“We will return to last year’s production volumes in 2021”

Minister of Industry Denis Manturov on investments in the fight against cove, support for the automobile industry and certification of the “21st Century Mainline Aircraft” – MS-21

Minister of Industry and Trade Denis Manturov / Press service of the Ministry of Industry and Trade

The deficit of protective masks and the main anti-malarial drug used to treat COVID-19 has been overcome, says Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov. Masks are produced and imported so much that stocks become too large, and investments in such production become risky. In an interview with Vedomosti, he also talked about how much production will fall and when industrial production will resume, why the first deliveries of the MS-21 aircraft will once again be postponed, and shared his vision of the work of trade missions, which was criticized by Federation Council Chairman Valentina Matvienko.

– In the Ministry of Industry and Trade, as I see it, the most stringent protection measures are masks, gloves, suits at the entrance of medical workers, temperature measurement, disinfection. Moreover, you are almost the “main violator” of the regime of self-isolation – judging by the news, you have more meetings and trips than all colleagues in the government. Are not you afraid of infection?

– For the first month, approximately from the second decade of March, I definitely did not go anywhere because we spent the day and spent the night in the ministry – it was not time for trips, and there was no need, because only the process of restructuring on new tracks was going on. Why then so many trips? Two reasons. First: in the online format it is impossible to inspect the production and make adjustments. It must be said that in almost all enterprises where I was, certain recommendations or changes in production logistics needed to be made. And the second reason: I could not personally thank the collectives of workers who reacted so responsibly to the tasks set for organizing the production of the entire anticode nomenclature.

At the Ministry of Industry and Trade, we are all regularly tested, and over the entire period the ministry’s team has probably only a few cases of cases, each of us is an emergency. And the units where the employees fell ill, we immediately completely removed to a remote site, provided quarantine. Well, the divided flows, access control, protection in the ministry and business trips – this is with us from the first day.

Unplanned investments

– Since the beginning of the pandemic, there have been complaints, especially from the regions, about the lack of the most widely used medicine in the treatment of COVID-19 – the antimalarial drug hydroxychloroquine. Foreign manufacturers, such as the French Sanofi, discussed the possibility of increasing imports. How did you solve the problem?

– Hydroxychloroquine was practically not produced in Russia, but they managed to solve the issue of support, first of all, on their own. Thus, Biocom, a member of AFK Sistema, increased its output by 173 times and produced 800,000 packages in April and May, and another 320,000 packages in June. Later, Nanolek launched its production – 130,000 packages in June. Therefore, I can say that the current needs of our country in hydroxychloroquine are completely closed. If it is needed more, we have already insured ourselves and have worked out the organization of production of the drug at the facilities of the Kurgan plant Sintez (also owned by AFK Sistema). With a complete reprofiling for the production of hydroxychloroquine, the plant will be able to produce over 1 million packages of the drug per month from July 2020. All these production sites are included in the registration certificate, so there will be no problems with the operational launch of production.

As regards imports, he helped with another drug, Pharmstandard, agreed with the Swiss Hoffmann, La Roche, and in May imported more of the tocilizumab drug used for rheumatoid arthritis than last year.

– How much did Russian enterprises invest in the production of medicines for coronavirus and personal protective equipment?

– The government allocated 25 billion rubles to the Ministry of Industry and Trade to stimulate output growth and the development of new drugs. These funds were fully distributed in the form of soft loans from our Industrial Development Fund (FRP) back in May. Including 4 billion rubles. went on to develop the personal protective equipment industry. Moreover, the FRP for the first time in history credited not only the development of fixed assets, part of the money was issued for the purchase of raw materials. It was a comprehensive team work, which gave a quick result. We, together with Russian companies, promptly made decisions, made weekly plans for the release of drugs, redistributed production volumes in order to quickly fill the market with the necessary drugs.

– The release of what other drugs could the industry increase?

– The most significant growth was shown, of course, by hydroxychloroquine, I already talked about it. At the same time, in January-May, Farmsintez produced 25% more calidavir (an analogue of the drug kaletra, the initial indication for which was HIV) than for the entire last year. In April, the production of linezolid antibiotic doubled its production in the first quarter of 2019.

