Joaquin Phoenix and Rooney Mara, a most secret couple in Hollywood

“She despises me”, first thinks Joaquin Phoenix when he met Rooney Mara, on the set of Her (2013). He will discover over time that she was just “shy”. Usually very discreet about his life as a couple, the interpreter of the Joker – who won the trophy for best actor in a dramatic film – and the heroine of Carol (2015) nevertheless offered themselves a rare public appearance on the red carpet of the Oscars, in Hollywood, on Sunday, February 9. Joaquin Phoenix won the best actor trophy there. A month earlier, the duo had already appeared together at the Golden Globes ceremony in Beverly Hills.

In October 2018, Joaquin Phoenix had split a rare interview on the beginnings of their romance in the columns of Vanity Fair. “She is the only woman I have ever contacted on the Internet,” he said, almost candid. We were only friends, the kind who exchange emails. I had never done that. Never contacted a woman on the Internet. ”

A rebellious couple


Rooney Mara and Joaquin Phoenix at the 2017 Cannes Film Festival

Rooney Mara and Joaquin Phoenix formalize their relationship at the 2017 Cannes Festival. (May 28, 2017.)

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Their meeting in 2013 is, first of all, a missed meeting. At the time, Rooney Mara was in a relationship with director Charlie McDowell (The Discovery) since 2010. Joaquin Phoenix has caused a scandal on the arm of DJ Allie Teilz, 19 years old. The story lasts three months, then radio silence. In 2016, the actor was proclaimed single by the tabloids. Rooney Mara, on the other hand, has not been photographed on the arm of his companion since August. The paths of the two actors (re) cross that year, in Italy, on the set of Marie Madeleine. She plays the main role, incarnates Jesus to her.

It was at this point that the duo fell “madly in love”. If the two actors manage to be discreet, an instant stolen from the balcony of a hotel room in Matera, in November 2016, betrays them somewhat. We see the couple smoking a cigarette and remaking the world. “They worked together on the films Her, Marie Madeleine, and their next project (Don’t Worry, He Won’t Get Far on Foot (2018), by Gus Van Sant, Editor’s note), however, defend the spokespersons of the actors. They have been good friends for a long time. ”

The couple, a bit rebellious, do not facilitate their task. In January 2017, he dried the Golden Globes for the benefit of a stay together “in the desert”, reports Page Six. Only downside, the film Lion, in which Rooney Mara officiates, is in the running … in four categories. The unexpected happens on the evening of the closing of the Cannes Film Festival, May 28, 2017. She shines in her white dress Dior logo, adorned with a Peter Pan collar; charms the Croisette in a black suit and bow tie. In the Lumière Room, when he just received the prize for male interpretation for A Beautiful Day, Joaquin Phoenix fleetingly seizes the hand of his partner, then hugs him tenderly when he leaves the stage.

“In their bubble”


Joaquin Phoenix and Rooney Mara

Joaquin Phoenix and Rooney Mara arrive at the Joker premiere, by Todd Phillips. (Los Angeles, September 28, 2019.)

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In September 2017, Joaquin Phoenix confides in the columns of the New york times that Rooney Mara has taken up residence at his home in his Hollywood Hills villa. Luckily, both share the same lifestyle. “They don’t like going out,” says an anonymous source. Daily Mail. They mainly like to be both. They are in their own bubble. ” Together, Joaquin and Rooney eat vegan, watch “ten hours of the documentary series The StaircaseAnd take karate lessons.

Without counting the (numerous) nocturnal exchanges: “Rooney said to me the other night,” Do you realize how many great opportunities you had? All these films? “, Says the actor of 44 years in columns of Vanity Fair. I said, “That’s right, I was so lucky,” there were so many movies I thought to myself, “I don’t know if I can have a better experience.” In short, they cultivate their secret garden, and only offer themselves rare public appearances – like August 2, at a dinner in Los Angeles, where they each sported a black and white set.

In video, Tom Hanks very moved on the stage of the Golden Globes

“A disgusting little dragon”

In May 2019, the diamond ring sported by Rooney Mara raises new questions. Would the couple be engaged? During the following summer, certain sources close to the duo confirm the event in the columns ofUs Weekly. Again, the two actors are not making waves. And continue to exchange in coded messages.

