Is there any change in Lebanon’s politics?

Als Emmanuel Macron Visited the Gemmayze district on Thursday to get an impression of the destruction in Beirut, he also got an insight into the spiritual life of the Lebanese. Macron is received by some almost like a savior. A man from the Lebanese rescue team with a red helmet and protective suit has tears in his eyes: “Lebanon is your son,” he says to the President as he walks through a field of rubble wearing a protective mask in a blue suit and tie. Macron nudges him with his fist. “We’re not dropping you guys,” he replies.

Christian Schubert

But the anger can also be grasped with the hands. A tightly packed crowd surrounds the French President, who is struggling to make progress. “The people want the regime to be overthrown,” shout the demonstrators. And they curse their own head of state: “Michel Aoun is a terrorist.” He, Macron, can read the pain and sadness on their faces, the French head of state assures people. “Because of that, I’m here.”

Warnings about houses in danger of collapsing go around

Almost everyone Macron addresses here, the disaster in the port is further proof of how indifferent and depraved the cartel of oligarchs and old warlords who keep Lebanon firmly under control is. For the second day, the people are taking away rubble, mending windows and doors. Rescue teams are still digging in the rubble for injuries.

The danger is not over yet. There are new warnings in Beirut: high-rise buildings and high streets are in danger of collapsing. Images of a multi-storey building in the Achrafieh district that leans towards the neighboring high-rise are circulating on the Internet.

High-rise buildings damaged by the explosion in Beirut on August 6th


Many Lebanese welcome the Frenchman’s visit because he made an important distinction when he arrived at the airport: France wants to help the Lebanese, not their political class. The disaster relief must “benefit the Lebanese people”, he said. “We will organize the matter so that the help arrives on the spot.”

He wrote in the record book of the politicians Macron met, “in a dialogue of truth”, that Lebanon had to change. It is a moral, political, economic and financial crisis “of historical proportions, the first victim of which is the Lebanese people,” said Macron. The crisis “brings with it the responsibility of the incumbent leadership”.

In the presidential palace he told his counterpart Michel Aoun according to the Elysée Palace that it is now a matter of quick help. In order to organize this, Macron announced an upcoming international aid conference at which the supply of medicines and food as well as medical treatment should be ensured. However, structural reforms should not wait either. This includes “the fight against corruption and reforms in the energy sector, in the electricity supply, in the banking system and in general with public tenders”. An aid program by the International Monetary Fund should be set in motion, and the economic reforms promised at a conference in Paris in 2018 should finally be implemented, Macron said.

A crowd crowd around Emmanuel Macron during his visit to the Gemmayzeh district of Beirut on August 6th.


When the French expressed the wish, the Explosion may mark the start of a “new era”, but he may have overlooked the hopelessness that is also written on the faces of the cheering people in Beirut. “It’s nice that the foreigners want to help with money,” says Roger, who is tidying up his brother-in-law’s shop, an elderly gentleman, a few corners away. “But they will steal this money again.”

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Good kisses from Guyana (with a mask)

At the age of 27, in order to get a change of scenery and to leave the hospitals of the metropolis for a while, Arthur (1) had chosen a medical internship in Guyana for the summer of 2020. It was just before the pandemic:

“I chose my period well, you will tell me: after the first deluge of patients in metropolitan France, the Guyanese wave. Without being a journalist myself, I will try to follow this quote from Albert Londres: “Our job is not to please, nor to do harm, it is to carry the feather in the wound.” This testimony will therefore necessarily be unique to me, with my vision as a caregiver, my bias as a metropolitan and the inherent bias in preserving anonymity while trying to remain faithful to what is happening away from cameras and institutional social networks. I will mainly talk about hospital and territorial management but will not address the issue of city medicine due to ignorance of the subject.

