these companies without address or office

Don’t look for their offices, they do not. Even before the outbreak of coronavirus, the containment and the massive use of telework, a handful of French companies had made the choice to work with employees entirely and exclusively at a distance.

Recruit anywhere

Our print center is at Cabourg, in Normandy, but we knew that it would be difficult to recruit for our development only in that area of employment “, explains Baptiste Hamain, leader of a Fizzer, an application to print custom maps. So, the company chose to let its twenty employees work where they want.

In Engrossing, an agency for the creation and support of web sites, Émilie Lebrun sharing this observation :” We can recruit anywhere in France, and as a result, we can also solicit customers everywhere “. For these companies in the digital sector, the 100 % telework becomes an argument for recruitment in a sector that is in tension.

→ DEBATE. Telework : home-based or in space “coworking” ?

Some fear that the exchange system facilitates relocation. After all, if your work can be done from a third party, why not hire them in another country at lower costs ? Already because of the barriers of languages and cultures. Time zones can also be disruptive, the service meeting, at midnight and a half gathering quite a few fans.

The return of the hack ?

The followers of telework standing like to point out that the daily presence of a web developer in a tower of Defence does not provide immunity against its replacement by a Polish counterpart. The crisis of the sars coronavirus has shown, only the jobs of “first” and “second” line has absolutely need face-to-face, even though telecommuting has not been well lived by everyone.

The risk of telecommuting is that of isolation, impoverishment and a loss of collective interestwarns Jean-Claude Delgènes, expert of the working conditions and founder of the firm Technologia. The institutions that exist without a physical seat belong to the niche of the digital world, with a corporate culture that is very specific and strong remuneration.

→ REPORT. Containment : my building telecommutes

The expert is also concerned about a return to the “tâcheronisation” over the long term :” these employees are remote are judged on what they deliver, and the drift would be that they are also paid for the rendering. “Besides the questions around the representation of the staff and of the defence of the interests, the organization is completely decentralized, making it more difficult to identify potential abuse and to the emergence of collective claims.

The importance of a social life outside work

For these companies, to preserve the collective and the team spirit that needs constant attention. “ We communicate a lot on Slack (see below, editor’s note), where some conversations are solely dedicated to subjects “relaxation”describes Émilie Lebrun. Each one tells us when he starts his day, and stops, when he takes a break etc .. This allows me to be sure that no one exceeds his hours, and the balance with private life are respected “.

His agency currently has no profile ” junior “, or CSD or trainee. Employees must already be experienced in telework and perfectly autonomous. “ We’ve had a few recruitments unfortunate because the employees could not work solo “admits his side Baptist Hamain.

Bastien Giraud, “teleworker permanent” and founder of the platform enpantoufles.com that lists job offers 100 % distance, abounds :” I have the chance to have a life strong social outside of my job, but this type of organization is not for everyone, that is for sure. “ Parachuted into a large metropolis to a previous post, the designer of software has never found its marks. Then,” with telework, I was able to find the comfort of life in my village home and reconnect with my associative involvement.

The native of the South meeting normally his colleagues in Paris once every two months, a homecoming for the moment prevented by strikes and the epidemic. In fact, all businesses without office regularly organise “real” meetings, combining work and friendliness. In Engrossing, they take place at the rate of three days every three months, each time in a different city. Émilie Lebrun did the math :” it’s cheaper than having permanent premises in Paris. “

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► Slack, the app’s flagship digital

The name is redolent of the spirit of a start-up, fast, agile and expensive with companies in the digital sector. Slack, founded in 2013, is an application of communication between staff, such as Teams. Available on mobile and computer, the application is organized by conversation, and by group. In the same group (e.g. a company or a service) can have multiple chat channels (e.g. one per project or one for planning and another for the follow-up client). Slack also allows you to send private messages to a single user, sharing documents, etc

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In the Jura, the co-operative group Tomorrow creates green jobs

The alliances between business profit and social enterprises have not waited for joint ventures social to provide proof of their economic and social interests, notably with regard to employment of near. The cooperative are accustomed to these successful partnerships.

→ TO READ. Eight million euros for the social and solidarity economy

Lons-le-Saunier (Jura), Juratri is, there are twenty-seven years old, bound from the outset to regional companies to set up recycling schemes and to give work to people integrating. The company has transformed into a co-operative group three years ago to increase the number of jobs and renamed Tomorrow.