September 9, 2019 People’s Choice Award winner at the Toronto Festival, for his role as the Joker, Joaquin Phoenix pins his beauty in public: “One last thing, somewhere here, I don’t know where, is a disgusting little dragon , and I want to rip off its wings and make it a cover and sleep in it forever, he says. I love you. Thank you.”

A strange tribute to the 34-year-old actress and her role as Lisbeth Salander, who has a dragon tattooed on the body. On September 28, 2019, the couple, all dressed in black, pointed at the preview of the Joker by Todd Phillips, in Los Angeles. Arrived hand in hand, Joaquin Phoenix and Rooney Mara exchanged knowing looks and smiles. A rare spotlight on this mysterious romance lived in the shade of the Hill.

* This article originally published on October 7, 2019 has been updated.

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The State releases 7 billion euros to avoid the bankruptcy of Air France

Heard Wednesday in the Senate, Anne-Marie Couderc who chairs the Air France KLM group, was very clear. The French government’s announcement of massive aid to Air France was a matter of days. She was right. Friday evening, after a board meeting, the state, which owns 14.3% of the Air France KLM group, unveiled its plan to fly to the rescue of its national airline.

The financial envelope is impressive: 7 billion euros will be contributed to Air France in early May. This support will be provided in two ways: on the one hand, 4 billion euros in bank loans guaranteed by the State at 90%; on the other hand, a shareholder advance by the state of 3 billion, which Bercy will draw from the envelope of 20 billion intended for capital operations voted in the framework of the latest amending finance law.

KLM must also receive aid from the Dutch state. We are talking about 2 to 4 billion. But this plan should not be ready for a few days or even a few weeks.

Air France KLM group loses 25 million euros per day

This intervention by the French state in favor of Air France is anything but a surprise. As early as mid-March, the government claimed it would support its flagship company. On April 8, Bruno Le Maire, put the points on the i: “This is not a boost that Air France will need, it is massive support from the Statesaid the Minister of Economy. And Air France will have this massive support from the state. We want to preserve the airline which is a French industrial flagship at all costs.

There was an urgent need for the State to keep its promise because, in this period when world transport is almost at a standstill, Air France KLM is playing with its survival like others. “A need for liquidity is expected in the third quarter of 2020”, recognized Anne-Marie Couderc on Wednesday. Because even if Air France has an activity reduced to less than 5% of its usual offer and therefore a tiny turnover, its fixed costs (loans to pay for planes, maintenance, personnel costs despite the use of short-time working…) remain huge. As a result, the Air France KLM group is losing 25 million euros a day.

A scenario seems to be emerging which could be a return to the level of activity from 2019 around 2022

Ben Smith, CEO of Air France KLM

Aid from the French government was all the more expected since many other countries have already drawn their plans to save their companies. Singapore bailed out Singapore Airlines. The Trump administration has developed a package of measures for airlines worth $ 50 billion (25 billion in loans and 25 billion in aid).

This contribution of fresh money will be welcome for Air France because air transport is likely to be in turmoil for a long time. “A scenario seems to be emerging which could be a return to the level of activity from 2019 around 2022”, Air France KLM chief executive Ben Smith said in the Senate on Wednesday. This help, the group also counts on it to be able to participate in the consolidation of the sector which, according to Ben Smith will take place “In the world and in Europe.” Clearly, at the end of the crisis, be able to buy companies in bad shape or enter their capital.

If France has been slow to complete this rescue plan, it is for several reasons. First, it had to coordinate with the Netherlands, also shareholders of the Air France KLM group to the extent of 14.3% and with whom relations on the group’s governance are often troubled.

To convince French banks – two of the largest French banks would miss the rescue of space – and international banks, the French government had to guarantee loans up to 90% rather than 70%. Above all, it must make a commitment now, through the shareholder advance which gives guarantees of a future recapitalization. “The involvement of the banks shows their confidence”, indicates a source close to the file.

Hop! under pressure

In return, Air France has committed to making two copies: an economic plan, which must, according to someone close to the case, “Air France one of the most profitable airlines in its category”, and an ecological plan.

The group’s transformation plan presented in November will be “Accentuated”said Ben Smith on Wednesday. Air France’s domestic network, structurally in heavy losses, could be revised downwards. Among the ideas mentioned, reduce the interregional links provided by Hop! and transfer Air France routes from Orly to Transavia, the group’s low-cost subsidiary.

