D-Metabolism. This increases the risk for osteoporosis (Bone loss) and broken bones, which in porous bones can be caused by even the smallest stress.

Photo series with 10 pictures

Coffee and salt enjoy in moderation

Excessive consumption of salt and caffeinated drinks such as coffee and black tea can also be harmful. Caffeine increases the elimination of calcium out of the body and at the same time blocks the absorption of the mineral into the intestines. The combination of caffeine and sugar, as found in many soft drinks, is particularly harmful to the bones.

The same applies to a high-salt diet nutrition. Researchers have shown that just one teaspoon of salt a day (2.5 grams) is enough to reduce bone density. The supply of bicarbonate from mineral water can partially compensate for this. To prevent premature bone loss, it is best to only season your food sparingly with salt and use plenty of herbs instead. But also think of hidden salt, for example in sausage, bread and ready-made products.

Beware of food with Oxalic acid

Oxalic acid foods should also not be consumed in excess. Because oxalic acid forms insoluble complexes in connection with calcium, which are excreted via the intestine and prevent the absorption of calcium. Foods that are high in oxalic acid include beetroot, chocolate and rhubarb.

On Cola better do without

Cola also damages our bones – not only because of the relatively high sugar content of 27 grams per can (250 milliliters). An American study has shown that the phosphate contained in cola inhibits the absorption of calcium in the body. It was noticeable that daily consumption of cola significantly reduced the bone density on the hip, especially in women. This also increased the risk of a femoral neck fracture.

Alcohol and cigarettes make the bones brittle

Alcohol and nicotine also pose a significant risk to our bones. On the one hand, smoking lowers the level of estrogen, which is important for healthy bones. On the other hand, both luxury foods worsen calcium absorption and also have a negative influence on the vitamin D metabolism.

In addition, alcohol also contains sugar. Liqueurs and sweet cocktails are particularly tough. For example, a pina colada contains just under 70 grams of sugar. For comparison: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a maximum of 25 grams of sugar per day.

Medication with serious consequences

osteoporosis can, however, also arise as a result of taking medication. Many preparations contain active ingredients that prevent sufficient calcium from being absorbed from food. These include, for example, cortisone, blood thinners, and thyroid supplements.

Especially Cortisone inhibits bone formation when taken for a long time. Since the active ingredient is often used primarily by asthma patients or in acute illnesses, the possible risks should be discussed with the doctor before taking.

Sedentary lifestyle weakens the bones

Our skeleton needs movement. A lack of exercise makes the bones less stable. And that favors Bone loss. There is a simple explanation for this: if you exercise too little, you will not stimulate the cells sufficiently to build bone.

Also, the skeleton is surrounded by the Musculature protected. The stronger it is, the stronger the bones are. Endurance sports such as jogging, swimming or hiking in particular train the entire body.

Important NOTE: Under no circumstances does the information replace professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The content of cannot and must not be used to make independent diagnoses or to start treatments.


The RKI reports almost 1900 new new corona infections

Berlin (dpa) – The health authorities in Germany reported 1892 new corona infections within one day.

Since the beginning of the Corona crisis, at least 255,366 people in Germany have been proven to have been infected with the Sars-CoV-2 virus, as the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) announced on its website on Thursday (data as of September 10, 12.00 a.m.). The number of deaths in connection with a corona infection is 9341. That is three more than the day before.

For the first time since June, the number of corona tests recorded weekly by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) has decreased again. In the week from August 31 to September 6, a good million tests were counted – around 50,000 fewer than in the previous week. It is the first time since the week of June 22-28 that the number of tests has decreased again.

According to RKI estimates in Germany, the number of reproductions, or R-value for short, was 0.88 (previous day: 1.10) according to a statement on Wednesday. This means that one infected person infects less than one other person on average. The R-value depicts the infection rate about one and a half weeks beforehand.

In addition, the RKI gives a so-called seven-day R in its current situation report. The value relates to a longer period and is therefore less subject to daily fluctuations. According to RKI estimates, this value was 0.95 (previous day: 0.98). It shows the infection process from eight to 16 days ago.