At the employment service

“We’re co-contracting with local companiesexplains Matthieu Grosset, director-general of the future. We meet with them in public procurement or tenders. Working with us allows them to fulfil their legal obligations integration and sustainable development. The one and the other, we are all in the service of the region and its employment ; we need to bring local responses to the the most fragile people, who have problems of mobility. “

Specializing in the recycling of electronic waste, Tomorrow has crossed last year on his road company of Ain REI Industry. ” We met because we have the same level of professionalismevokes Frederic Flechon, director of REI. Rather than send components of electronic industrial waste, we encourage their re-use. Employees in insertion of Tomorrow, we have assisted in the dismantling of production lines. They have made a provision for us with much more skill than some companies “.

170 employees

The group Tomorrow is now a major employer of the department, with nearly 170 employees for 11 million sales, which helped launch other dynamic job, involving the stakeholders of the territory. It is the origin of the Clus’ter Jura, a group of 15 local businesses and communities in a cooperative society of collective interest (Scic).

“The Clus’ter Jura creates meetings and lead on group projects“says Damien Rameau, managing director of Transarc, a company of buses of 900 employees. Thanks to the skills of the developers that we have found in the Scic, we just start Kairos, a project of geo-location of transport fleets. Two jobs have already been created. “ With other actors of the solidarity economy, the Clus’ter Jura has also just create 25 jobs in the manufacture of masks, a new niche for the employees of the integration enterprises or Esat who have lost their jobs in the recent crisis.

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Joint ventures the social highlight of the insertion

The hybridization does not work in botany. In economics also, the grafts are fertile, as demonstrated by the alliances between for-profit companies and companies of the social economy and solidarity, which have multiplied over the last fifteen years, notably under the impetus of a new legal form, the joint-venture social (JVS).

Of micro-credit to the joint-venture social

The idea goes back to Muhammad Yunus, Nobel Peace prize in 2006. From its successful experience of microcredit in Bangladesh, he had the idea to use another tool of capitalism, the joint-venture, in one and the same objective of the fight against poverty.

He manages to convince, in particular, of the large French companies – Danone, Credit agricole, Veolia – setting up a business in common, which are cost effective and the service of the poor. In the same way that microcredit was adapted in France by the association for the right to economic initiative (Adie), the concept of joint-venture net has been taken over by social enterprises, such as groups Ares or Vitamin T.

Muhammad Yunus, champion of ” social business “

The first JVS have emerged in France in 2011. Each partner plays on its strong point : control of industrial capacity and ability to find new markets for big business ; the integration of persons permanently removed from the employment insertion enterprises. “Today, there are fifteen in France, estimated Claudine Leclerc, director of Social Cobizz, a think tank which promotes it. Over the last twelve months, we accompanied a dozen of new projects, they come from the associations or large companies. ”

Equal partners

The reconciliations of economic between traditional companies and the SSE are older, from simple sub-contracting in the creation of vocational courses through the structures of the insertion-integrated companies. But the JVS can put both partners on an equal footing and to create new jobs through new markets. To ensure the social purpose of the entity, it is, in general, the social enterprise that is majority. The principle is that the profits stay in the company.

The integration group Ares, which specializes in the recycling and the logistics, is one of the pioneers of joint ventures in social. It has duplicated the model in a number of trades, under the leadership of its former director Thibault Guilluy. “In 2008, we asked ourselves how we could create more jobs and more opportunities for our employees in situation of disability, explains Fabien de Castilla, the current director of Ares. We also wanted to offer them professions are more innovative than those to which they are restricted usually. “

Executives of major companies have been contacted. And XPO Logistics has been the first to respond, giving birth to the JVS Log’ins, a business fit that makes the logistics e-commerce and the preparation of orders in the Ile-de-France and Rhône-Alpes.

Jobs not filled and skills unused

Today, three JVS have been integrated into the group Ares, contributing 10 million euros to its revenue and salariant 230 persons, supervisors and persons in the insertion, that they are in a situation of disability or very distant from the job. To Log’ins, are added to Liva (with Vinci) and Access Inclusive Tech (with Accenture). Repar-Seb is expected to be born this year around small appliances.