The company will continue to offset 100% of its carbon emissions on all its domestic flights as it has been doing for a few months

This restructuring will join ecological ambition. For the government, the plane is no longer justified when there is a rail alternative in less than two and a half hours (except to power the hub). The company will also continue to offset 100% of its carbon emissions on all its domestic flights as it has been doing for a few months. And it will continue to renew its fleet at the rate planned with planes that consume less fuel. The government needed this commitment: it would have been difficult to lend billions if its flagship company did not make efforts in this area at a time when air transport’s responsibility for global warming was singled out.

The same advice for all files

Two banks – Crédit Agricole CIB and Citi – and a law firm – Allen & Overy – will support Bercy for all of the major “hot” files of the coming weeks and months.

This “horizontal mandate” relates, from concordant sources, to the implementation of loans guaranteed by the State (PGE) to very large companies, and in particular to groups of the portfolio of the State shareholder, as well as to the deployment of 20 billion euros planned – at this stage – for possible capital transactions and included in the just adopted amending finance law.

The PGE procedure for large groups was released last weekend by Fnac Darty (500 million euros, guaranteed by the State at 70%).

The Air France file, closed on Friday, was much more complex. The company is advised by HSBC bank. The state is also supported by the BDGS cabinet for the occasion.

See also –Social distancing: why conventional airlines are better off – Watch on Figaro Live

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Amazon keeps its French warehouses closed

Amazon France has lost the legal showdown engaged by the SUD union. The e-merchant drew the consequences Friday evening, and decided to extend the closure of its French warehouses until April 28. During this period, he will continue to pay his employees in full.

The decision rendered today by the Versailles Court of Appeal reinforces the idea that the main issue is not so much security, as the desire of certain trade union organizations to take advantage of a complex consultation process with social and economic committees, says Amazon. The penalty, as specified by the Court of Appeal, could imply that even a tiny rate of accidental treatment of unauthorized products, of the order of 0.1%, could result in a penalty of more than a billion euros per week. Unfortunately, this means that we have no choice but to extend the temporary suspension of the activity of our French distribution centers.

The Versailles Court of Appeal largely confirmed on Friday the decision rendered in summary proceedings on April 14 by the court of Nanterre. Amazon must restrict the activity of its French warehouses to certain categories of products; while waiting to make up for shortcomings related to employee health security.

This does not prevent Amazon, which had closed all of its warehouses following the first decision, to continue its commercial activity and to deliver its French customers from its warehouses abroad, or when shipping is taken care of by third-party sellers from its marketplace. From Fnac Darty to Cdiscount, most of his rivals have seen no impact from the closure of Amazon’s French warehouses on their own e-commerce activity for the past ten days.

Like the Nanterre court, the appellate court accuses Amazon of gaps in the protection of its employees from the risks associated with Covid-19. It also sanctions him for not having sufficiently consulted the employee representative bodies. The SUD union welcomed the ruling on Friday. “We welcome it. Amazon pays for ignoring alerts from staff, unions, and the Labor Inspectorate. He pays for the fact that he felt that everything had been done to protect employees. The judgment challenges this postulate in a major manner “, says Laurent Degousée, SUD-Solidaires central delegate.

SUD and CFDT lawyers point out that the judgment is all the more significant since it took into account Amazon’s practices at the date of the hearing in the court of appeal and not during the action in the first place.

As a result of these breaches, the court ordered Amazon to review its copy. The e-merchant is ordered to carry out an assessment of the professional risks linked to the Covid-19 epidemic across all of its French warehouses, this time involving staff representatives.

The court of appeal went further than the court in Nanterre, by requiring that the central social and economic committee (CSE) of the company in France be associated with this consultation, as well as the local CSEs of the six sites studied. Amazon has so far only done site by site. The e-merchant will have to implement all the protective measures that are missing.

“A long-awaited stop”

Until the American giant complies with its obligations, the court forced the company to restrict the products received, prepared and shipped to its warehouses. It thus confirms the first instance decision but widens the range of products that Amazon has the right to process in its warehouses, and above all, specifies the list. After the April 14 decision, Amazon said it could not distinguish in detail between authorized and prohibited products. Is a nail clipper an essential product? Faced with this uncertainty which could cost it dearly, Amazon had chosen to close all its warehouses. The court this time ordered Amazon to reduce the activity of its warehouses to high-tech products, computer, office, pet, health and body care, drugstore, grocery and drinks.