Influenza vaccination contraindications

Allergic reactions to chicken protein and other substances, if they are components of the vaccine, the presence of symptoms of a cold and exacerbation of chronic diseases are contraindications to the flu shot, according to the website of the mayor of Moscow.

The website notes that it is possible to get a flu shot after recovering from the coronavirus and ending self-isolation. The interval between flu and coronavirus shots should be at least a month. The message recalled that, according to the World Health Organization, this fall three new strains of the influenza virus will come to Russia, to which shepherd immunity has not yet been developed. Earlier, Minister of Health Mikhail Murashko said that all regions of Russia received a flu vaccine. Additional vaccine shipments will come later.

Rospotrebnadzor assessed the effectiveness of influenza vaccinations. According to Alexander Gorelov, deputy director for research at the Central Research Institute of Epidemiology of Rospotrebnadzor, an actual vaccine is created annually for specific strains that are expected to circulate in the current season.


Use the rule of five to minimize the risk of illness

Colon cancer is the third most common tumor disease in men and the second most common in women in Germany. The likelihood of getting it depends on genetic and other factors. Most of them can be influenced.

“Among other things, diet and lifestyle habits are responsible for this,” says Michael Hoffmeister from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), who, together with other scientists, carried out a study on 4,000 colon cancer patients and 3,000 healthy control persons.

Colon cancer prevention with the “Rule of five”

In the study published in the specialist magazine “Gastroenterology”, Hoffmeister showed that everyone can noticeably reduce their personal risk of colon cancer by combining as many healthy lifestyles as possible. A “rule of five” can be derived from this derived, which is composed of the following factors:

  1. No smoking
  2. Low alcohol consumption
  3. Healthy eating
  4. Lots of exercise
  5. Normal body weight

Colon cancer screening: Lifestyle has the greatest influence

In the past few years, more than 50 gene variants have been discovered that slightly increase the risk of colon cancer. Nevertheless, the rule of five applies regardless of the familial colon cancer risk. That means: Anyone who has close relatives such as parents or siblings who have already had colon cancer can, despite a slightly increased risk, reduce their likelihood of the disease with the help of a healthy lifestyle just like someone without a family history.

“The recommendation to ensure a healthy lifestyle therefore applies to everyone, regardless of their genetic risk of colon cancer,” says Hoffmeister. The more of the healthy lifestyle factors the study participants combined, the lower the likelihood of developing colon cancer.

All factors of the “rule of five” have the same effect

Just following individual factors of the rule of five had a positive effect on colon cancer prevention. All five factors seem to be synonymous. Prudence Carr, first author of the study, describes this as follows: “It played a minor role whether it was not smoking, a healthy diet or physical activity that was heeded. With all variants, the study participants reduced their risk of colon cancer.”

Colon cancer: In the early stages, the “silent” disease is curable

Colon cancer is one of the most common types of cancer worldwide. If the tumor is diagnosed early, the chances of recovery are very high.

However, colon cancer is also considered a “silent” disease. In most cases, especially in the early stages, there are no warning signs. In contrast to other types of cancer, colon cancer arises from preliminary stages, the polyps. These are benign long before they become Krebs degenerate. It is estimated that this process takes about ten years – a lot of time to prevent cancer.

Stool test and colonoscopy: Early detection methods

Early detection is therefore an important measure against cancer. With the help of preventive examinations, precursors can be discovered and removed early – even before the Tumor developed.

As part of the statutory bowel cancer screening, you can have your stool examined annually from the age of 50: With a so-called immunological stool test, even the smallest amounts of blood that are not visible to the naked eye are detected.

Men over 50 and women over 55 are recommended to have a colonoscopy. This test is more reliable than the stool test. The intestine is viewed from the inside with an endoscope. The examination is also called a colonoscopy. If the result is normal, it is sufficient to take the examination again after ten years at the earliest.

Affected people for whom there may be particular risks Colon cancer should discuss with their doctors whether they should start regular screening tests earlier and not until the age of 50.

Important NOTE: Under no circumstances does the information replace professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The content of cannot and must not be used to make independent diagnoses or to start treatments.