Read alsoIn Guyana, caregivers “keep their fingers crossed so that nothing goes wrong”

“Before talking about Covid, I would like to paint a quick picture of the health situation here: Guyana is currently suffering from a dengue epidemic, and for a long time that of HIV. And that’s without counting the problems that are much more frequent than cardiovascular disease or cancer. Take Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni for example, for a population pool of several tens of thousands of people, the number of hospital beds in acute medicine outside the Covid-19 period is … 30. It is not to sink into the miserable but it is certain that 30, that calms down … In total, there are three hospitals on the coast distributed in the big cities (Cayenne, Kourou and Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni) and centers of health dispersed in land and along waterways. We all know that the investment and skills of caregivers are very heterogeneous in the hospital… but here we can say that it is pushed to its climax. Before detailing the dysfunctions in the management of this crisis, I would like to greet some incredible caregivers: those who have been pillars of care in this department for several years, those who have set up services, those who allow the hospital to stand up. But alongside these staff, we find jumbled mercenaries who don’t care, those who don’t have the skills but don’t realize it, and those who feed their ego. In such a difficult environment, the contrast is striking.

Staggering lack of communication

“You have to adapt in Guyana all the time. We have to adapt to patients: to a sometimes exacerbated precariousness, to the different language barriers, to their paperwork problems, to their life outside the big cities of the coast. We have to adapt to the means: digestive endoscopies are Cayenne, urology is Kourou, ophthalmology is Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni. Certain biological examinations… it is the metropolis. So I can understand that we cannot work as I am used to in metropolitan France, that we have to juggle and make compromises. But some situations are just indecent. Not in France, not in 2020: we do not refuse to take a patient in his thirties in intensive care under the pretext that he is HIV and Brazilian. We do not die after having an epidural for childbirth. We are not saying that we do not care if we made a mistake because the patient speaks poor French and will not file a complaint. You cannot be unreachable when you are on call… I think that in metropolitan France, no one would accept some of the things that I have seen here. And that can be brushed aside with the back of the hand since “It’s that or nothing, there is no one else”. It is not acceptable, it is indecent. And still I’m lucky in my medical practice, I’m a guy, people listen to me. It sucks, but that’s how it is. This is clearly not specific to Guyanese hospitals: more than once when I was a student I was spoken to instead of my boss. But here it is exacerbated, I am ashamed to have to repeat what my female colleagues say so that less competent men listen to them. It is blatant, it is shameful.

Also read, the previous episodes of the Epidemic JournalEpidemic Journal, by Christian Lehmann

“The patients, at least as far as I have come across, have illnesses made worse by many social problems. Two like that in your room in metropolitan France, it burns you out for the day. Here it is everyday. Illnesses as in the books and patients who do not fit into the administrative framework. I don’t want you to imagine the Wild West by reading this, but there are so many great projects to strengthen or create, I think our fellow citizens deserve to be done better. So inevitably, when a pandemic emerges, we are not serene. We had two major advantages: a young population and a few weeks ahead of the mainland. We quickly forget the weeks in advance, they were squandered by internal quarrels between hospital management, crisis management and the ARS. It was almost as if we were discovering the problems day to day, with a beautiful ball of hypocrites constantly parading in the media and on social networks. I am very happy to see the director of ARS Guyane, Clara de Bort, pose on the tarmac of the airport with her staff and congratulate herself on carrying out Evasan (medical evacuations) in a beautiful cooperation with hospitals. Unfortunately, it has happened several times that some of these evacuations were announced on television or on the Internet… before warning the doctors who directly took care of the patients concerned. The first time it was a family who came to ask us at what time their loved one would be evacuated when we had not been informed …

Read alsoIn Guyana, endless confinement

“Finally, I would have had the right to the same speech here as at the start of the wave in metropolitan France:” No, but France is different, it will not be like Italy “,” No, but Guyana, that will be fine, it won’t be like in the metropolis. ” One day you will explain to me which part of “pandemic” you did not understand. I don’t know, honestly, how we could confidently say that everything was ready, that we didn’t need help and that everything was going to be fine. I feel like I heard Macron say that we never ran out of masks. Nobody one day could assume to say “It’s shit, but we will adapt as quickly as possible, everyone is on the front”? Must always put everything under the carpet? Fortunately, we had help, a lot of help, a lot of people who came to give a helping hand whether it was on their leave, on an agreement between hospitals, via the army or the health reserve. However, I would still like to underline the astounding lack of communication between hospitals, ARS and health reserve. You try to round up your friends to fill in the holes, put on the patches to keep it going and you finally discover that a whole team is arriving but no one has seen fit to warn the staff. You may even hear the phrase “There are too many reinforcements” while services are still understaffed. I know that in the end the whole technostructure will congratulate itself on the excellent management and will go with its little comment, but it is the caregivers who make it possible to hold on.

