In Poland, the conservative right leads the first round of the presidential elections

► What is the outcome of this first round of the presidential election?

According to the Polish Election Commission (PKW), outgoing President Andrzej Duda leads with 43.7% of the vote, followed by the liberal candidate Rafal Trzaskowski who wins 30.3% of the vote. In third place, Szymon Holownia obtained a score of 13.85%, a significant result for this independent candidate who succeeded in “ build something from scratch “According to Frédéric Zalewski, professor-researcher in political science at the University of Nanterre.

→ READ. In Poland, renewed hope of the opposition before the presidential

None of the other candidates exceeded the 10% threshold, some weakened by the postponement of the poll due to the coronavirus pandemic, according to the researcher. However, the epidemic has not slowed down the movement of voters. According to the PKW, the voter turnout stands at 64.4%, a higher turnout than in the previous presidential election in 2015 (48.96%).

► How can the carryover of votes be envisaged for the second round?

Andrzej Duda hopes to regain the support of far-right voters for the second round. Their main candidate, the nationalist Krzysztof Bosak won 6.75% of the vote on Sunday June 28. However, the transfer of votes is not ” not automatic “And even if Bosak is very far from the liberals, his electorate could turn to abstention, said Frédéric Zalewski.

→ ANALYSIS. In Poland, President Duda activates the populist ropes

Rafal Trzaskowski must for his part consolidate his campaign and convince new voters to hope to win. Szymon Holownia has already made it clear that he will not be voting for the outgoing president, but to date has not expressed any support for the Liberal candidate. His electorate is far from being acquired for the mayor of Warsaw, underlines the researcher: “ if we take only the ideological criterion, it is closer to the liberals, but it is above all strongly anti-system, it is an unpredictable electorate and that we know little about. »

► What are the main challenges of the election?

« The high turnout shows that there is a very strong stake around these elections, with a cleavage between very traditional values ​​and a more liberal policy. », Underlines Frédéric Zalewski. On the one hand, the conservative Andrzej Duda, supported by the Law and Justice party (PiS), carried out several attacks against the rights of homosexuals during the campaign. Criticized by his European neighbors who believe that his reforms, especially in the justice sector, undermine democracy, the outgoing president is however considered a key ally of his American counterpart, Donald Trump.

In opposition, from the Civic Coalition (KO) party, the mayor of Warsaw has positioned himself as a liberal and europhile candidate, defending the rights of homosexual people and expressing his sympathies for Europe. ” Even if the Polish president has limited powers, if he wins, Trzaskowski would be a pro-European ally “Explains the researcher from the University of Nanterre. His victory would also strike a heavy blow to PiS, creating an institutional blockage, while a re-election of Duda would consolidate the party’s grip on power, at least until the legislative elections scheduled for 2023.

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In Germany, 30,000 suspected pedophiles in the crosshairs

Germany is carrying out a large-scale investigation which suspects up to 30,000 people of pedophile activities on the Internet. It is one of the largest such cases in the country, while tougher sentences for perpetrators are under debate.

“I did not expect, even from afar, the extent of child abuse on the net”, was alarmed at a press conference Peter Biesenbach, Minister of Justice for the region of North Rhine-Westphalia (in the west of the country) where the scandal broke out last fall. The investigators were alerted by Canadian police officers who discovered child pornography content from this region. A 42-year-old man was arrested in Bergisch Gladbach, near Cologne, whose trial is scheduled to start in August. Large quantities of child pornography had been found in his apartment.

Following this arrest, the police uncovered the existence of various discussion groups with several thousand participants who are in the crosshairs of German justice. So far, at least 40 victims have been identified in the context of this case.

Out of anonymity all users of pedophile networks on the net

“We want to get out of the anonymity of the Internet the perpetrators who abuse children and those who support themsaid the Minister of Justice. Authors who communicate in the forums consider child abuse to be “normal” and find a large number of like-minded people. The inhibition thresholds drop. “ Peter Biesenbach added: “If we are to actively combat child abuse on the Internet, we must also talk about the legal regulations on data storage. One cannot work without the other ”.

Since the first arrest in Bergisch Gladbach in October 2019, more than 70 suspects have been identified across Germany. Several are currently on trial. Last May, a 27-year-old soldier was sentenced to ten years in prison and placed in a mental hospital. Thanks to the seizure of videos and photos in the man’s cellar, 11 other people were arrested in early June.