– Are Russian companies developing drugs against coronavirus? Does the Ministry of Industry and Trade support them?


What do WeChat and Aliexpress have in common

In China, the two most famous Ma. One is Jack, the founder of Alibaba. Pony owns the world’s largest distributor of online games Tencent: talk about hits such as League of Legends, Clash of Clans, Fortnite, Call of Duty and many others. And Pony Ma founded the WeChat super application, with which the Chinese communicate, pay for goods and services, play video games, order taxis and tables in restaurants.

Ponies and Jack Ma are constantly changing places on the list of the richest Chinese. In March last year, Pony was the first in the Forbes world ranking, Jack was the next. In November, Jack was in the lead, Pony followed him. On May 14, Forbes announced that Ma had again castled. And, according to estimates on June 28, Pony’s fortune is $ 54 billion, Jack’s is $ 43.3 billion.

Their companies perforce collide in one or the other market. While each is strong in its field. Pony Ma back in 2005 launched Aliexpress rival – Paipai.com. But according to Fast Company magazine, it never occupied more than 10% of the market in China. Jack Ma, in turn, repeatedly tried to enter the messenger market, but his Laiwang and DingTalk were not particularly successful.

The new Tencent headquarters in Shenzhen was designed by the American company NBBJ, among its customers – Alibaba, Amazon, Google and Samsung /Tencent

Horse surname

Pony Ma is no Pony, just like Jack Ma is no Jack. They took these names to make it easier to communicate with Western investors. The founder of Alibaba is known for his eccentric behavior: he sings on stage, challenges boxers to fight, holds massive weddings. But the English name chose unremarkable. The founder of Tencent is secretive, does not like publicity, but chose a middle name with humor. Last name Ma in Chinese means “horse”, and here Ma Huaten decided to become a Pony for foreigners.


The manufacturer of the herbicide Roundup will pay $10 billion to American farmers

The German company Bayer will pay more than $10 billion to residents of the U.S. who filed lawsuits against Monsanto due to the potential Carcinogenicity of means from weeds Roundup, the company said. Bayer will allocate from $8.8 to $9.6 billion for a license is filed, another $1.25 billion will be allocated for possible future cases.

The concern will resolve about 95 000 individual lawsuits from gardeners and farmers, 25 000 claims remain outside the scope of the settlement agreement. Sources The New York Times, people familiar with the negotiations, noted that each of filed with the court will receive from $5000 up to $25,000, depending on the severity of the damage to health. “The statement does not imply recognition [Bayer] of responsibility or guilt”, — stated in the message of the company.

Bayer bought Monsanto in June 2018 at this point, the company had filed hundreds of lawsuits over the use of glyphosphate in the herbicide Roundup and its alleged health effects. Consensus about whether glyphosphate cancer, no. The international Agency for research on cancer calls the substance “probably carcinogenic”. Protection Agency environmental (EPA), the United States believes that glyphosate is safe with careful use.


A shortage of 1.9 billion euros in the accounts of Wirecard led to the collapse of its value in five times

Auditors EY warned that the accounts of one of the leaders of German Finance ‒ Wirecard is not enough 1.9 billion euros. Shares of intercompany, which is part of the Dax-30, the highest stock index on the Frankfurt stock exchange, collapsed Thursday, June 18, at the auction of more than 60% following these news. In 2018 the company’s market capitalization amounted to 24 billion euros, now it is estimated at less than 5 billion Euro, reports The Financial Times. Bonds for 500 million euros issued in June, on Thursday quoted below 40 cents on the Euro.