Infernal mixture of care, public opinion and political interests

“The health reserve I still have a few complaints. Throwing in the room retired general practitioners who have not done hospitality since their start of their careers and putting hospital workers in town, doesn’t that sound like a bad idea? I have no desire to be ungrateful to my colleagues, more than courageous, who volunteered to come, but maybe estimating the needs and positioning the reinforcements accordingly would be a good start. So inevitably when by ego we say that all is well in the services, we find ourselves hearing that a pulmonologist or infectious disease specialist is not necessary in Guyana. Anyway, we are no longer close. Ah and I greet you dear resuscitator colleague who did not want to see respiratory distress because you were eating. I do not forget you. Same for the reinforcements who complained about not being able to tour, I do not forget you either.

Read alsoIn Cayenne, unwelcome hunger: insufficient humanitarian aid

The climax of this infernal mixture between care, public opinion and political interests was the trial planned for plasma therapy (with plasma from patients who had developed antibodies). If we summarize the situation, a trial concerning the interest of plasma therapy in Sars-CoV-2 infection had started in metropolitan France and was to continue in Guyana. There are two advantages to this: to provide patients with a potentially useful treatment and to succeed in including enough patients to reach a robust conclusion. In a context of mistrust of health authorities, media hubbub and the habit of this department being left behind, announcing this news from Paris was very clumsy. Let us add to this that this was done not by a PUPH (university professor-hospital practitioner) but by a PUPH, Karine Lacombe, and it was gone. Everyone has gone there from their affiliations to promote themselves, deputy, local collectives, close to Didier Raoult’s IHU. And in this mess, in the end, people were therefore pushed to demonstrate to refuse the help of an infectious disease specialist and her team in a territory that badly needed it. Admittedly, the announcement was awkward, but we saw people chanting loud and clear that they refused therapeutic help. I thus saw a good number of messages passing to say that the Guyanese patients were not guinea pigs. It’s such a no-brainer: no one is ever forcibly included in an essay if they don’t want to. This is the very basis of our ethical principles. But obviously to say it would do a disservice to the conspiracy discourse. On the other hand, promoting the use of hydroxychloroquine without any proof of its effectiveness in Covid, that was to use patients as guinea pigs. Associations have been calling for the creation of a university hospital in Guyana for years… and when a university team comes to do research, the door is vehemently slammed in its face.

“All this reflects a profound ignorance of clinical research and its functioning. So I hope that some people’s political agenda was worth it. In all of these ego bickering, whenever politics take precedence over caregivers and scientists for the wrong reasons, it is the patients who drink. While the Guyanese are worth it that we are interested in their territory, that we invest in improving access to healthcare here and that it be worthy of France. ”

(1) The first name has been changed.


Christian Lehmann doctor and writer

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Citizen’s Climate Convention, what to remember from Emmanuel Macron’s speech

The meeting had been planned for a long time, but it was very timely, in the aftermath of the environmental tidal wave in the municipal elections. Monday, June 29, Emmanuel Macron received the members of the Citizen’s Climate Convention at the Élysée Palace, to provide answers to their 149 proposals. This group of citizens drawn by lot, has thought about ways to lower” at least 40% of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 “ in “A spirit of social justice”.

→ INFOGRAPHY. All the proposals of the Citizen’s Climate Convention

The Head of State retained all proposals except three. He promised to transmit them to the government and to Parliament, or to submit them to a referendum. Some will be decided at the end of July, others integrated into the recovery plan but most will be the subject of a “Specific bill” multi-measures in September.

♦ Emmanuel Macron also announced the release of 15 billion euros additional for ecological transformation over two years. He undertook to set up a “Ecological transformation fund for our economy in the recovery plan” for especially “Invest in clean transport, renovate our buildings” and “Invent the industries of tomorrow”.