Towards tougher sentences

This investigation comes after several cases of pedophilia revealed in recent years and which have shocked the country. Yes “More and more cases of abuse are being revealed” in North Rhine-Westphalia, it is thanks to the increased investigation in the region, explains Michael Maatz, vice-president of a police union. “We must therefore expect that in the coming months, other networks of pedophiles will be exposed”, he warned.

→ PORTRAIT. Fabien Lefèvre, an educator against pedophile crime

The new revelations at the beginning of June on the disappearance 13 years ago in Portugal of the small British Maddie McCann, and the identification of a new suspect, in detention in Kiel (North), propelled in the public debate the need for increased severity against the perpetrators of pedophile crimes. Several political leaders are now demanding the lifting of anonymity for anyone distributing or receiving child pornography.

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Sheffield United – Arsenal – 1: 2. Goals and Highlights

Sheffield United – Arsenal – 1: 2.


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How will ‘crisis manager’ keep Merkel Europe together?

Angela Merkel confidently begins a historically difficult task in the final phase of her chancellorship. How can the European Union, deeply affected and weakened by the corona crisis, be helped to recover?

Germany will hold the rotating EU Presidency in the next six months. That places the Chancellor, even more than usual, at the center of European politics.

“Europe needs us,” she said recently without false modesty in the Bundestag. “As we need Europe.” The pandemic has, according to Merkel, “exposed how fragile the European project is.” The Union faces the greatest challenge of its existence, due to the corona crisis and the resulting economic downturn.

Merkel has been in power for almost fifteen years now. None of the European heads of government have been around for so long. Not only will her extensive experience as a crisis manager be tested in the coming months. She will also want to prove that she believes in the EU and that she is ready to devote political capital to holding and strengthening the EU together.

Until her own party, it has long been doubted whether she really had an eye for the European interest. “She’s destroying my Europe,” Helmut Kohl (Chancellor from 1982 to 1998) is said to have complained to friends in 2011.

But now Merkel – “as someone who lived the first 35 years of her life in the GDR” – says that Europe “fills me with great gratitude for its democratic promise of freedom and equality. And with the obligation to fully commit myself to this European promise. ” For someone who doesn’t really like big words, that’s almost a creed.

Her starting position for the next six months is strong. She is still the most valued politician in Germany – 71 percent of Germans are satisfied with her, according to a recent poll.

Its coalition government, initially made weak by a series of internal conflicts, has been moving with closed ranks since the beginning of the corona crisis. Its Christian Democrats are higher in the polls than they had been for years, and would get close to 40 percent of the vote.

Moreover, its European politics can count on particularly broad support in the German parliament. Euroscepticism, as so strongly represented in the Dutch parliament, is only played in the Bundestag by the radical right-wing AfD.

All this gives Merkel valuable backing for when Germany will soon have to compromise in Brussels and have to dig deep into its pockets.

Merkel with the Franse president Emmanuel Macron in 2017.
Photo of Julien Warnand / EPA

Double task

The Federal Chancellor has set herself a double task for the European Presidency. Firstly, it wants to limit the impact of the corona crisis on public health and secondly, strongly promote economic recovery. With a view to the somewhat longer term, it wants to better equip the EU for a future in which Europe is more dependent on itself. The aim is to promote European sovereignty in a world increasingly dominated by the United States and China.

Two more major issues will be high on the European agenda in the coming months: the negotiations on the new EU budget and the settlement of Brexit. But Germany as EU president is not at the forefront of this.

European climate policy, digitization and relations with China will have to do with less attention than Berlin intended before the corona crisis broke out. The European Commission will launch a new initiative for migration policy in September.

In fact, the starting signal for the German Presidency, which officially starts on 1 July, echoed through Europe six weeks ago. On Monday, May 18, Merkel and French President Macron jointly presented their massive 500 billion euro recovery plan.

The plan was an important signal. Germany, which had always opposed the pooling of debt in the EU, now agreed that the Union would take on debt to finance the bailout plan. To keep the EU together, Merkel made a major political turn as a prelude to the six months in which she held the presidency.

In the meantime, the European Commission has put its own, even more extensive, plan on the table, which is now difficult to negotiate. The Netherlands, Austria, Denmark and Sweden have objected that aid for countries in great financial distress may be disbursed as gifts or grants, rather than as loans, which must be repaid.

In Germany there is much less political resistance to this. In the Bundestag, former SPD leader Martin Schulz, who was also president of the European Parliament, called the Netherlands and its supporters tauntly “wealth separatists”. Only the liberal FDP openly protested this misguided wording.