The last half of the year the company, which is based in the suburbs of Munich and annually handles tens of billions of euros in credit and debit transactions, have tried to prove the purity of their accounting practices. In 2019, the company commissioned a special audit by KPMG after having doubts about the veracity of her statements. During a six-month special audit experts KPMG are unable to trace the transactions underlying net profit Wirecard between 2016 and 2018, the Results of this audit, the newspaper was published at the end of April 2020, After the auditors EY announced a shortage of funds in the accounts, Wirecard will not be able to publish its audited results 2019 Wirecard three times postponed publication of its results for the 2019 March, stating to investors that it expects the independent auditor’s report. If the company does not publish audited results up to 19 June inclusive, it will violate Treaty obligations in the amount of 1.75 billion Euro revolving line of credit, organized by Commerzbank, ING, ABN Amro and LBBW and the other lenders. Banks will be able to terminate the loan deals of almost 2 billion euros.

Wirecard has always denied any wrongdoing. Wirecard in a statement released on 18 June, says the company is “working intensively together with the auditor in the direction of clarify the situation”. She also announced that chief operating officer were suspended from posts with the possibility to recall him from this post till June 30. CEO Markus Braun said that “previously issued confirmation banks were no longer recognized by the auditor” and added that “at present it is unclear whether there has been fraudulent transactions to the detriment of the Wirecard”. The largest asset Manager of German company DWS, one of the largest shareholders of Wirecard, said that estimates legal steps against the company. Head of sustainable development and corporate management Deka Investment, one of the largest shareholders of Wirecard, Ingo Speich said, “We look at the situation with distrust. More than ever, you need to start a new job in management”. Spic earlier called for the dismissal of brown.

In October, The Financial Times reported that employees of Wirecard, apparently, joined the conspiracy the fraudulent overstatement of sales and profits in the subsidiaries Wirecard in Dubai and Dublin and misled EY, auditor of the group for decades. Then in December, the FT reported that the so-called Deposit accounts, controlled on behalf of Wirecard and some of the Trustees were used to increase cash balances of the group. Wirecard has filed a lawsuit against FT for the publication of his statements, claiming that the newspaper violated a trade secret. At the end of September 2019 at Wirecard was € 1.8 billion of outstanding debt, while the Munich Bank that it controls, holding 1.7 billion euros in deposits of customers.


Distrust, or what turns an anti-vaccination myth into an information virus

According to WHO, in the world more than 100 different manufacturers are developing vaccines against coronavirus, six vaccines are already undergoing a clinical trial. The world seems to be waiting, but sociology is already showing that medicine will face resistance from anti-vaccinators, as well as many people sabotaging vaccines. This is confirmed by calls on social networks to avoid vaccination against COVID-19.

This happens with every new epidemic. In 2019, the measles vaccine provoked heated debate and resistance among ultra-Orthodox Christians in Jerusalem and New York – and the cause was an outbreak of this extremely contagious disease. In the same year, the anti-vaccination movement was included in the list of 10 most pressing health problems.

According to the research of the Platform and OMI (online questionnaire), about 11% of the urban population of Russia does not consider vaccinations to be mandatory.


Johnson & Johnson to release up to 1 billion doses of coronavirus vaccine

The American pharmaceutical company Johnson & Johnson will release in 2021 1 billion doses of the vaccine against coronavirus. Clinical trials of the vaccine are scheduled to begin in September, said company head Paul Stoffels on ABC.

According to Stoffels, without creating a vaccine, it will not be possible to defeat the coronavirus. The company plans to start production of vaccines by the end of 2020. Previously, it expected to start production only in 2021. The companies, together with the biomedical department of advanced research and development at the US Department of Health, will allocate more than $ 1 billion for vaccine development.

Earlier, March 16, in Seattle (Washington) began testing the first experimental vaccine against coronavirus. Its prototype was developed by U.S. National Institutes of Health and Moderna, a biotechnology company. It will be available for use in a year and a half.

According to Johns Hopkins University, in the United States – more than 1.3 million cases of coronavirus infection, over 78,800 people died from COVID-19. In total, more than 4 million people were infected with coronavirus in the world, more than 277,000 died.


Would we like to benefit from privileges coming from our history?