♦ It also approved the principle ofa moratorium on new commercial areas on the outskirts of cities as well as aid measures for the renovation of buildings. “To stop concreteisation is a project to make our country more human, basically more beautiful” and to find downtown businesses and end housing sprawl, he insisted. “It is a model from which our fellow citizens want to get out”.

♦ Emmanuel Macron said to himself ” ready “ to submit to referendums from 2021 certain proposals, on the one hand to modify the constitution, on the other hand for specific measures. “The rewriting of article 1 of our Constitution (…) to introduce the notions of biodiversity, environment, fight against global warming (…), I am in favor of this proposal”, he said, saying he was also open to a referendum “On one or more pieces of law”, incorporating other proposals from the Convention. “Symbols count: the Social Republic, the Republic of the territories are now enshrined in our Constitution. It is legitimate to think about registering ecology in turn ”.

Therefore, he is in favor of initiating a debate in the National Assembly and the Senate with a view to a constitutional reform which he wishes “See it happen by 2021”. “I am ready to resort to the referendum if it was then constitutionally possible after the vote of the Chambers”, he insisted.

→ READ ALSO. The Citizens Climate Convention wants to rehabilitate the referendum

♦ On the other hand, the head of state said disagree with a 4% dividend tax. He does not want to tax all investments because companies need to attract capital to change models, he argued, rather favoring a more incentive tax towards what must be greener. He also intends to reflect on a profound transformation of the tax system for a fair carbon tax but by reforming the other taxes: a project for the next few years. In the meantime, he proposes to chart a path for a European carbon tax in the coming months and to support households with financial aid.

♦ He also decided to “Postpone the debate” on the limitation to 110 km / h on motorways, proposed by the Citizen’s Climate Convention. “The ecological transition must not be to the detriment of the municipalities, the most isolated regions”, pleaded the Head of State, also explaining wanting to prevent the work of the convention from “Get involved in a controversy”. “Believe me, I am making this proposal as a specialist”, he launched with a smile, alluding to the very controversial measure of the limitation to 80 km / h on secondary roads. “I presented a lot of very ambitious big plans, with a lot of great things that were sometimes summed up in a bar or a little sentence. And it would be deeply unfair if all your work came down to this proposition ”.

♦ Emmanuel Macron also did not take up the Convention’s proposal to rewrite the preamble to the Constitution placing the environment above other fundamental values ​​of the Republic. “As proposed, the drafting threatens to place environmental protection above public freedoms, even above our democratic rules”, he commented.

♦ Regarding the moratorium on the EU-Canada trade agreement (Ceta), he stated : “I answer you, let’s continue to assess”.

→ ANALYSIS. What Ceta has already changed for France

♦ Before concluding, the president undertook to set up citizen conventions sure “Other subjects” that the climate, and announced the next transformation of the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (Cese) into “Chamber of citizen conventions”. “You have shown that it is possible on a difficult subject, even a flammable one, to create consensus” he said, adding that a reform of Cese, an assembly made up of social representatives, “Will be presented to the next Council of Ministers, which will make it the Chamber of Citizen Conventions”.

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a second round marked by the abstention and the shadow of the Covid-19

Participation in the second round of municipal elections this Sunday, June 28 has further decreased compared to the historical abstention rate recorded in the first round in March, marked by the coronavirus epidemic, according to the first figures released, while several polling stations have closed at 6 p.m.

→ ANALYSIS. Municipal 2020: green wave and abstentionist tidal wave

The Interior Ministry reports an attendance rate at noon of 15.29%, three points below what it was at the same time on March 15 (18.38%), but also 4, 5 points below that of the second round of municipal elections in 2014 (19.83%), and more than 8 points less compared to 2008 (23.68%).

→ LIVE. 2020 municipal results, analyzes, reactions… Follow the second round

At 5 p.m., the participation rate was 34.67%, down compared to the first round at the same time when it was 38.77%. In 2014 in the second round, it was 54.72%.