The court ruled that Amazon’s actions were not up to the pandemic and had been taken day by day without a master plan

Lionel Vuidard, associate lawyer at Linklaters

The penalty imposed in the event of default has also been reduced, to 100,000 euros per product, instead of 1 million euros. Insufficient, however, in the eyes of Amazon, who believes that the risk of an exorbitant penalty is still too high.

Beyond Amazon, the decision of the Versailles Court of Appeal will be scrutinized by a number of companies. “This judgment was eagerly awaited by our customers, who sometimes say that they have not done any better in terms of employee protection”, notes Lionel Vuidard, associate lawyer at Linklaters. The court did not deny that Amazon had taken numerous protective measures (reorganization of the shift gates, deactivation of the gantry cranes to smooth the passage, freezing, proposed temperature measurement, etc.).

“What is striking is that Amazon has implemented many measures”, Sabrina Kemel, lawyer at FTMS, also notes. But “The court considered that these actions were not up to the pandemic and had been taken day by day without a master plan mastered”, explains Lionel Vuidard. Amazon pays mainly for the gaps in social dialogue within the company. “The CSE should have been consulted on major changes which have changed the organization of work but have not been. However, this does not explain the restriction of activity “, believes the lawyer.

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State guaranteed loan of 5 billion euros under study for Renault

The Minister of the Economy Bruno Le Maire announced this Friday that the French State envisaged a bank loan guaranteed by the State of approximately 5 billion euros to help the automobile group Renault to cross the crisis of the coronavirus.

“We are working on a loan of 5 billion euros for Renault, which this time would be a loan guaranteed by the State”, declared the minister on TF1. “What is at stake? It’s our automotive industry, it’s an industrial flagship that belongs to our culture, to our history, Renault! It’s a million jobs across our territory that are linked to the automotive industry ”said Bruno Le Maire. Emphasizing character “historical” of the crisis, the minister continued: “I want every entrepreneur, whether he is the head of an SME, a VSE, or the head of a large company, to know that the State will be by his side and that we will do everything that ‘It will cost, whatever the cost, to defend our businesses’, he said in particular.

This state aid had been in the air for several weeks: as of April 8, Bruno Le Maire had opened the door to state support for the builder, in which he controlled 15% of the capital. Renault was confident Thursday on its solvency, despite a turnover which plunged 19.2% in the first quarter, to 10.1 billion euros, victim of the collapse of the world market caused by the coronavirus epidemic.

“A safety net, nothing more”

The group, degraded by the rating agencies, burned 5.5 billion cash over three months for the automotive activity alone. However, it still had 10.3 billion in cash reserves at the end of March, said Renault, however. Acting Executive Director Clotilde Delbos said on a conference call with analysts on Thursday that the use of state-guaranteed loans represented “Only a safety net (…), nothing more” and that this was justified by the unknowns on the duration of the crisis and the pace of recovery.

The French manufacturer, which recorded its first losses in ten years last year, had seen its rating lowered in April to the rank of speculative investment by Standard and Poor’s. The manufacturer’s global sales volumes to the five brands (Renault, Dacia, Lada, Renault Samsung Motors and Alpine) fell 25.9% to 672,962 vehicles, in a market that tumbled 24.6% in January to March, which allowed it to maintain its market share of 4.1%.

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An abysmal drop in oil, a small drop in gas prices

LE FIGARO INFO – From 1 May, the regulated gas prices applied by Engie will drop by 1.3%.

Since January 1, 2019, Engie's fares have dropped 23.2%.
Since January 1, 2019, Engie’s fares have dropped 23.2%. Jean-Christophe MARMARA / Le Figaro

These days, the consumer is hanging on to the slightest good news. This is one of them: from 1 May, according to our information, the regulated gas prices applied by Engie (ex-GDF Suez) will drop by 1.3%. For a long time, Engie’s administered prices have been linked to oil prices. But that is no longer the case, which explains why the next move does not reflect the incredible downward spiral of crude oil seen in recent weeks. Regulated gas prices now stick to changes in gas market prices. However, their decline is significant: since January 1, 2019, Engie’s prices have dropped by 23.2%.