I am deeply shocked by the reaction of several leaders of the Catholic Church who denounce a “Anti-Catholic tropism of the President of the Republic”, or using analogous formulas (The cross April 30). Have they forgotten that state neutrality means that the resumption of public worship can only be allowed in all religions at the same time? Certainly, Catholicism has large churches, not always very full, and where barrier gestures can be easily respected. But we are in the middle of Ramadan; many mosques have been built in old hangars or old garages, where worship cannot be celebrated under such favorable conditions. It is the same for several Evangelical Churches whose places of worship are cramped. So, would we like to benefit from privileges coming from our history? No. Every believer deserves to be treated equally regardless of religion.

Michel Quesnel, priest of the Oratory in Lyon, Rector emeritus of the Catholic University of Lyon


Even more problems with the Samsung Galaxy S20: Pokémon Go keeps freezing

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Defender Europe 2020, a shameful exercise, by Willy Wimmer

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Since NATO’s war against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia – a war that contradicted international law – was carried out on European soil, NATO has consistently promoted the erosion of international law.

Do international relations have to be subject to the law of the jungle? What predominates is the point of view of the United States and we are seeing how our European countries are systematically converted into advanced positions in Washington, trampling for it with the greatest contempt our entire legal order. Yes, today we are again obliged to review the lessons that the two world wars left us. I mean

And we are obliged to point out that, since the war against Yugoslavia, the «West of values»Is a notion of the past. Since 1945, what had prevented war was the Charter of the United Nations, specifically through the UN Security Council. War should be possible only in the case of self-defense and only according to the rules of the United Nations. NATO itself was only conceivable as a purely defensive organization and linked to the United Nations Charter itself. I mean

Germany contributed to breaking with the only thing that protected humanity from further destruction since, since the 1999 war against Yugoslavia, it has been deliberately undermining, through military operations that contradict the UN Charter, the nation’s commitment German for applicable rules of international law. I mean

These are not purely historical issues. Anyone who pays attention to the events will notice the huge increase in military air traffic, as well as the movements of tanks crossing Germany towards the Russian territory. This policy towards Russia has been in place since 1992, since the supposedly end of the cold war, it contradicts all international agreements signed at the time of German reunification and violates the commitments made before the Soviet Union in November 1990, with the signing of the Paris Charter. I mean

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A spirit of good neighborliness should rule life in Europe. Where are the prohibitions of the German federal government that should prevent the United States Army from advancing towards Russia? A country that – at the precise moment in which the NATO exercise is taking place – will be commemorating the enormous tribute in lives he had to pay during the Second World War

Where was and where is the President of the Federal Republic of Germany who, during his mandate, reminded us of the importance of the United Nations Charter as a means of preventing war ?, but who today blindly obeys a government compliant federal government, once again allowing German troops to go to war without a United Nations mandate. I mean

German Chancellor Angela Merkel breaks a taboo by involving German soldiers in the largest NATO exercise organized against Russia since the end of the cold war. That breakdown may prevent the long process of progress towards lasting peace from taking place, a process that had been made possible by admirable gestures and lucid action towards the Russian Federation and the Russian people. I mean

We have to remember that these same Russian people converse with the German people, displaying a breadth of mind that may seem inconceivable after the destruction of the Second World War and the aggression of the German Reich against the Soviet Union. However, wherever you go as a German citizen, in the streets and squares of that formidable country, you will receive a warm welcome. In 1987, when I visited the famous Taman Division near Moscow as the first representative of a Western Defense Ministry, I was able to personally verify that there was absolutely nothing in the Division museum that could be considered demeaning towards soldiers. the Wehrmacht, despite having been the deadly enemy of the USSR during World War II. The colonel who headed the political leadership of the Division simply told me, quoting his own mother’s words, that every young German soldier killed in that war had also been a cause of mourning for a German mother. I mean

In 1985, German President Richard von Weizsacker denounced behavior in the Bundestag that could be described as “forgetfulness of history». That expression is applicable to the behavior of today’s German leaders, who voted for German soldiers to participate in the exercise of NATO «Defender Europe 2020». Those German leaders paved the way and allow Bundeswehr generals to speak of that exercise as they do. They do not question German soldiers entrenching themselves «at the gates of Leningrad-Saint Petersburg», A Russian city that today is a jewel of the common European culture. I mean