Joint ventures the social highlight of the insertion

“We started from the same observation as economic as Ares, highlights Angelina Lamy, general delegate of the Fondation Accenture. There are still a lot of jobs unfilled in the it and there are also many skills that are not used in the structures of insertion. We were convinced from the outset that the partnership could work. From our side, the main difficulty has been to explain to our leaders in the us what is a social enterprise and how one could make sales with it ! ”

TO READ. Eight million euros for the social and solidarity economy

Access Inclusive Tech has been created at the beginning of 2017 and has already seen a hundred people (the maximum duration of the contract in a social enterprise is twenty-four months). The new company carries out services in the field of digital services at Accenture, but also at its competitors, as it is indeed a full-fledged company, is always looking for new markets. Previously, the Foundation Accenture organizes a half-day training on the social and solidarity economy for its own personal.

Bridges fragile

For Log’ins, such as for Access, the gateways between the insert and the ordinary environment, however, remain tenuous. If two-thirds of the employees in insertion have positive exits, as we say in the jargon of administrative, Accenture has so far recruited one employee from Access. But other companies in the digital sector have hired. The others leave to other areas or formations. To open the range of opportunities, Angelina Lamy will open up Access to new professions in it, including artificial intelligence.

→ MAINTENANCE. “We are helping the associations to a change of scale “

Dawn, a great combination of care and accommodation, many of the structures that have been chosen to launch the process of establishment of a joint-venture social, with the help of Social Co-bizz. It should lead to the fall of, its launch having been delayed by the crisis of the Covid-19.

“The continuing decline of grants in the social action requires us to find solutions, “said François Morillon, director of development, Dawn, that accompanies more than 41 000 people. Create the JVS Alibo with a large group of catering will bring us new resources. ” This will also allow you to hire more people integrating around the job to delivery of meals at home for dependent persons, as well as creating one of these new cooperations fertile made by the joint ventures, social.

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Definitions

Joint venture social : it is created by a profit-making business and a company, non-profit, that share of the capital but also of competences and complementary resources (social, financial, technical, etc). The structure thus created fixed, in its articles, a social purpose or societal.

Société coopérative de production (Scop) : it is a cooperative society with the status of SA, SARL or SAS, in which the employees are associated in the majority. It can be created in all sectors of activity.

The cooperative society of collective interest (Scic) is a co-operative enterprise incorporated in the form of SARL, SAS or SA, which has for object ” the production or supply of goods and services of collective interest, which present a character of social utility.”

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Advertisers are able to move Facebook

Is this finally the pressure of advertisers that will bring social networks to self-regulate their content, incitement to hatred ? In any case, Mark Zuckerberg, the boss of Facebook, is not indifferent to the boycott announced by major brands, and announced Friday a moderation more strict of the contents of this network.

Unilever, a giant in the agri-food and cosmetics, came to announce that he would put a stop to his ads on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram in the United States, at least until the end of the year.

Boycott campaign

Coca-Cola, one of the best known brands in the world, which spends considerable sums of money in advertising, it was also announced Friday night that it was postponing for at least 30 days for any promotion on all the social networks, demanding that they exercise more “transparency and accountability”especially on the issue of racism.

These names weight in addition to other advertisers – Verizon (telecommunications), Honda, Ben & Jerry’s (ice cream parlor owned by Unilever), Patagonia, North Face and REI (sporting goods) – that participate in a campaign for a boycott of Facebook.

It was launched by civil society organizations in u.s., including the anti-defamation League (ADL) and the national Association for the advancement of colored people (NAACP), who have the platform to tolerate groups that incite to hatred, racism or violence.

In the name of freedom of expression

The actor and comedian Sacha Baron Cohen, very critical of the network, called Friday for the companies “who spend the most dollars in pubs on Facebook” to join the movement. He cites Procter & Gamble, Walmart, Microsoft, Amazon, the New York Times…

In the name of freedom of expression, Mark Zuckerberg defended for months for Facebook to a approach a priori more lax than those of Twitter or YouTube, in particular vis-à-vis the speeches of political figures. But, on Friday, he has even detailed the hardening of its position.

The platform will remove now the ads say that people of certain backgrounds, ethnicities, nationalities, gender, or sexual orientation represent a threat to the safety or health of others.

