► Health: “Protect, test, isolate”
These are the three main objectives which should guide the health doctrine for deconfinement. “ There will be enough masks to meet the needs from May 11 “Assured Edouard Philippe, by specifying that France receives today 100 million surgical masks per week and that 20 million washable general public masks will be available from May 11th. The wearing of these masks will be compulsory in transport and recommended in shops.
To achieve the second objective, the Prime Minister announced that 700,000 virological tests will be carried out each week. This figure was calculated from epidemiological models which estimate between 1,000 and 3,000 the number of new daily cases of contamination from May 11. ” Each new case will correspond on average to the screening of at least 20 to 25 people who encountered it in the previous days “Said Edouard Philippe.
As expected, anyone with symptoms will need to be tested and then “brigades” will do a “job of identifying” all of their contact cases. The novelty is that this mission will be entrusted to health insurance and that the debate on the Stop-Covid application is postponed. Positive people will then be invited to isolate themselves either in hotels or at home. But in this case, the whole family home will be confined for 14 days.
Finally, the deconfinement can be done in a differentiated way according to the territories, according to criteria fixed by the health authorities: the level of circulation of the virus, the tension on the regional hospital capacities in intensive care and the local availability of tests. ” These indicators, their reading, will be crystallized on May 7 to determine which departments switch on May 11 in the category, say, red high circulation (of the virus), or green limited circulation “Said Edouard Philippe.
► A return « very progressive ” at school
” I want to leave the maximum flexibility to the ground “For the deconfinement of schools, warned Édouard Philippe. Concretely, this means that the national strategy in this area will be strictly adapted to the local situation.
The Prime Minister has given a national calendar which differs slightly from that announced by the Minister of National Education, Jean-Michel Blanquer. However, there is no question of waiting until September, as the Scientific Council advised. This ongoing return is indeed considered by the executive as a ” educational and social justice imperative, especially for those who have difficulty following distance education “
The little ones will be welcomed from May 11. In the nurseries, the children will be ” per group of ten children maximum ” From nursery school, the principle will be ” no more than fifteen students per class ” The opening of primary schools will be ” everywhere on the territory and on a voluntary basis ” parents. Then, on May 18, ” but only in the departments where the circulation of the virus is very weak », It will be the colleges’ turn to reopen, starting with the 6th and 5th grades. ” At the end of May “Will be decided whether or not to open high schools” early June », Starting with vocational high schools.
Regarding masks, these will be mandatory for students from college, as recommended by the Scientific Council. They will be provided to those who have failed to obtain them. Pediatric masks will nevertheless be available to elementary school principals, for example if a child has symptoms. Finally, ” all teachers and supervisors of educational establishments will receive masks which they must wear when they cannot respect the rules of physical distance. “
► Companies, maintain telework
Used massively during the confinement phase, the maintenance of telework is strongly encouraged after May 11. Edouard Philippe thus urged companies to keep work at a distance “Wherever possible, at least in the next three weeks.”
The purpose of the measure is to limit contact at the workplace but also to relieve public transport, which will be subject to heavy constraints to respect the rules of distance. Otherwise, the Prime Minister asks employers to set up staggered hours.
Regarding health rules, companies that have the means are invited to equip their employees with masks. Very small businesses and the self-employed will be helped by the state and the regions.
Coronavirus opens new perspectives for telework
Thirty guides and job descriptions have already been published by the Ministry of Labor, in collaboration with the professional branches, to advise companies on the implementation of barrier measures. Sixty are needed to cover all sectors. The Prime Minister asked the Department of Labor to work hard to deliver them by May 11.
Finally, the Prime Minister assured that the partial unemployment scheme – which already covers one in two private workers – will be maintained until June 1. “We will then have to adapt it gradually, to support the resumption of activity if the epidemic is controlled”, said Edouard Philippe. The professional sectors which should remain closed will continue to be “Protected”.
A meeting is planned for Thursday 30 April with the social partners and the Prime Minister, social dialogue to be “Mobilized” at all levels in this delicate phase of deconfinement.