3.7 million French households are still subscribed to gas with regulatory tariffs. A figure which recedes regularly. In 2023, there will be none left

Currently, some 3.7 million French households are still subscribed to gas with regulatory tariffs. A figure which recedes regularly. In 2023, there will be none left: the law stipulates on that date the end of regulated prices for natural gas, after several decades of a well-marked system. This means that the customers concerned will have to choose a market offer from the supplier of their choice by this deadline: this can be Engie, at market price, or one of its many competitors (EDF, Total Direct Energy, Eni, ekWateur…). In the meantime, the legislative system provides for the dispatch by Engie of five regulatory letters advising of the new deal, as well as information and awareness-raising actions.

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how much do screening tests cost?

500,000 screening tests per week from May 11. The government’s objective is clear: the end of containment will be accompanied by a major screening campaign. For the past few weeks, the executive has displayed its willingness to evolve on its strategy in the face of the new Coronavirus, in order to avoid an upsurge in the epidemic in the coming weeks.

If you have symptoms and want to know if you are sick, or if you have been in close contact with a person who is known to be sick, you can, you should benefit from this virological test», Assured Olivier Véran. Currently, 150,000 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests are performed each week, said the Minister of Health last week. For comparison, Germany already performs an average of 400,000 tests per week, according to the Robert-Koch Institute.

In April, the departmental laboratories came to reinforce the national effort, whereas they had been excluded from human biology since 2011. “ At the rate at which things are changing, it is difficult to be certain of the number of tests that can be carried out after May 11Explains to Figaro Frédéric Altare, immunologist and research director at Inserm.

How much do PCR type screening tests cost?

Conventional PCR tests, which seek to detect the presence of the virus, are billed by city laboratories for 54 euros and are carried out on medical prescription. “Their price was defined by an agreement between the Health Insurance, the manufacturers, the city laboratories and the State “Says the Ministry of Health. They were registered, on March 8, 2020, in the nomenclature of medical biology acts by order of the Minister of Health.

These tests are reimbursed up to 60% by Health Insurance (CNAM), like any biology test, while the mutual (or CMUc) covers the remaining 40%. “The price of the tests takes into account the pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical phases. It is also the gross cost of the reagent, quality controls, labor cost for the sample preparation and testing stages, as well as the time for biological validation and interpretation of the test.Explains to Figaro the Union of Young Medical Biologists. Tests not included in the nomenclature are not reimbursed. Their purchase price per unit varies between 30 and 50 euros.

How much do serology tests cost?

In addition to conventional screening methods, healthcare professionals are looking into the use of serological tests. Carried out from a blood test, these tests can detect people who have developed a form of immunity against the virus thanks to the presence of antibodies. These tests are not, to date, listed in the nomenclature and are therefore not reimbursed by Health Insurance. They remain the responsibility of the patient or of various actors through local initiatives, such as town halls, departments or nursing homes.

Today, the situation around serological tests is very confused. Many non-validated tests circulate on the market, with a price oscillating between 10 and 25 euros per unit for quick tests at your fingertips “Explains the Union of Young Medical Biologists.

The ELISA serology test, developed by the major diagnostic manufacturers, displays unit prices around 15 euros. Last week, the Swiss pharmaceutical group Roche, announced that it is working actively with the American drug agency, the Food and drug administration (FDA), to obtain a marketing authorization for the tests in early May, as part of an emergency procedure.

Limited production capacities

The new nature of the epidemic restricts the ability of manufacturers to set up test production lines sufficient to support global demand in record time. “ The limited production capacity explains the rather high cost of the tests. In addition, the PCR technique requires the use of high technology, which is very expensive vis-à-vis serology. Not all French laboratories are equipped with machines and reagents“Explains the Union of Young Medical Biologists.

Mass production of PCR tests on French soil would require the purchase of expensive machines. “ These machines cost between 100,000 and 150,000 euros, or even 250,000 for the most expensive. The cheapest are available around 50,000 euros“, Continues the Syndicate. In addition to purchasing equipment, laboratory staff should also be trained in the use of the tests.

If the French production capacities remain limited, the executive thus puts on the order of these tests by millions. But competition for the purchase of tests is raging between countries. Like China and the United States, with the giants Abbott, Becton Dickinson and Cepheid, the countries benefiting from diagnostic industrialists on their soils supply local demand first before exporting. While some states have chosen, for the time being, not to export.