Facebook will add warnings

The second measure taken by the boss cornered directly relates to the incident that has put the fire to the powder at the end of may.

Unlike Twitter, Facebook had refused to take action on messages controversy of Donald Trump, a form of voting by correspondence (which he likened to the electoral fraud) and another on the protests and riots that followed the death of George Floyd, an African-American, was asphyxiated by a white policeman in Minneapolis.

Twitter, considering that there was incitement to hatred, had hidden these last statements of the american president, and reduces their movement potential, while leaving them available for consultation.

Facebook out now its policy binary withdrawal or laissez-faire, heavily criticized, including by its own employees.

The platform will soon be able to add warnings to publications issues, but left on the line in the name of their “interest to be known to the public”.

“Users can share this content to condemn ( … ), but we advise that the publications in question violate potentially our rules”said Mark Zuckerberg.

Promise too vague ?

A promise too vague, according to some experts.

“Is it that Facebook is going to allow an independent audit of what content is pinned and the effects on the diffusion ?”, has questioned Michelle Amazeen, professor of political communication at Boston university.

The pressure for better regulation of platforms is growing in power since 2018, the year of the revelation of the scandals of 2016, when elections major have been targeted by powerful campaigns, manipulation of public opinion via social networks.

Today, it is the approach of the us presidential election in November, which crystallizes the tensions.

“The brands have the duty to help build a digital eco-system reliable and safe (…). There is still much to be done, particularly in terms of the division and hateful speech during this election period polarized the United States”explained, Unilever (Dove, Knorr…) to justify its decision.

The election “was already boiling, and this was before dealing with the complexities of additional related to the pandemic, and in the demonstrations for racial justice in the country”he noticed Mark Zuckerberg in the preamble.

The founder of the group california is committed to ensuring that its teams are mobilised to counter any attempt of maneuvers aimed at discouraging certain populations from voting.

Content related to the ballot will be accompanied by links to the latest information coming from the authorities, to ensure that voters are properly informed, in particular on the sanitary measures in place.

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“LU appealed to the nostalgia of consumers “

The Cross : A brand of cookies has its place in a museum ?

Géraldine Michel : Quite. The brand is a symbolic object, which belongs to the culture. Beyond its commercial aspect, it is a testimony of an era. Many brands iconic are the subject of exhibitions. Artists get hold of it. In the case of LU, there are all the posters, and the logo that has remained virtually unchanged.

→ REPORT. In Nantes, the biscuit became a factory of art

These retrospectives have a sense of direction for the company. They testify to his place in society, and are a source of pride for its employees. They are also important for the consumers, who have a need to anchor and an emotional relationship with brands. They awaken a past and a testament of the sustainability of the company.

The mark LU is 174 years old. How do you explain its longevity, despite the changing times and consumption habits ?

G. M. : The longevity of a brand is the result of a balance between past and present. This is to keep a tradition while updating it. This is the secret of all these brands which have several centuries. The company READ is part of one of the most iconic : the little-butter. This starting point is essential. It is the evidence of the values and the know-how of the company.

In addition, LU has managed to establish itself in the eating habits of all families. It is a mark of everyday life, associated with the taste, in childhood. It makes today’s appeal to the nostalgia of consumers. We all have in mind the shapes of the cakes READ : these products are evidence of a design and of a texture that is very bold and expressive. They are unique and remain etched in the memory of consumers.

The company LU has a strategy particularly focused on the product. However, the couple’s brand/product is essential : a strong brand is nothing without a good product, and vice versa. It is a contract with the consumer. This strategy focuses on the product works all the more in an era where consumers are in search of authenticity. READ advocates the use of natural ingredients, local, simple recipes. It differs in this sense from brands more associated with gastronomy, such as BN.

LU has been taken over by Kraft Foods, now Mondelez, in 2007. The historical museum was closed last November, and a production site is threatened. These developments, is there not a risk of tarnishing the image of the brand ?

G. M. : In reality, few people know that LU belongs to the multinational company. It remains a firm before any French, in the minds of many consumers. When you look at their advertisements or their communication on social networks, we do not see this reference. They do not hide it, but do not communicate it.