On January 28, 2020, during the commemoration of the liberation of Auschwitz, Russian President Vladimir Putin inaugurated in Jerusalem a memorial dedicated to the memory of the blockade of Leningrad by the German Reich during World War II. The German chancellor was present and she is responsible for making Russia the target of the unjust todayspirit of Versailles», Which threatens to put Russia in the position that Germany itself lived during the First World War and in Versailles. I mean

It is therefore not surprising that, in May 2019, the German federal government did not commemorate the centenary of «Versailles», Nor that the German president has not mentioned it in a commemoration ceremony carried out under his responsibility. Versailles represents the «demon of revenge“But it also symbolized the deliberate inability to fight for peace given the fact that the main leaders linked to the Versailles Treaty knew that the document they were drafting in 1919 sowed the seed of the next war. Wolfgang Effenberger even emphasized that French Marshal Foch, whose grave US President Donald Trump went to in 2017 to pay tribute to him, was already talking about an upcoming war in 20 years. And he was not mistaken. I mean

That way of thinking is expressed again in the great exercise of NATO, deliberately planned for the anniversary of the end of the Second World War, which ended on May 9, 1945. Obedient to NATO, the West does not know how to build peace He only knows how to make war, be it the cold war or a bloody war. I mean

The conference held in April 2000 in Bratislava (Slovakia) clearly defined the objective of the United States in Europe: to deploy an iron curtain between the Baltic and the Black Sea, for Russia to stay where it is, to divide or to explode in small states. The NATO exercise, presented as “Defender Europe 2020“, is a “embarrassing exercise», Useful only for supporters of war. I mean


It is quite difficult to investigate how contagious children are

As soon as minister Arie Slob (Primary and Secondary Education, ChristenUnie) announces at a press conference that the schools are closing and staying closed until he knows more about the infectiousness of children, the fate of more than two million students, their parents and teachers is in the hands of her, Susan van den Hof. She is head of the Center for Epidemiology and Surveillance of Infectious Diseases at RIVM and leads the research the minister is waiting for.

Slob said on that press conference on March 15: : “In the next three weeks there will be […] research is being conducted in Brabant into the contamination risks of young people and this information will also be used to determine the next steps after 6 April. ”

So more clarity, in three weeks. But Van den Hof already knows: the design has only just been approved. Hundreds of families have yet to find them. Each family is followed for six weeks.

How did the minister get to those three weeks? Van den Hof: “We already expected to be able to include quite a few families in March. Then we could report the first results in early April. ”

It is different. The investigation is delayed. The hundred families have not yet been found. Last Monday’s score: 51 families are participating in the survey, 49 to go. Why did it take longer?

Cauldron after first patients

Long before the coronavirus reaches the Netherlands, in 2015 RIVM has already set up a plan for what is known as a so-called first few hundred research; a fixed concept. The protocol is on the site of the World Health Organization WHO and there is even an abbreviation for: FF100. The studies describe how a new virus spreads and spreads early in an epidemic, to 100 patients in a country. Or, in a hundred households, there is also a concept.

The Dutch set-up is still intended for a subsequent flu epidemic. Van den Hof and her colleagues are adapting him for Covid-19: a new questionnaire, a complaint diary, more extensive virological and immunological analyzes. They present it to the Medical Ethics Committee of the UMC Utrecht on March 9. He approves it four days later. “We didn’t really want to investigate the very first patients,” says Van den Hof, “because it is still a cauldron.”

The nurses will meet for the first time at RIVM in Bilthoven on Wednesday 18 March. They learn how to protect themselves and best sample patients – blood, mucus, saliva. Everyone is ready for the first home visits. But where are masks, gloves, mask, aprons and glasses? There is a glaring shortage across the country. They will be delivered on Sunday with the help of the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport and the national GGD.