Merkel expressed himself more diplomatically this weekend. “I expect each of us to put ourselves in the situation of the others and look at the problems from their perspective,” she said in an interview with the Southgerman newspaper and some other European newspapers. For countries that already have a lot of debt, extra loans are less useful than subsidies. I am working to convince those countries that have agreed to loans so far, but reject subsidies. ”

Merkel with then-Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker (links), EU Commissioner Frans Timmermans (rear) and then President of the European Council Donald Tusk (right) in 2015.
Photo Olivier Hoslet / EPA

Geopolitical background

The fact that Merkel suddenly no longer keeps his hand on the pulse has both an economic and a geopolitical background. As the largest and strongest economy in Europe, Germany has relatively good maps compared to many southern countries to overcome the crisis. At home, the Merkel government has already earmarked hundreds of billions to get the economy going again, keep businesses running or even partially nationalize them.

Poorer EU Member States have far fewer financial options. If they do not receive aid, not only will an important outlet for Germany threaten to shrink, but the gap between poor and rich countries in the EU will then widen further than it already is.

This could dangerously disrupt the balance of power in the EU, the political class in Germany realizes. If the big, rich country in the middle of Europe becomes even stronger while other countries are left behind, it can easily fuel the aversion to and fear of yet another strikingly dominant Germany.

“We should not allow the pandemic to disperse the economic prospects of the Member States, thereby weakening the common internal market, a core element of Europe,” Merkel said earlier this month. In other words, it is a well-understood German self-interest to ensure that the balance in Europe is not further disrupted.

It is still unclear whether Merkel will also work hard on the intention to redesign the Union. Macron has been waiting in vain for German willingness to cooperate with his reform plans for almost three years.

The coalition agreement of the current (fourth) Merkel cabinet, of the CDU / CSU and SPD, initially seemed to be a sign that Berlin wanted to accept the outstretched hand of Paris. “A new beginning for Europe”, is its ambitious title. Those words did not lead to many concrete new steps – until Merkel and Macron presented their recovery plan.

Suddenly, German politicians, including Finance Minister Olaf Scholz (SPD), believed that a step had finally been taken towards a true political union and a United States of Europe. Merkel himself does not use the latter term. She advocates caution in this matter, saying that in the current crisis, there is no time to make treaty changes.

Merkel often emphasizes that European countries must cooperate much more closely, for example in foreign policy and defense. However, the Presidency will last only six months, and in that short period, Germany will at most be able to initiate new discussions in this sensitive area.

The experienced politician Alexander Lambsdorff of the liberal FDP, sister party of the VVD and D66 in Europe, does not expect Merkel to come up with, or even with a vision, great impetus for reform and further integration of the EU. “She never did that. She has always been a crisis manager, never a Helmut Kohl. That will not change anymore. ”

Correction (June 29, 2020): An earlier version of this article stated that Germany will chair the European Council. That should be: President of the Council of the European Union, or more briefly: EU President. That has been adjusted above.

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“Even Herkus would score from that position with his weight”

Football agent Dmitry Selyuk said he was surprised by the excitement around the goal of Russian striker Celta Fedor Smolov in the match of the 32nd round. Examples against Barcelona (2: 2).

– I don’t understand the long hysteria about Smolov’s goal against Barcelona. But those who know football, saw that Smolov had a bad match, ”Selyuk said.

– If Fedya had not scored such a goal for Barcelona, ​​then he would have to pay not three million, but three thousand. He lost almost all martial arts in an hour of playing time. It is amazing how Hercus bought it for 10 million and paid 3 million in Lokomotiv. What difference does it make, which team to score when you do it empty. Even Herkus would have scored from this position with his weight.

– It is noteworthy that after the goal everyone ran to the soccer player who assisted Smolov, and not to Feda, no one even congratulated him on the goal. We saw how Aspas was unhappy at the moment when he did not give him the transfer, then Aspas himself returned the favor. Why didn’t he play with Semin? Because he did not play for the team and was on clean balls, ”the agent added.

Recall that the 30-year-old Smolov joined Celta on loan last winter. The rights to the player belong to Lokomotiv.

Celta – Barcelona – 2: 2. Goals and Highlights

Read also:

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“Even Herkus would score from that position with his weight”

Football agent Dmitry Selyuk said he was surprised by the excitement around the goal of Russian striker Celta Fedor Smolov in the match of the 32nd round. Examples against Barcelona (2: 2).