Also, I don’t see any changes in the brand image for the moment, in contrast to other companies that have been acquired by Mondelez. For example, Milka. I find that Mondelez manages very badly Milka : in the beginning, it was a brand that is close to LU, with healthy products. Today, it develops hundreds of products snacking. In my opinion, this has distorted its identity.

→ STUDY. Young people subject to the temptation of sugar and fat

In the case of LU, on the contrary, the “trademark girls” as a Small School boy, Mikado, Straw Gold, Prince feed on the ” mother brand “. They come into resonance with his identity, and constitute a lever of enrichment in terms of content and experiences with consumers.

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[Economie] The patterns of the box hoping for a waiver

SAINT-PAUL. Several patrons of the nightclub have met the sub-prefect of Saint-Paul, yesterday afternoon, to obtain a waiver allowing them to open until 4 or 5 o’clock in the morning. The hope is permitted.

On the scale of the plan déconfinement, the nightclubs are at the bottom of the priorities. They might reopen in September, maybe, if all goes well. “One arrives after the trade fairs, exhibitions… Even the dance clubs were able to reopen ! It is housed in the same boat as cruises, that is to say,”, whining Bianca, the Loft. This week, the prefecture has, however, granted a waiver allowing night clubs to open until 2 o’clock in the morning. It is a step forward welcomed but still not enough. And for good reason. Dance floors must remain closed. “This is a first gesture, estimated Arnaud Mauduit, the manager of the Loft. But it is a palliative. We did the half or the quarter of the turnover as usual”.”

However, institutions must continue to bear their expenses : rent, advance on wages in the framework of partial unemployment… “We have had no assistance from the State. And then, we must think of our employees who receive 80 % of their salary for 3 months as well as our suppliers whose alcooliers, the electricians, the people that are usually taken in extra. All of these people can no longer work with us”continues Arnaud Mauduit.

“Massive losses”

The meeting, yesterday afternoon, with the sub-prefect of Saint-Paul, has the opportunity to convey a message : “We wish to re-open until 4 or 5 o’clock in the morning, observing the gestures of the barrier. The sub-prefect does not seem to be the opposite. It would allow you to thin the attendance of the bars.”

Saint-Gilles to Saint-Pierre, passing by Saint-Denis, the gestures of the barrier seem to be a distant memory. Just go out in the evening to realize it. The bars are full and the masks remain in the bag. “We hope to obtain this exemption prior to July 11, where the third phase of the déconfinement will enter into force. Maybe the boxes will then reopen normally. Each new day of the closure, these are huge losses that we must absorb. This derogation would be beneficial but not satisfactory”, judge Julie Lauret, manager, Rebornin Saint-Pierre.

“What is good is that we did not have to convince the sub-prefectsays Mathieu, of the Titty Club in Saint-Gilles. It is on the same line as us, but he can’t do everything. Our fate depends on a national decree. But it’s going to get our message out to the prefect.”

J.-Ph.L.

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[Economie] The patterns of the box hoping for a waiver

SAINT-PAUL. Several patrons of the nightclub have met the sub-prefect of Saint-Paul, yesterday afternoon, to obtain a waiver allowing them to open until 4 or 5 o’clock in the morning. The hope is permitted.

On the scale of the plan déconfinement, the nightclubs are at the bottom of the priorities. They might reopen in September, maybe, if all goes well. “One arrives after the trade fairs, exhibitions… Even the dance clubs were able to reopen ! It is housed in the same boat as cruises, that is to say,”, whining Bianca, the Loft. This week, the prefecture has, however, granted a waiver allowing night clubs to open until 2 o’clock in the morning. It is a step forward welcomed but still not enough. And for good reason. Dance floors must remain closed. “This is a first gesture, estimated Arnaud Mauduit, the manager of the Loft. But it is a palliative. We did the half or the quarter of the turnover as usual”.”

However, institutions must continue to bear their expenses : rent, advance on wages in the framework of partial unemployment… “We have had no assistance from the State. And then, we must think of our employees who receive 80 % of their salary for 3 months as well as our suppliers whose alcooliers, the electricians, the people that are usually taken in extra. All of these people can no longer work with us”continues Arnaud Mauduit.