Testing the entire population in PCR would be very difficult in terms of means, the sampling is rigorous, long and painful. In addition, a negative test can be positive 2 days later and it is impossible to screen everyone, as regularly“, Supports the Syndicate. “The idea would be to draw inspiration from states like Taiwan or South Korea who have implemented a targeted strategy, a strict confinement of positive people and a system of tracing those around them. The hotels could allow the future confinement of those affected ”.

If their reliability rate, of the order of 60%, remains to be improved, the use of a massive use of serological tests seems feasible. “ Analysis laboratories are equipped and capable of producing hundreds of thousands per dayExplains the Syndicate. For its part, the Ministry of Health tells the Figaro than “serology tests, not validated for diagnosis or immunity research, will only be deployed selectively for specific uses (seroprevalence or new studies) ” During questions to the government on Tuesday, Edouard Philippe showed reluctance in the face of a “usage doctrineOf these tests. The Prime Minister considered that their low reliability rate did not allow “to design a public health policy” He also questioned the value of this type of screening even though immunity to the new coronavirus has not been established.

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justice maintains restrictions on the sale of products in France

A mixed victory for the Solidaires union union. This Friday, the Versailles Court of Appeal confirmed the judgment rendered ten days earlier by the Nanterre court. Amazon will therefore “proceed, by associating staff representatives, with the assessment of the occupational risks inherent in the Covid-19 epidemic in all of its warehouses as well as the implementation of the measures provided for in article L. 4121-1 of the resulting Labor Code

Nevertheless, the American group obtained a relaxation of the restriction of the activity of its warehouses. Previously reserved for a limited number of categories of goods, such as groceries or health, its warehouses can now also handle those belonging to groups “High-tech, IT, Office”, “Everything for animals in the Home, DIY, Pet shop” section, Health and body care, Men, Nutrition, Parapharmacy in the Beauty, Health and Well-being section“And”Groceries, Drinks and Maintenance“Declares the Court of Appeal.

The company has two days to submit to these rules, pending a risk assessment. After this time, she exposes herself to “a fine of 100,000 euros“For each prepared order that does not fall within this framework,”for a maximum of one month

Social partners welcome decision

During a telephone press conference, several union players welcomed the decision of the court of appeal. The CFDT lawyer thus welcomed “sacred union»Of the social partners facing Amazon. “Before the Court of Appeal, we had a real collaborative work“Between unions for”resist the arguments raisedBy the group, he said. The secretary general of FO Transports, Patrice Clos, said that “David won against Goliath“:”even if we are a global and American mega-giant moreover, that does not prevent that there are French laws and that we must respect them“, He hammered. The CGT Transport Federation, for its part, regretted the posture “hard-hittingFrom the firm.

Shortly after the communication from the court of appeal, the Amazon group reacted. In a press release, the company said it had “noted the outcome of [son] call” “We will assess as soon as possible the consequences of this decision for our business as well as for our employees, for customers in France as well as for the many French VSEs and SMEs who rely on Amazon to develop their business.He wrote.

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New consultation on the support plan for the hotel and restaurant sectors

Will cafes, bars and restaurants reopen on June 15? If the government still refuses to provide an answer to this question, it nevertheless wishes to assure this sector in crisis of its support.

With this in mind, Emmanuel Macron held a videoconference on Friday morning with representatives of the hotel, catering and tourism sectors, in the presence of Bruno Le Maire (Economy), Gérald Darmanin (Budget) and Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne ( Trade). The meeting was devoted to the aid plan intended to support this sector hard hit by the coronavirus crisis.

“A strategy at local and national level” necessary

A recovery plan from which professionals expect a lot, in particular the exemption from the payment of local taxes in 2020, the cancellation of rents for six months and the at least partial coverage of operating losses.

Thursday, the president of the Hauts-de-France region Xavier Bertrand (ex-LR), and the mayor of Lille Martine Aubry also called on the government to mobilize asking, in particular, “The creation by the State of an investment fund”. Among them, “The incentive by the State to insurers so that they cover at least partially the loss of turnover that restaurants, cafeterias and hoteliers record”, they write with the president of the Lille European Metropolis, Damien Castelain, in a letter sent to Prime Minister Edouard Philippe and of which AFP obtained a copy.