– I don’t understand the long hysteria about Smolov’s goal against Barcelona. But those who know football, saw that Smolov had a bad match, ”Selyuk said.

– If Fedya had not scored such a goal for Barcelona, ​​then he would have to pay not three million, but three thousand. He lost almost all martial arts in an hour of playing time. It is amazing how Hercus bought it for 10 million and paid 3 million in Lokomotiv. What difference does it make, which team to score when you do it empty. Even Herkus would have scored from this position with his weight.

– It is noteworthy that after the goal everyone ran to the soccer player who assisted Smolov, and not to Feda, no one even congratulated him on the goal. We saw how Aspas was unhappy at the moment when he did not give him the transfer, then Aspas himself returned the favor. Why didn’t he play with Semin? Because he did not play for the team and was on clean balls, ”the agent added.

Recall that the 30-year-old Smolov joined Celta on loan last winter. The rights to the player belong to Lokomotiv.

Celta – Barcelona – 2: 2. Goals and Highlights

Read also:

.

“Even Herkus would score from that position with his weight”

Football agent Dmitry Selyuk said he was surprised by the excitement around the goal of Russian striker Celta Fedor Smolov in the match of the 32nd round. Examples against Barcelona (2: 2).

– I don’t understand the long hysteria about Smolov’s goal against Barcelona. But those who know football, saw that Smolov had a bad match, ”Selyuk said.

– If Fedya had not scored such a goal for Barcelona, ​​then he would have to pay not three million, but three thousand. He lost almost all martial arts in an hour of playing time. It is amazing how Hercus bought it for 10 million and paid 3 million in Lokomotiv. What difference does it make, which team to score when you do it empty. Even Herkus would have scored from this position with his weight.

– It is noteworthy that after the goal everyone ran to the soccer player who assisted Smolov, and not to Feda, no one even congratulated him on the goal. We saw how Aspas was unhappy at the moment when he did not give him the transfer, then Aspas himself returned the favor. Why didn’t he play with Semin? Because he did not play for the team and was on clean balls, ”the agent added.

Recall that the 30-year-old Smolov joined Celta on loan last winter. The rights to the player belong to Lokomotiv.

Celta – Barcelona – 2: 2. Goals and Highlights

Read also:

.

“Even Herkus would score from that position with his weight”

Football agent Dmitry Selyuk said he was surprised by the excitement around the goal of Russian striker Celta Fedor Smolov in the match of the 32nd round. Examples against Barcelona (2: 2).

– I don’t understand the long hysteria about Smolov’s goal against Barcelona. But those who know football, saw that Smolov had a bad match, ”Selyuk said.

– If Fedya had not scored such a goal for Barcelona, ​​then he would have to pay not three million, but three thousand. He lost almost all martial arts in an hour of playing time. It is amazing how Hercus bought it for 10 million and paid 3 million in Lokomotiv. What difference does it make, which team to score when you do it empty. Even Herkus would have scored from this position with his weight.

– It is noteworthy that after the goal everyone ran to the soccer player who assisted Smolov, and not to Feda, no one even congratulated him on the goal. We saw how Aspas was unhappy at the moment when he did not give him the transfer, then Aspas himself returned the favor. Why didn’t he play with Semin? Because he did not play for the team and was on clean balls, ”the agent added.

Recall that the 30-year-old Smolov joined Celta on loan last winter. The rights to the player belong to Lokomotiv.

Celta – Barcelona – 2: 2. Goals and Highlights

Read also:

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Northern Europe detects high levels of radioactivity and suspected Russian plant

The Nordic authorities announced on Saturday that this month they had detected slightly increased levels of radioactivity in northern Europe, with the Netherlands having advanced power due to the malfunctioning of a Russian nuclear power plant.

The possibility was, however, rejected by a spokesman for Russian nuclear energy operator Rosenergoatom, who assured, in statements to the Tass news agency, that no problems were reported.

The Leningrad plant, near St. Petersburg, and Kola, near the northern city of Murmansk, “are operating normally, with radiation levels within the norms,” ​​he added.

Finnish, Norwegian and Swedish nuclear security watchers said this week they had detected small amounts of radioactive isotopes that are harmless to humans and the environment in parts of Finland, southern Scandinavia and the Arctic.

The Swedish Radiological Safety Authority said on Tuesday that it was not possible for now to “confirm the source of the increased levels” or the origin of a cloud containing radioactive isotopes that would be over the skies in northern Europe.

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