“Massive losses”

The meeting, yesterday afternoon, with the sub-prefect of Saint-Paul, has the opportunity to convey a message : “We wish to re-open until 4 or 5 o’clock in the morning, observing the gestures of the barrier. The sub-prefect does not seem to be the opposite. It would allow you to thin the attendance of the bars.”

Saint-Gilles to Saint-Pierre, passing by Saint-Denis, the gestures of the barrier seem to be a distant memory. Just go out in the evening to realize it. The bars are full and the masks remain in the bag. “We hope to obtain this exemption prior to July 11, where the third phase of the déconfinement will enter into force. Maybe the boxes will then reopen normally. Each new day of the closure, these are huge losses that we must absorb. This derogation would be beneficial but not satisfactory”, judge Julie Lauret, manager, Rebornin Saint-Pierre.

“What is good is that we did not have to convince the sub-prefectsays Mathieu, of the Titty Club in Saint-Gilles. It is on the same line as us, but he can’t do everything. Our fate depends on a national decree. But it’s going to get our message out to the prefect.”

J.-Ph.L.

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[Economie] Avi-to-Pole ordered to pay 135 € 500 to a breeder of guinea fowl

COOPERATIVE. For the past two years, the Farm of the Piton, which produces a fowl can no longer work. In conflict with the cooperative Avi-to-Pole to a problem of access to his livestock. Forced to go to court, the breeder has succeeded to do so heavily condemn.

For several years, Xavier jean-claude Trichet, the owner of the Farm of the Piton, is installed in the heights of Saint-Denis to the Piton Wood Nèfles. He returned to the rearing of guinea fowls as his father-in-law had created about 40 years ago. “I was producing between 10 and 12 000 guinea fowls every two or three months. I worked 365 days a year,” he explains. In 2018, everything stops abruptly. A member of the cooperative Avi-to-Pole, it is faced this year has big problems with the co-operative. “At this time, all the slaughterhouses have been redeemed by Duchemann-Grondin. What has changed the method of removal of my guinea fowl. Trucks larger than 19 tons had to borrow my path that may be difficult to access (so that the path is forbidden to more than 3,5 ton, editor’s NOTE). One day a truck has made a bad maneuver and is stuck for a whole day. The drivers have decided to exercise their right of withdrawal,” says Xavier jean-claude Trichet.

It is at this point that the trouble begins. The cooperative Avi-to-Pole then decides to stop coming to retrieve his poultry. “Gold as a member of the cooperative, each of the commitments to be respected.” Xavier Trichet provided the entirety of its production and the co-op undertook in exchange to take the whole delivery. A relationship of interdependence. Except that Avi-to-Pole him by mail that it will no longer support the removal as the path to his farm will not be rendered practicable. The drop of water will be stopping by the Urcoopa of the delivery of food to its guinea-fowls on the same pretext that the cooperative Avi-to-Pole. “Is this what it is because I am the only breeder to Saint-Denis ?”, if he asked.

Penalty liquidated

Without activity and therefore without an income, the situation pushes Mr. Trichet to put his firm into receivership. A heart-breaking for him. Will without follow, at a first time, a marathon with the municipal departments of Saint-Denis for attempt to rehabilitate his way of the commune. In vain. “That’s why I turned to the justice,” he continued.

In February 2019, assisted by his lawyer, Me Patel, he does assign Avi-to-Pole in proceedings before the TGI of Saint-Denis with the objective of firm is to enforce the contractual provisions of the uniting of his farm to the cooperative. A winning approach, as the tribunal will recognize that the cooperative has failed to meet its obligations ; and that the excuse of the way impassable to its trucks could not be accepted. “It belonged to the cooperative to use an adapted vehicle,” notes the tribunal that will condemn the co-op has to pay a provision of over € 38,000 to the farm of Mr. Trichet, but above all in order to Avi-to-Pole restoring the faster its contractual relations under penalty of a fine of 500 euros per day of delay. This summary proceeding is the subject of an appeal which will be reviewed next November, but nothing has changed between the two parties. If Xavier Trichet has managed to barely avoid the liquidation of his farm, the absence of reaction of the co-op has pushed him to seize the judge of the execution to liquidate the periodic penalty payment which would run for a year. “We wanted to implement the decision. I no longer had any back to school money,” he says. Result, Avi-to-Pole has been heavily condemned. It must now pay 135 500 euros – a sum which corresponds to the liquidation of the periodic penalty payment of € 500 per day – to the breeder of fowl, but especially to respect decisions made by the IGT in June 2019. Enough to revive its operations ? “For the past two years, all is here the stop. It will take me time to restart everything”, he warns. Provided that the cooperative complies with its obligations.