► Transport, one seat in two condemned
A “key” device for economic recovery. This is how the Prime Minister spoke of public transport while acknowledging that respect for physical distance and barrier gestures was particularly there ” difficult ” to implement. In fact, the rules will be strict, starting with the compulsory wearing of the mask at least during the first three weeks after deconfinement. This will also apply in taxis and VTCs whose drivers are not protected by a physical barrier…
Édouard Philippe wants both to rapidly increase the supply of transport, particularly that of urban transport, and to encourage low traffic. He wants 70% of the usual offer on the Ile-de-France networks of RATP from May 11 and “Quickly” 100%.
At the same time, the capacity of public transport will be very reduced compared to normal, especially in the Paris metro. The Prime Minister thus wishes the condemnation of one seat out of two and a marking on the ground, even the limitation of flows in case of crowds. In addition, companies must give priority to teleworking, and, for employees who cannot stay at home, organize a staggered schedule to smooth out peak hours. According to an official of a group of public transport, these rules will only be possible to apply if the attendance remains less than 50% of the ordinary.
As for interdepartmental or interregional trips, they should be reduced “Solely for compelling professional or family reasons”, at the end of the confinement period. “We will continue to reduce the offer, to require a compulsory reservation on all trains – TGV or not–” clarified Edouard Philippe according to which it will be necessary “ discourage travel between departments ”. Especially during the Ascension Bridge.
► Meetings limited to 10 people
After asking the vulnerable and elderly to continue to limit their contacts and outings, the Prime Minister set the rules for travel and gatherings. From May 11, it will be possible to move freely, but, beyond 100 km from home, only for compelling professional or family reasons. The French can also practice an individual outdoor activity. Parks and gardens will reopen, except in the departments where the virus is circulating.
But for public meetings and events, the constraints remain very strong. Thus any gathering in public or private space is limited to 10 people. The practice of sport in the covered places will remain prohibited and the beaches closed, at least until June 1. Small museums or libraries may reopen on May 11, but neither large sites, nor cinemas or theaters. Sports and cultural events gathering more than 5,000 people have already been postponed until at least September. The football season can not resume, said Edouard Philippe, who then had a thought for the cult ceremonies.
It takes note of ” impatience “ faithful but believes “Legitimate not to organize ceremonies before this barrier of June 2”. The deadline is a little closer to that of mid-June recently envisaged by President Macron but will still disappoint the bishops of France who demanded the resumption of masses from May 11. Nothing is acquired at this stage. The authorization of the celebrations will be part of the arbitration that the authorities will end in May. These limitations are very restrictive, acknowledges the Prime Minister, who once again calls for “civics of the French”. The efforts made in the coming weeks will allow “To look at summer under the best auspices”.
► Some businesses may reopen… subject to conditions
” Shops will reopen on May 11 Confirmed the Prime Minister. So this is the general rule which will nevertheless suffer from three exceptions. The first, already known, concerns bars and restaurants. The decision to reopen them will not be taken until the end of May. Similarly, the largest shopping centers, those exceeding 40,000 m2, will remain closed because they attract a large clientele favoring ” travel and contacts that we do not want to encourage “. They would be sixty in France. Finally, some markets may also not reopen if a prefect or a mayor considers that this poses a health security problem.
All other businesses will be able to raise their iron curtain. But not in any condition. The stores will have to ensure compliance with the barrier gestures, by limiting the influx and channeling the flows so as to provide each customer with an area “ with a contactless meter “
Shops should be inspired by the procedures implemented in food stores that continued to operate during confinement: floor marking, plexiglass protection around the boxes, distribution of hydroalcoholic gel, gloves and masks available to staff. Wearing a mask, moreover, seems likely to extend to the client side as well. ” A merchant may make access to his store subject to wearing the maske, ”said Edouard Philippe.
These general rules will now have to be broken down according to the specific nature of the activities. Obviously, a hairdresser will not have the same problems of proximity to a client as an appliance salesperson. Clothing businesses, for example, will have to develop strict procedures to allow fitting or to supervise the return of goods. So many constraints which will obviously have negative repercussions on the “customer experience”, as the specialists say, and complicate the return to normal life in shops.