Because if cafes and restaurants “Are ready to put in place the necessary health rules, both to protect their customers and their employees”, “A real strategy at the local level, as at the national level” is necessary “To allow the reopening in the best conditions of the hotel, cafe and restaurant sector”. Indeed, “In view of the imperatives of social distancing, a limitation in the number of tables in the dining room or on the terrace could lead a professional to work at a loss”, explain the three elected officials.

The reopening date still pending

Another strong expectation of bars, cafes and restaurants: knowing when they can reopen their establishments, of which they had to lower the curtain since March 14. A question mark on which the government does not want to lift the veil for now. Asked Wednesday about it, spokeswoman Sibeth Ndiaye did not confirm the hypothesis of a reopening on June 15. “We need time to develop the different scenarios for resumption of activity, so I obviously can not confirm this date of June 15“, She explained.

For their part, Xavier Bertrand, Martine Aubry and Damien Castelain also call to “give the profession visibility as quickly as possible, both on the health measures to be taken, but also on the possible date of recovery”.

Thursday morning, in a tribune at Le Figaro, Xavier Bertrand had already called to “save” the café-bars-restaurants which “Shape the identity of France” and find themselves stopped due to confinement. “We must save this essential link of our economic activity which is, with our museums, our cathedrals and our festivals, the pillar of our tourism, one of the emblems of our culture and a good part of the French art of living”, he said.

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caregiver vacations

The Heroes’ Rest“: Initiatives are multiplying in the tourism sector to offer caregivers fighting the Covid-19 stays or”happy holidaysTo use for their summer vacation.

At our level, we wanted to join in the surge of gratitude: a lot of initiatives are helping caregivers today and we wanted to offer something that comes after, when they can rest and get together with family“Summarizes Quentin Schaepelynck, Managing Director of Homair Vacances.

This player in the camping sector, specializing in mobile home stays, offers 10,000 vouchers, worth 250 euros each, valid throughout the summer season in the 130 destinations offered by Homair, including 104 in the ‘Hexagon.

We have already received more than 8,000 requests from caregivers, it is a huge success, and we will most likely extend the device. What we regret is not being able to offer a voucher to all caregivers“Quentin Schaepelynck told AFP.

At the end of March, the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department was the first to launch a solidarity operation, called “The Heroes’ Rest“, By providing 200”happy holidays“Of”minimum value»500 euros for stays in Béarn-Basque Country.

Other departments have followed suit, including the Var which provides 1400 lots (stays, weekends, visits, gastronomic and wine discoveries) offered by hotels, campsites or restaurants, to “Var hero– caregivers but also police, gendarmes, cashiers or cleaning agents.

“Ssupply capacity

It is clear that we will not have a big summer season, so there will be an overcapacity of the offer, as much to take advantage of it for those who have been on the front line and who will need a vacationExplains Jean-Pierre Nadir, founder of the EasyVoyages portal, to AFP.

In a column published last week on the ConfiNews.fr site, he proposed to all tourism stakeholders “to develop a project“From”happy holidaysFor caregivers this summer.

It is not just solidarity, we create a virtuous dynamic: the State, which has largely contributed to the preservation of working tools, could see a fair return on its investment. And the caregivers all having RTT and overtime stocks that we can never pay them, this would be an opportunity to discharge this debt“, According to Jean-Pierre Nadir.

The associative network of Gîtes de France – which has some 70,000 labeled accommodations, located mainly in rural areas – also asked its guests to offer summer vacations to nursing staff.

This project is being developed, but everything is subject to government announcements and a date for resumption of tourist activities“, Indicates Solange Escure, director of the Gîtes de France, who recalls that currently, 1,300 lodgings, near hospitals, are already made available to doctors, nurses or nursing assistants.

VVF Villages, one of the pioneers of social tourism in France, said it was launching the operation “Heroes’ vacation” For health personnel working in the medical sector as well as emergency services, such as firefighters engaged in the crisis for example, VVF will offer “the equivalent of free for each of the + heroes + within a family stay“, VVF told AFP.

The company with associative status, which offers 100 destinations in France, specifies that these caregivers “can go on vacation from July 2020 to the end of October 2021, subject to availability and openings” sites.

See also – Confined New Yorkers sing Sinatra’s “New York, New York” in tribute to caregivers

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towards a strong return of the car?

To avoid human contact, synonymous with the spread of the virus, the car could become the most appropriate mode of transportation from the start of the deconfinement, scheduled for May 11. Automobile revenge for some. A nightmare in perspective for others.