Julien Delarue

[email protected]

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“60 % of primary students will have careers that we don’t know yet “

The Cross : What are the skills and abilities to develop to integrate into the labour market in Europe ?

Nicolas Schmit : This of course depends on the job that one is looking for, but in a general way, it is always good to have a minimum of linguistic knowledge. Speak one or two european languages is, frankly, useful.

Mariya Gabriel : In addition to the basic knowledge – read, write, count, it is also necessary to acquire the digital skills base : today, they are needed in nine jobs out of ten. I also pleads that each one develops a critical mind, because misinformation is a phenomenon to which the young are not immune.

N. S. : Add an ” open attitude “, a desire for discovery, understanding, and a real capacity of adaptation. The idea of wanting to bring something by being prepared, also, to receive.

→ TO READ. The mobility of apprentices, an issue of franco-German

Within the EU, how can we ensure that skills are recognized beyond the national borders ?

Mr. G. : We are working on it ! But much remains to be done. We want to establish the european area of education. A flagship initiative will be to create alliances between european universities where the recognition of diplomas will be integrated from the outset. We give ourselves up to 2024 to work.

How skills evolve over time ?

Mr. G. : Very quickly, particularly because of new technology. Of occupations and skills that did not exist ten years ago are emerging and are a part of our vocabulary. We must remain open to these developments. Studies say that 60% of the students currently in primary school will have trades that we don’t know yet. The data managersall those people who know how to handle the data, ten years ago, no one had ever heard of it !

N. S. : There is a demand for profiles of highly qualified, especially in digital. It is necessary to increase the possibility for a growing number of people reclassify or acquire an additional qualification. This opens a lot of doors. The degree is one thing, but employers are interested in skills and availability of each and every one to obtain new.

The professional mobility, including through internships in another country, is it a way forward ?

Mr. G. : Actually. It is for this reason that the Erasmus + plans to increase the number of those who carry out a mobility in the framework of the vocational training. Adults, including those in situation of vulnerability, must be able to take advantage of it. We must allow all to move forward, to have a life project.

Is this a significant shift from the Erasmus programme ?

Mr. G. : In itself, the Erasmus programme is a great success. Ten million people have already benefited. In France, in 1987, the year of the launch, there were 895 participants, compared to over 95 000 in 2019 ! But the program is not yet come up at all.

N. S. : The Erasmus ” pro ” is very important, but it is more complicated than the academic program because when you go in a company, it raises questions of responsibility, insurance, social security, etc., We want to develop it because we know that an experience abroad is a great more that values professional training.

In Europe, the mobility does not concern, however, that 4% of the population…

N. S. : In the United States, the figures are not higher ! 4 %, this is not negligible. And anyway, mobility is a right, which should not become an obligation.

What it will look like the labour market in Europe in ten years ?

Mr. G : I try to imagine what will these jobs of the future, but nobody can say today. There may be need of experts in cyber security, from specialists who know how to control the drones, but at the same time, there will always be teachers, doctors. It is important to ensure that the human remains at the centre of the process it control.

N. S. : We are in a period of transition to digital, and environmental. To be honest, I never know how to respond to young people who ask me what they should study to be sure of having a job !

We can, in any case, from the assumption that person will no longer remain in the same employment all his life. Already now, there are periods where you learn all over again, where you are reclassifying. It is not necessary to see them as breaks.

Would you support the establishment of an agency of the european labour focal point the jobs ?

N. S. : This would be a bureaucratic monster, I’m reluctant. It was a system already in place today, Eures, which brings together thousands of offers.

Mr. G. : Centrally, it is the risk of growing inequality between those who have access to information and those who have not. In Europe, it is necessary to also focus on the local level and build regional ecosystems, taking into account the specificities of the territories, so that jobs and skills are the most suitable as possible.