The brand of Covid-19

This second round is organized with exceptional health precautions due to the Covid-19 epidemic: wearing of a mandatory mask at polling stations, hydroalcoholic gel and priority for vulnerable people to vote.

→ FIND the results of the second round of the 2020 municipal elections at 8 p.m.

The suspense is strong in some of the largest cities – Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Montpellier, Strasbourg, Lille … -, mainly under the pressure of environmentalists. In Le Havre, Prime Minister Edouard Philippe, who voted at 8:15 a.m., is also playing his future at Matignon.

→ READ. Municipal and coronavirus: what sanitary measures in polling stations?

These municipal elections are held on the eve of a crucial sequence for President Emmanuel Macron, who voted around noon in Le Touquet before treating himself to a crowd, without a mask. The Head of State could, in the coming days, carry out a reshuffle and specify his stated intention to ” to reinvent oneself “ for the last two years of his mandate. As of Monday, he receives members of the Citizens’ Climate Convention at the Elysée Palace.

Meanwhile, voters were in no hurry at the polling stations, after a campaign mostly confined to social networks and the media. “There was too much time between the two rounds. People are outside this election “, sums up Elisabeth Revel, president of polling station 18 in Dijon.

Main innovation, of limited scope, to facilitate voting: the same proxy may have two proxies instead of one, to allow a larger number of people, especially the elderly, to vote without having to travel.

Big cities in the balance

Unlike other major cities, there is little uncertainty in Paris, where outgoing Anne Hidalgo (PS) contained its EELV partners in the first round by endorsing a resolutely green program itself. With around 44% of voting intentions, it is well ahead of its competitors LR Rachida Dati and LREM Agnès Buzyn.

For La République en Marche, the day of the vote is that of the end of the ordeal: few of its candidates are well placed and the low-cost campaign has hardly allowed them to make themselves known.

In Le Havre, Edouard Philippe is credited with 53% of voting intentions (Ifop). But the importance of the stake can mobilize the abstainers of the first round.

Right and left to confirm, the Greens to break through

Very weakened at the national level, the Socialist Party and The Republicans have recovered their health locally. The PS is able to keep its bastions – Paris, Nantes, Rennes, Dijon – and should return to the level it was in after the loss of very many cities in 2014.

The Republicans confirmed their establishment by winning in the first round many of the cities with more than 9,000 inhabitants they controlled. But a defeat in Marseille, which the right has held for 25 years, or in Toulouse, the fourth city of France, would have a strong political resonance.

Among the major challenges of this election: the EELV candidates, driven by the environmentalist wave, are targeting several large cities, including Grenoble, Lyon, Strasbourg, Toulouse, Besançon. For the Greens, who have long served as an auxiliary force, it is also a question of asserting themselves as the first on the left before the next electoral deadlines.

In Marseille, the second largest city in France, the left created surprise by leading the 1st round with the Marseille Spring coalition, followed by Martine Vassal (LR) who was dubbed by outgoing Jean-Claude Gaudin.

Emmanuel Macron’s main opponent at the national level, the Rassemblement national transfers its hopes to Perpignan after a mixed first round. If successful, it would be the first city of more than 100,000 inhabitants controlled by the party since 1995.

The municipal councilors, elected for six years, will then meet from Friday 3 to Sunday 5 July to elect the mayors and their assistants.

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Test of power

A desert and a tide. First, the desert, that of massive abstention. This Sunday, six out of ten voters preferred not to travel for the appointment of their mayor. From these urns that sound hollow, however, a clear message came out: very many French people, at least those who voted in large cities, aspire to an ecological shift. The green tide is there, before our eyes. Lyon, Bordeaux, Strasbourg, Besançon, Tours, Poitiers… All of these cities will be managed for the next six years by an environmental mayor.

→ ANALYSIS. Municipal 2020: green wave and abstentionist tidal wave

Politically, the wave is spectacular, when we remember that Europe Ecology-The Greens had not even been able to present a presidential candidate in 2017. This result is a challenge for the new elected officials. Ecology finds itself this morning in the test of power. Nationally, this ordeal often ended in disillusionment, Nicolas Hulot can testify.