The first home visit will take place on Tuesday 24 March. That evening the minister emphasizes Slob in talk show On 1 once again the importance of the work of Van den Hof and her colleagues. “If it is clear that this research will only be published after 6 April, then the measure will also be that the schools will not open yet […] be extended ”, he says. “The research must be ready, the results must be there, in order to be able to determine on the basis of Dutch studies what wisdom is for the follow-up.”

Also read Reconstruction of the school closure

When asked why the minister is sticking to those three weeks (March 15 to April 5), a spokesman just says, “He really never said that the investigation would be completed.”

North Brabant proved difficult

The day after the talk show, RIVM announces that the investigation has started. Not only in North Brabant, as Slob said, but also in Utrecht and Groningen. Provinces with many, moderate and few infections.

“Brabant turned out to be difficult,” says Van den Hof now. “The idea was that the outbreak in Brabant was the most severe. And in the beginning everyone was still tested. ” They are looking for families where one member has recently been infected. “Only zero-year-olds do not participate.” The GGD, which diagnoses the infection, asks the family to participate. Van den Hof: “If that is the case, we will call the family, explain what the intention is, send information and call afterwards.”

But while the whole of the Netherlands wants to know when children can return to school, the testing policy in Brabant is becoming stricter. The number of patients is increasing, tests are scarce, nurses are also badly needed in hospitals. Only patients at risk are still being tested. “These are mainly elderly people who do not live in a house with children. It was not our target audience. ”

That is why Van den Hof wanted to try it in more provinces. But there are not enough patients in Groningen. Utrecht remains. The GGD there still has some space. One in three families approached participates. “Sometimes people don’t feel like participating. Or they think it’s best to get cotton buds in their nose or throat, but they don’t want to burden their children with it. ”

Only half of the hundred families needed were found, all in the Utrecht region. Van den Hof: “But things are moving faster now. In the beginning we still had to invent everything. ”

On March 31, Rutte announces that the schools will remain closed until after the May holidays.

What does the research entail?

Van den Hof: “At the first home visit, we take blood, nose and throat wadding and a saliva sample from all family members. We ask if they have a fever and if they keep a diary with complaints. They have to call in case of complaints. Then it is tested for Covid-19. After two or three weeks, the nurse will come again for blood, a nose and throat sample and to record the complaints. ”

Why the six weeks?

“It can take a while for someone to infect a family member and that infection can be found in the blood. During a third home visit, after four to six weeks, we take another blood sample to see if antibodies have been produced. And again saliva. People can also deliver a nose and throat sample every three days as a supplement. You don’t have to, but it provides a lot of additional information about how long the virus stays in the nose and throat. ”

What is the purpose of the study?

“There are five goals. We want to know how the disease manifests itself in the different age groups. How the virus spreads within a household. How long the virus can be seen in the nose and throat and whether the amount of virus shows how sick someone is. We want to know how many people are infected, but have no complaints. And finally, we look at the build-up of defenses in both people without and with complaints. ”

All those children who are now at home. Why didn’t you scale up: more than the ten nurses now and in all provinces?

“We’ve talked about it, but it’s no use. It is difficult to find nurses, we have to train them well. It is also a logistics dilemma. Either they have to travel all over the country or we have to train all over the country. It takes time to discuss everything with GGDs. And it is going fast now. If we add a province now, we might be finished a week earlier. ”

Every Friday, Van den Hof and her RIVM colleagues share information with all international specialists from the WHO and the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), in a conference call. Similar household surveys are ongoing in the United Kingdom, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, the United States, Canada, Lebanon, Madagascar and Ivory Coast. “The results are not there yet. All those investigations are still ongoing. ”

In one of these FF100 studies, in other studies, in literature, in practice, among all those specialists, is one case known in which a child has infected an adult?

“No. That has never been hard demonstrated. But perhaps also because it has not yet been investigated in this way. ”

When is the study finished?

“That will take a while. But around April 20, we hope to give a good first impression of all five questions. ”

Minister Slob’s spokesman says that there will be clarity before April 28. “RIVM aims to have results from the research into the role of children and young people in transmitting the virus before then. RIVM will involve this in the advice. ”