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At Roissy, the program “Flight Pro” gives wings to the youth

Asna has a proud look in her hostess uniform Air France, when she walks the corridors of the airport Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle airport, in Roissy. “For me, it is the accolade of having managed to incorporate a company as prestigious “, says this young woman of 24 years, assigned to the medium-haul and who completes his qualification in alternation.

→ to read. The mobility of apprentices, an issue of franco-German

She would never have been able to imagine this, there are still two years. She was then agent-stop with the single tray in the pocket, and his level of English was very far from the 720 points out of 990 is required on the test of Toeic to apply for this kind of position.

“I was zero, I couldn’t launch myself, I was afraid of making mistakes “, remembers this Reunion installed in the paris region. This was before the mission locale de Gonesse (Val-d’oise), near the airport, it offered to participate in the program Flight Pro, financed by the Agence Erasmus + France.

The contact of the customer in a foreign country

This device allowed him to work 35 hours per week during a quarter to the reception at the Regency hotel in Bristol, England. She now has a level of English language-fluent (B2) which enables it to consider a good career. “Why not become head of the cabin, and then head main ! “, dream-t-it.

Since 2016, more than 80 young people with limited qualifications (from CAP to bac + 2) have been able to, as Asna, from the Uk, but also Ireland, Spain or Malta. Objective : to acquire the linguistic competence which they had lacked for work in the airport area of Roissy.

After a month of preparation (intensive English courses in four days, awareness of the culture of the country…), the trainees are “released” twelve weeks abroad in contact with the customer, in the trade, a hotel or a restaurant. These mobilities abroad are supported by the european funds of Erasmus +, at the rate of 4 000 to 5 000 € per person.

Very good rate of return to employment

Before the baptism of fire, the candidate at the start all pass by a selection committee composed of the partners of a consortium specifically built for the needs of the project. There are representatives of businesses, employers, but also the agency’s job center of the airport, which gives young people the necessary “certificate of registration-in-training” (AISF).

At Roissy, the program

“We do not detain those that would be in trouble due to a level too low. But when the motivation is there, we can prescribe a training course intermediate in English, so that the person can integrate later the device “, highlights Stephanie Hullot, head of the jurisdiction of Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle airport Alliance.

Before leaving, the young people are required to formulate a professional project, in connection with the trades of the home, in the airline industry, hospitality, sales, or tourism. The formula miracles, with a rate of return to employment or training 86 %.

A moral contract fort with business partners

The involvement of the companies has a lot to do. Air France and a dozen other airlines have signed letters of commitment to hire all those who would reach the required level. It is a moral contract essential, stresses Thierry Aot, responsible for development of the department air in AKTO, commissioned before the crisis to provide 2,000 staff per year to the airlines. The sector has certainly been hit hard, but the hires related to retirements will resume.

→ TO READ. The young Spaniards, champions of mobility, the need for Erasmus

“If it does not directly bind the job training, it creates social despair on the territories of fragile, where there is already a loss of confidence in the system “, he explains. This expert of the strategy of employment, training and qualification note the benefits of the experience abroad, in addition to acquiring language skills : “Many people come back energized to block, after three months when they were no longer seen as young people from the suburbs to the unemployment, but as the French realized in a project. This is a well mad to be a time extracted from this pressure-cooker society. They are the head. “

Brian, himself, had found his vocation almost by chance. Guided by the mission locale de Villepinte (Seine-Saint-Denis), he was a member of the first graduating class in 2016. For 25 years, he has worked in Brighton, in the south of England, in an authentic coffee-shop.

Vice-champion of France of latte art

There, he learned the rudiments of the latte art, which consists of drawing a rose, a heart, or even a swan in the coffee and milk. “It was a revelation, I worked hard, and in the end, it has opened doors “, tells the story of the young man who has been ranked as a vice-champion of France of the discipline in 2018 and 2019.

Now assistant manager at the Starbucks in the terminal 2F, he stressed that nothing would have been possible without the mastery of the English language. “I was very bad at school, I did nothing. It was very reassuring for me to start from the beginning, without bias on my level. Today, English is my working language that I use in everyday life “, he explains.

In the airport of Roissy, the barista is the only one to wear the apron, black, one of the five cafés of its brand. The mark of excellence in the making, as in the tasting. In turn to train young people. It may hope soon to take responsibility, to lead his own team, always in the language of Shakespeare.

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