The result of these municipal elections is also a challenge for Emmanuel Macron. The equation is complex for the President of the Republic. His party, LREM, failed in its local establishment. The only figure in his majority to emerge unquestionably victorious from the poll is his Prime Minister, Édouard Philippe, re-elected in Le Havre, but from which he hesitates to part. Like his predecessors, Emmanuel Macron intended to “step over” these intermediate elections. But we don’t cross the tide, much less the desert. He must take into account both the aspirations of the voters who spoke and the dismay of those who did not consider it necessary to travel yesterday. This Monday’s meeting with the 150 members of the Citizens Climate Convention will lift a glimpse of his intentions for the days to come. The time has come for him, to use an expression dear to him, to “take his risk”.

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Emmanuel Macron at Angela Merkel to discuss European recovery

Angela Merkel wanted to make it a symbol, to remind Franco-German unity in these troubled times. For her first real meeting with a head of state since the start of the coronavirus crisis, the Chancellor receives Emmanuel Macron this afternoon at Meseberg Castle, official residence of the German government 70 km from Berlin.

→ READ. Coronavirus: Paris and Berlin hope to unite Europe around their recovery plan

On the menu of their bilateral meeting, which will be followed by a press conference and a working dinner: agree on a common argument to convince the 25 other member countries of the European Union (EU) to adopt the budget for the next seven years, as well as the historic recovery plan of 750 billion euros, endowed with 500 billion euros in grants and 250 billion euros in loans.

It alone can convince the “frugal States”

While Germany will take, from this Wednesday 1is July, the rotating presidency of the EU for six months, the stake for the chancellor is enormous. Crowned by its good management of the pandemic, with nearly 9,000 dead for a country of 83 million inhabitants, the one that embodies stability not only across the Rhine, but also in Europe, after 15 years in power, has a good chance of reach consensus, thereby completing its fourth and final mandate.

Before that, it will still have to persuade, with the help of Emmanuel Macron, the reluctant countries. Referred to as “Of frugal states”, as supporters of budgetary austerity, the Netherlands, Austria, Sweden and Denmark oppose the idea of ​​a European fund financed by the pooling of debt.

Already on the move for several weeks, Angela Merkel met, on June 22, the Dutch Prime Minister, Mark Rutte, leader of the skeptics. Twenty-four hours later, the French president went to The Hague to discuss the same subject with the Dutch leader.

A presidency that generates unrivaled expectations

By the time of the European summit in Brussels, on July 17 and 18, there are therefore three weeks of intense exchanges in tandem to succeed in rallying them to their cause. “I cannot remember a presidency of the European Council which raised so many expectations and tackled so many themes”, remarks German SPD MEP Udo Bullmann.

Indeed, beyond managing the economic and social consequences of Covid-19, which will occupy an important place on the European agenda under the German presidency, Berlin has also fixed, among its priorities, ecological and energy transition, sovereignty of Europe in digital matters, and major international issues, such as Brexit or relations with the United States and China. So many subjects also addressed during today’s Merkel-Macron meeting.

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French Prime Minister Elected Mayor, In Abstention Elections | France

French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe was elected mayor of the Havre, the port city of his origins, in the second round of the municipal elections in France which took place three months apart from the first, which took place on 15 March, when the covid-19 pandemic was already making itself felt.

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Macron: from setbacks in municipalities to the problem called Philippe

French President Emmanuel Macron does not have high expectations for the second round of municipal elections, which must confirm that his party, La République en Marche! (LREM), will not be able to conquer any locality with more than ten thousand inhabitants. And Paris, the jewel in the crown, is to be forgotten, with the socialist and current mayor, Anne Hidalgo, to be given as a favorite and her candidate, the former Minister of Health, to appear only in third, behind the conservative Rachida Dati.

Macron will already be thinking about the next day, with analysts saying he will point the finger at high abstention (polls say that participation will be only 38%, then on the first lap, before confinement because of the coronavirus, it would have been 44%, a record for the negative) and will thus avoid drawing national conclusions.