The Chinese example

In China, the first country to be hit hard by the Covid-19, the population tends to favor the private car at the expense of public transport. An Ipsos survey, published in mid-March, shortly before deconfinement, illustrated this distrust of the Chinese with regard to public transport, considered risky. While 56% took the bus or metro before the coronavirus crisis, this study suggested that this proportion would decrease by more than half (24%), after confinement. Even distrust vis-à-vis taxis and VTC, with usage intentions falling respectively from 21% to 15% and from 21% to 12%. Conversely, 66% of those questioned said they intended to give more priority to traveling by private car, twice as much (34%) as before the health crisis. Indeed, for several weeks, Chinese car traffic has been denser than last year at the same time.

A craze that seems to be confirmed in car sales. Tesla electric car registrations hit a record high in March, Bloomberg reports. At the start of April, Volkswagen expected to see auto sales quadruple in March in China.

Avoid promiscuity

Will it be the same in major French cities? “ A priori in France too, people are going to be much more reluctant to get on public transport or to carpool “, Anticipates Olivier Klein, researcher specialized in transport at the University of Lyon. “ After May 11, there is an extremely high risk of the explosion of the private car, in contradiction with ecological requirements “Also estimates Gilles Savary, transport specialist and consultant at Euros / Agency.

For several reasons, the massive return of the individual car, especially in city centers, seems inevitable. First of all, the car makes it possible to avoid overcrowding which will be difficult to prevent in public transport. “ We cannot confine the population and then overnight, tell them to ‘crowd into public transport’. People are going to be much less likely to be promiscuous. Those who have a car will be tempted to use it. Autosolisme (the fact of being alone in your car), will become an implicit health prescription“Says Gilles Savary. “ A reluctance for promiscuity in public transport already existed before, among the population. Today, it is legitimate with this health crisisAdds Olivier Klein.

Then, it’s a safe bet that the precautions that will be taken in public transport (disinfection of buses and train and subway trains, obligation to wear masks, or filtering the flow of travelers), will deter some number of users. “ With the constraints of social distancing that will weigh on public transportation, people will choose individual transportation “, Projects Olivier Klein. Especially since from May 11, in Île-de-France for example, we can expect a still very limited supply of public transport, of the order of 50% of metros, trams, Transiliens and TER.

A scenario already experienced this winter in the Paris region during the strikes against the pension reform. Many have relied on carpooling, bicycles or scooters in shared access. “ Bad picks there again! Like public transport, these shared mobilities are today hit hard by this health crisis. People will also feel like they are taking risks Adds Olivier Klein. The car (with the individual bike and walking), again seems to be the most detailed mode of transport.

An opportunity for the automotive sector…

While today, a large part of the car fleet is stopped due to the confinement of the population, the sector is preparing for a gradual resumption of activity after May 11. “ Even if, given the circumstances, it is difficult to rejoice, it is an opportunity for the automotive trades , concedes Xavier Horent, general delegate of the CNPA, the National Council of the automotive professions, which represents 142,000 companies in the sector and 500,000 jobs in France. ” We are thinking of measures to encourage people to buy cars in order to sell dealer stocks, he adds. The revival of the sector will pass through there. Demand will have to be stimulated, while remaining in line with the environmental and climatic objectives that remain. Cars will still have to remain accessible to the general public.

… But use of the car limited by new habits

The aftermath may indeed be complicated for many French people, more than 10 million of whom are currently on short-time work. “ Many people will lose their jobs. If economic activity is depressed, there will be less movement mechanically “, Underlines Yves Crozet, economist specialist in transport. In Île-de-France, where 5 million people commute to work by public transport every day, teleworking should be prolonged and thus slow down commuting.

In addition, to avoid a wave of cars after confinement, provisional improvements to traffic routes for the benefit of cycling and walking are being studied in several cities such as Paris, Lyon, Grenoble and Dijon. The sunny days may also more naturally encourage the use of the bicycle.

For several weeks, a good number of French people have also been limiting their trips as much as possible to go shopping. “ People are experimenting with their neighborhood traders. For some it is new. Others do it more diligently. After the deconfinement, we may move less by car to a supermarket and we will continue deliveries “, Anticipates Olivier Klein. Behaviors that could persist and reduce the use of cars in big cities.

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