Many hoped for it, but nobody really believed it: the jump in participation in the second round of the municipal elections did not take place. The abstention exceeded 60%, Sunday June 28, further aggravating the sad record of the first round and officially becoming the lowest participation rate in a municipal election under the Ve Republic.
→ LIVE. Reactions and analysis after the second round of municipal elections
“Concerned about the low turnout”
To the point of making Emmanuel Macron react: the Élysée Palace announced in the evening that the president was ” concerned about the low turnout ” Other ministers also deplored this vague abstentionist, like Christophe Castaner, or even Édouard Philippe. The Prime Minister, who celebrated his broad victory in Le Havre, severely recalled that“In France, the choices are made by those who travel to vote”. Jean-Luc Mélenchon, whose party did not shine in the polls, hit the nail on the head, declaring that “The mass of the French people is on civic strike”, and evoking a state of“Cold insurgency”.
→ LIVE. 2020 municipal results, analyzes, reactions… Follow the second round
After a first round already tainted in the eyes of some voters because of its maintenance despite the epidemic of Covid-19, the context was hardly more favorable in the second round. Health crisis not yet completed, economic crisis, imminent summer vacation, too long between two turns of three and a half months … The reasons for sulking the ballot boxes were too numerous.
→ FIND the results of the second round of the 2020 municipal elections, city by city
But this democratic accident also brutally accentuated a very long-term trend: participation in municipal elections has been declining steadily since 1983. Analysts will still have the difficult task of making the difference between the causes of abstention, between the context unpublished elections, and a long crisis of local democracy. As for the “poorly elected” mayors, they will undoubtedly not escape legitimacy trials, in particular on the part of their opponents.
An ecological breakthrough
Despite its historical level, abstention cannot hide the breakthrough, also unprecedented, of environmentalists in the cities of France. Poitiers, Besançon, Tours, Strasbourg, Lyon … the list of cities that have gone “green” is long, including major cities. In Bordeaux, on the right for 70 years, Pierre Hurmic’s victory was an earthquake, faced with an “anti-ecological front” which had seen the right alliance of the right and the Republic on the march. Even the house Aubry, in Lille, trembled strongly: the socialist mayor, in place since 2001, was given beaten by the ecologist Stéphane Baly during part of the evening, before prevailing on the wire. Finally in Marseille, it was indeed an environmental candidate, although not a member of EELV, who came out on top in the fight for the succession to the right baron Jean-Claude Gaudin.
This unprecedented green wave was obviously welcomed by EELV MEP Yannick Jadot. “What has won tonight, it seems to me, is the desire for a concrete ecology, an ecology in action”, did he declare. While the left, of France rebellious to the socialist party, welcomed this green breakthrough, without forgetting to recall that the environmental candidates were very often at the head of union lists of the left.
When they were not behind the environmentalists, the socialists retained their strongholds. Paris in the first place, where Anne Hidalgo exceeded, according to the first estimates, 50% of the votes. Lille therefore, after a few fears, but also Nantes, Rennes, Dijon, Brest … The PS, which also conquered Montpellier, confirms that “the old world” is not dead and that it will still be necessary to count with it. Even if it undoubtedly gave up Sunday evening to the Greens, its statute of leading party for the unions on the left.
LR had refueled in the first round
On the side of traditional parties, The Republicans can also be satisfied with all of their performance during these municipal elections. After three years of electoral defeat, Christian Jacob, the president of the party, congratulated himself on Sunday for having ” returned to victory ” The Republicans have lost, with Marseille and Bordeaux, two of their major bastions. But they kept Toulouse, and had mostly refueled in the first round on March 15.
→ READ. Municipales 2020: Edouard Philippe’s successful bet in Le Havre
For the presidential camp, on the other hand, no miracle has taken place. Jean-Luc Mélenchon did not miss the opportunity to mock Edouard Philippe’s large victory in Le Havre, as ” The tree that hides the forest “. Alliances with the right did not work, in Bordeaux, in Lyon (where it had cost his investiture to Gérard Collomb), or even in Strasbourg where it nevertheless seemed in a very favorable position. As for Paris, Agnès Buzyn experienced the announced sinking, achieving in the second round a worse score (13%) than in the first.
Government spokeswoman Sibeth Ndiaye could only concede ” disappointment Like Stanislas Guérini, the general delegate of the presidential party. The bet of the local implantation is for the time being a failure for the macronist camp. While the National Gathering does a little better by keeping most of its cities, and by signing several new conquests: Perpignan, of course, won by Louis Aliot and which becomes the only city of more than 100,000 inhabitants managed by the extreme right, but also Moissac (Tarn-et-Garonne) or Bruay-la-Buissière (Pas de Calais).
Emmanuel Macron, before the election, already intended to “step over” these municipal elections and move on as quickly as possible, to make people forget the poor but predictable performance of his candidates. A busy international agenda awaits this Monday, June 29, and the much awaited announcements of its directions for the end of the five-year period, accompanied by a very likely reshuffle, should follow. But before all that, the president must receive Monday morning the participants in the Citizen Convention for the climate at the Élysée Palace, to inform them of the follow-up that he intends to give to their proposals. The green wave of municipal officials gives this already long-awaited interview, increased importance.
The first elected officials of the evening
In the center and in the presidential majority. Édouard Philippe (Various center) in Le Havre, François Bayrou (MoDem) in Pau.
To the right. Fabrice Loher (DVD) in Lorient, Michèle Lutz (LR) in Mulhouse, Patrick Nardin (DVD) in Épinal, Damien Meslot (LR) in Belfort, Éric Straumann (LR) in Colmar, Benoist Apparu (DVD) in Châlons-en- Champagne, Marie-Louise Fort (LR) to Sens, Julien Cornillet (DVD) to Montélimar, Arnaud Decagny (DVD) to Maubeuge, Stéphanie Guiraud-Chaumeil (DVD) to Albi, Guy Lefrand (LR) to évreux, Christian Estrosi (LR ) in Nice.
To the left. Grégory Doucet (EELV) in Lyon, Michèle Rubirola (DVG, ex-EELV) in Marseille, Jeanne Barseghian (EELV) in Strasbourg, Pierre Hurmic (EELV) in Bordeaux, Léonore Moncond’huy (EELV) in Poitiers, Anne Vignot (EELV supported by the PS) in Besançon, Anne Hidalgo (PS) in Paris, Martine Aubry (PS) in Lille, Mathieu Klein (PS) in Nancy, Stéphane Le Foll (PS) in Le Mans, Nicolas Mayer-Rossignol (PS) in Rouen , François Cuillandre (PS) in Brest, Olivier Bianchi (PS) in Clermont-Ferrand, Didier Herbillon (DVG) in Sedan, Serge Andrieu (DVG) in Carpentras, Delphine Labails (PS) in Périgueux, Joaquim Pueyo (PS) in Alençon , François Rebsamen (PS) in Dijon, Jean-Yves Ravier (DVG) in Lons-le-Saunier, Emmanuelle Gazel (PS) in Millau, Isabelle Assih (PS) in Quimper, Jean-Paul Vermot (UG) in Morlaix, Frédéric Chéreau (UG) to Douai
On the far right. Louis Aliot (RN) in Perpignan, Ludovic Pajot (RN) in Bruay-la-Buissière, Jacques Bompard (LS) in Orange, Romain Lopez (supported by the RN) in Moissac.