The president plans to receive, as early as Monday and to put municipal officials behind, the 150 members of the Citizen Climate Convention (created in response to the yellow vest protests) and travel to Meseberg, Germany, to discuss issues Europeans with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, on the eve of this country taking over the rotating presidency of the European Union.

But, internally, the municipalities must still mark the moment when Macron finally moves forward with the government remodeling that has been talked about for a long time, which may or may not include the Prime Minister, Édouard Philippe. The latter enjoys record popularity, with 50% of the French heard in a poll for the The Sunday Journal to say they are satisfied or very satisfied with their work. Macron’s fell again, now standing at 38%.

Still, better than their predecessors at this point in their terms, none of whom had to face a pandemic like the coronavirus, with more than 161,000 confirmed cases and almost 30,000 dead. The third phase of the deflation started last Monday.

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Hubert Germain, the companion of the Liberation, who needs to speak to Emmanuel Macron

In mid-June 1940, Hubert Germain preparing to take the entrance exam to the École navale in Bordeaux. In the exam room, he has the mind elsewhere. “Paris had just fallen, France was drowning. “So, Hubert, what are you going to do ? wondered the young man. You’re going to pass an exam, and you will, perhaps, be received. And after ? You’re going to become an officer of the navy or the air force of a State that will be the orders of the nazi Germany ?” Unthinkable. He rose, therefore, issued a white copy to the supervisor and went out “recounts the book We were not heroes Benedict Hopquin (Calmann-Lévy).

“I’m leaving for war “launches from Hubert Germain, as he enjoyed the telling by 2018. A few days after, general de Gaulle launched an appeal on the airwaves of the BBC in London. Eighty years later, to commemorate the famous speech calling to continue the fight, Hubert Germain will discuss with Emmanuel Macron, Thursday, June 18, at the Order of the Liberation in Paris. For almost a hundred years, he also took part, on Wednesday, at the Invalides, a ceremony of the forage of the Order of the Liberation to the cadets of 2e battalion of the école spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr.

→ TO READ. Call of 18-June : the challenges of memory of Emmanuel Macron

Resistant the first time, Hubert Germain is one of the last four companions of the Liberation still alive with Daniel Cordier, secretary of Jean Moulin, Edgar Tupët-Thomet, one of the first four involved military secrets of the FFL in France, and Pierre Simonet, benjamin companions of the Liberation. A title awarded to 1 038 people, five French communities and eighteen combat units since November 1940.

The battle of Bir Hakeim and the Provence landings

Born August 6, 1920 in the beautiful districts of Paris, the son of a general of the colonial troops, Hubert Germain sailed for England, June 24, 1940, in Saint-Jean-de-Luz. With three comrades, he joined the Polish troops on board theArandora-Star. Committed to the FFL, he was assigned to the battleship Courbetwhere it follows the courses of the cadet of navy. On the day, between the alerts, it is studying. At night, he took part in the air defence against the raiding germans.

Hubert Germain then joined the foreign Legion. He is fighting in Syria, Libya, Egypt, Tunisia, and Italy. During the campaign of Libya in particular, he distinguished himself as a section leader anti-tank in the battles of Bir-Hakeim from 27 may to 11 June 1942. In Italy, 24 may 1944, it is “wounded while directing the fire of the heavy machine guns of his section to continue to support the battalion attack along the Liri “tells the Order of the Liberation. Evacuated to Naples, he was decorated by general de Gaulle in Italy in late 1944.

Meanwhile, in August 1944, Hubert Germain participates in the Provence landings and the liberation of Toulon, in the valley of the Rhone and Lyon. His journey does not stop there : he takes part in the campaigns of the Vosges, Alsace and finished the war in the massif of Authion. Called as an aide-de-camp to general Pierre Kœnig, commander of the French forces of occupation in Germany, he was demobilized in 1946.

Political commitment

After the fights, Hubert Germain agrees otherwise, in to politics : mayor of Saint-Chéron (Essonne), member of parliament for Paris, and then PTT minister and relations with Parliament. On 17 march, at the beginning of the containment to combat the coronavirus, Hubert Germain launched, with Daniel Cordier and Pierre Simonet, a particular call. “We fought five long years for that France kind of victory of that terrible Second world War. Today, we are all faced with another threat, a war of a different kind “wrote the three resistance fighters, calling on the French to do “evidence of reason, solidarity, national cohesion, and individual responsibility “.

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The Assembly votes the bill out of the state of public health emergency

The Assembly has voted Wednesday, June 17, the draft law organizing the output of the state of health emergency after the July 10, with a period of “vigilance “ during which restrictions will remain possible, and the opposition is alarming a state of emergency “that does not say its name “. The text was adopted on first reading with the support of the elected representatives of The Republic in market (LREM), MoDem and Act, and the opposition of right and left holding “liberticidal “. It will be reviewed in the Senate as early as June 22.

→ NEW CLUSTER. Case of contamination in Beijing, ” a message of vigilance “

“The state of public health emergency will come to an end but our vigilance must remain intact “pleaded from the outset, the minister of health, Olivier Véran. This output should therefore “be organised “, he added, estimating that “not to retain certain measures, it would be as if the risk of a restart (of the epidemic) did not exist “while the new cluster in Beijing “shows that no one is immune “.

After the lifting of restrictions will be sustained

Entered into force on 24 march to address the epidemic of Covid-19, the state of a health emergency, which allows you to restrict certain public freedoms, had been extended in may until the 10th of July. The government intends to put an end to it, but provided for two exceptions : the Guyana and Mayotte, where the state of emergency will be extended “up to October 30, inclusive “because the virus is still circulating actively.

For the rest of the country, “the common law is not sufficient to cope with the extraordinary dimensions of this crisis,”according to the rapporteur Mary Guévenoux (LREM), which emphasizes the need to be able to “react very quickly “ in the face of the cluster. The text, therefore, allows restrictions on the movement of people, the reception of the public in certain institutions or gatherings, and up until the 30 October. But the bulk of the state health emergency “disappears “according to Olivier Véran, citing “containment “to make “the funeral in the family “ or go to the restaurant… If he had to decide whether a new containment, such as the one put in place from 17 march, the government should once again declare a state health emergency.

The opposition mobilized to enforce the law of manifestation

But the opposition of the right as on the left have denounced the text, which amounts in reality to “the state of emergency that does not say its name “. They have sought point-by-point to remove its provisions, in particular those concerning the right to protest. The socialist Hervé Saulignac, who had advocated in vain a motion of dismissal, has blasted a “number three-card monte “ with the maintenance of “the essential “ the exception regime, pleading for “a recovery in full of the common law “.

The elected Republicans (LR) Philippe Gosselin has also denounced a “double language “ the government with a draft law that organizes a “true-false “output the state of emergency, while Christophe Naegelen (IDU) has scoffed at a “announcement effect “ with this “hybrid regime “.

The same denunciation of a desire of government “to lure us “ (EDS), a text “useless “ (Freedoms and Territories), a “denial of the rule of law “ (BIA) or a maintenance of a “sword of Damocles on the freedoms “ (PCF), in unison of associations such as the League of rights of man, or the Union of the judiciary.

Transitional regime “justified” and ” necessary “

Face it, the elected LREM, MoDem, or Act defended a transitional regime “justified and necessary “ in the face of the virus. The “walker “ Guillaume Vuilletet held “the trial of the hidden agenda “ oppositions “an inconsistency serious “ because they suggest that “the crisis is over “.

To try however “respond to concerns “the deputies of the majority in particular have framed more in commission restrictions on gatherings. The events will be subject to an authorisation scheme “in the light of the implementation of the measures, barriers,”. Changes insufficient in the eyes of the opposition, who denounced a willingness to “curb “ the protests, while the back may be “a little hot “ socially.

Another aspect of this text that raised the “deep concern “ of the College of physicians, and of the questions up to the MoDem : the ability to extend the retention of certain data collected by health information systems, so that it should be limited to 3 months. It will be restricted to the sole purpose of epidemiological surveillance and research, Olivier Véran defending a “elongation consistent “ for “a better understanding “ the Covid-19.

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